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Glossary of Mr. Linn's Vocab

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Admonish
To scold or rebuke in a mild but earnest manner
Allegory
A story representing something else
Ambrosia
Mythology: food eaten by the gods to make them immortal
Amity
Friendly relations
Amorphous
Without a clear shape, form, or structure/not obviously belonging to a certain type or category
Anthropomorphism
Putting a human characteristic onto something non-human like a god in mythology or a pretend animal in children’s stories
Archaic
Belonging or relating to something ancient/from a much earlier period/old-fashioned & out of use
Ardor
Extremely intense, strong feelings
Balm
1. soothing oil 2. Something with a soothing effect 3. a pleasant smell
Beguile
To charmingly hold someone’s attention or devotion
Bastion
Someone or something that’s a strong supporter or defender of something
Benign
1. having a kind and gentle appearance 2. not a threat to life or long-term health
Boor
Someone who behaves in an ill-mannered way
Carnage
A widespread massacre or slaughter normally of human beings
Collectivism
Usually done under the government, it is the system of control over the distribution of farms and factories by the nation’s people
Common Enemy
People coming together against something or someone
Continuum
Two things or a series of things that blend into each other so gradually you cannot tell when one becomes the other (like the colors in a rainbow)
Covenant
A solemn agreement
Cuirass
1. A piece of armor made of leather or metal for the upper body covering the chest and sometimes the back 2. any protective covering
Cusp
A point or a pointed end of something
Deference
Polite respect/putting someone else’s interests first
Deify
1. To make someone into a god 2. to honor someone or something as if it were a god
Dissemble
The act of concealing your true nature, and putting on a fake front to conceal facts, feelings, or intentions
Duplicity
the quality of having 2 opposite sides
Effigy
Statue/model of someone that is disliked, which is then abused (like put on fire or something)
Equivocal
Uncertain/ambiguous
Estrange
To cause someone to not be friendly and distance themselves from someone.
Execration
1. A curse 2. something that is cursed and/or detested 3.the act of execrating someone or something, or the state of being execrated
Exulted
To be extremely happy, sometimes because of someone else’s loss.
Frivolous
Something silly and trivial, lacking any real intellectual substance
Gall
Boldness with lack of respect
Glutton
Someone greedy who over eats and over drinks
Harangue
To criticize or try to persuade someone in an overly forceful way
Implacable
Impossible to reduce in strength or force
Incongruous
Which does not fit with the rest; which seems out of place
Inexorable
Which cannot be changed/influenced
Insatiable
impossible to satisfy
Insidious
Quietly treacherous; working secretly to do harm
Insolent
Showing a lack of respect in speech or behavior
Lethargy
(feeling of) unwillingness to do anything; lack of energy
Lucid
1. clearly/easily understood 2. able to think clearly
Malingering
To fake illness to avoid work
Multifarious
Many different things/parts/people
Muse
Greek Mythology: The 9 goddesses that inspired different creative arts (like artists and writers etc.)
Myriad
very large number
Nebulous
Vague, not clear
Nectar
Greek and Roman mythology: A drink that makes the gods maintain their beauty and immortality
Oblique
Indirect/Not straight forward
Oligarchy
(country with a) government by a few powerful people
Omnipotent
All-powerful
Omniscient
Knowing or seeming to know everything
Orthodoxy
Being conformed to the social un-written rules and appropriateness
Palpable
1. Which can be felt 2. Obvious or easily observed
Paradox
Thing which appears to contradict itself but may really be true
Pedantic
Paying too much attention to the correct rules and details
Peerless
Incomparable/without an equal
Phantasm
A supposed being like a ghost or a spirit that can be seen but doesn't have physical substance
Pommel
1. The handle of a sword 2. The knob that curves upwards on the front part of a western horse saddle
Proletariat
The working/labor class of people
Punctilious
extremely attentive to details
Pyre
A pile of burning word, especially on which someone dead is burned ceremonially
Rancor
Resentment
Rectify
To correct/to make right
Respite
Resting briefly for recovery from exertion/A temporary delay
Rogue
Someone dishonest
Sanguine
a blood red color
Spurious
False: Not being what it claims to be
Sortie
1. A small military force making an attack into enemy territory 2. the people on the sortie
Tumult
A violent or noisy commotion
Torpor
Lack of energy/Laziness
Totalitarianism
A government that refuses to allow the existence of opposition
Truism
Saying which is quite obviously true, and therefore need not be said
Ulcer
A sore on the body
Vile
Extremely unpleasant/bad
Versatile
1. With many uses 2. able to move easily from one skill, task, or subject to another
Visceral
Going and doing something by instinct and not doing what seems logical
Votive
Given or offered to fulfill an oath or a vow
Wafted
Moved or floated gently through the air
Wanton
Without discipline or restraint, especially in sexual behavior
Hubris
excessive pride or arrogance
Ignominy
A loss of dignity or honor
archetype
The ideal thing of that type
Connotation
Implied, additional, deeper meaning
denotation
The basic meaning of a word
Impetus
Something that provides energy or motivation or accomplish or undertake something
Pathos
A quality in something that arouses emotions of pity
Ethos
Lessons on issues like right, wrong, and what's honorable
animus
unfriendly attitude/hostility
Incendiary
having to do w/ fire
Expidient
Appropriate/Advisable
Enumerate
To list off a number of individual things
Munificence
genorosity
Concubine
A women who lives with a man in an active relationship but is not married to him
Dolorous
Involving sorrow or pain
Parricide
The murder of a parent or a king
Tithe
10% of someone's income given to support their church
admonition
a mild but earnest rebuke
Sage
Someone who is regarded as being wise and experienced
malignant
full of hate and wanting to do evil
Panoply
an impressive display of something
Nocturnal
Occurring at night, as opposed to during the day
subjective
Based on someone’s opinions or feelings rather than facts or evidence
objective
free of any bias or prejudice caused by personal feelings
Poignant
causing a sharp sense of sadness, pity, or regret
Inculcate
To fix something firmly in someone’s mind by repetition
soothsayer
someone who predicts the future
Visage
someone's face or facial expressions
portend
to be an indication or omen that something is going to happen, espcially something unpleasent
Rebuke
to criticize or reprimand somebody, usual sharply
Audacity
boldness or daring
melee
a noisy conufsed fight
Parsimonious
very frugal or ungenerous
bulwark
a wall-like structure built to keep out attackers
impregnable
Too strong to be captured or opened by force
Promontory
a point of land which juts out into the sea
Odious
inspiring hatred, contempt, or disgust
talisman
a magical object believed to bring powers to whoever has it
sovereign
1. [noun] the ruler or head of a state (like a king or queen) 2. [adj.] independent, self-governing and not ruled by any other state
subjugate
To bring someone, especially a people or nation, under the control of another
Concentric
with a common middle point
parsimony
very frugal or stingy
Euphemism
a word or a phrase that's used to replace something that could be considered offensive
lecher
a man who behaves in a lustful way that's regarded disapprovingly
demure
looking or behaving in a modest, serious manner
harrowed
to break up land by pulling a harrow over it
brazen
made of brass or resembling it
Calamity
a disastrous situation
dirge
a song of mourning or lament, especially for a funeral
convivial
enjoyable because of its friendliness
gleaner
a. someone who obtains information in small amounts over a period of time
b. the person that goes over a feild that has been harvested and gathers any of the usable crops that remain
Vexation
The state of being provoked to iribility or anxiety
Cline
a continuum between two extremes
Satiate
to satisfy or gratify a desire
brawn
very strong muscles
abjure
to formally renounce something
intimate
Marked by close acquaintance, association, or familiarity
conciliate
to work with conflicting sides trying to bring them to come to an agreement
derisive
showing contempt or ridicule
embroil
to involve someone or yourself in conflict
coddle
to be overprotective of someone
goad
to drive someone to do something
victuals
food
Clarion
medieval trumpet
Addle
To confuse or befuddle someone, or to become confused or befuddled
evoke
to bring to mind a memory or feeling, especially from the past
demonic
related to or resembling a demon
bane
something that causes misery
citadel
fortress used as a place of refuge
copious
produced or existing in large quantities
graven
fixed firmly in someone's mind
astute
clever and perceptive, especially for personal benefit
poltroon
an offensive term for someone regarded as a coward
bereft
deprived of someone or something loved or valued
ephemeral
lasting for only a short period of time
arbiter
someone who has the authority to settle a dispute or decide an issue
Scourge
something that causes suffering
intrepid
fearless and persistent on the pursuit of something
Furtive
secretive
taciturn
uncommunicative by nature
Glade
clearing w/o trees or bushes in a forest
Realism
a practical understanding and acceptance of the actual nature of the world, rather than an idealized view of it
Immoral
contrary to accepted moral principles
amoral
not concerned or cooperative with morals
autonomy
political independence and self-government
reticent
reserved and unwilling to communicate or reveal very much
flotsam
wreckage and debris found floating in water from a ship
Jetsam
cargo which has been discarded to lighten the load of a ship in distress
Ostentatious
a boastful display of wealth and sucess
inimical
not favorable
litany
prayers during worship for the blessing of god
pugnacious
inclined to fight or be aggresive
Synergy
The working together of 2 or more to create a result which is greater than the sum of their individual capabilities
Prevaricate
to evade the truth
Fastidious
picky about small details being just right
Garret
an attic room immediately below the roof
Tremulous
trembling or quavering, especially because of nervousness
Presentiment
feeling that something (especially bad) will soon happen
trifle
something trivial
emaciate
to make or to become extremely thin
consumption
the act of eating or drinking
bravado
boldness or courage
tribulation
harship that causes misery or distress
Titular
having a particular title without the power to exercise the functions usually associated with it
condescending
behaving towards people in a way that shows you consider yourself superior
Indignant
angry because of something (or someone) unjust
haughty
behaving in an arrogant or condescending way
Rend
to violently tear
Bacchus
the god of wine
aversion
a strong feeling of dislike
Ikon
an image of a holy person (also spelled "icon")
Monomania
an obsessive preocupation in a single thing/idea/thought
Morose
gloomy
morbid
showing interest in morose subjects (such as murder, death, accidents, etc.)
melancholy
thoughtful or gentle sadness
delirium
a state of mental disturbance
Consternation
a feeling of dismay which is caused by something unexpected
diffident
lacking self-confidence and rather shy
Slovenly
not concerned with personal hygiene and tidiness (offensive term)
Providential
resulting from god's guidance
superciliously
arrogantly indifferent
languidly
lacking energy
disconcerted
taken aback
repugnant
offensive and completely unacceptable
Enigma
something or someone that's not easily understood
Affable
friendly and easy to talk to
foppish
a man who's ridiculously concerned with his appearance
superflous
more than nescessary
solicitude
expressed conern
Reproof
the act of criticizing someone for doing something wrong
Pecuniary
involving money
depraved
morally corrupted
corpulent
obese.
requiem
a peice of music written to commemorate someone who has died
Pernicious
causing great harm
Mitigation
to make an offence more excusable
conflagration
a large destructive fire
aberration
a change from what's normal or desirable

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