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Glossary of Latin vocabulary from chapters 1-8 of "Learn to Read Latin"

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agricola
agricola, agricolae, m
farmer
anima
anima, animae, f
breath; life force; soul
fama
fama, famae, f
report, rumor, reputation, fame
femina
femina, feminae, f
woman; wife
filia
filia, filiae, f
daughter
insula
insula, insulae, f
island
Italia
Italia, Italiae, f
Italy
nauta
nauta, nautae, m
sailor
patria
patria, patriae, f
country, homeland
pecunia
pecunia, pecuniae, f
money
poeta
poeta, poetae, m
poet
puella
puella, puellae, f
girl
regina
regina, reginae, f
queen
via
via, viae, f
way, road, street
ager
ager, agri, m
field
deus
deus, dei, m
god
dominus
dominus, domini, m
master, lord
filius
filius, filii, m
son
gladius
gladius, gladii, m
sword
liber
liber, libri, m
book
puer
puer, pueri, m
boy
servus
servus, servi, m
slave
vir
vir, viri, m
man, husband
aurum
aurum, auri, n
gold
bellum
bellum, belli, n
war
consilium
consilium, consilii, n
deliberation, plan
donum
donum, doni, n
gift
factum
factum, facti, n
deed
ferrum
ferrum, ferri, n
iron; sword
oppidum
oppidum, oppidi, n
town
periculum
periculum, periculi, n
danger
verbum
verbum, verbi, n
word
a, ab
(away) from
(prep + abl)
by
ad
toward, to
(prep + acc)
cum
with
(prep + abl)
de
(down) from; about, concerning
(prep + abl)
e, ex
(out) from
(prep + abl)
et
(conj) and
(adv) even, also
et....et... = both....and...
in
(prep + acc) into, onto; against
(prep + abl) in, on
o
(interj) O
-que
(enclitic conj) and
cura
cura, curae, f
care, concern; anxiety
ira
ira, irae, f
anger, wrath
poena
poena, poenae, f
punishment, penalty
sapientia
sapientia, sapientiae, f
wisdom
vita
vita, vitae, f
life
animus
animus, animi,m
(rational) soul, mind; spirit; in pl = strong feelings
arma
arma, armorum, n, pl
arms, weapons
studium
studium, studii, n
zeal, enthusiasm; pursuit, study
velum
velum, veli, n
sail
ambulo
ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi, ambulatum (1-intr)
walk
amo
am0, amare, amavi, amatus (1-tr)
love
cogito
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus
think, ponder
do
do, dare, dedi, datus
give, grant
poenas dare (idiom) to pay the penalty
vela dare (idiom) to set sail
dono
dono, donare, donavi, donatus
give, present, reward
erro
erro, errare, erravi, erratum
wander; err, make a mistake
laboro
laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratum
work; suffer, be distressed
monstro
monstro, monstrare, monstravi, monstratus
show, point out
opto
opto, optare, optavi, optatus
desire; choose
voco
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus
call; summon; name
debeo
debeo, debere, debui, debitus
owe, ought
habeo
habeo, habere, habui, habitus
have, hold; consider
iubeo
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus
order
moveo
moveo, movere, movi, motus
set in motion, stir (up), move
respondeo
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsus
answer
timeo
timeo, temere, timui, --
fear, be afraid (of)
video
video, videre, vidi, visus
see
passive: seem
sum
sum, esse, fui, futurus
be; exist
possum
possum, posse, potui, --
be able, can
cur
(interrog adv)why
enim
(postpositive conj) in fact, indeed; for
etenim
(conj) and indeed; for in fact
nam
(conj) for
namque
(conj) for in fact
-ne
(interrog enclitic particle) added to the first word of a question
neque or nec
(conj-adv) and not
neque/nec...neque/nec...
neither...nor...
non
(adv) not
sed
(conj) but
diligentia
diligentia, diligentiae, f
diligence
incola
incola, incolae, m or f
inhabitant
mora
mora, morae, f
delay
provincia
provincia, provinciae, f
province
terra
terra, terrae, f
land, earth
amicus
amicus, amici, m
friend
forum
forum, fori, n
public square, marketplace, forum
imperium
imperium, imperii, n
power, authority, command; empire
inimicus
inimicus,inimici, m
(personal) enemy
odium
odium, odii, n
hatred
populus
populus, populi, m
(the) people; populace
Romani
Romani, Romanorum, m, pl
(the) Romans
nihil or nil
(indeclinable noun)n
nothing
laudo
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus
praise
pugno
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatum
fight
supero
supero, superare, superavi, superatus
overcome, conquer; surpass
teneo
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus
hold, grasp; keep, possess; occupy
eo
eo, ire, ii or ivi, itum
go
amicus, amica, amicum
friendly
inimicus, inimica, inimicum
umfriendly, hostile (+ dat)
bonus, bona, bonum
good
laetus, laeta, laetum
happy
liber, libera, liberum
free
magnus, magna, magnum
large, big; great
malus, mala, malum
bad, evil
miser, misera, miserum
wretched, pitiable, miserable
multus, multa, multum
much, many
parvus, parva, parvum
small, little
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum
beautiful, handsome
Romanus, Romana, Romanum
Roman
atque or ac
(conj) and (what's more)
mox
(adv) soon; then
nunc
(adv) now
pro
(prep + abl) in front of; on behalf of, for. in return for, instead of
propter
(prep + acc) on account of, because of
semper
(adv) always
sine
(prep + abl) without
causa
causa, causae, f
reason, cause; case
gloria
gloria, gloriae, f
renown, glory
invidia
invidia, invidiae, f
envy, jealousy; ill-will, resentment
sententia
sententia, sententiae, f
thought, feeling; opinion
altum
altum, alti, n
deep sea; height
auxilium
auxilium, auxialii, n
aid, help
auxilia, auxiliorum, n, pl
auxiliary troops
caelum
caelum, caeli, n
sky, heaven
socius
socius, socii, m
ally, comrade
ago
ago, agere, egi, actus
drive; do; spend, conduct
causam agere (idiom) to conduct or plead a case
cano
cano, canere, cecini, cantus
sing (of)
capio
capio, capere, cepi, captus
take (up), capture; win
consilium capere (idiom) to form a plan
dico
dico, dicere, dixi, dictus
say, speak, tell
duco
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus
lead; consider
facio
facio, facere, feci, factus
make; do
gero
gero, gerere, gessi, gestus
bear; manage, conduct; perform
bellum gerere (idiom) to wage war
mitto
mitto, mittere, misi, missus
send
pono
pono, ponere, posui, positus
put, place; set aside
rego
rego, regere, rexi, rectus
rule, control
scribo
scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus
write
audio
audio, audire, audivi, auditus
hear
sentio
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus
perceive, feel
venio
venio, venire, veni, ventum
come
ego
ego, mei (personal pronoun) I; me
nos
nos, nostrum/nostri (personal pronoun) we; us
tu
tu, tui (personal pronoun) you
vos
vos, vestrum/vestri (personal pronoun) you (pl)
is, ea, id
(demonstrative adj) this, that, these, those; as third-person pron., he, she, it; they; him, her, it; them
altus, alta, altum
tall, high; deep
clarus, clara, clarum
bright, clear; famous
cupidus, cupida, cupidum
desirous (+ gen)
decem
(indeclinable adj) ten
meus, mea, meum
my (own)
noster, nostra, nostrum
our (own)
socius, socia, socium
allied
tuus, tua, tuum
your (own)
validus, valida, validum
strong; healthy
vester, vestra, vestrum
your (pl) (own)
equidem
(adv) indeed, certainly, for my part
per
(prep + acc) through
quidem
(adv) indeed, certainly; at least
ne...quidem = not even
amicitia
amicitia, amicitiae, f
friendship
inimicitia
inimicitia, inimicitiae, f
enmity, hostility
fatum
fatum, fati, n
destiny, fate; in pl (often), death
proelium
proelium, proelii, n
battle
--, mei
(reflexive pron) myself
--, nostrum/nostri
(reflexive pron) ourselves
--, tui
(reflexive pron) yourself
--, vestrum/vestri
(reflexive pron) yourselves
--, sui
(reflexive pron) himself, herself, itself; themselves
accipio
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus
receive; accept; hear (of), learn (of)
cedo
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessum
go, move; yield; withdraw
accedo
accedo, accedere, accessi, accessum
go or come to, approach
discedo
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessum
go away, depart
interficio
interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus
kill
perficio
perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectus
complete, accomplish
abeo
abeo, abire, abii, abitum
go away
fero
fero, ferre, tuli, latus
bring, bear, carry; endure
memini
memini, meminisse (defective verb)
remember, be mindful
odi
odi, odisse (defective verb)
hate
redeo
redeo, redire, redii, reditum
go back, return
durus, dura, durum
hard, harsh
ipse, ipsa, ipsum
(intensive adj) -self, -selves, very
pius, pia, pium
dutiful, loyal
impius, impia, impium
disloyal, wicked
suus, sua, suum
his (own), her (own), its (own); their (own)
bene
(adv) well
etsi
(conj) although
male
(adv) badly
multum
(adv) much, a lot
nisi
(conj) if...not, unless
postquam
(conj) after
quamquam
(conj) since, because
si
(conj) if
sic
(adv) thus, so, in this way, in such a way
tamen
(adv) nevertheless
ubi
(conj) when; (interrog adv) where, when
ut
(conj) as; when
Athena
Athena, Athenarum, f, pl
Athens
natura
natura, naturae, f
nature
Roma
Roma, Romae, f
Rome
dictum
dictum, dicti, n
word, saying
domus
domus, domi, f
house, home
amor
amor, amoris, m
love
animal
animal, animalis, -ium, n
animal
carmen
carmen, carminis, n
song, poem
Carthago
Carthago, Carthaginis, f
Carthage
civis
civis, civis, -ium, ,m or f
citizen
corpus
corpus, corporis, n
body
frater
frater, fratris, m
brother
homo
homo, hominis, m
human being, man; in pl., people
hostis
hostis, hostis, -ium, m
(public) enemy
ius
ius, iuris, n
right, law; judgement; court
iure
(adv) rightly, justly
mare
mare, maris, -ium, n
sea
mater
mater, matris, f
mother
mens
mens, mentis, -ium, f
mind; intention, purpose; attitude
miles
miles, militis, m
soldier
moenia
moenia, moenium, n, pl
(city) walls
pater
pater, patris, m
father
patres conscripti, voc, pl
entrolled fathers, senators
rex
rex, regis, m
king
rus
rus, ruris, n
in sing or pl
country(side)
servitus
servitus, servitutis, f
slavery
soror
soror, sororis, f
sister
timor
timor, timoris, m
fear
urbs
urbs, urbis, -ium, f
city
vis
vis, --. -ium, f
force, power; violence
in pl., (physical) strength
libero
libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatus
free, liberate
careo
careo, carere, carui, cariturus
lack, be without, be free from (+ abl)
lego
lego, legere, legi, lectus
gather; choose; read
intellego
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus
understand
vivo
vivo, vivere, vixi, victurus
live, be alive
antiquus, antiqua, antiquum
old, ancient
novus, nova, novum
new; strange
pauci, paucae, pauca
few
autem
(postpositive conj) however; moreover
inter
(prep + acc) between, among; during
sub
(prep + acc) under; up to
(prep + abl) under; at the foot of; near
umquam
(adv) ever
numquam
(adv) never
ara
ara, arae, f
altar
copia
copia, copiae, f
abundance; in pl., troops, forces
fortuna
fortuna, fortunae, f
fortune, chance
insidiae
insidiae, insidiarum f, pl
ambush, plot, treachery
umbra
umbra, umbrae, f
shadow, shade
ingenium
ingenium, ingenii, n
ability, talent; disposition
templum
templum, templi, n
temple
ars
ars, artis, -ium, f
skill, art; guile, trick
civitas
civitas, civitatis, f
state, citizenry; citizenship
mors
mors, mortis, -ium, f
death
pars
pars, partis, -ium, f
part
virtus
virtus, virtutis, f
manliness, courage; excellence, virtue

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