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Glossary of Latin Vocab First Exam

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agricola, ae
masculine
farmer
aqua, ae
feminine
water
femina, ae
feminine
woman
fortuna, ae
feminine
fortune, chance
Gallia, ae
feminine
Gaul
insula, ae
feminine
island
Italia, ae
feminine
Italy
lingua, ae
feminine
language, tongue
littera, ae
feiminine
letter (of alphabet)
in plural, letter (epistle,
letters
memoria, ae
feminine
memory
natura, ae
feminine
nature
poeta, ae
masculine
poet
provincia, ae
feminine
province
puella, ae
feminine
girl
silva, ae
feminine
forest
vita, ae
feminine
life
est
is, there is
sunt
are, there are
amicitia, ae
feminine
friendship
patria, ae
feminine
country, native land
amo
i love, i like
do
i give
laudo
i praise
navigo
i sail
occupo
i seize, i capture
paro
i prepare, i prepare for
porta
i carry
pugno
i fight
specto
i look at
voco
i call
non
not
et
and
sed
but
ad
towards, to
cum
with
Europa, ae
feminine
Europe
Germania, ae
feminine
Germany
Hispania, ae
feminine
Spain
nauta, ae
masculine
sailor
porta, ae
feminine
gate
Roma, ae
feminine
Rome
terra, ae
feminine
earth, land
tuba, ae
feminine
trumpet
via, ae
feminine
road, way
villa, ae
feminine
farmhouse
quid?
interrogative pronoun
what?
ubi?
interrogative adverb
where?
-que
enclitic
and
ager, agri
masculine
field, territory
amicus, i
masculine
friend
annus, i
masculine
year
campus, i
masculine
field, plain
dea, ae
feminine
goddess
deus, i
masculine
god
equus, equi
masculine
horse
filia, ae
feminine
daughter
filius, fili
masculine
son
gladius, gladi
masculine
sword
legatus, i
masculine
envoy, lieutenant
ludus, i
masculine
game, school
nuntius, nunti
masculine
messenger, message
puer, pueri
masculine
boy
servus, i
masculine
slave
vir, viri
masculine
man, husband
bellum, i
neuter
war
caelum, i
neuter
sky
donum, i
neuter
gift
frumentum, i
neuter
grain
oppidum, i
neuter
town
periculum, i
neuter
danger, risk
regnum, i
neuter
kingdom, kingship
verbum, i
neuter
word
a, ab
from, away from
de
from, down from, about, concerning
e, ex
from, out of
in
(w/ accusative) into, against
(w/ ablative) in, on
sub
(w/ accusative) under, up to
(w/ ablative) under, at the foot of
altus, alta, altum
high, deep
bonus, bona, bonum
good
ferus, fera, ferum
wild, fierce, savage
latus, lata, latum
wide, broad
longus, longa, longum
long
magnus, magna, magnum
large, great
malus, mala, malum
bad
meus, mea, meum
my, mine
multus, multa, multum
much
parvus, parva, parvum
small, little
tuus, tua, tuum
your, yours (speaking to one person)
sine
without
appello
i call, i name
convoco
i call together, i assemble, i summon
exspecto
i await, i wait for
habito
i live, i dwell
laboro
i labor, i suffer, i am hard pressed
narro
i tell, i relate
nuntio
i announce, i report
supero
i surpass, i defeat
volo
i fly
vulnero
i wound
liber, libera, liberum
free
miser, misera, miserum
wretched, unfortunate, poor
noster, nostra, nostrum
our, ours
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum
beautiful; noble, fine
sacer, sacra, sacrum
sacred, holy
vester, vestra, vestrum
your, yours (speaking to more than one person)
ante
before, in front of
contra
against
inter
between, among
ob
because of, on account of
per
through
post
after, behind
propter
because of, on account of
trans
over, across
bene
well
cras
tomorrow
cur
why?
diu
for a long time
heri
yesterday
hodie
today
iam
now, already
ibi
there, in that place
interim
meanwhile
male
badly
nunc
now
postea
afterwards
saepe
often
semper
always
tum
then, at that time
ubi
where, when (relative)
ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi, ambulatum
walk
clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatum
shout
confirmo, confirmare, confirmavi, confirmatum
strengthen, encourage, declare
demonstro, demonstrare, demonstravi, demonstratum
show, point out
libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatum
free, set free
oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatum
attack
servo, servare, servavi, servatum
guard, keep; save
sto, stare, steti, statum
stand
tempto, temptare, temptavi, temptatum
try, attempt
Africa, ae
feminine
Africa
Asia, ae
feminine
Asia Minor
animus, i
masculine
mind; spirit
arma, orum
neuter (pl)
arms
auxilium, auxili
neuter
help, aid
auxilia, orum
neuter (pl)
auxiliary troops, reinforcements
captivus, i
masculine
captive
castra, orum
neuter (pl)
camp
consilium, consili
neuter
plan, advice
copia, ae
feminine
plenty, supply
copiae, arum
feminine (pl)
forces, troops
fama, ae
feminine
rumor, report, reputation
fuga, ae
feminine
flight
impedimentum, i
neuter
hindrance
impedimenta, orum
neuter (pl)
baggage
numerus, i
masculine
number; group
proelium, proeli
neuter
battle
signum, i
neuter
sign, signal; military standard
telum, i
neuter
weapon
audacia, ae
feminine
daring, boldness
carrus, i
masculine
wagon, cart
cura, ae
feminine
care, anxiety
dominus, i
masculine
lord, master
inopia, ae
feminine
lack, want
ira, ae
feminine
anger
liber, libri
masculine
book
locus, i
masculine
place
magister, magistri
masculine
master, teacher
poena, ae
feminine
punishment, penalty
populus, i
masculine
people, nation
socius, soci
masculine
ally, comrade
causa, ae
feminine
reason, cause
epistula, ae
femininte
letter, epistle
fabula, ae
feminine
story
hora, ae
feminine
hour
Iulia, ae
feminine
Julia
albus, a, um
white
amicus, a, um
friendly
gratus, a, um
pleasing, welcome; grateful
inimicus, a, um
unfriendly, hostile
inimicus, i
masculine
enemy
niger, nigra, nigrum
black
novus, a, um
new
paratus, a, um
ready, prepared
verus, a, um
true
Iulius, i
masculine
Julius
Lucius, i
masculine
Lucius
Marcus, i
masculine
Marcus
pecunia, ae
feminine
money
regina, ae
feminine
queen
celeritas, celeritatis
feminine
swiftness, speed
consul, consulis
masculine
consul
dux, ducis
masculine
leader
frater, fratris
masculine
brother
imperator, imperatoris
masculine
commander, general
imperium, imperi
neuter
command, military power, government
mater, matris
feminine
mother
miles, militis
masculine
soldier
pater, patris
masculine
fatehr
rex, regis
masculine
king
soror, sororis
feminine
sister
delecto, are, avi, atum
please
mox
soon
Caesar, is
masculine
Caesar
caput, capitis
neuter
head
carmen, carminis
song, poem
corpus, corporis
neuter
body
diligentia, ae
feminine
diligence, care
flumen, fluminis
neuter
river, stream
iter, itineris
neuter
march, journey; route
nomen, nominis
neuter
name
tempus, temporis
neuter
time
vulnus, vulneris
neuter
wound
Germanus, a, um
German
Graecus, a, um
Greek
Hispanus, a, um
Spanish
Romanus, a, um
Roman, of Rome
animal, animalis
neuter
animal
civis, civis
masculine
or
feminine
citizen, fellow citizen
finis, finis
masculine
end, boundary
fines, finitum
masculine
territory
gens, gentis
feminine
family, clan, nation
hostis, hostis
masculine
enemy
ignis, ignis
masculine
fire
mare, maris
neuter
sea
mons, montis
masculine
mountain, hill
mors, mortis
feminine
death
navis, navis
feminine
ship
panis, panis
masculine
bread
pons, pontis
masculine
bridge
urbs, urbis
feminine
city
Helvetius, a, um
Helvetian, or the Helvetians
habeo, habere, habui, habitum
have; hold
maneo, manere, mansi, mansum
stay; remain
moneo, monere, monui, monitum
warn; advise, inform
moveo, movere, movi, motum
move
castra movere
to break camp
sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessum
sit
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentum
hold
timeo, timere, timui,---
fear, be afraid
video, videre, vidi, visum
see
acer, acris, acre
sharp, fierce
audax, audacis
bold, daring
brevis, breve
short
Britannus, a, um
British
celer, celeris, celere
swift
facilis, facile
easy
fortis, forte
brave
Gallus, a, um
Gallic
gravis, grave
heave; severe, serious
omnis, omne
all, every
potens, potentis
powerful

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