Glossary of Missed Questions AATBS
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- As defined by Aaron Beck, Automatic thoughts are:
- spontaneously triggered by a specific circumstance and accompanied by an emotional reaction.
- According to Fielders Contingency Model of Leadership, a low LPC leader focuses on?
- task motivation
- What is emotional contagion & when does it occur?
- refers to the tendency of babies to cry at the sound of another infants cries. Considered first sign of empathy. First observed as young as 2 days old.
- Flashbulb memory is attributable to the activities of the:
- limbic system
- The Kappa Statistic is used as a measure of reliability when data are?
- nominal and ordinal
- Tolman's demonstration of latent learning suggests that:
- a student might appear to know little about algebra until he takes an algebra test
- Bandura's social learning theory predicts that:
- Cognitive events act as intervening variables in the acquisition of a new behavior
- What test would be most useful for assessing the intelligence of a 9 yr. old child with limited english proficiency
- Raven Progressive Matrices
- What does the overjustification hypothesis state?
- External rewards decrease intrinsic interest
- What does Vygotsky propose about cognitive development?
- That it is fostered by interpersonal interactions & as a consequence is affected by culture and other social factors
- Ex post Facto research is distinguished from true experimental research by?
- an inability to manipulate the IV
- A 33 yr. old married woman with 1 child receives a dx of schizophrenia, her husband has no family history. Which relative has greatest risk for receiving the same diagnosis
- a biological child- with 13% risk factor.
- Research investigating the impact of group heterogeneity & task performance has generally found that?
- group heterogeneity is preferable on disjunctive tasks, but can be detrimental on some other types of tasks.
- To construct a 68% confidence interval for an examinee's obtained test score you would need the examinees score and what else?
- The SEM
- If you have 2 IV's & 3 DV's, you would choose a Manova rather than seperate factorial anova's in order to?
- control the experiment wise error rate.
- What is trus about job enrichment?
- It has positive effects (at least for some) on both job satisfaction and job performance
- According to Amato and Keith's meta analysis of divorce outcome literature divorce has the strongest negative impact on?
- 1) Father-child relationship then 2) Conduct (misbehavior, agression, and deliquency)
- What did Landrum and Batts believe were the consequences of racial oppression on the mental health of African Americans?
- 1) Internalized Oppression-can involve acting out against system blaming whites
2) Conceptual Incarceration-
adopting white worldview
3) Split-self syndrome-polarizing oneself into good & bad components. With bad representing one's AF. Amer. identity
4) Reduce one's ability to recognize or/and use internal/external resources
- What is the racial/cultural identity development model as stated by Atkinson, Morten and Sue
- 1) Conformity
3) Resistance & Immersion
5) Integrative Awareness
- What are the 4 stages of Cross's Black racial (nigrescence) identity development model?
- What is Emic vs. Etic Orientation?
- Emic-refers to culture specific theories, concepts, and research strategies. An attempt is made to see things through eyes of the members of that culture.
Etic-Refers to phenomena that reflect a universal orientation. I.E. viewing people from different cultures as essentially the same.
- What was Howard et al. phase model of therapy?
- Remoralization-clients feelings of hopelessness respond quickly in 1st few sessions
Remediation- focus on symptom reduction, usually in 16 sessions
Rehabilitation-unlearning troublesome, maladaptive, habitual behaviors, establishing new ways. # of sessions depends on type and severity of problem.
- Kaufman assessment battery for children, was based on which model of intelligence
- Luria's neuropsychological model.
- What is Helm's white racial identity development model? (6 stages)
- 1. Contact
- What are the 4 stages of Troidens Homosexual Identity Development Model?
- 1.Sensitization: Feeling different
2. Self Recognition: Identity confusion
3. Identity Assumption
4. Committment: Identity integration-publicly disclose
- What does the mixed standard scale measure?
- 3 critical incidents representing good, average & poor performance for several dimensions of job performance are identified.
- What does Lewin's Field Theory predict?
- that human behavior is a function of both the person and his/her environment
- What does Zajonc argue influences children's intellectual growth the most?
- Birth Order, with first borns doing slightly better.
- Problems involving sensation in the inner forearm & ring and little finger are most likely due to spinal injury in the __________ Level?
- Wolfgang Kohler's research on animal learning and animal cognition led to his conclusion that learning is?
- Insightful (animals seem to experience an "aha" experience while solving problems.)
- Patients with moderate to severe brain injury are likely to obtain the lowest scores on which WAIS-III Indices?
- Processing speed
- PKU can only be inherited by whom?
- Individuals who are homozygous for the condition. (Carry 2 recessive genes)
- In the area of psychometrics "banding" has been proposed as a method for?
- a method for meeting the requirements of affirmative action and remedying adverse impact
- What 4 levels of rigor in the evaluation of training programs did Kirkpatrick offer?
- 1) Results criteria-Highest level
2) Reaction criteria-lowest level
3) Learning Criteria- 2nd level
4) Behavioral criteria-2nd highest.
- What model is most useful for explaining the "serial position effect"?
- Multi-store Model-3 distinct memory systems=sensory register, short term memory, and long term memory.
- What has the length of post-traumatic (anterograde) amnesia been correlated with?
- The severity and long lasting consequences of brain injury
- Research on infantile amnesia has shown what?
- memories for events that occurred prior to age 3 or 4 are limited but not completely absent. In addition, recall of early memories varies across the lifespan.
- When is decentralization preferable to centralization in an organization?
- Because decentralized organizations are more flexible, they are more effective than centralized orgs for adapting to change and meeting the need to make frequent and quick decisions.
(Operating in a highly competitive and constantly changing environment)
- What problems come up when using "comparable worth"
- job evaluation techniques used to establish it may be gendered biased.
- What type of seizure begins in and are often restricted to the temporal lobe and involve impaired consciousness, & automatisms such as lip smacking, chewing, fidgeting, and walking in circles?
- Complex partial seizures, also known as temporal lobe epilepsy.
Partial-limited part of brain
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