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Glossary of MedTermCBU

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An/o
anus
Antr/o
antrum, cavity
Cec/o
cecum
Col/o
the colon
Colon/o
the colon
Duoden/o
duodenum
Enter/o
Intestine
Esophag/o
Esophagus
Gastr/o
Stomach
Ile/o
Ileum, intestine
Jejun/o
jejunum
Or/o
Mouth
Proct/o
Rectum
Rect/o
Rectum
Sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
Stomat/o
mouth
Abdomin/o
abdomen
Appendic/o
appendix
Celi/o
abdominal cavity
Cheil/o
a lip
Cholangi/o
bile duct
Chol/e
bile
Choledoch/o
common bile duct
Diverticul/o
diverticulum, or blind pouch, extending from a hollow organ
Gingiv/o
gums
Gloss/o
tongue
Hepat/o
liver
Herni/o
hernia or protrusion of an organ through a membrane or cavity wall
Lapar/o
abdomen
Lingu/o
tongue
Palat/o
palate
Pancreat/o
pancreas
Peritone/o
peritoneum
Polyp/o
a polyp
Pylor/o
Pylorus
Sial/o
saliva
Uvul/o
uvula
Blephar/o
eyelid
Conjunctiv/o
conjunctiva
Cor/o
pupil of the eye
Core/o
pupil
Corne/o
cornea
Cry/o
cold, frost
Dacry/o
tears, weeping
Dipl/o
double, two
Irid/o
iris of the eye
Iri/o
iris
Kerat/o
cornea
Lacrim/o
tears, weeping
Ocul/o
an eye
Ophthalm/o
the eye
Opt/o
the eye, vision
Phot/o
light
Pupill/o
the pupil of the eye
Retin/o
retina of the eye
Sclera/o
sclera
Ton/o
tension, pressure
Acou/o
hearing
Audi/o
hear
Aur/i, aur/o
an ear
labrinth/o
labyrinth (inner ear)
mastoid/o
mastoid bone
myring/o
the eardrum
ot/o
the ear
staped/o
the stapes, bone in the ear
tympan/o
tympanic membrane (eardrum), middle ear
Bi-
two, twice, double
Bin-
two, two at a time
-opia
vision
-phobia
fear, dread
-plegia
paralysis
Carp/o
wrist
Clavic/o
clavicle, collarbone
Clavicul/o
clavicle, collarbone
Cost/o
a rib
Crani/o
the skull
Femor/o
femur (upper leg bone)
Fibul/o
fibula (lower leg bone)
Humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
Ili/o
ilium
Ischi/o
ischium
Lumb/o
loin, lumbar region of the spine
Mandibul/o
mandible (lower jawbone)
Maxill/o
maxilla (upper jawbone)
Patell/o
patella (kneecap)
Pelv/i, pelv/o
the pelvis
Phalang/o
finger or toe
Pub/o
the region of the pubes
Rachio
the spine
Radi/o
the radius of the arm
Sacr/o
the sacrum
Scapul/o
scapula
Spondyl/o
a vertebra
Stern/o
sternum
Tars/o
the ankle
Tibi/o
tibia
Uln/o
the ulna, elbow
Vertebr/o
vertebra
Aponeur/o
aponeurosis
Arthr/o
a joint
Burs/o
bursa (cavity)
Chondr/o
cartilage
Disk/o
intervertebral disk
Menisc/o
meniscus (crescent)
Synovi/o
synovia, synovial membrane
Ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
a tendon
Ankyl/o
crooked, bent
Kinesi/o
movement
Kyph/o
hump
Lamin/o
lamina
Lord/o
bent forward
Myel/o
marrow, or the spinal cord
My/o, Myos/o
a muscle
Oste/o
a bone
Petr/o
a rock, stone
Scoli/o
curved, crooked
Inter-
between
Supra-
above, over, beyond
Sym-
with, together
Syn-
with, together
-asthenia
weakness
-clasia, clasis, -clast
break, fragment
-desis
surgical fixation, fusion
-physis
growth
-schisis
split, fissure
Cerebell/o
cerebellum
Cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain
Dur/o
hard, dura mater
Encephal/o
the brain
Gangli/o, ganglion/o
ganglion
Mening/i, mening/o
meninges
Myel/o
spinal cord
Neur/o
nerve
Radic/o, radicul/o, rhiz/o
root
Esthesi/o
sensation
Ment/o
the mind
Mon/o
one, single
Phas/o
speech
Phren/o
mind
Poli/o
gray matter
Psych/o
mind
Quadr/i
four
Tetra-
four
-iatrist
physician
-iatry
treatment, specialty
-ictal
seizure, attack
-paresis
paralysis
Aden/o
gland
Adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal glands
Cortic/o
cortex (the outer layer of a body organ)
Endocrin/o
endocrine
Parathyroid/o
parathyroid glands
Thyroid/o, thry/o
thyroid gland
Acr/o
extremities, height
Calc/i
calcium
Dips/o
dry, thirsty
Kal/i
potassium
Natr/o
sodium
-drome
run, running
Sperm/a
seed
Gymn/o
naked, bare
Platy-
broad, flat
Dactyl/o
finger or toe
-branch
a gill
-poda
foot
-ptero, -ptera
a wing
Lepido
a scale
Hymen/o
a membrane
Curculio
a weevil
-chaeta
mane
-phagous
eat
-cephalo
the head
-dermata
skin
Pauro-
little, small
-phyta
a plant
Anth/o
flower
Pterido
a fern
gymno-
bare
nudi-
bare
psilo-
bare
barbat-
bearded
crinit-
bearded
pogono-
bearded
pappo-
downy
pubesc-
downy
campo-
flexible
aulaco-
furrowed or grooved
glypho-
furrowed or grooved
glypto-
furrowed or grooved
striat-
furrowed or grooved
strigat-
furrowed or grooved
sulcat-
furrowed or grooved
dasy-
hairy
hirsut-
hairy
lasio-
hairy
trichodo-
hairy
villos-
hairy
duri-
hard
sclero-
hard
carinat-
keeled
arcy-
networked
reti-, retin-
networked
punctato-
punctured
stricto-
punctured
asper-, aspr-
rough
scabr-
rough
trach-, trachin-
rough
tracho-, trachy-
rough
aphelo-
smooth
glabr-
smooth
leio-
smooth
lasso-
smooth
lito-
smooth
malaco-
soft
molli-
soft
acantho-
spiny
echino-
spiny
spini-
spiny
lachno-
woolly
lani-
woolly
mallo-
woolly
caperat-
wrinkled
corrugat-
wrinkled
rhysso-
wrinkled
rugos-
wrinkled
zoo-, -zoon
animal
avi-, -avis
bird
-ornis, ornitho-
bird
aeluro-, -aelurus
cat
feli-, -felis
cat
-campa, campo-
caterpillar
-eruca, eruci-
caterpillar
boo-, -bus
cow
-bos, bov-
cow
cani-, -canis
dog
cyno-, -cyon
dog
ichthyo-, -ichthys
fish
pisci-, -piscis
fish
-musca, music-
fly
myi-, -myia
fly
batracho-, -bactrachus
frog
-phynra, phryno-
frog
equi-, -equus
horse
hippo-, -hippus
horse
entomo-
insect
insecti-
insect
-bdella, bdello-
leech
hirudini-, -hirudo
leech
-lacerta, lacerti-
lizard
sauro-, -saurus
lizard
anthropo-, -anthropus
man
homini-, homo-
man
muri-, -mus
mouse
myo-, -mys
mouse
hyo-, hys-
pig
sui-, -sus
pig
herpeto-
reptile
concho-, -concha
shellfish
aspidi-, -aspis
snake
-coluber, colubri-
snake
ophio-, -ophis
snake
-arachna, arachno-
spider
-aranea, aranei-
spider
chelono-, -chelys
turtle
emydo-, -emys
turtle
-testudini, -testudo
turtle
-helmins, helmintho-
worm
vermin-, -vermis
worm
omni-
all
pan- panto-
all
toti-
all
coeno-
common
commun-
common
vulgar-
comman
equi-
equal
iso-
equal
pari-
equal
ceno-
empty
vacu-
empty
vani-
empty
artio-
even-numbered
oligo-
few
pauci-, pauro-
few
mesto-
full
pleni-, plero-
full
multi-
many
myria-
many
poly-
many
plio-
more
pluri-
more
pleisto-
most
perisso-
odd numbered
mero-
part
parti-
part
haplo-
simple, single
simplici-
simple
henico-
single
eremit-, eremo-
solitary
aniso-
unequal
aga-
very
ari-
very
za-
very
holo-
whole
integri-
whole
pterido-, -pteris
fern
fungi-, -fungus
fungus
-myces, myceto-, myco-
fungus
-chondrium, chondro-
grain
-gramen, gramini-
grass
grani-, -granum
grass
-poa, -poo
grass
bryo-, -bryum
moss
hypno-, -hypnum
moss
mnio-, -mnium
moss
phyto-, -phytum
plant
arundi-, -arundo
reed
calamo-, -calamus
reed
donaci-, -donax
reed
thamno-, -thamnus
shrub
arbor-, -arbor, arbore-
tree
dendro-, -denron, -dendrum
tree
ampelo-, -ampelus
vine
viti-, -vitis
vine
pyro-, -pyrum
wheat
tritici-, -triticum
wheat
eco-
house, abode
antro-
cave
caverni-
cave
spel-, speleo-
cave
troglo-
cave
batho-, bathy-
depths
bentho-
depths
bysso-
depths
bytho-
depths
arid-
dry
azo-
dry
xero-
dry
bolito-
dung
copro-
dung
scato-
dung
spatilo-
dung
sterco-
dung
col-, coli-
dwell
-ecetes, -etes
dwell
-estr
dwell
chamae-
earth
chthono-
earth
geo-
earth
agri-, agro-
field
arv-, arvens-
field
camp-, campestr-
field
prat-, prati-
field
insul-, insular-
island
neso-
island
lacustr-
lake
limno-
lake
luci-
light
photo-
light
eleo-, elo-
marsh
helo-, heleo-, helod-
marsh
paludi-
marsh
alpestr-, alpin-
mountain
mont-, montan-
mountain
oreo-
mountain
borboro-
mud
limi-, lut-
mud
pelo-
mud
topo-
place
stagni-
pond
telmato-
pond
amni-
river
flumini-, fluvia-, fluviatil-
river
potamo-
river
ammo-
sand
areni-
sand
psammo-
sand
enalio-
sea
halio-
sea
marin-, maritim-
sea
oceano-
sea
pelag-, pelago-
sea
thalasso-
sea
scio-
shade
umbri-
shade
aegialo-
shore
litori-
shore
chiono-
snow
nipho-
snow
nival-
snow
dumi-
thicket
lochmo-
thicket
thamno-
thicket
xylocho-
thicket
aqua-, aquat-
water
hydro-, hygro-
water
drymo-
woods
sylvestr-, sylvi-
woods
BE
barium enema
A & P resection
abdominoperineal resection
EGD
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
EUS
endoscopic ultrasound
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI
Gastrointestinal
H. pylori
heliobacter pylori
IBS
irritable bowel syndrome
N & V
nausea and vomiting
PEG
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
UGI
Upper gastrointestinal
UPPP
uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
AOM
acute otitis media
ARMD
Age-related macular degeneration
Ast
astigmatism
Em
Emmetropia
EENT
eyes, ears, nose, and throat
OD
right eye (oculus dexter)
OM
otitis media
Ophth
Ophthalmology
OS
left eye (oculus sinister)
OU
each eye (oculus uterque)
VA
visual acuity
C1-C7
cervical vertebrae
CTS
Carpal tunnel syndrome
EMG
electromyogram
fx
fracture
HNP
herniated nucleus pulposus
L1-L5
Lumbar vertebrae
MD
Muscular dystrophy
MG
myasthenia gravis
OA
osteoarthritis
Ortho
orthopedics
RA
Rheumatoid Arthritis
T1-T12
Thoracic vertebrae
DI
Diabetes insipidus
Dm
diabetes mellitus
FBS
fasting blood sugar
RAIU
radioactive iodine uptake
T4
Thyroxine level

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