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Glossary of New List

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abjure
promise or swear to give up
abraded
rubbed off worn away by friction
abrogate
repeal or annul by authority
acarpous
effete no longer fertile worn out
admonitory
containing warning
affable
polite and friendly
affinity
close connection relationship
agog
eager/excited
alacrity
eager and cheerful readiness
ameliorate
improve make better
amortize
end (a debt) by setting aside money
aplomb
self-confidence
apotheosis
deification glorification to godliness
approbation
approval
arabesque
a complex ornate design
arboreal
of connected with trees
ardor
enthusiasm
argot
jargon slang
arrant
in the highest degree
aseptic
surgically clean
asperity
roughness harshness ill temper irritability
aspersion
slander
assiduous
diligent hard-working sedulous
astringent
substance that shrinks
attenuate
make thin. weaken enervate
attune
bring into harmony
audacious
daring foolishly bold impudent
augury
omen sign
august
majestic venerable
auspicious
favorable successful prosperous
austere
severely moral and strict simple and plain
aver
affirm assert prove justify
balk
obstacle purposely to get on the way of
barrage
artificial obstacle built across a river
beatify
to bless make happy or ascribe a virtue to
bedizen
to adorn especially in a cheap showy manner
bellicose
belligerent pugnacious warlike
belligerent
(person nation) waging war
bequest
arrangement to give smth at death
bereft
rob or dispossess of smth (material)
bilge
bulge the protuberance of a cask
blandishment
flattery coaxing speech
blithe
cheerful casual carefree
brazen
made of brass
broach
bring up announce begin to talk about
brook
to tolerate endure
burgeon
grow forth send out buds
burnish
to polish rub to a shine
cadge
to beg to get by begging
cajole
use flattery or deceit to persuade
calumny
slander aspersion
castigate
to chastise correct by punishing
castigation
severe punishment
chary
cautious wary
chicanery
legal trickery/false argument
churl
bad-tempered person
cloture
closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting
coda
passage that completes a piece of music
cogitate
think deeply mediate
collusion
secret agreement for a deceitful purpose
commodious
having plenty of space for what is needed
complaisance
tending to comply obliging willingness to please
compunction
feeling of regret for one's action
concord
agreement or harmony
conjoin
to join together
consternation
surprise and fear dismay
contemn
to scorn or despise
contumacious
insubordinate rebellious
convoke
call together summon
convoluted
complicated coiled twisted
cordon
line (of police acting as a guard)
countervail
counterbalance
crass
very great (es. stupidity)
cravat
piece of linen worn as a necktie
craven
cowardly
crease
line made by crushing white line on the ground in cricket
credulity
too great a readiness to believe things
credulous
ready to believe things
curtail
make shorter then was planned
dawdler
person who is slow waste of time
dearth
shortage
decorum
propriety properness
decry
disapprove of
deferential
showing respect
demagogue
person appealing not to reasons
demur
to hesitate raise objections
denouement
an outcome or solution the unraveling of a plot
deprecate
protest against express disapproval of
dereliction
deserting and leaving to fall into ruins
descry
catch sight of see smth in the distance
desiccant
substance used to absorb moisture
desuetude
cessation of use disuse
desultory
aimless haphazard digressing at random
detumescence
diminishing or lessening of swelling
diaphanous
transparent gauzy
diffidence
shyness
dilate
speak comprehensively become wider large
discomfit
confuse embarrass
disconcert
upset the self-possession of
discountenance
refuse to approve of
discreet
careful/prudent
discrete
individually distinct
disingenuous
sophisticated artful trying to deceive cunning
disinter
dig up from the earth
disparate
essentially different
dissemble
speak or behave so as to hide smth (in mind)
divestiture
taking off getting rid of giving up
doggerel
trivial poorly constructed verse
droll
jesting
dulcet
melodious harmonious
duplicity
deliberate deception
duress
threats to compel smb
ebullience
exuberance outburst of feeling
ebullient
overflowing with enthusiasm showing excitement
edacious
voracious devouring
effete
infertile worn out weak
effluvia
outflow in a stream of particles a noxious odor or vapor
effrontery
boldness impudence arrogance
egress
way out exit
elegy
a lament a melancholy composition
emote
stir up excite
encomium
warm or glowing praise eulogy panegyric
endemic
epidemic
ensign
flag/badge
epicurean
devoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment)
epithet
adjective
equable
steady regular
equanimity
calmness of temperament
equipoise
equal distribution of weight equilibrium
equivocal
having a double or doubtful meaning suspicious
equivocate
try to deceive by equivocal language
erudite
learned scholarly
eschew
avoid
espouse
marry give one's support to
evince
to show clearly to indicate
evoke
call up bring out
excoriation
severe criticism
exculpate
to clear from a charge of guilt
exigency
emergency an urgent situation
expatiate
to roam wander freely
expedient
likely to be useful for a purpose
expiation
ending expiring
expostulate
argue earnestly to dissuade correct or protest
expurgate
to remove obscenity purify censor
exscind
to cut out cut away
extempore
without previous thought or preparation
extenuate
reduce the strength of lessen seriousness partially excuse
extirpate
to destroy exterminate cut out exscind
extricable
that can be freed
facetious
humorous funny jocular
facile
easily done
fatuous
without sense foolish self-satisfaction
feckless
lacking purpose or vitality ineffective careless
fecund
fertile
feint
pretend
felicitous
apt suitably expressed well chosen apropos
fervid
showing earnest feeling
fetid
stinking
finical
too fussy about food clothing etc.
finicky
finical
flax
pale yellow (hair) a plant
fledged
able to fly trained experienced
florid
very much ornamented naturally red (e.g.. of face)
foible
defect of character (a person is wrongly proud)
foment
put smth warm (to lessen the pain)
foppish
like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes
forage
food for horses and cattle
forbear
refrain from be patient ancestor
ford
shallow place in a river (to cross)
forswear
renounce disallow repudiate
fracas
noisy quarrel
frenetic
frantic frenzied
froward
intractable not willing to yield or comply stubborn
fulmination
bitter protest
fulsome
disgusting offensive due to excessiveness
gainsay
to deny to oppose
garble
make unfair selection from facts
garrulity
talkativeness
garrulous
too talkative
gaucherie
socially awkward tactless behavior
germane
relevant pertinent to
glib
ready and smooth but not sincere
glut
supply to much fill to excess
gossamer
soft light delicate material
grandiloquent
using pompous words
gregarious
living in societies liking the company
hack
cut roughly hired horse
halcyon
calm and peaceful
harangue
a long passionate speech
harbinger
smth or smb that foretells the coming of
harrow
to distress create stress or torment
hirsute
hairy shaggy
hoi
polloi the masses the rabble
hoodwink
trick mislead
iconoclast
person who attacks popular beliefs
idiosyncrasy
personal mannerism
idyll
a carefree episode or experience
ignoble
dishonorable common undignified
ignominious
shameful dishonorable undignified disgraceful
illicit
unlawful forbidden
imbroglio
complicated and embarrassing situation
impassive
unmoved feeling no sign of passion
impecunious
having little or no money
imperious
commanding haughty arrogant
imperturbable
calm not capable of being excited
impetuous
having sudden energy impulsive thrusting ahead forceful
implacable
incapable of being placated unpleasable
implicate
show that smb has a share
importune
beg urgently solicit (of a prostitute)
imprecation
an invocation of evil a curse
impudent
rash indiscreet
impugned
challenged to be doubted
inane
silly senseless
inasmuch
since because
incense
make angry
inchoate
not yet fully formed rudimentary elementary
incipient
beginning
incise
engrave make a cut in
incongruous
out of place not in harmony or agreement
incorrigibility
cannot be cured or corrected
incredulous
skeptical unwilling to believe
inculcate
fix firmly by repetition
incumbents
official duties
indefatigability
not easily exhaustible tirelessness
indelible
that cannot be rubbed out
indigence
poverty
indistinct
not easily heard seen clearly marked
indolence
laziness
indomitable
not easily discouraged or subdued
ineffable
to great to be described in words
ineluctable
certain inevitable
ingenuous
naive young artless frank honest sincere
inimical
harmful or friendly
inimitable
defying imitation unmatchable
innocuous
causing no harm
insensible
unconscious unresponsive unaffected
insipid
without taste or flavor
insouciant
unconcerned carefree
insularity
narrow-mindedness isolated
interdict
prohibit forbid
intransigence
unwillingness to compromise stubbornness intractability
intransigent
uncompromising
intrepid
fearless brave undaunted
inured
accustomed to adapted
invective
abusive language curses
inveigh
to attack verbally denounce deprecate
inveterate
deep-rooted. long-established
involute
complex
irascible
irritable easily angered
irksome
tiresome

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