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Glossary of Medical Terminology I

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dermat-
skin
cutane-
skin
nephr-
kidney
ren-
kidney
stomat-
mouth
or-
mouth
erythr-
red
gastr-
stomach
hepat-
liver
immun-
immune, immunity, safe
oste-
bone
-itis
inflammation
-megaly
enlargement
-oma
tumor
-an
without, not
hyper-
excessive, above normal
intra-
in, within
para-
near, beside, beyond
poly-
many
esthes-
feeling
therm-
heat
muscul-
muscle
nas-
nose
ur-
urine
-ia
condition
-ar
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
enter-
intestine
-cyte
cell
chondr-
cartilage
arthr-
joint
hemat-
blood
-emesis
vomiting
-dynia
pain
-logy
study of
-centesis
surgical puncture
encephal-
brain
mening-
meninges
-clasis
to break, surgical fracture
-desis
binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
-ectomy
excision, removal
-lysis
separation, destruction, loosening
-pexy
fixation (of an organ)
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
-stomy
forming an opening (mouth)
-tome
instrument to cut
-tomy
incision
-tripsy
crushing
-gram
record, writing
-graphy
process of recording
-graph
instrument for recording
-meter
instrument for measuring
-metry
act of measuring
-scope
instrument for examining
-scopy
visual examination
-algia
pain
-cele
hernia, swelling
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
-edema
swelling
-emia
blood condition
-gen
forming, producing, origin
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
-iasis
abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
-lith
stone, calculus
-malacia
softening
-osis
abnormal condition, increase (used primarily with blood cells)
-pathy
disease
-penia
decrease, deficiency
-phagia
eating, swallowing
-phasia
speech
-phobia
fear
-plasia
formation, growth
-plasm
formation, growth
-plegia
paralysis
-ptosis
prolapse, downward displacement
-rrhage
bursting forth (of)
-rrhagia
bursting forth (of)
-rrhea
discharge, flow
-rrhexis
rupture
-sclerosis
abnormal condition of hardening
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
-toxic
poison
-trophy
nourishment, development
-ac
pertaining to
-ary
pertaining to
-eal
pertaining to
-ic
pertaining to
-ical
pertaining to
-ile
pertaining to
-ior
pertaining to
-ous
pertaining to
-tic
pertaining to
-esis
condition
-ism
condition
-iatry
medicine, treatment
-ician
specialist
-ist
specialist
-y
condition, process
-icle
small, minute
-ole
small, minute
-ule
small, minute
pre-
before
peri-
around
nat-
birth
post-
after
epi-
above, upon
hypo-
under, below, deficient
infra-
under, below
sub-
under, below
inter-
between
pro-
before, in front of
retro-
backward, behind
bi-
two
dipl-
double
diplo-
double
hemi-
one half
macro-
large
micro-
small
mono-
one
uni-
mono
multi-
many, much
primi-
first
quadri-
four
tri-
three
ab-
from, away from
ad-
toward
circum-
around
dia-
through, across
trans-
through, across
ecto-
outside, outward
exo-
outside, outward
extra-
outside, outward
endo-
in, within
super-
upper, above
supra-
above, excessive, superior
ultra-
excess, beyond
a-
without, not
an-
without, not
anti-
against
contra-
against
brady-
slow
dys-
bad, painful, difficult
eu-
good, normal
hetero-
different
homo-
same
homeo-
same
mal-
bad
pan-
all
pseudo-
false
syn-
union, together, joined
tachy-
rapid
hist-
tissue
kary-
nucleus
nucle-
nucleus
anter-
anterior, front
caud-
tail
crani-
cranium (skull)
dist-
far, farthest
dors-
back (of body)
infer-
lower, below
later-
side, to one side
medi-
middle
poster-
back (of body), behind, posterior
proxim-
near, nearest
ventr-
belly, belly side
abdomin
abdomen
cervic-
neck, cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
ili-
ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
inguin-
groin
lumb-
loins (lower back)
pelv-
pelvis
pelv/i-
pelvis
spin-
spine
thorac-
chest
umbilic-
umbilicus, navel
albin-
white
chrom-
color
cirrh-
yellow
jaund-
yellow
xanth-
yellow
cyan-
blue
melan-
black
poli-
gray, gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)
acr-
extremity
eti-
cause
idi-
unknown, peculiar
morph-
form, shape, struccture
path-
disease
radi-
radiation, xray, radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
somat-
body
son-
sound
viscer-
internal organs
xer-
dry
-gnosis
knowing
adip-
fat
lip-
fat
steat-
fat
derm-
skin
hidr-
sweat
sudor-
sweat
ichthy-
dry, scaly
kerat-
horny tissue, hard, cornea
myc-
fungus (plural, fungi)
onych-
nail
ungu-
nail
pil-
hair
trich-
hair
scler-
hardening, sclera (white of eye)
seb-
sebum, sebaceous
squam-
scale
xen-
foreign, strange
-therapy
treatment
gloss-
tongue
lingu-
tongue
bucc-
cheek
cheil-
lip
labi-
lip
dent-
teeth
odont-
teeth
gingiv-
gum(s)
sial-
saliva, salivary gland
esophag-
esophagus
pharyng-
pharynx (throat)
pylor-
pylorus
duoden-
duodenum (first part of small intestine)
jejun-
jejunum (second part of small intestine)
ile-
ileum (third part of small intestine)
append-
appendix
appendic-
appendix
col-
colon
colon-
colon
sigmoid-
sigmoid colon
rect-
rectum
proct-
anus, rectum
an/o-
anus
pancreat-
pancreas
cholangi-
bile vessel
chol/e
bile, gall
cholecyst-
gallbladder
choledoch-
bile duct
-orexia
appetite
-pepsia
digestion
=prandial
meal
rhin-
nose
sept-
septum
sinus-
sinus, cavity
adenoid-
adenoids
tonsill-
tonsils
epidlott-
epiglottis
laryng-
larynx (voice box)
trache-
trachea (windpipe)
bronchi-
bronchus (plural, bronchi_
bronch-
bronchus (plural, bronchi_
bronchiol-
bronchiole
alveol-
alveolus, air sac
pleur-
pleura
pneum-
air, lung
pneumon-
air, lung

pulmon-
lung
anthrac-
coal, coal dust
atel-
incomplete
coni-
dust
lob-
lobe
orth-
straight
ox/i-
oxygen
ox-
oxygen
pector-
chest
steth-
chest
phren-
diaphragm, mind
spir-
breathe
-capnia
CO2
-osmia
smell
-phonia
voice
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
spitting
-thorax
chest
aneurysm-
widened blood vessel
angi-
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
vascul-
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
aort-
aorta
arteri-
artery
arteriol-
arteriole
atri-
atrium
ather-
fatty plaque
cardi-
heart
electr-
electricity
embol-
embolus (plug)
hemangi-
blood vessel
my-
muscle
phleb-
vein
ven-
vein
sphygm-
pulse
sten-
narrowing, stricture
thromb-
blood clot
ventricul-
ventricle (of the heart of brain)
-sphyxia
pulse

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