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Glossary of Nephrology.Part-2

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What is the best indicator of underlying renal pathology?
E: Proteinuria
A: protein
What is the best indicator of early renail pathology?
E: Microalbuminuria
A: microalbumin
What does eosinophiluria indicate?
E: Drug induced nephritis
A: (inter)|(ain)
Where is the site of action of spironolactone?
E: Distal tubule
A: dist
What is the site of action of acetazolamide?
E: Proximal tubule
A: prox
Where is the site of action of antidiuretic hormone?
E: Collecting ducts
A: collect
Where is 90% of bicarbonate absorbed?
E: Proximal tubule
A: prox
Where are K+ and H+ excreted via an electrical gradient?
E: Distal tubule
A: dist
What is the site of action of furosemide?
E: Lower, thin, ascending loop of Henle
A: asce
What is the site of action of thiazides?
E: Upper, thick, ascending loop of Henle
A: asce
Only free water is removed in this part of the nephron.
E: Descending loop of Henle
A: desc
Most calcium is resorbed in this part of the nephron.
E: Proximal tubule
A: prox
25% of the NaCl is actively resoved in this part of the nephron.
E: Ascending loop of Henle
A: asc

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