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Glossary of Nursing Week 4 Chapter 5 and math

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Created by totalisa

adip/o
fat
lip/o
fat
cutane/o
dermat/o
skin
kerat/o
horny tissue; hard; cornea
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
onych/o
ungu/o
nail
pil/o
hair
scler/o
hardening; sclera white of eye
seb/o
sebum, sebaceus
sqam/o
scale
abscess
localized collection of pus a the site of an infection
acne
inflammatory disease of sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin with characteristic lesions that include blackheads (comedos) inflammatory papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts; usually associated with seborrhea.
alopecia
partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal aging, an endocrine disorder, a drug reaction, anticancer medication or a skin disease; commonly called baldness
cellulitis
diffuse (widespread), acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue; characterized by a light glossy appearance of the skin, localized heat, redness, pain, swelling and occasionally, fever, malaise, and chills.
ecchymosis
skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagice area with colors changing from
eczema
chronic skin inflammation characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, scabs, and possibly itching
erythema
redness of the skin caused byswelling of the capillaries
eschar
damaged tissue following a sever burn
keratosis
thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin such as a callus or wart
lentigo
small brown macules, especially on the face and arms, brought on by sun exposure, usually in a middle-aged person
pallor
unnatural paleness of absence of color in the skin
pediculosis
infestation with lice
petechia
minute, pinpoint hemorrahage under the skin, a smaller version of an ecchymosis
pruritus
intense itching
scabies
contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite commonly thru sexul contact
tinea
fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affect; also called ringworm
urticaria
allergic reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives
Write in words:
0.045
forty five thousandths
What is the sum of 1.7, 19, 0.25, and 0.8?
21.75
17 - 0.075 =
16.925
4.5 x 1.009
4.5405
18.04 / 0.2 =
90.2
Round to the nearest hunredth:
978.735
978.74
What is the smallest decimal?
0.81, 0.080, 0.18, 8.018
0.18
10.009 x 100
1000.9
A child receives 0.5 milligrams of a drug 4 times a day. How many milligrams is the child's daily dose?
2 milligrams
A patient receives 2.25 grams of medication daily. Tablets come in 0.75 gram doses. How many tablets does the patient take daily.
3 tablets
Convert this fraction to a decimal.
13
__

50



0.26
Convert this decimal to a fraction

0.125

1
-
8

Convert this fraction to a decimal
5
3 -
8


3.625
Convert 103 Fahrenheit to celsius
39.4 celcius

To convert celsius to fahrenheit (Cx1.8)+32 = F

To convert fahrenheit to celsius (F-32) / 1.8 = C





0.136
______ x 2.5 =

0.2


1.7
macule
flat, pigmented, circumscribed area less than 1 cm in diameter. ex. freckle
papule
solid, elevated lesion less than 1 cm in diameter that may be the same color as the skin or pigmented. ex. wart, pimple
nodule
palpable, circumscribed lesion; larger and deeper than a paule (0.6 to 2 cm in diameter); extends into the dermal area. ex. intradermal nevus, benign or malignant tumor.
tumor
solid, elevated lesion larger than 2 cm in diamter that extends into the dermal and subcutaneous layer. Ex. lipoma
Wheal
elevated, firm rounded lesion with localized skin edema that varies in size, shape, and color; paler in the center than it surrounding edges, accompanied by itching Ex. hive, insect bites
Vesicle
elevated, circumscribed, fluid filled lesion less than 0.5 cm in diameter. Ex Poison ivy, shingles.
Pustule
small raised, circumscribed lesion that contains pus; usually less than 1 cm in diameter. ex. acne, furuncle ...
Bulla
a vesicle or blister larger than 1 cm in diamerter ex. second degree burns, severe posion oak
excoriation
linear scratch marks or traumatized abrasions of the epidermis. ex scratches
fissure
small slit or crack like sore that extends into the dermal layer; could be caused by continuous inflammation and drying
ulcer
an open sore or lesion that extends to the dermis and usually heals with scarring. Example pressure sore, basal cell carcinoma

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