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Glossary of Music Exam 3

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Created by nicoleshops247

Classical Era
1750-1824
Galant style
"to please"

Franz Hayden
father of classical style
employed by Esterhazy Family
wrote chamber music for the Baryton, Prince's fav instrument

Basic Sonata Form
Introduction
Exposition
Recap

Instrumental Forms of the Classical Era
symphony
concerto
String quartet
sonata


Mozart
Austria
child prodigy
toured all over Europe





Mozart Opera
common people
opera buffa
"Marriage of Figaro"
"Don Giovanni"


Mozart had greatest masterpieces when?
year of his death (1791)
Magic Flute
Mozart's last great opera
Fantasy Opera
singspiel-actual spoken dialogue



Mozart Requiem
Funeral
last piece he wrote-unfinished
Dies Irae (Day of Wrath + Doom Impending)
Confutatis (when the wicked are confounded to the flames of woe)


Beethoven
Bonn, Germany
Piano
moves to Vienna
studied with Hayden + Salieri
DEAF
huge funeral




Early Classical Period
very traditional classical style
sudden dynamics
accents
motives
silence
equality among instruments




Middle Period of Classical Era
experimentation

Late Period of Classical Era
creative risks
fugues


19th century perceptions of art
an art on highest level
a mirro of one's inner emotional life
composers took on a few, exalted role

Concept of Artistic Genius
artist endowed with greater talent and soul
suffers and creates for all humanity
Early Romantics
Profoundly influenced by Beethoven
also influenced by art and literature
Sturm und Drand=storm and stress



themes of romanicism
individual
nature
supernatural

Franz Schubert
Vienna
Schubertiads-parties and gatherings of artists
wrote 700 songs

The Lied
German
"song"
important romantic mini-genre
romantic song with piano
some simple, others complex



the lied features
piano accompiament
Schubert's "Erlkonig"
Elf King
The Song Cycle
group of songs with common theme
Beethoven's 6th Symphony
"pastoric"
Programmatic
scenes of nature



Enlightenment
Classical Era
Sforzando
strong accents on beats you don't expect
Dies Irae
Mozart's "Day of Wrath and Doom Impending" in his funeral song (requiem)
Baryton
instrument that Hayden used in his work because the prince liked it
String Quartet
prominent chamber music with 2 violins, 1 viola and a cello
Gestamkunstwerk
"Total Work of Art"
Wagner
Opera buffa
funny opera
Chromaticism
type of scale where you only hear half steps
Programmatic Music
tells a story, depicts nature
Idee Fixee
Berlioz
"fixed idea"
Sonata Form
Intro, Exposition, Development, Recap, Coda
Schubertiad
parties help by Schubert for the top people in the era
Leitmotif
musical themes to keep track of Characters
Wagner
Scherzo
playful
Lieder
German song
Romantic with piano
Schubert

Prelude
Chopin
Song Cycle
group of songs with common theme
Schubert
Tone poem
music that illustrates a story or poem
Nocturne
inspired by the night
played in the evening
Chopin

Paganini
Romantic Era
violin caprices
crazy performer
Italy


Mahler
Late Romantic
Salieri
blamed for Mozart's death
involved with Beethoven
Chopin
Romantic Era
poet of the piano
Funeral March
polish


Liszt
Romantic Era
rock star of the romantic era
Hungarian

Berlioz
Romantic Era
idee fixe
Symphonie Fantastique
France


Napoleon Bonaparte
Beethovens idol until he took over as dictator
Erioca Symphony
Wagner
Late Romantic Era
Ring Cycle
Germany

Verdi
Late-Romantic
28 operas
Moulin Rouge
Milan, Italy


Mendelssohn

late classical era
revived Bach's music
wedding march
German


Puccini
Late Romantic
dark operas
Italian

Schumann
Romantic Era
Song Cycle
German

Dvorak
late romantic
cello concerto
Czech

Brahms
Romantic era
classical romantic
Germany

Strauss
Romantic
leading composer
operas, tone poems
German


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