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Glossary of Nutrition Mid Year

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Created by mstapleton

Why is Nutrition Important For Health
Nutrition encompasses the following aspects of one health: physical, psychological, food safety, global food supply

In addition, it aides in the prevent of diseases, improves health, and helps you maintain a desirable weight

Macronutrients
nutrients that out bodies need in relatively large amounts to support normal function and health "energy nutrients"

Carbohydrates
Fats
Proteins



Carbohydrates
primary source of fuel for our bodies, particularly for our brain and for physical exercise

Composed of: carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

Fats
an important energy source for our bodies at rest and during low intensity exercise

make up of fats are packed together more tightly, which explains why they yield more energy per gram than either carbohydrates or proteins

composed of: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen



Proteins
the only macronutrient that contains nitrogen; the basic building blocks of proteins are amino acids. Support tissue growth and repair

composed of: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen

Micronutrients
Nutients needed in relatively small amounts to support normal health and body functions
Water
critical for our survival and is important for regulating nervous impulses, muscle contractions, nutrient transport, and excretion of waste products
Define EAR
• EAR (Estimated Average Requirement): the average daily nutrient intake level estimated to meet the requirement of half of the healthy individuals in a particular life stage or gender group
RDA
• RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance): The average daily nutrient intake level that meets the nutrient requirements of 97-98% of healthy individuals in a particular life stage and gender group
Leading Causes of death in the US related to nutrition
1. Heart Disease
2. Cancer
3. Stroke
4. Diabetes




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