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Glossary of Medical Terms- Anatomy

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Created by laklotzbir

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Aden/o
Gland
Adenoma
Tumor of a gland
Adenitis
Inflamation of a gland
Arthr/o
Joint
Arthritis
Inflamation of the joints
Biology
The study of life
Biopsy
Viewing of life/live tissue
Carcin/o
cancerous/cancer
Carcinoma
Cancerous Tumor
Cardi/o
Heart
Cephal/o
Head
Cerebr/o
cerebral
Cardiolgy
Study of the heart
Cephalic
Pertaining to the head
Cis/o
To Cut
Incision
Cut into
Excision
To cut out
Crin/o
Secrete(to form and give off)
Endocrine Glands
Glands that sercrete with in
cyst/o
Urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst
cystoscopy
Veiw of the bladder or cyst
cyt/o
cell
cytology
The study of cells
Derm/o
Dermat/o
Skin

Dermatitis
Inflamation of the skin
Hyperdermic
Below the skin
Electr/o
Electricity
Electrocardiogram
Electric heart record
Encephal/o
Brain
ElectroENCEPHALogram
Electric brain scan
Enter/o
Intestines(Usually the small intestine)

Enteritis
Inflamation of the small intestine
Erythr/o
Red
Erythocyte
Red blood cell
Gastr/o
Stomach
Gastrectomy
Removal of the stomach
Gastrotomy
Cutting into the stomach
Gnos/o
Knowledge
Diagnosis
Finding out the problum
Gynec/o
Woman/Female
Prognosis
Prediction Of
Hemat/o
Hem/o
Blood
Hematology
The study of the blood
Hematoma
Blood swelling/ tumor
Hepat/o
Liver
Hepatits
Inflamation of the liver
Iatr/o
Treatment
Iatrogenic
Producing a treatment
Leuk/o
White
Leukocyte
White Blood Cell
Nephr/o
Kidney
Nephritis
Inflamation of the kidneys
Nephrology
The Study of the kidneys
Neur/o
Nerve
Neurology
the study of neurve
Onc/o
Tumor
Oncology
Study of tumors
Oncologist
someone who studys tunmors
Ophthalm/o
eye
Ophthalmoscope
an instrement used to veiw the eye
Oste/o
Bone
Osteoarthritis
Inflamation of the bones and joints
Path/o
Disease
Pathology
The study of diseases
Pathologist
A person who studys diseases
Ped/o
Child
pediatric
Pertaining to a child
Psych/o
Mind
Psychology
The study of the mind
Psychiatrist
A person who studys the mind
Radi/o
x-rays
ren/o
Kidneys
renal
pertaining to the kidneys
Rhin/o
nose
Rhinitis
Inflamation of the nose
Sarc/o
Flesh
Sarcoma
Fleshy tumor
Sect/o
to cut
resection
re-cut open
Thromb/o
Clot,Clotting
ur/o
Urinary tract
Urology
The study of the urinary tract
-ac
-al
-ic
-ical


Pertaining to
Cardiac
Pertaining to the Heart
Neural
Pertaing to the neurves
-Algia
Pain
Arthralgia
Pain to the joints
-cyte
cell

neuralgia
Pain to the neurves
Erythrocyte
red blood cell

-ectomy
removal
nephrectomy
removal of the kidneys
-emia
blood condition
Leukemia
White blood cell cancer
-genic
pertaining to producing
carcinogeinic
pertaining to cigret smoke
pathogenic
pertaining to a virus
iartogenic
pertaining to a treatment
-gram
record
elecencephalogram
electric brain gram
-ic
-ical
pertainging to

gastric
pertaining to the stomach
neurolgical
pertaining to the neurve
cystitis
inflamation of the bladder
hepatoma
liver cancer
-ion
process
-ist
specialist
itis
inflamation
-logy
study of
-oma
tumor/mass /swelling
-osis
condition usally abnormal
nephrosis
abnormal kidneys
endoscope
instrment used for looking at the intestaint
-sis
state of
-tomy
process of cutting
osteotomy
cut into the bone
gastroenterology
the study of the conditions of the stomach and intestines
a-
an-
no.not, without
dia
compleate
endo-
within
epi-
above
endocrinologist
a aperson who studys within
epigastric
above the stomach
apidermis
above the skin
hyper-
excessive amount
hypo
deficiant
hyperglycemic
high blood sugar
hypoglycemic
low blood sugar
hypogastric
below the stomach
pericardium
around the heart
retrocardiac
behind the heart
subhepatic
below the liver
transheptic
across the liver

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