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Glossary of New List1

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abate
to lessen; to subside
abdication
giving up control, authority
aberration
straying away from what is normal
abeyance
suspended action
abhor
to hate; to detest
abide
be faithful; to endure
abjure
promise or swear to give up
ablution
washing
abnegation
self-denial
abrogate
repeal or annul by authority
abscond
to go away suddenly (to avoid arrest)
abstemious
restraint, especially of food and alcohol
abstruse
difficult to comprehend; obscure
abut
border on
abysmal
bottomless; extreme
acarpous
effete; no longer fertile; worn out
acclaimed
welcomed with shouts and approval
accolade
praise; approval
accretion
the growing of separate things into one
adamant
kind of stone; inflexible
addle
to become rotten; to become confused
adduce
to offer as example, reason or proof
adjudicate
to settle judicially
adjunct
something added; assistant
adjure
to beg
admonitory
containing warning
adorn
add beauty; decorate
adulteration
making unpure, poorer in quality
adumbrate
to suggest or hint; overshadow
adventitious
coming from another source and not innate
affable
polite and friendly
affinity
close connection relationship
aggravate
make worse; irritate
agile
active; quick-moving
agnostic
non-committal
agog
eager; excited
ail
trouble; be ill
alacrity
eager and cheerful readiness
alcove
recess; partially enclosed place
allegiance
duty; support; loyalty
alleviate
make (pain) easier to bear
alloy
to debase by mixing with something inferior
aloof
reserved; indifferent
altercate
to dispute angrily or noisily
amalgamate
mix, combine, unite societies
ambidextrous
able to use the left hand or the right equally well
ambiguous
doubtful; uncertain
ambivalent
having both of two contrary meanings
amble
leisurely walk
ameliorate
improve; make better
amorphous
shapeless
amortize
end (a debt) by setting aside money
anathema
something loathed; curse
anguish
severe suffering
animosity
strong dislike
antebellum
existing before a war
antediluvian
made a long time ago
anthropomorphic
having human characteristics
antidote
medicine used against a poison or a disease
antithetical
direct opposing
apartheid
brutal racial discrimination
aphasia
loss of the power to use or comprehend words
aphorism
concise statement of a principle
aplomb
self-confidence
apostasy
renunciation of a religion
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions
apotheosis
deification; glorification to godliness
appease
make quiet or calm
appellation
identifying name or title
apprehensive
grasping; understanding; unhappy feeling about future
apprise
give notice; to inform
approbation
approval
apropos
appropriate to the situation; apt
apt
well-suited; quick-witted
arabesque
a complex ornate design
arboreal
of connected with trees
ardor
enthusiasm
arduous
steep; difficult; ascent; laborious
argot
jargon; slang
arrant
in the highest degree
arrogance
proud superior manner of behaviour
articulate
speak distinctly; connect by joints
ascend
go or come up
ascendancy
dominance
ascertain
get to know
ascribe
consider to be the origin of or belonging to
aseptic
surgically clean
ashen
deadly pale
asperity
roughness; harshness; ill temper; irritability
aspersion
slander
assiduous
diligent; hard-working; sedulous
assuage
make smth (pain, desire) less
asterisk
the mark * (e.g.. omitted letters)
astringent
substance that shrinks
astute
clever, quick at seeing to get an advantage
atelier
artist's workroom
atonement
repayment death of Jesus
attenuate
make thin; weaken; enervate
attune
bring into harmony
audacious
daring; foolishly bold; impudent
augury
omen; sign
august
majestic; venerable
auspicious
favorable; successful; prosperous
austere
severely moral and strict; simple and plain
auxiliary
helping; supporting
aver
affirm; assert; prove; justify
aversion
strong; dislike
avid
eager; greedy
avow
admit; declare openly
bacchanalian
orgy
bait
to persecute
baleful
harmful; ominous; causing evil
balk
obstacle; purposely to get on the way of
baneful
causing harm or ruin; pernicious; destructive
barrage
artificial; obstacle built across a river
barren
not good enough; unable to have young ones without value
bask
enjoy warmth and light
beatify
to bless; make happy or ascribe a virtue to
bedizen
to adorn, especially in a cheap showy manner
belabor
beat hard
bellicose
belligerent; pugnacious; warlike
belligerent
(person, nation) waging war
benediction
something that promotes goodness or well-being
benefactor
person who has given help
benevolence
wish or activity in doing good
benign
kind and gentle; mild (climate)
bequest
arrangement to give smth at death
berate
scold sharply
bereft
rob or dispossess of smth (material)
bewilder
puzzle; confuse
bigot
stubborn; narrow-minded person
bilge
bulge the protuberance of a cask
bilk
to cheat
blandishment
flattery coaxing
blandness
polite manner; comforting uninteresting
blatant
noisy and rough
blithe
cheerful; casual; carefree
bluster
to talk or act with noisy swaggering threats
bogus
sham; counterfeit; not genuine
boisterous
loud; noisy; rough; lacking restraint
bolster
give greatly needed support
boorish
crude; offensive; rude
brash
hasty; rush; cheeky; saucy
brass
yellow metal (mixing copper and zinc)
brazen
made of brass
breach
opening; broken place; breaking
brittle
easily broken
broach
bring up; announce; begin to talk about
brook
to tolerate, endure
buoyant
able to float light-hearted
burgeon
grow forth; send out buds
burnish
to polish, rub to a shine
cabal
a scheme or plot; a group of plotters
cacophony
harsh sound
cadence
rhythmic modulation of sound
cadge
to beg; to get by begging
cajole
use flattery or deceit; to persuade
calumny
slander; aspersion
candid
frank; straight-forward
cant
insincere talk
cantankerous
bad-tempered; quarrelsome
canvass
discuss thoroughly; sort of touting
captious
critical
carouse
to drink alcohol freely
carp
to find fault or complain querulously
carte blanche
full discretionary power
castigation
severe punishment
catalyst
substance that causes speeding up
catatonic
immobile
catholic
comprehensive; universal
caustic
biting; sarcastic
cavil
to raise trivial and frivolous objection
cede/cession
to surrender possession of, especially by treaty
celerity
rapidity of motion or action
censure
expression of blame or disapproval a rebuke
centurion
leader of a unit of 100 soldiers
chaff
to tease good-naturedly
charlatan
quack or fraud
chary
cautious; wary
chastisement
punishment
chauvinist
a blindly devoted patriot
chicanery
legal trickery; false argument
chimera
illusion or fabrication of the mind
chisel
steel tool for shaping materials
chivy
to tease or annoy with persistent petty attacks
choleric
irritable; bad-tempered
chromatic
of color
churl
bad-tempered person
chutzpah
nerve; gall
circumscribe
to draw line around; to limit
clamor
shout; complain with a lot of noise
clerical
of the clergy or clerk
clientele
customers
clinch
come to grips; settle conclusively
cling
to resist separation
clot
half-solid lump formed from liquid
cloture
closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting
coagulation
change to a thick and solid state
coalescing
coming together and uniting into one substance
coax
get smb to do smth by kindness
coda
passage that completes a piece of music
coddle
treat with care and tenderness
coerce
compel to force to make obedient
coeval
of the same period; coexisting
cogent
strong; convincing
cogitate
think deeply; mediate
cognizant
being fully aware of
collusion
secret agreement for a deceitful purpose
combustion
process of burning
comely
attractive
commemorate
keep the memory of
commodious
having plenty of space for what is needed
commuter
person who travels regularly
complaisance
tending to comply; obliging willingness to please
compunction
feeling of regret for one's action
conceal
hide; keep secret
conceited
having an excessively high opinion of oneself
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; comforting; mollifying
concomitant
accompanying
concord
agreement or harmony
concur
agree in opinion; happen together
condense
increase in density, strength; make laconic
condone
forgive
congeal
make or become stiff and solid
congenital
existing from birth; inherent
conjoin
to join together
connoisseur
a person with good judgement (e.g., in art)
connotation
suggestion in addition to
console
give comfort or sympathy to
conspicuous
easily seen; remarkable
consternation
surprise and fear; dismay
constrain
compel
constrict
make tight or smaller
consume
get to the end of
consummate
perfect; make perfec, complete
contemn
to scorn or despise
contentious
argumentative; pugnacious; combative; quarrelsome
contiguous
touching; neighboring
contrite
filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing
contumacious
insubordinate; rebellious
conundrum
a riddle; dilemma; enigma
convalesce
to recover health gradually after sickness
conviction
firm belief
convivial
fond of feasting, drinking, and good company
convoke
call together; summon
convoluted
complicated; coiled; twisted
cordial
warm and sincere
cordon
line (of police acting as a guard)
cornucopia
abundant supply
corporeal
physical of or for the body

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