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Glossary of Latin Vocab. Aeneid 2 A-C

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a, ab
from
abdo, abdere, abdidi, abditum
to hide; plunge
abeo, abīre, abii, abitum
to go away
abiēs, abietis
pine tree, fir
f.
abluo, abluere, ablui, ablūtum
to cleanse, purify
abnego, abnegāre, abnegāvi, abnegātum
to refuse
abstineo, abstinēre, abstinui, abstentum
to refrain, abstain
absum, abesse, āfui
to be away from, absent
ac
and
accīdo, accīdere, accīdi, accīssum
to cut, hew
accingo, accingere, accinxi, accinctum
to gird oneself
accipio, accipere, accēpi, acceptum
to receive; hear
accomodo, accomodāre, accomodāvi, accomodātum
to fit, adapt
ācer, acris, acre
violent, fierce
acernus, -a, -um
of maple
aciēs, aciēi
battle-line
f.
ad
to, towards, at
+ acc.
addo, addere, addidi, additum
add; attach
adeō
indeed
adflīgo, adfligere, adflīxi, adflictum
to cast down
adflo, adflāre, adflāvi, adflātum
to breathe on, blow on
adfor, adfāri, adfātus
to address, speak to
adglomero, adglomerāre, adglomerāvi, adglomerātum
to assemble at
adgredior, adgredi, adgressus
to set about, venture
adhūc
still
aditus, -ūs
entrance, approach
m.
admīror, admīrāri, admīrātus
to wonder at, admire
adōro, adōrāre, adōrāvi, adōrātum
to revere
adsentio, adsentīre, adsēnsi, adsēnsum
to agree, approve
adservo, adservāre, adservāvi, adservātum
to guard
adsum, adesse, adfui
to be present
adversus, -a, um
opposing
adverto, advertere, adverti, adversum
to turn to
adytum, -i
shrine
n.
aedēs, aedis
sanctuary, dwelling
f.
aedifico, aedificāre, aedificāvi, aedificātum
to build
aeger, aegra, aegrum
sick, weary
aēnus, -a, -um
of bronze
aequaevus, -a, -um
of like age
aequo, aequāre, aequāvi, aequātum
to equal, match
aequor, aequoris
sea, plain, surface(ln.780)
n.
aequus, -a, -um
fair, just, equal
aerātus, -a, -um
covered with bronze
aes, aeris
bronze
n.
aestus, -ūs
heat
m.
aetās, -tātis
age
f.
aeternus, -a, -um
eternal
aethēr, -eris
air, sky
m.
aevum, -i
age
n.
ager, agri
fiels
m.
agger, -eris
mound, barrier
m.
agitātor, -tōris
driver
m.
agito, agitāre, agitāvi, agitātum
to pursue, hunt
agmen, agminis
rank, multitude, line of march, course
n.
agnosco, agnoscere, adnōvi, agnitum
to recognize
ago, agere, ēgi, actum
to drive
imperative: come on!
agricola, -ae
farmer
m.
aio
to say
(defect. verb)
aliqui, aliqua, aliquod
some, any
(indef. adj.)
aliquis, aliquid
someone, something
(indef. pron.)
aliter
otherwise
alius, alia, aliud
other
almis, -a, um
kind, gentle
altāria, -ium
altar
n. pl.
alter, altera, alterum
the one/the other (of two)
altus, -a, -um
high, deep
alvus, -i
belly
f.
ambiguus, -a, -um
uncertain
ambo, -ae, -o
both
pl.
āmens, -entis
out of one's mind
amīcus, -a, -um
friendly
amīcus, -i
friend
m.
āmitto, -ere, -mīsi, -missum
to lose
amnis, -is
river
m.
amor, -ōris
love
m.
amplector, amplecti, amplexus
to embrace
amplus, -a, -um
large, extensive
an
or
anguis, -is
snake
m. or f.
angustus, -a, -um
narrow
anima, -ae
life
f.
animus, -i
mind, spirit, courage
m.
annus, -i
year
m.
ante
before, previously
or + acc. (before)
antīquus, -a, -um
ancient, old, former
aperio, aperīre, aperui, apertum
to open
apex, apicis
point, top
m.
appāreo, appārēre, appaārui, appāritum
to appear
apto, aptāre, aptāvi, aptātum
to fit
apud
among, with
+acc.
āra, -ae
altar
f.
arbor, -oris
tree
f.
arceo, arcēre, arcui
to restrain, confine
ardeo, ardēre, arsi, arsum
to be on fire, burn, be eager, gleam (ln. 734)
arduus, -a, -um
towering
ariēs, arietis
ram, battering ram
m.
arma, -ōrum
arms
n. pl.
armātus, -a, -um
armed
armentum, -i
herd, flock
n.
armipotēns, -entis
powerful in arms
armo (1)
to arm
aro (1)
to plough
arrigo, arrigere, arrēxi, arrectum
to lift up, raise
ars, artis
skill, cunning
f.
artifex, artificis
schemer
m.
artus, -a, -um
tight
artus, -ūs
limb
m. ususally pl.
arvum, -i
land, field
arx, arcis
citadel, seat, place of refuge (322)
ascendo, ascendere, ascendi, ascensum
to go up
ascensus, -ūs
climbing
m.
asper, -era, -erum
bitter, harsh, prickly (379)
aspicio, aspicere, aspēxi, aspectum
to look at, see
aspīro (1)
to breathe on, favor
asporto (1)
to carry away
ast
but, yet
asto, astāre, astiti
to stand
astrum, -i
star
asylum, -i
(y has a macron)
sanctuary
at
but
āter, ātra, ātrum
black
atque
and
atrium, -i
hall
n.
attollo, attollere
to raise, erect
attrecto (1)
to touch, handle
auctor, -ōris
originator
m. or f.
audeo, -ēre, ausus sum
to dare
audio, -īre, -īvi, ītum
to hear, listen to, heed
augurium, -i
augury, omen
n.
aura, -ae
breeze
f.
aurātus, -a, -um
covered with gold
aureus, -a, -um
golden
auris, -is
ear
f.
aurum, -i
gold
n.
ausum, -i
daring deed
n.
aut
or
aut...aut
either...or
autem
but
auxilium, -i
help
n.
āveho, -ere, -vēxi, -vectum
to carry away
āvello, -ere, -vulsi, -vulsum
to tear away
āverto, -ere, -verti, -versum
to turn away
āvius, -a, -um
out of the way
avus, -i
grandfather
m.
axis, -is
axis of the earth
m.
barba, -ae
beard
f.
barbaricus, -a, -um
foreign
bellum, -i
war
n.
bīgae, bīgārum
two-horse chariot
f. pl.
bipatens, -entis
double
bipennis, -is
two-edged axe
f.
bīs
twice
bōs, bovis
ox
m. or f.
bracchium, -i
arm
n.
breviter
briefly
brūma, -ae
winter
cado, cadere, cecidi, cāsum
fall
caecus, -a, -um
secret, dark, blind
caedēs, -is
slaughter
f.
caedo, caedere, cecīdi, caesum
to cut down, slay
caelicola, -ae
god
m. or f.
caelum, -i
sky, heaven
caerulus, -a, -um
dark blue, dark green
cālīgo, -āre
to be dark, gloomy
campus, -i
plain
m.
cano, canere, cecini, cantum
to sing, foretell
capio, capere, cēpi, captum
to capture, take, seize
captīvus, -a, -um
captive
capulus, -i
hilt
m.
caput, -itis
head
n.
cardo, -inis
hinge
m.
careo, -ēre, -ui, -itum
to be without
carīna, -ae
keep, ship
f.
cārus, -a, -um
dear
cassus, -a, -um
deprived of
+abl.
castra, -ōrum
camp
n. pl.
cāsus, -ūs
chance, misfortune
m.
caterva, -ae
crowd
f.
catulus, -i
cub, whelp
m. or f.
causa, -ae
cause
f.
caverna, -ae
cavity, cavern
f.
cavo (1)
to carve out
cavus, -a, -um
hollow, enfolding
cēdo, -ere, cessi, cessum
to give way, yield, go away
celsus, -a, -um
lofty
centum
one hundred
cerno, cernere, crēvī, crētum
to see
certātim
vying with one another, eagerly
certo (1)
to contend, fight, vie
certus, -a, -um
fixed, sure, definite
cervix, -icis
neck
f.
cesso (1)
to cease
cēterus, -a, -um
the other, remaining, the rest
ceu
just as, like
cieo, ciēre, cīvi, cītum
to rouse, stir up
cingo, -ere, cinxi, cinctum
to gird on
cinis, -eris
ashes
m.
circum
around, round about
+acc.
circumdo, -are, -dedi, -datum
to put around
circumfundo, -ere, -fūdi, fūsum
to pour round
circumspicio, -ere, -spexi, -spectum
to look round at
circumsto, -are, -steti
to stand around, encompass
circumvolo (1)
to fly around
civis, civis
citizen
m or f
clades, -is
disaster, massacre
f
clamor, -oris
shout, shouting
m
clangor, -oris
blaring
m
claresco, -ere, clarui
to become distinct
clarus, -a, -um
bright, clear
classis, -is
fleet
f
claustrum, -i
bar, bolt
n
clipeus, -i
shield
m
coeptus, -a, -um
begun
(perfect participle)
cognosco, -ere, cognovi, cognitum
to learn
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactum
to force, compel
colligo, -ere, -legi, -lectum
to collect, gather together
collum, -i
neck
n
coluber, -bri
snake
m
columba, -ae
dove
f
coma, -ae
hair; foliage
f
comans, -antis
(adj.)
crested, plumed
comes, comitis
companion
m or f
comitor, -ari, comitatus
to accompany
commendo (1)
to entrust
communis, -e
common
compages, -is
fastening, joint
f
compello (1)
to address
complector, -i, -plexus
to embrace
compleo, -ere, -plevi, -pletum
to fill
composito
by agreement
adv.
comprendo, -ere, -endi, -ensum
to seize
comprimo, -ere, -pressi, -pressum
to restrain, check
concedo, -ere, -cessi, -cessum
to depart, retire
concido, -ere, -cidi
to fall, collapse
concilium, -i
council
n.
conclamo (1)
to shout together
concretus, -a, -um
matted together
concurro, -ere, -curri, -cursum
to run together
concutio, -ere, -cussi, -cussum
to shake violently
condensus, -a, -um
huddled together
condo, -ere, -didi, -ditum
to bury, hide
confertus, -a, -um
close packed
configo, -ere, -fixi, -fixum
to pierce
confiteor, -eri, -fessus
to reveal oneself
confligo, -ere, -flixi, -flictum
to contend, fight
confundo, -ere, fudi, -fusum
to throw into confusion
congemo, -ere, -ui, -itum
to groan loudly
congero, -ere, -gessi, -gestum
to heap up
congredior, -i, -gressus
to engage (in battle)
conicio, -ere, -ieci, -iectum
to throw, hurl

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