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Glossary of Lessons 1-14

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internecine
deadly
punitive
aiming at punishment
recalcitrant
difficult to handle
veracity
truth
elucidate
explain clearly, enlighten
paroxysm
fit, convulsion
persiflage
frivolous talk
glib
quick, easy with words
caustic
corrosive, cutting
argosy
any large amount
contemn
despise
animus
basic attitude
pugnacious
ready to fight
debacle
difficult situation, complete failure
fulgent
bright, radiant
febrile
fever
ingenue
naive girl
ellipsis
omission of words
prodigious
large monstrous
mollify
sooth or soften
boorish
rude, ill-behaved
resolute
marked by firm determination
feign
fake
expurgate
remove offensive parts
affable
friendly, cheerful
harridan
old woman, hag
labyrinth
a maze
bereft
saddened by loss
nubile
marriagable age
miasma
heavy, corrupt atmosphere
erudite
learned
ecstasy
state of being beyond reason and self control
poignant
piercing
furtive
stolen
posterity
future generation
precarious
depending on the will of others
ennui
boredom with life
precept
rule, principle
ingenuous
innocent and childlike
cogent
clear, understandable
jaded
overly used, not fresh
inimical
hostile, unfriendly
allure
appeal, attraction, charm
perfunctory
mechanical
denizen
one admitted residence in a foreign country
obviate
to see beforehand and make unneccessary
penultimate
next to the last
otiose
at leisure
zenith
the highest point
palpable
tangible, touchable
perihelion
point nearest to sun in orbit
impecunious
poor, penniless
acrimonious
cutting, claustic, biting
obstinate
hard to move, stubborn
vituperation
hatrid
factitious
false, fake, sham
verdurous
healthy, green, flowing
fastidious
hard to please
approbation
approval or praise
expound
explain at length
exhort
to urge strongly
proletarian
of the lowest class
benignant
favorable
daunted
inhibited or dismayed
lucrative
profitable, well-paying
protract
delay or extend
recondite
concealed
compendium
list
evanescent
fleeting
nemesis
source of defeat or enemy
ontology
nature of being
peremptory
taking away a right
inexplicable
incapable of being explained
propitiate
appease, satisfy
noblesse oblige
breech of edicate
vociferous
outspoken
bilious
easily angered or ill-natured
sapient
wise
affinity
natural attraction or kinship for something
chimera
illusion or fabrication of mind
enigma
unsolvable mystery
lethargy
drowsiness, laziness
incontinent
lacking self restraint
pensive
thoughtful
elate
to be proud or joyful
tentative
indefinite, uncertain
chagrin
disappointment caused by failure
tumult
uproar and riot
demur
delay, hesitate
bastion
fortification, stronghold
cajole
coax, unfluence by flattery
contrite
sorry, seeking forgiveness
corroborate
support, confirm
truculent
looking for a fight
heteroclite
deviating from common rules
mundane
wordly, ordinary
divulge
tell a secret
impalpable
incapable of being felt by touch
inveigh
protest or complain
ebullient
outgoing, overflowing, enthusiastic
sedulous
careful and thorough
perfidious
untruthful, fickle
paragon
perfect example
imminent
about to happen
rescind
cancel, take back, remove
trite
stale, overused
efface
erase, take away
phlegmatic
listless, impassive
vapid
empty, lacking liveliness
trenchant
incisive, cutting directly to main point
abrogate
to abolish
brevity
being brief or concise
veracious
truth
ominous
threatening
bourgeosisie
middle class
teem
pour
bovine
cow
inclement
stormy
patois
mixture of language or local dialect
obdurate
stubborn
thwart
successfully opposed
dour
unhappy and sour
flaccid
flabby, lacking force
superannuate
replace do to age, prove obsolete
stolid
unemotional
mentor
trusted counselor or guide
expiate
attone, pay penalty for
fervent
on fire, impassioned
adventitious
fortunate
incongruous
not fitting together
proximity
nearness
recherche
of fine quality
inchoate
unformed, without shape
crass
gross
narcissistic
conceited
urbane
witty, sophisticated
azure
blue
soiree
party in evening
luminous
clear, enlightening
hiatus
gap, interruption, or break
pathos
emotion of sympathetic pity
turbid
unclear
impudent
lacking modesty
archetype
original pattern
constraint
binding or restriction
deprecate
to express mild or regretful disapproval of
despoil
strip of belongings, possessions, or value
paean
joyous song
corpulent
fat
hoyden
boisterous carefree girl
incantation
chant
officious
meddlesome, needlessly sticking to rules
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
importune
beg or annoy
prehensile
wrapping around
munificence
generosity
sentient
sensing
ethnology
study of human cultures
irate
arising from anger
sepulcher
place of burial, tomb
cognoscente
person with special knowledge
liberticide
death of liberty
indigenous
native to an area
sanguine
blood red
assuage
soften, sooth, comfort
badinage
banter
adulation
to flatter or admire excessively
apogee
farthest or highest point
eminent
famous, well-known
nauseous
sickening
aesthetic
beauty
encumber
weigh down, burden
reprobation
censure or disapproval
odious
repulsive
decorum
outer layer of manners
numismatics
coin collecting
lexicographer
author of dictionary
rue
regret
ignominious
humiliating, dishonorable
dearth
lack, inadequate supply
effete
warn out by weakness or decadence
exertion
effort
indigent
homeless, impoverished
craven
cowardly
philately
stamp collecting
arbitrary
done without logical reasoning
visage
facial expression
metaphysics
reality
aversion
distaste, repulsion
duenna
chaperone
probity
soberness, seriousness
supine
prone to
insensate
without feeling
plethora
overabundance
appellation
alternate name
opulent
wealthy
languish
to lay about unused
pedantic
bossy, forcing ideas, overly academic
caprice
whim, impulsive change of mind
epithet
abusive word or phrase
canard
a false or unfounded report or story
divest
rid oneself of something
entrail
inner organ
mendacious
deceptive
martinet
a strict disciplinarian
hegira
journey taken to escape dangerous situation
solace
relief from grief
incredulous
skeptical, unwilling to believe
anathema
curse pronounced by church
porcine
related to pigs or swinish
intractable
obstinate, difficult to control
antediluvian
any long ago time period
assiduous
busy but careful
placid
peaceful, calm
audacious
bold, brazen, daring
plaintive
expressive of suffering
pertinacious
holding onto something
bucolic
rural setting
fealty
loyalty to a ruler
grimace
facial expression of disapproval
farce
comedy of exaggeration
formidable
causing fear, large and powerful
amenity
pleasant and agreeable
xenophobia
fear of foreign things and people
garner
collect, earn
piquancy
spicey
coquetry
flirtatious act or attitude
vindictive
beyond vengeful
inert
not moving
ignoble
lowly or without honor
sequester
close off, segregate
diminutive
tiny
invective
verbal abuse, insult
insinuate
hint or suggest
querulous
argumentative
discern
see clearly, understand
intuitive
understanding quickly
dolorous
sorrowful, sad
execration
curse
conflagration
large disastrous fire
epoch
period of history
exonerate
to relieve of responsibility
parsimonious
cheap, careful with money
obliterate
cancel, wipe out

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