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Glossary of Med. Terms Chap 3

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abdomin/o
abdomen
cephal/o
head
chol/e
bile, gall
cocc/i
coccus (bacteria that causes diease)
crani/o
cranium, skull
cyst/o
bladder, sac
dipl/o
double
hydro
water
lith/o
stone, calculus
metr/o, meter
measure
ot/o
ear
pelv/i
pelvis
phob/ia
fear
py/o
pus
rhin/o
nose
staphyl/o
grape (growing in clusters)
strept/o
twisted chains
therap/o
treatment
thorac/o
thorax
ab-
away from
ad-
toward
-ar
pertaining to
-centesis
punture of a cavity
-genesis, gen/o
produce, originate
meter
measuring instrument
orrhea
flow, discharge
acr/o
extremities
cardi/o
heart
cyan/o
blue
cyt/o
cell
dermat/o, derm/o
skin

Duoden/o
duodenum
electr/o
electrical
eti/o
cause
gastr/o
stomach
gram/o
record
leuk/o
white
megal/o
enlarged
path/o
disease
algia
pain
ectomy
excision of
itis
inflammation of
ologist
one who studies, a specialist
ology
study of
osis, -a, -y
condition of, usually abnormal
ostomy
forming a new opening
tome
instrument that cuts
acrocyanosis
blueness of extremities
acrodermatitis
inflammation of the skin
acromegaly
enlarged extremities
cardialgia
pain in the heart
cardiologist
heart specialist- read electrocardiogram
carditis
inflammation of the heart
cyanoderma
bluish discoloration of the skin
cyanosis
abnormal condition of blueness
cytology
study of cells
gastrectomy
removal of all or part of the patient's stomach

gastritis
inflammation of te stomach
gastroduodenostomy
surgical operation to make a new openong between the stomach and duodenum
leukemia
abnormal condition of too many white blood cells
leukocyte
"infection fighting" white blood cells
leukoderma
less color in their skin than normal
dermatologist
specialist who specializes in treating disease
dermatome
surgical instrument for slicing
dermatosis
abnormal skin condition
disease
sickness or illness
duodenal
pertaining to the duodenum
electrocardiogram
cardiologist record from graphy
etiological
pertaining to the study of causes of disease
gastralgia
pain in the stomach
manifestation
evidence, or proof, of disease
megalocardia
a condition of enlarged heart
megalogastria
when stomach enlarges so that it crowds other organs
pathologist
one who studies structural and functional changes in the body produced by disease
pathology
the scientific study of changes in the body produced by disease
aden/o
gland
arthr/o
joint
carcin/o
malignancy
cele/o, o/cele
hernia
chondr/o
cartilage
cost/o
ribs
dent/o
tooth
emes/is
vomiting
hist/o
tissue
laryng/o
larynx
lip/o
fat
malac/o
soft
morph/o
structure of
muc/o
mucus
onc/o
tumor
ost/p, oste/o
bone
plast/o
repair
trach/e
trachea
troph/o
development
en-, endo-
in, inside, within
ex-, ex/o-
outside, out
hyper-
excessive
hypo-
under
inter-
between
-al, -ar, -ic
of, or pertaining to
-oid
resembling
-oma
tumor
-ism
medical condition, disease
adenectomy
excision of a gland
adenitis
inflammation of a gland
adenoma
tumor of a gland
arthroplasty
surgical repair of a joint
arthotomy
incision into a joint
carcinoma
cancer of the tonsil
cephalalgia
headache
cephalic
of, or pertainig to the head
chondritis
inflammation of cartilage
colostomy
opening into the colon
dentalgia
pain in teeth
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain
encephalocele
herniation of brain tissue
encephaloma
tumor of brain
oncology
study of tumors
osteitis
inflammation of the bone
osteomalacia
softening of bone tissue
endosteoma
tumor within the bone
exogenous
originating outside of organism, cell, or organ
histology
study of microscopic tissues
hyperemesis
excessie vomiting
hypertrophy
overdevelopment of the heart
hypodermic
a shot given superficially
intercostal
pertaining to between the ribs
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
lipoid
a substance resembling fatty tissue
lipoma
a fatty tumor
morphology
the science of studying the structure of an organ
mucoid
resembling mucus
thyroidectomy
surgical removal of the tyroid gland
tracheotomy
incision into the trachea
aberrant
a struture that wanders from normal
abdominal
referring to the abdomen
abdominocentesis
surgical punture of the abdominal cavity
abduction
away from midline
adduction
toward
cardiocentesis
puncturing the heart
caphalic
pertaining to the head
cholelithotomy
incision for the purpose of removing a gallstone
cholecystitis
inflammation of the gall bladder
craniectomy
Surgical removal of a portion of the cranium
crainoplasty
surgical repair or restoration of the cranium
craniotomy
Surgical removal of part of the skull to expose the brain.
cranium
the skeleton of the head
cystitis
Cystitis is defined as inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystocele
hernial protrusion of the urinary bladder
cystotomy
incision into the bladder
diplococci
growing pairs
hydrocephlus
watery fluid in the craial cavity
hydrophobia
abnormal fear of water
hydrotherapy
treatment by means of water
lithogenesis
The formation of calculi.stones
lithotomy
incision for removal of a stone
ostalgia
ear pain
otitis
inflammation of middle ear
otorrhea
discharge from the ear
pelvic
pertaing to the pelvic cavity
pelvimetry
measurement of size of pelvic cavity
pyogenic
pus-forming
pyorrhea
pus being discharged
rhinitis
inflammation of the nose
rhinoplasty
surgical repair or restoration of the nose
rhinolith
A calculus present in the nasal cavity.
rhinorrhea
runny nose
staphylococci
growing in grape-like clusters
streptococci
cocci growing in twisted chains
thoracic
pertaining to the chest cavity
thoracocentesis
tapping or puncturing the chest cavity
thoracoplasty
surgical repair of the chest cage
thoracotomy
incision into the chest cavity
angi/o
vessel
arter/i/o
artery
blast/o
embryo
colp/o
vagina
crypt/o
hidden
fibr/o
fiber
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
hyster/o
uterus
kinesi/o
motion
lys/o
destruction
men/o
menses
my/o
muscle
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
o/o
egg,ovum
oophor/o
ovary
orchid/o
testes
peps/o, peps/ia
digestion
pne/o
air, breathe
pyel/o
pelvis of the kidney
salping/o
fallopian tube
scler/o
tough, hard
spermat/o
sperm
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
ur/o
urine
a-, an-
without
brady-
slow
dys-
pain
-blast
embryonic
-y, -ia
noun ending
-orrhagia
hemorrhage
tachy
fast
-orrhaphy
suture
-pexy
fixation
-ptosis
drooping
spasm
twitching
sperm
sperm
aneurysm
weak spot of aorta or artery balloons out
angioblast
a germ cell in which a vessel emerges
angiosclerosis
harding of a vessel
anomaly
irregularity in structure of an organ or part
apnea
absence of breathing
arteriosclerosis
hardening of an artery
arteriospasm
aterial spasm
bradycardia
abnormally slow heartbeat
bradypnea
slow breathing
colporrhaphy
suturing (repair) of vagina
colposcopy
examining of the vagina
cryptorchidism
undescended testicles
cystorrhagia
bleeding from tthe bladder
dysmenorrhea
painful menstration
dyspepsia
psinful or poor digestion
dyspnea
difficult breathing
hemangiitis
tumor of a blood vessel
hematologist
speializes in thte study of blood
hemolysis
breaking down or dissolution
hernia
protrusion of an organ or part or organ



hysteropexy
surgical fixation of the uterus
hysterospasm
spasm of the uterus
hysterotomy
incision into uterus
kinesialgia
movement pain
kinesiology
science of how the body moves
myosclerosis
hardening of muscle tissue
myospasm
spasm of a muscle
nephritis
inflammation of the kidney
nephrolith
kidney stone
nephromegaly
enlarged kidney
nephroptosis
sagging of the kidney
neurofibroma
a tumor containg fibous and areolar tissue
neurolysis
destruction of nerve tissue
o-oblast
egg cell
oophoropexy
to correct position of ovary
orchidotomy
incision into tetis
pyelitis
inflammation of renal pelvis
pyeloplasty
surgical repair of the renal pelvis
salpingectomy
excision of the fallopin tube
salpingo-oophorectomy
excision of fallopian
salpingoscopy
device to look a fallopian tubes
spermatoblast
immature male germ cell
spermatoid
resembling sperm
tachycardia
increased heartrate
tachypnea
increased breathing
ureterolithotomy
incision for removal of stone
ureterorrhaphy
suturing of ureter
urethralgia
pain in ureter
ureterotomy
incision into ureter
urethrotomy
incision into urethra

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