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Glossary of Mus History Revision

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Guillame de Mauchaut
14th Century innovator of the formes fixes
Messe de Notre Dame
By guillame de mauchaut composed early - mid 14th century
earliest complete setting of the ordinary of the mass attributable to one composer


Rhythmic modes
6 patterns used in polyphony
late 12th, early 13th centuries
you knew the mode by the way the neumes were grouped

Perfection
A duration basically equal to three beats
Leonin
Academic late 12th century
starting to notate music
original author of organum

Magnus liber organi
big book of organum, doesn't survive to this day. mentioned in anonymous IV
Perotin
Leonins successor, expanded and continued his work
pioneer of organum for 3 or 4 voices
13th century

organum duplum
organum for two voices, esp in notre dame
discant organum
12th century style where upper voices have 1-3 notes for every note of the lower voice
clasula
in notre dame esp
a self contained section of organum that closes with a cadence
Hucbald
9th century dude
writer of de harmonica insitutione
talked about very early polyphany

parallel organum
polyphany where the added voice moves in exact parallel to a chant, an octave or fifth lower
vox principalis
the original voice in polyphany, the voice that was taken from chant. usually the higher voice
Vox organalis
the added voice to organum, usually the lower voice
Guido d'arezzo
11th century
basically the inventor of staff notation
wrote micrologus

Ad organum faciendum
book (anon)(10th cent) on how to write organum, especially free organum
Free organum
organum where the organal voice moces in free mixture of contrary, similar, oblique, and parallel motion
florid organum
organum where the lower voice sustains relatively long notes over lots of movement in the upper voice
aquitanian polyphany
12th century
polyphany with florid and discant organum
conductus
Serious medieval song polyphonic or monophonic
rhymed, rhythmic, latin
troubadour
12/13th century
SOUTH france
trouvere
12th13th century
NORTH france
Jongleurs
basically street performers.
minnesingers
Medieval german composers, mostly of love songs
meistersingers
amateur german singer 14th-17th century
estampie
instrumental dance
several sections, each with two different endings
Sequence
a Bb Cc Dd etc...
Responsorial
Soloist vs Choir way of performing chant
Antiphonal
Choir vs Choir way of performing chant
Phillipe de vitry
14th century
inventor of ars noca
formes fixes

color
in isorhythm, the pitch pattern (talea)
talea
in isorhythm, the rhythmic pattern (color)
musica ficta
notes outside the ascribed mode, used to create a smoother harmony, especially in cadences
rondeau
AB aA ab AB forme fixe
Ballade
aabC forme fixe

Virelai
Abba forme fixe
cantigas de santa maria
400+ spanish "trouvere" songs dedicated to the virgin mary. one book.
strophic
the same musical form is found for each stanza
PLainchant
unaccompanied, unison song, particularly latin and liturgical
Gregorian chant
the repertory of ecclesiastical chant used in the roman catholic church
musica mundana
the music of the universe
musica humana
the music of the human body
musica instrumentalis
audible music
liturgy
the prescribed body of texts, songs and actions to be performed in a religious seervice

office
the services attended by monks and nuns that took most of the day. important services: vespers and matins
Mass
PUBLIC practice of the liturgy. for everyone.
mass proper
rotating body of texts for the mass. played at a certain time of year
sung portions:
indroit gradual alleluia sequence gospel communion

Mass ordinary
texts that were performed the eact same way every fucking day

kyrie
gloria
credo
sanctus
agnus dei
benedictus






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