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Glossary of Mod C Unit 2 Review

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Created by jenimarie

Allergen
Any substance that triggers an allergic reaction
Aneurysm
A weakening of out-pouching in the wall of an artery
Aspirated
Drawn in or out, by means of a vacuum
Bradycardic
Pertaining to an abnormally slow heart rate < 60 beats/minute
Convulsions
Involuntary muscle contractions that may alternate between contraction and relaxation of muscles
Gag Reflex
Closure of the glottis and constriction of its associated musculature
Generalized
Involving the entire body or system; widespread
Hydrogenation
A process of changing an unsaturated fat to a solid saturated fat by the addition of hydrogen
Infarction
Death of tissue, as in myocardial infarction or heart attack
Inspiration
Inhalation
Monosaccharides
A simple sugar that cannot by decomposed further
Myocardial
Heart muscle, especially referring to the ventricles
Necrotic
Refers to death of tissue, such as occurs with venoms of pit vipers and the brown recluse spider
Non-pleuritic
Not related to the pleura
Nutrients
Food or any substance that supplies the body with elements necessary for metabolism
Obesity
An abnormal amount of fat on the body of an individual who is 20% over the average weight
Orifices
Openings, especially naturally occurring body surface openings
Perfusion
The process of bathing cells in healthy blood
Regimen
A systematic plan of activities
Seizures
Convulsions
Syncope
Sudden loss of consciousness, which may be transient; fainting
Systemic
Pertaining to the body as a whole; affects the entire body
Tidal Volume
The volume of air inspired and expired during one normal respiratory cycle
Triage
To determine the priority for handling patients with severe conditions or injuries
Xiphoid Process
The piece of cartilage that forms the lowermost tip of the sternum
List the number of daily servings for the following food groups according to the textbook.
•Milk – 3 cups
•Veggies – 2.5 cups
•Meat/Beans – 5.5 ounces
•Fruits – 2 cups
•Grains – 6 servings





Carbohydrates break down into _____.
Glucose
A deficiency of carbohydrates will result in _____.
Weight loss
_____ help with growth and repair of tissues.
Proteins
_____ provides heat and energy.
Fat
Proteins break down into _____ _____.
Amino acids
A deficiency of proteins will result in impaired or slow _____.
Healing
Vitamins and minerals contain _____ calories.
Zero.
Name the water-soluble vitamins.
B and C.
Name the fat-soluble vitamins.
A, D, E, and K.
Unused water-soluble vitamins will be _____ from the body
Excreted
_____ may occur if large quantities of fat-soluble vitamins are consumed.
Toxicity
_____ help with strong bones and teeth.
Minerals
_____ is the most important item in the diet.
Water
Approximately _____ to _____ of the body’s weight is water.
50 to 70 percent.
Name the two vital components of good health and a longer life.
Balanced diet and exercise.
What should you do if a patient refuses to comply with the physician’s instructions regarding a change in diet or health habits?
Educate the patient and notify the physician.

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