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Glossary of Mammals OSU Z 372

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Order?
Monotremata: echidna
toothless

Class subclass infraclass order
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Prototheria
Oviparous mammals - spiny ant-eaters and platypus

Order: Monotremata
toothless

Class subclass order family
Class: mammalia
Subclass: Theria *viviparous
Infraclass: Eutheria *placentals
Order: Perissodactyla- *odd-toed ungulates
Family: Equidae *horses zebra burros
1 spp introducted into Oregon

Class subclass infraclass order family
Class:mammalia
Subclass:Theria *viviparous
Infraclass: Eutheria *placentals
Order: Artiodactyla *even-toed ungulates
Family: Bovidae *cattle sheep and goats
3 native spp in Oregon

Class: Subclass: Infraclass: Order: Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria *vivpaarous
Infraclass:Eutheria *placentals
Order:Lagomorpha *rabbits and hares
Family:Ochotonidae *Pika *no external tail *26 teeth
1 spp in Oregon

Class: Subclass: Infraclass: Order:
Family:
Class:mammalia
Subclass:Theria * viviparous
Infraclass: Eutheria *placental
Order: Artiodactyla *even number of toes
Family:Antilocarpridae * dewclaws absent *horns attached to permanent bony cores *1spp monotypic family

Class: Subclass: Infraclass: Order:
Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria * viviparous
Infraclass: Eutheria * placental
Order:Artiodactyla even # toes
Family: Antilcapridae pronghorns

Class: Subclass: Infraclass: Order: Suborder: Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria *viviparous
Infraclass:*Eutheria * placentals
Order: Rodentia *No canines one upper incisor on ea. side
Suborder: Sciurognathi
Family: Aplodontidae *mountian beavers
1 spp monotypic family

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder: Family:
Class:mammalia
Subclass:Theria * viviparous
Infraclass: Eutheria * placentals
Order: Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi *greek squirrel jaw
Family: Aplodontidae Auditory bullae flask

Class:Subclass:Infraclass: Order: Suborder: Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass: Theria * vivparous
Infraclass:Eutheria *placentals
Order:Carnivora
Suborder: Fissipedia * latin cleft-foot *terrestrial carnivores
Family:Canidae Digitigrade 4 toe on front feet

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:mammalia
Subclass:Theria * viviparous
Infraclass: Eutheria *placentals
Order: Cetacea *hind limbs vestigial
Suborder: Odontoceti toothed whales
*one external nostril *no baleen

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria * viviparous
Infraclass: Eutheria *placental
Order: Artiodactyla *even # toes
Family:Bovidae cattle goats and sheep 3 native spp in Oregon
*nasal and lachrymal bones joined by suture

1
Bovidae

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Family: Canidae
rostrum lenght ~ twice as long as width

Family
Canidae
*5 spp in Oregon

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order: Rodentia *gnawing teeth
Suborder: Hystricognathi
Family: Capromyidae *nutria
introduced 1 spp
*infraorbital foramen very large

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:Family:
Class:mammalia
Subclass: Theria * vivparous
Infraclass:Eutheria *placental
Order: Artiodactyla * even#toes
Family:Cervidae deer and elk

*Nasal and lachrymal bones separated by prelachrymal vacuity

Family
Cerviadae

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass: Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria *placental
Order:Rodentia
Suborder: Sciurognathi
Family:Scuridae *squirrels
*prominent post-orbital process o frontal bone

Family
Order: Rodentia
Suborder: Sciurognathi
Family: Dipodidae
*tail 150% length of body
*jumping mice
*hind feet modified for saltatorial motion

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass: Theria
Infraclass: Eutheria
Order: Rodentia
Suborder: Sciurognathi
Family:Dipodidae
2 spp in Oregon

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Dipodidae

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Perissodactyla
Family:Equidae

Class:
Subclass:
Infraclass:
Order:
Suborder:
Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Hystricognathi
Family:Erthizontidae porcupines
1 spp
*infraorbital foramen very large

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fissipedia
Family:Mustelidae

Family
Class:mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fissipedia
Family:Mustelidae

Family
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fisspedia
Family:Felidae
30 or fewer teeth
* 3 spp in Oregon

Family
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fisspedia
Family:Felidae

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurongathi
Family:Geomyidae * pocket gophers *large claws
*5 spp in Oregon

family
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Geomyidae
*tail shorter than head and body

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria *vivparous
Infraclass:Eutheria *placental
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Pinnipedia *Marine carnivores
Family:Phocidae Earless seals = no pinnae
*hind flippers can't be rotated

Family
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Primates *nails intead of claws *face short and nearly vertical *often opposable hallux and pollex
Family:Hominidae *humans
1 spp in Oregon

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Primates

Family:Hominidae

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Cetacea
Suborder:Mysticeti Baleen whales
*two external nostrils *no teeth -baleen

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Lagomorpha
Family:Leporidae * Tail present *length of ears> 2 x width *Superaorbital process on frontal bones

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Lagomorpha
Family:Leporidae
28 teeth
suparaorbital process on frontal bone

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order: Suborder:Family:
Class:Mammalia
Subclass: Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Sciuridae*squirrels chipmunks marmots
18 spp in Oregon

Class:Subclass:Infraclass:Order:
Suborder:Family:Subfamily
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria *vivparous
Infraclass:Eutheria * placental
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Muridae *long tails *infraorbital foramen opens on zygomatic plate *16 teeth
Subfamily: Microtinae * voles muskrats
short legs and tail shorter

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Chiroptera
Family:Molossidae *Uropatagium does not extend to tip of tail
*32 teeth * 1 spp in Oregon

1
Class:Mammlia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Chiroptera *premaxillaries fused (sutured)
Family:Molossidae
free-tail bat 32 teeth

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Prototheria
Infraclass:Ornithodelpia
Order:Monotremata

Echidna 0 spp in Oregon

1 to family
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Muridae *infraorbiotal foramen opens on or near zygomatic plate
*voles rats mice muskrats lemmmings

1
Family Muridae

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fissipedia
Family:Mustelidae *skull with long brain case and short rostrum *platigrade w/5 toes on front feet

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria * viviparous
Infraclass:Eutheria *placental
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fissipedia
Family:Mustelidae 32, 34, 36 or 38 teeth

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fissipedia
Family:Mustelidae skunk otters mink baders wolverine martin fisher weasels
*short rostrum long and brain case

1
Family Mustelidae

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Cetacea
Suborder:Mysticeti

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Muridae
Subfamily: Murinae *Old world rats *Tail scaly *occlusal surfaces of molars tuberculate 3 rows

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Hystricognathi
Family:Capromyidae *nutria
*webbed hind feet but tail not flatened *para ocipital processes extend far beyond auditory bullae

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Lagomorpha
Family:Ochotonidae *pika no external tail *no supraorbital process
1 spp in Oregon

1
Class:Mammlia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Cetacea
Suborder:Odontoceti

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Pinnipedia *teeth homodont and conical
Family:Otariidae pinnae present(has ears) sea-lions eared-seals *hind legs rotate *3 upper and 2 lower incisors on ea. side

1
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Pinnipedia
Family: Otariidae
* 3 incisors on upper jaw (this is the upper jaw)

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Prototheria *Oviparous
Infraclass:Ornithodelpia
Order:Monotremata

elongate beaklike rostrum covered by leathery sheath

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Metatheria
Order:Marsupialia

Family:Didelphidae
50 teeth *opposable hallux *hariless prehensile tail

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Hsytricognathi
Family:Erethizontidae *porcupine
*infraorbital foramen very large

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fissipedia
Family:Procyonidae *racoons and ringtails
*plantigrade 5 toes on front feet *40 teeth *molars flatened for crushing

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fissipedia
Family:Procyonidae molar flatened for crushing *40 teeth

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Scuridae *bushy tail *prominent post-orbital process on frontal bone

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Scuridae *squirrels
*prominent supra-orbital process on frontal bone

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Sciuridae
*prominent supra-orbital process on frontal bone

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Muridae
Subfamily:Sigmodontidae New world rats (woodrats)
*hairy tails *long ears *anterior margin of brain case tapers

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Insectivora
Family:Soricidae *shrews
*no zygomatic arch *reddish teeth tips
snout long and slim

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Insectivora
Family:Talpidae *moles aand shrew-mole
*pinnae absent *zygomatic arch present
36-44 teeth

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Insectivora
Family:Talpidae
*pinnae absent *broad flat forelimbs *eyes tiny or absent

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fissipedia
Family:Ursidae * Bears
*Plantigrade w/5 toes on front feet
42 teeth but premolar my be missing

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Fissipedia
Family:Ursidae
42 teeth large skull

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Chiroptera
Family:Vespertilionidae
Uropatagium extends to tip of tail
*14 spp in Oregon

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Chiroptera
Family:Vespertilionidae
Uropatagium extends to tip of tail
*14 spp in Oregon
Order: Rodentia
No cannines
One upper incisor on each side
Order: Monotremata
*Lay eggs (Prototheria Ornithodelpia)
*Toothless
*elongate beaklike rostrum covered by leathery sheath
Order: Marsupialia
*epipubic bone in pelvis
*penis bifurcate
*female has marsupium (i.e. a pouch)
Order: Insectivora
*canines smaller thatn incisors
*zygomatic arches weak or absent
*Small eyes
Order: Chiroptera
*Hands modified into wings
*leathery flight membrane
*All Oregon species eat insects
*the only flying mammals
Order: Lagomorpha
*2 upper incisors on each side of jaw, one behind teh other
*ears longer than tail
*no canines
Order: Carnivora
*Canines larger than incisors
*carnassial teeth
*strong zygomatic arches
*eyes large
*3 upper and lower incisors on each side
Order:Artiodactyla
*feet with even number of toes
*upper incisores absent
*at least males have horns or antlers
*ungulates
Order:Perissodactyla
*Feet modified to odd number of toes
*incisors modified for cutting
Order: Cetacea
*Fore limbs modified as flippers
*hind limbs vestigial
*tail flukes are neomorphs (folds of skin with hard connective tissue but no skeletal support.
*Nostrils located at top of head
Order: Primates
*often opposable hallux and pollex
*nails instead of claws
*face short and nearly vertical
*orbits face forward

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Aplodontidae Auitory bullae flask shaped

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Rodentia
Suborder:Sciurognathi
Family:Castoridae
infraorbital foramen small

1
Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Order:Insectivora
Family:Soricidae * shrews
* pinnae present * no zygomatic arch *teeth reddish tipped * 32 teeth

1
Castoridae

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