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Glossary of Mr. Horning 2nd 9 Week Exam - Period 3

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Monarchy
A gov\'t where one person (usually a king) inherits power - MH
AND
THIS WAS THE FIRST TYPE OF GOV'T IN THE GREEK CITY-STATES - MH

painting in gupta empire
the paintings were often done on long scrolls or on walls of caves-ch-drb
Persian War-This battle was fought on water
The battle of Salamis-ZC,C.E.S.
Who was the major figure of Buddhism?
The Buddha/ Prince Siddhartha. E.C.
What was the battle name that ended the Persian Wars
Battle of Plataea-C.E.S,ZC
Persian War-This battle had 300 Spartans die
The battle of Thermopylae-ZC,C.E.S.
Mathematics in the GUPTA EMPIRE
had created a way of writing whole numbers using the numerals 1 through 9.-ch-drb
TYRANNY
A TYPE OF GOVERNMENT WHERE ONE PERSON(USUALLY FROM THE MILITARY) SEIZES POWER ILLEGALLY-SE,AC
Persian War-This battle was the first battle fought between the Persians and the Greeks
Battle of Marathon-C.E.S,ZC
Who was king Ashoka?
An indian leader who used buddhist values to unify India. EA,AA
Chp 17 - What are King Ashoka's 4 main edicts?
1. Buddhist vaules
2.General welfare
3.Justice
4.Security-EA,AA


How did Ashoka embrace Buddhism?
*Supported the Buddhist values of love, peace, and non-violence.
*He respected all living things.
*He gave up hunting and became a strict vegetarian.
*He gave up war of conquest. EA AA


What is a monk?
A holy man who devotes his life to religious practice. EA,AA
What was king Ashokas edicts written on?
Walls, rocks, and tall pillars in public places so that the greatest number of people could see them. EA,AA
According to the eight fold path what was the right way to earn a living?
By not working at a job that causes harm to people or living creatures. E.C.
chp 31 - who was herodotus
He was know as the father history-DR-EM
chp 31-how did they improve there building structure
they made fancy triangular shaped roofs AND columns - EM/DR
Persian War-The Persians captured this Greek colony
The Ionions-ZC,C.E.S
According to the four noble truths, Suffering is caused by ________?
Cravings, desires and wants.
metal works in the gupta empire
gupta kings controlled huge mines of gold.-ch-drb
what lands did alexander conquered
what r egypt ,the persian empire,and macedonia NH DS
how did alexander the great die
he died from a swamp fever
NH DS
what did he make the persians believe
he made them believe that he was a god NH DS
Which one of the Eight fold paths is to promote good actions and prevent evil actions?
Right Effort. E.C.&T.B.
According to the Four Noble Truths Suffering is in all things and nothing ___________?
Lasts forever.
DEMOCRACY
A FORM OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH RULING POWER IS SHARED BY ALL CITIZENS
OLIGARCHY
ONE OF SEVERAL PEOPLE WHO RULE A COUNTRY OR EMPIRE TOGETHER, SHARING THE POWER - SE/AC
What does Golden Age mean
A Time Of Prosperity and achievements-C.E.S.
In the Gupta Empire, How were Roads made?
with packed dirt-T.B. & *C.E.S.*
Gupta Empire-Most sculptures were made of ____.
clay
sculptures in the gupta empier
gupta sculptures portrayed the human form simply and gracefully. an one example is a sculpture of the river deitly.-cs
Who won in the battle of Marathon?
Greece. E.C.
What trick did the Greeks use in the Battle of Salamis?
They used a narrow sea channel and rammed their ships. E.C.
what was the 3 ways prince siddhartha saw suffering
1. old people
2. people in pain
3. death of people

Persian Wars-What colony was captured by the Persians???
The Ionians-ZC
What city-state has the best navy?
Athens-ZC
Why were the Persian Wars important?
It preserved Greek independents and it kept Persia from conquering all of Europe. E.C& T.B.
Define direct democracy.
Every free citizen can vote directly on the laws - ZC

This was the type of democracy in Greece - they voted at the assembly using white and black stones - MH

Define representative democracy.
Free citizens vote for a representative who votes on the laws for them - ZC

This is the type of gov\'t in the United States (we used this to choose our movie incentive) - MH

Chp 16 - What are two main teachings of Buddhism?
Four Noble Truths
Eightfold Path leads to enlightenment
Chp 17 - How did King Ashoka help spread Buddhism?
He wrote Buddhist values in his edicts which were posted on tall pillars around his kingdom - AA

AND
Gave up wars of conquest to live a Buddhist life - EA

He sent missionaries to other places like the island of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) to spread the religion - MH




Chp 30 - How did Alexander help spread Greek culture?
Built Greek-style cities - NH

Made all of the gov\'t officials and army guards speak only Greek - CS/NH

Chp 31 - What are some examples of Greek culture we still see today?
Language
Architecture
Alphabet
Longitude and Latitude
Olympics
Pythagorean Theorum
Geometry
Use plants for medicine
Modern Theater design









What was the 7 achievements of the Gupta Empire?
Literature, Mathematics, Roads, Sculpture, Metal Work (coins), Universityies, Paintings. EC

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