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Glossary of Latin Vocabulary General

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a
from, away from, out of
abduco
to lead away, take away, carry off, remove, lead aside
abeo
to go from, go away, go off, go forth, go, depart
abicio
to throw from one, cast away, throw away, throw down
abigo
to drive away, drive off
abnuo
to refuse by a sign, deny, refuse, reject, decline
absolvo
to set free, release, discharge
abstineo
to keep back, keep off, hold back
absum
to be away from, be absent
absumo
to take away, diminish, use up, consume, exhaust
abundo
to overflow, stream over
accedo
sync
accendo
to kindle, set on fire, light
accenseo
to reckon to, count among
accepto
to take, receive
acceptum
the receipt
accio
to call, summon, send for, invite
accipio
to take without effort, receive, get, accept
accuso
to call to account, make complaint against, reproach, blame, accuse
acerbus
harsh, bitter, unripe
Achaius
Grecian
acies
a sharp edge, point, cutting part
Acilius
 
acta
the sea-shore, sea-beach
actio
a putting in motion
actum
a deed, transaction, proposition, decree, law
actus
a driving, impulse, setting in motion
ad
to, toward
addo
to put to, place upon, lay on, join, attach
adduco
to lead to, bring to, bring along
adeo
 
ad-firmo
 
adhibeo
to hold toward, turn to, apply, add to
adhortor
to encourage, exhort, stimulate, rouse, urge
adhuc
 
adicio
to throw to, cast to, fling at, put, put to, set near
adigo
to drive, urge, bring by force, take
adimo
to take away, take from, deprive of
aditus
a going to, drawing near, approach, access
administro
to manage, control, guide, superintend, execute, regulate, rule, direct
admiratio
admiration, wonder
admitto
to send to, let go, let loose, let come, admit, give access
admoneo
to bring to mind, remind, suggest, put in mind of
adnato
to swim up
ador
a grain, spelt
adorior
to approach as an enemy, fall upon, assail, assault, attack
ad-pello
 
adsum
to be at, be present, be at hand
adulescens
growing, near maturity, young, youthful
advena
a stranger, foreigner, immigrant
advenio
to come to, reach, arrive at
adventus
a coming, approach, arrival
adversarius
opposite, hostile, contrary
adversus
an enemy, opponent
adverto
to turn to, turn towards, direct
advoco
to call, summon, invite
advolo
to fly to, fly towards
aedifico
to build, erect a building
aedilis
a commissioner of buildings, aedile, magistrate for public works
aeger
unwell, ill, sick, diseased, suffering, feeble
Aegyptius
Egyptian
aequalis
equal, like, even, on a par
aequo
to make equal, equalize
aequum
a plain, level
aequus
even, plain, level, flat
aer
the air, atmosphere, sky
aerarium
part of the temple of Saturn at Rome, in which the public treasure was kept, the treasury
aestimo
to determine the value of, estimate, value, rate, appraise
aetas
the life of man, age, lifetime, years
aeternus
of an age, lasting, enduring, permanent, endless
ager
productive land, a field, farm, estate, arable land, pasture
agger
a mass, heap, collection, pile
aggero
to make a mound of, heap up, pile
aggredior
to approach
agito
to set in violent motion, drive onward, move, impel, urge
agmen
that which is driven
ago
to put in motion, move, lead, drive, tend, conduct
agrarius
pertaining to land
aio
to say yes, assent, affirm
alacritas
liveliness, ardor, eagerness, alacrity, cheerfulness, encouragement
albus
white
alias
at another time, some other time, at other times
alibi
elsewhere, somewhere else, at another place
alieno
to make strange, make another's, transfer, make over, part with
alienum
the property of a stranger, another's possessions
aliqua
by any way, in any direction, any whither
aliquanto
by some little, in a degree, somewhat, rather
aliquantus
some, considerable, moderate
aliqui
some, any
aliquis
any end
aliquot
some, several, a few, not many, a number
aliter
in another manner, otherwise, in any other way, differently
alius
another, other, different
alo
to feed, nourish, support, sustain, maintain
alter
one, another, the one, the other
alternus
one after the other, alternate, in turn, reciprocal
altitudo
height, altitude
altus
nourished, grown great, high, lofty, tall
ambitio
a going about
ambo
both
amburo
to burn round, scorch, singe, consume
amicitia
friendship
amitto
to send away, dismiss, part with
amnis
a river
amoveo
to move away, take away, remove
amplus
of large extent, great, ample, spacious, roomy
an
or
anceps
that has two heads, two-headed
ancora
an anchor
Ancus
 
angustia
narrowness, straitness
angustiae
 
angustum
a narrow place
angustus
narrow, strait, contracted
Anienem
 
anima
air, a current of air, breeze, breath, wind
animadverto
to direct the mind, give attention to, attend to, consider, regard, observe
animus
the rational soul
annona
the year's produce
annus
a year
annuus
of a year, lasting a year
ante
before, in front, forwards
antea
before, earlier, formerly, aforetime, previously
antecedo
to go before, get the start, precede
antesignanus
a leader in battle
antique
like the ancients, in the old fashion
antiquo
to reject, not to pass
antiquus
ancient, former, of old times
Antonius
a gentile name
aperio
to uncover, lay bare
apertus
without covering, uncovered
Apollo
Apollo
appareo
to appear, come in sight, make an appearance
Appius
a family name in the gens Claudia
appropinquo
to come near, approach, draw nigh
aptus
fastened, joined, fitted, bound, attached
aqua
water
aquor
to fetch water
ara
a structure for sacrifice, altar
arbitrium
a judgment, decision of an arbitrator
arbitror
to testify on information and belief, depose to one's best knowledge
arceo
to shut up, enclose
arcesso
to cause to come, call, send for, invite, summon, fetch
ardeo
to be on fire, burn, blaze, be burned
ardor
a burning, flame, fire, heat
argumentum
an argument, evidence, ground, support, proof
arguo
to make known, show, prove, manifest, disclose, declare, betray
Ariminum
 
arma
implements, outfit, instruments, tools
armatura
armor, equipment
armo
to furnish with weapons, arm, equip
armus
the shoulder
arripio
 
ars
practical skill
arx
a castle, citadel, fortress, stronghold
ascendo
to mount, climb, ascend, scale, go up
aspernor
to disdain, reject, despise
assensus
 
assiduus
 
assuesco
 
at
but, but on the other hand, but meanwhile
atque
and, as well as, together with
atrox
savage, fierce, wild, cruel, harsh, severe
attineo
to hold fast, detain, delay
attingo
to touch, come in contact with
attribuo
to assign, allot, make over
aucto
to increase much, prosper
auctor
a promoter, producer, father, progenitor
auctoritas
origination, production
auctoro
to bind, oblige
audacia
daring, courage, valor, bravery, boldness, intrepidity
audeo
to venture, dare, be bold, dare to do, risk
audio
to hear
aufero
to take away, bear off, carry off, withdraw, remove
augeo
to increase, augment, enlarge, spread, extend
augur
a seer, soothsayer, diviner, augur
augurium
the observance of omens, interpretation of omens, divination, augury
augustus
consecrated, sacred, reverend
aureus
of gold, golden
auris
the ear
auro
 
aurum
gold
auspicium
divination by the flight of birds, augury from birds, auspices
aut
or
autem
but, on the other hand, on the contrary, however
autor
 
auxilia
 
auxilio
 
auxilior
to give help, aid, assist, succor
auxilium
help, aid, assistance, support, succor
averto
to turn away, avert, turn off, remove
avidus
longing eagerly, desirous, eager, greedy
avoco
to call off, call away
barbarus
of strange speech, speaking jargon, unintelligible
bellor
to war, fight
bellum
war
bellus
pretty, handsome, neat, pleasant, fine, agreeable
bene
 
beneficium
a favor, benefit, service, kindness
benignus
kind, good, friendly, pleasing, favorable, benignant
benus
 
bibulus
given to drink, drinking freely
biduus
 
biennium
a period of two years, two years
bini
two by two, two to each, two each, two at a time
bis
twice, at two times, on two occasions
bonum
 
bonus
good
bos
an ox, bull, cow
brevis
short
brutus
heavy, inert, immovable
C
 
cado
to fall, fall down, descend
caedes
a cutting-down
caedo
to cut, hew, cut down, fell, cut off, cut to pieces
caelestis
of heaven, from heaven, of the heavens, heavenly, celestial
caelum
the sky, heaven, heavens, vault of heaven
caesius
cutting, sharp
caetratus
armed with a caetra, shield-bearing
campus
a plain, field, open country, level place
cano
to utter melodious notes, make music, sing, sound, play
capero
 
capesso
to seize eagerly, snatch at, lay hold of
capio
to take in hand, take hold of, lay hold of, take, seize, grasp
Capitolinus
of the Capitol, Capitoline
Capitolium
the Capitol, temple of Jupiter, at Rome
captivus
taken prisoner, captive
capto
to strive to seize, lay hold of, catch at, snatch, chase, hunt, capture
caput
the head
carcer
a prison, jail
caritas
dearness, costliness, high price
carmen
a song, poem, verse, oracular response, prophecy, form of incantation, tune, air, lay, strain, note, sound
cassus
empty, void, hollow
castellum
a castle, fort, citadel, fortress, stronghold
castigo
to set right, correct, chastise, punish, blame, reprove, chide, censure, find fault with
castra
a military camp, encampment
castro
to emasculate
castrum
a fortified place, castle, fort, fortress
casus
a falling, falling down, fall
causa
a cause, reason, motive, inducement, occasion, opportunity
caveo
to be on one's guard, take care, take heed, beware, guard against, avoid
celebro
to frequent, throng, crowd, fill
celer
swift, fleet, quick, speedy
celeritas
swiftness, quickness, speed, celerity
celeriter
quickly, swiftly, speedily, in haste, immediately, promptly
censeo
to tax, assess, rate, estimate
censor
the title of a Roman magistrate, instituted

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