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Glossary of NUR 305 Electrolytes Symptoms

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Which electrolyte imbalance causes Depression?
Low magnesium
Which electrolyte imbalance causes swallowing difficulties?
Low magnesium
Which electrolyte imbalance causes twitching, tremors & nystagmus?
Low magnesium
Which electrolyte imbalance causes hyperventilation?
High chloride
Which electrolyte imbalance causes peripheral vasodilation and reduced cardiac output?
High chloride
Which electrolyte imbalance causes increased perspiration and respiratory compromise?
High magnesium
Which electrolyte imbalance causes hypoventilation?
Low chloride
Which electrolyte imbalance causes diarrhea and hyperactive bowel sounds?
High potassium
Which electrolyte imbalance causes bradycardia and hypoxia?
Low phosphate
Which electrolyte imbalance causes bone pain, cardiac arrest, dehydration & poluria?
High calcium
Which electrolyte imbalance causes anorexia and behavioral/personality changes?
Low sodium
Which 2 electrolyte imbalances cause seizures and coma?
High & low sodium
Which 2 electrolyte imbalances cause polydipsia?
High calcium and sodium
Which 2 electrolyte imbalances cause irritability?
High potassium and sodium
Which 2 electrolyte imbalances cause headache?
High chloride and Low sodium
Which 2 electrolyte imbalances cause drowsiness?
High potassium and low sodium
Which 2 electrolyte imbalances cause constipation?
High calcium and low potassium
Which 2 electrolyte imbalances cause insomnia, carpopedal spasm, brittle nails, osteoporosis, and periodontal disease?
Low calcium and high phosphate
Which 3 electrolyte imbalances cause hypotension?
High chloride and magnesium
Low potassium (postural hypotension)
Which 3 electrolyte imbalances cause convulsions?
Low calcium and chloride
High phosphate
Which 4 electrolyte imbalances cause paresthesias?
Low calcium and chloride
High phosphate and potassium
Which 3 electrolyte imbalances cause hyperreflexia and positive Chvostek's and Trousseau signs?
Low calcium and magnesium
High phosphate
Which 4 electrolyte imbalances cause weakness and decreased deep tendon reflexes?
Low potassium and sodium
High calcium and magnesium
Which 4 electrolyte imbalances cause nausea and vomiting?
Low magnesium and sodium
High magnesium and calcium
Which 5 electrolyte imbalances cause tetany and cramps?
High phosphate
Low calcium, chloride, magnesium and potassium
Which 5 electrolyte imbalances cause lethargy or fatigue?
Low potassium and sodium
High calcium, chloride & potassium
Which 7 electrolyte imbalances cause EKG changes/cardiac arrhythmias?
High and low calcium, magnesium, potassium
High phosphate
Which 8 electrolyte imbalances cause confusion?
High and low calcium, potassium
Low chloride and magnesium
High phosphate and sodium

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