cueFlash

Glossary of MIcrobiology Archea and Bacteria Domain

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

Created by canyanwu

Deck Info

Description

Tags

Recent Users

Genetics
The study of what Genes are, how hey carry info, how info is expressed, how genes are replicated.
A segment of DNA
Gene
Structure conatining DNA that physically carries herediatry info. (Contains genes)
Chromosome
All genetic info in a cell
genome
the molecular study of genomes
genomics
genes of an organism vs. gene espression
Genotype; phenotype
A polymer of nucleotides adheres to what?
Deoxyribose-phosphate
DNA strands are held together by_________
Hydrogen bonds b/w AT and CG
During DNA synthesis the Leading strand is synthesized______, while the lagging strand is sythesized _______ in what direction?
continuously; discontinuously; in a 5" to 3" direction
DNA synthesis starts when?
the lagging strand is initiated by an RNA primer
When RNA polymerase binds to the promotor sequence __________ begins. When does the continuation of this process end?
transcription; when it reaches the terminator sequence
how many sense codons on mRNA encode the 20 amino acids?
64
what carres the complementary anticodon?
tRNA
Translation of mRNA begins at which start codon? and ends at which nonsense codon?
AUG; UAA, UAG, UGA
Name the Mutation: Change in amino acid
Missense mutation
Name the mutation: Change in one base
Base mutation
Results in a nonsense codon
Nonsense mutation
WHAT IS A FRAMESHIFT MUTATION?
INSERTION OR DELETION OF ONE OR MORE NUCLEOTIDE PAIRS
WHAT HAPPENS FIRST WHEN AN ORGANISM IS INTRODUCED TO IONIZING RADIATION?
FORMATION OF HIGHLY REACTIVE IONS
HORIZONTAL GENE TRANSFER VS. VERTICAL GENE TRANSFER
VERTICAL:OCCURS DURING REPRODUCTION B/W GENERATIONS OF CELLS, HORIZONTAL: OCCURS DIRECTLY B/W CELLS OF THE SAME GENERATION
WHICH IS NOT A BETAPROTEOBACTERIA?
1. NEISSERIA
2.HELICOBACTER
3.EHRLICHIA
4. MORAXELLA



NEISSERIA
WHICH CAUSES CONJUNCTIVITIS (PINK EYE)?
1. L. PNEUMOPHILIA
2.BORDETELLA
3. AZOSPIRILLIUM
4. MORAXELLA



4. MORAXELLA
WHICH IS MOST LIKELY TO CAUSE A NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION?
1. ZOOGLOEA
2. SPIRILLIUM
3. BURKHOLDERIA
4. MORAXELLA
5. PASTEURELLA




3. BURKHOLDERIA
WHICH IS NOT AN ENVIRONMENTAL PATHOGEN?
1. RHIZOBIUM
2. AGROBACTERIUM
3.THIOBACILLUS
4. HAEMOPHILUS



4. HAEMOPHILUS (BLOOD LOVER); REQUIRES X(HEME) AND V(NAD, NADP) FACTORS
WHICH CAN BE ASSOCIATED WITH FUNGI?

PERITRICHOUS; FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC

WHICH DELTAPROTEOBACTERIA HAS THE ABILITY TO ENETER E.COLI, EAT IT, AND CAUSE IT TO BURST?
1. MYXOCOCCALES
2. BDELLOVIBRIO
3. CAMPYLOCATER
4. SPIRILLUM



2. BDELLOVIBRIO
WHICH BETAPROTEOBACTERIA WOULD ONE MOST LIKELY FIND IN AEROBIC SEWAGE TREATMENTMENT PROCESS?

ZOOGLOEA
WHICH BACTERIUM WOULD MOST-LIKELY BE FOUND IN AEROSOLS OR MILK?
LEGIONELLA
WHAT SICKNESS CAN A BORDETELLA BACTERIUM CAUSE?
1. PNEUMONIAE
2. PERTUSSIS
3. CONJUNCTIVITIS
4. MENINGITIS





2. PERTUSSIS
WHICH MEANS ALL AROUND?

PERITRICHIOUS
WHICH REPRODUCES BY BUDDING?
1. HYPOMYCROBIUM
2. CAULOBACTER
3. AGROBACTERIUM


1. HYPOMYCROBIUM
WHICH BACTERIUM IS MOST LIKELY FOUND INTRACELLULARLY?
RICKETTSIA; EHRLICHIA
WHAT CAUSES URINARY TRACT INFECTION?
ENTEROCOCCUS
WHICH BACTERIA CAUSES THE MOST VRIABLE DISEASES?
1. LACTOBACILLUS
2. STREPTOCOCCUS
3. ENTERCOCOCCUS
4. LISTERIA



2. STREPTOCOCCUS
WHICH BACTERIA IS LIKELY TO CAUSE STILL BORNE BIRTH IF INGESTED BY A PREGNANT WOMAN?
1. LACTOBACILLUS
2. ENTEROCOCCUS
3. LISTERIA


3. LISTERIA
WHICH IS FALSE? LACTOBACILLUS ALL:
1. ARE GENERALLY AEROTOLERANT ANAEROBES
2. LACK AN ELECTRON PASSPORT CHAIN
3. ARE BACILLI
4. ARE PART OF THE NORMAL FLORA
5. NONE OF THE ABOVE




5. NONE OF THE ABOVE
WHICH FORMS IN GRAPE LIKE CLUSTERS?
STAPHYLOCOCCUS
WHICH BACTERIA IS LEAST LIKELY TO SURVIVE IN THE HUMAN GUT?
BACILLUS
Which gammaproteobacteria are facultatively anaerobic, gram-negative rods that inhabit the intestinal tracts of humans and other animals?

1.Vibrionales
2.Enterobacteriales
3.Pseudomonadales
4.Legionellales




Enterobacteriales
If a patient is diagnosed with a peptic ulcer, which genus of proteobacteria is probably responsible?
Helicobacter
If a typhoid fever outbreak has occurred, which of the following statements is true?

1.Proteus colonies of enterobacteriales are probably present.

2.Shigella species are present, and may have been transmitted by cattle.

3.Escherichi





4.Salmonella is present, and the serovars may be differentiated by antigenic analysis.

Produce acetic acid from ethanol
Acetobacter; Gluconobacter
pastueralles
causes pneumonia and septecemia
Helicobacter
Causes peptic ulcers
Oxygenic Photosynthetic bacteria
Produce oxygen
Associate in colonies
Have chlorophyll
Fix nitrogen



Cynanobacteria
purple sulfur
Anoxygenic photosynthetic. Electrons from sulfur donated to H2S
Low G+C Gram positive that is wall-les
mycoplasmatales
Low G+C gram-positive that are aerobic and produce endospores
Clostridiales
LOW G+C GRAM-POSITIVE THAT DOES NOT PRODUCE ENDOSPORES
LACTOBACILLALES
CLOSTRIDIUM
OBLIGATE ANAEROBE**(NOT AEROBE. FORMS INSIDE THE CELL. HUMAN PATHOGEN. (C.BOTULINUM, C.TETANI)
CAN GROW IN HIGH OSMOTIC PRESSURE AND LOW HUMIDITY. GROW IN GRAPE-LIKE CLUSTERS. FORM BIOFILMS
STAPHYLOCOCCUS
MYCOPLASMATALES
TAKE MANY SHAPES
S.PYOGENES (FLESH-EATING): BETA HEMOLYSIS
S. PNEUMONIAE: ALPHA HEMOLYSIS


S.PYOGENES (FLESH-EATING): BETA HEMOLYSIS
S. PNEUMONIAE: ALPHA HEMOLYSIS


EPULOPISCIUM MUTS BE SEEN THROUGH MICROSCOPY? TRUE OR FALSE
FALSE: CAN BE SEEN WITH THE UNAIDED EYE
SN: DOES NOT DIVIDE BY BINARY FISSION. PRODUCES LOTS OF PROTEINS
ACTINOBACTERIA
HIGH G+C

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards