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Glossary of Latin Study (Private)

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ablatio
denial
absolute
absolutely
abstractio
abstraction
accidens
accident
accidentaliter
accidentally
accidere
to happen
accipere
receive or undertake
actio
action
actus
act, actuality
ad aliquid
relative to something
adaequatio
commensuration
aequalitas
equality
aequiparantia
comparison, equivalence
AEQUALITAS AEQUIPARANTIAE
comparative equality
aequivocum
equivocal
AESTIMATIO
estimation
AETERNITAS
eon, age
affectio
affection, condition, affect
affectus
affect
agere
do, work, act
agens
agent
aliquid
something
aliud
other
allegoria
allegory
alteratum
other
anima
soul
animus
spirit
apparentia
evidence, clarity
appetitus
appetite, inclination, desire
apprehensio
apprehension
apropriatum
appropriated quality or aspect
aptitudo
aptitude
aptitudinalis
aptitudinal
arbitrium liberum
free will
argumentum
argument
ars
art, skill
artifex
creator, artist
artificialis
artificial
artificiose
artificially
assimilari
to be assimilated
attributum
attribute, property
auctor
author, authoritative source
auctoritas
authority, power, opinion, advice, encouragement, will, authoritative writing
augmentatio
augmentation, increase
BEATITUDO
beatitude, blessedness, happiness
BEATUS
blessed, happy
BENEDICTUM
blessed
BENEFICIUM
- favor, boon
benevolentia
benevolence, good will, kindness, friendship
bonum
(moral) good, kindness, benefit, prosperity, property, advantage
CATEGORIA
category
causa
cause, reason
causativum
causative, causing
certitudo
certitude
civitas
city, community
COAPTATIO
connection, joining together
COGERE
connect, draw together, infer, conclude
cogitare
to think, to judge, to cogitate
cogitatio
thought, judgment, cogitation
cogitativa virtus
the cogitative faculty
cognitio
knowledge, cognition, acquaintance, consideration, conception, notion, idea
COGNOSCENS
knower
COGNOSCIBILE
knowable
COGNOSCIBILITAS
knowability
collectio
inference
colligo
to gather, to bring together, to bring out, to infer
Cf cogere, coaptatio


COMMUNICARE
to be common, to connect, to impart, to partake
COMMUNIO
communion, partaking
COMMUNIS
common
COMPLEXIO
combination, inference, constitution, summary
COMPLEXUM
complex
COMPONERE
compound
COMPOSITUM
composite
CONCEPTIO
conception, comprehending
CONCEPTUS
concept, conflux, collecting, gathering
concipere
to take, to receive, to perceive, to conceive, to think, to perceive
CONTRAHERE
to contract, to limit
CONTUERE
behold, see
CONVENIENTIA
agreement, relation
CONVERTI
to be converted
DICTIO
diction, saying
DIFFERENS
differing
DILECTIO
love, choice
DIRECTE
directly
DISCERNERE
discern, distinguish
DISCIPLINA
discipline, knowledge, subject
DISCIPLINATUS
disciplined
DISCRETIO
discreteness
DISCURSUS
discourse, speech
DISIUNGERE
disjoin
DONUM
gift, faculty
ENS NATURAE

ENS RATIONIS

that which is in nature, natural thing

that which is in reason, a thing of reason

ENTITUS
entity
ESSENDI
of being, pertaining to being
FABRICA
art, trade, skillful production, image
facere
do, act
FACTIO
making
FACULTAS
faculty
FINIS
end
FINIS OPERIS
end of the operation
FINIS OPERANTIS
end of the one who performs the operation
FORMALITER
formally
FRUCTUS
fruit
generatio
generation
GENERALISSIMUM
most general genus
HABERE
to have, condition, state
HABITUDO
condition, aptitude, relation, respect, capacity for something
HABITUS
condition, habit, character
HAECCEITAS
haecceity, hecceity, “thisness
IDEM
the same
IDENTITAS
identity
ID QUOD EST
that which is
INSTAR (indeclinable noun)
image, likeness , appearance, resemblance; (w/ genitive) like, equal to,a large as, worth , as good as; adinstar (with gen.) according to the standard of
INTELLECTUS
intellect, understanding, meaning, conception, idea
INTENDERE
intend, extend, stretch out
INTENTIO
intention, knowlege, meaning
IUDICIUM
judgment
jus
right
lex
law
liber
book
locus
place
malum
evil, sin
maneries
manner
materia
matter
materialis
material
materialiter
materially
mens
mind
MODUS
mode
MOTUS
motion, movement
mundus
universe, world
mutatio
mutation, change
natura
nature
necessarium
necessary
nihil
nothing
NOMEN
word, significative word, noun, name
NOTIO
notion, conception
NOTITIA
knowledge, cognition, idea
novitas
newness
OBIECTIVUM
objective (in the mind), formal
OBIECTUM
object
operatio
operation, action
opus, operis
work
ordo
order
pars
part
participatio
participation
particulare
particular
passio
passion, suffering
pati
to suffer, undergo, receive
patiens
patient
perfectio
perfection
PER SE
- essentially, substantially, through itself
PERITIA -
expertness, learning,
persona
person
PONERE
affirm, posit, put, place
POSITIO
affirmation, position, thesis
posse
to be able
POTENTIA
power, potency, potentiality
POTESTAS
power, might
PRAEDICABILE
predicable
PRAEDICAMENTA
the categories
PRAEDICARE
to predicate, name
PRAEDICATIO
predication
PRAXIS
praxis, actions
PRINCIPIUM
principle, beginning
PRIVATIO
privation, deficiency
PROBABILIS
probable
PROPOSITIO PER SE NOTA
- proposition known through itself
PROPRIETAS
property
PROPRIUM
proper to, particular to; property
PROPTER QUID
argumentum a priori
QUANDO
when
QUID
what
QUIDDITAS
quiddity
quies
rest
RAPTUS
rapture
ratio
reason, nature, relation, principle, ground, argument, definition, criterion
RATIO REI
the essence of the thing
RATIO AETERNA
eternal reason
RATIONABILITER
reasonably
RATIOCINATIO
ratiocination
RECIPERE
receive, be impacted
RECTITUDO
rectitude, regularity, righteousness
relatio
relation
REMITTI
to remit
remotio
denial, removal, withdrawing
removere
to remove, to deny
res
thing
respectus
in respect to
resolvere
resolve
revelatio
revelation
sapientia
wisdom
scibile
knowable
scientia
knowledge, science
SCIRE
to know, to understand, to perceive
seu
or if; or; Seu… seu= whether… or
SENSIBILE
sensible
sensus
sense
SENTENTIA
sentence, opinion, purpose, intention
sermo
sermon, oration, speech
sic et non
yes and no
SIGNIFICATIO
signification, meaning
SIGNIFICATIONIS VERITAS
truth of signification
SIGNUM
sign
SIMILITUDO
likeness, similitude
simpliciter
simply, absolutely
singulare
singular
situs
position, situation, disposition
SPATIUM
space
SPECIALISSIMUM (SPECIES INFIMA)
the lowest species, the most special species
species
species, form
SPECIFICARE
specify
SPECIFICATIO
specification
SPECULATIO
speculation
status
state, conditon
SUBALTERNA GENERA
subordinate genuses
SUBSISTENTIA
subsistence
substantia
substance
SUBSTARE
to underlie
SUPPONERE
to suppose, to hypothesize, to stand for
SUPPOSITIO
premise, supposition
SUPPOSITUM
subject, subordinate
SUSCEPTIO
a taking on, assumption
suscipere
to assume, to take on
TENERE
to hold, to know
TERMINUS
term , boundary, limit
topica
topic
TRANSCENDENS
transcendent, transcendental
TROPUS
trope
UBI
where, when, with whom, by whom
UMBRA
shadow
UNIO
union
USIADIS
substantial
verbum
word, verb
veritas
truth
VESTIGIUM
footprint, vestige, trace
VIATOR
wayfarer
VIRTUS
virtue, power
VIS
power, faculty, strength
voluntas
will
vox
voice, word
ideo
therefore
idea
idea
illic
there
item
likewise, also
nimis
exceedingly
solet
is accustomed to
olim
once
quare
why
nam
for
iam/jam
now, already
deinde
then, finally
esse opus
to be needed
idem, eadem, idem
the same
mundare
to cleanse
ostium
door
respicio
to look, see
nisi
unless
hujusmodi
of this kind
roborare
strengthen
solere
to be accustomed
congruus, a, um
suitable
deprecatio
prayer, supplication
conturbare
disturb, trouble
dirigere
to direct
iterum
again
operam dare
to work hard at, devote oneself to
ops, opis
power; support; ope (with the help)
patere
to be visible, obvious
regula
rule
vitium
defect, vice
hinc
hence
non modo
not only
scil.
short for 'scilicet'- that is to say, namely
sonare
to sound, indicate
tractare
to treat
ullus
any
verum etiam
but also
imprimere
to impress
omnino
altogether, entirely
praecisive
precisely
praeterquam
beyond, besides
sensitivus
perceptive by the sense
seu... vel
whether.. or
tantum
only
uterlibet
whichever of the two
v.g. (verbi gratia)
for example
prout
according as
exsurgere
to arise
inquirere, -quisivi, -quisitum
to seek
nominare
to call, name
oriri, ortus
to rise
practicus
practical
scopus
aim, object
sistere, stiti, status
to stand
vero
but, whereas
versare
to turn, to treat, to deliberate
phantasia
image, representation
subsistere, -stiti, -stitum
to subsist, abide
aliter
otherwise
dupliciter
in a double sense, doubly
fungo, fungi, functus
to fulfill
labor, labi, lapsus
to fall
metior, metiri, mensus
to measure
nanciscor, nancisci, nactus
to find, to get
nitor, nisi, nisus (nixus)
to strive
obliviscor, oblivisci, oblitus
to forget
ordior, ordiri, orsus
to begin

patior, pati, passus
to sufer
utor, uti, usus
to use
reminiscor, reminisci
to clal to himd
vescor, vesci
to feed upon
hoc aliquid
this something, some particular thing
magis
more
quia
for
convenire, conveni, conventus
to agree, to be appropriate
quia
quod
quoniam

introduce indirect discourse
praeterea
moreover, besides
quandoque
at one time or other, whenever
quodammodo
in a certain manner
quodcumque
whatever
subjicere, subjeci, subjectus
to subject
transmutare
to transform, to change
uterque
both
carere
to lack, to be devoid of
inquantum
inasmuch as
probare
to prove
putare
to consider, suppose, to imagine
quidem
indeed
atvero
however
complecti, complexus
to empbrace
extensio
extension, extent
indoles
nature
importare
to convey
interitus
destruction, annihilation
se habet
is regarded
talis
such
talis... qualis
such...as
tamquam
as if
heri
yesterday
nequire, nequivi
not to be able, cannot
postmodum
afterwards
proinde
hence, therefore
quatenus
in so far as
resolvere, resolvi, resolutus
to separate
unicus
single
actu (ablative of actus)
actually, in reality
alioquin
otherwise
cognoscitivus
cognizant, aware
dumtaxat
only
mediante
by means of
ne.. quuidem
not even
qualis
what kind
quum (cum)
since (takes subjunctive)
repugnare
to be inconsistent or incompatible, to deny, to disagree
revera
indeed, truly
qua tale
as such
utrum
whether
nequam, nequior, nequissimus (adjective)
wicked
more wicked
most wicked

alteruter
one or the other
competere
to fit, to belong to
conversus
converse
e converso
conversely, on the contrary
disserere
to discourse
plenus
full
plenius
more fully
potius
rather
vanus
false
aliquando
formerly
immergere, immersi, immersus
to immerse, to merge
prius
previously
sortere
to select
terminare
to limit
ille
the former
iste
the latter
bonitas
goodness
coarctare
to confine
deprehendere
to find
elucescere
shine forth, stand out clearly
intendere, intendi, intentus
to stretch out, extend, intend
jamvero
indeed
late
broadly, widely
praedictus
aforementioned
quoties
as often as, whenever
referre, retuli, relatus
to relate, to refer
remittere, remisi, remissus
to slacken, to relax
ad (+ accusative)
to, towards, at, near, until
contra
against, opposite
de (+ ablative)
from, down from, of, concerning, about, out of
secundum (+ accusative)
behind, following, according to
sub + accusative (with idea of motion)

sub + ablative

under, up under
abjicere, abjeci, abjectus
to degrade, to debase
coextendere, coextendi, coextensus/coextentus
to have the same extension
constare, constiti, constatus
to consist, to stand firm
constat
it is certain
entitativus
of the nature of an entity or real thing
forsitan
perhaps
licet
it is permitted; although
multiplex
manifold
mutuo
mutually
nimirum
certainly
oportet
it is necessary, proper, reasonable
parvulus (adjective)
parvulus (noun)
small
child
quantum ad
so far as concerns
quidam
a certain one
quodlibet
any whatever
saepe
often
specificus
specific, pertaining to a species
stretipus
noise
subesse, -fui
to be under, to underlie
ulterior
further, later
vere
truly, really
secundum quid
according to something; in some one respect only
decet
it is becoming, proper
necesse est
it is needful
refert
it concerns
relinquitur
it remains
videtur
it seems
restat
it remains
affinis
allied, related
albus
white
appetere, -ivi/-ii, -itus
to long for, to desire
appetitivus
having an appetite for, desirous of
extrinsecus
extrinsic
fere
almost
identicus
identical
gustus
taste
impedire
to prevent
logicus
logical
maxime
chiefly, to the greatest extent
niger
black
non... nisi
only
obliquum
that which is indirect
in obliquo
indirectly
penes
with, within
plane
plainly, clearly
plures
more, several
princeps
prince
prohibere
to prohibit
quidquid
whatever
realiter
really, outside the mind
recte
correctly, properly
in recto
directly
sapiens
wise, discerning
semel
once
sibimetipsi
to itself (himself, herself)
similiter
similarly
visivus
visual
visus
sight
ablative absolute
Temporal, causal, concessive, or doncitional
ideam, eadem, idem
same
met
particle inserted between the intensive and reflexive pronoun for added emphasis
adaequare
to be equal to, to be adequate
atqui
however, but, nevertheless
attamen
nevertheless
attribuere
bestow, grant
centrum
center
conformis
conformable, in conformity with
congruere, congrui
to fit, to conform to
conjunctus
connected, united with
contrarietas
opposite
differe, distuli, dilatus
to differ
duo
two
exemplar
pattern, model, original
fundamentaliter
fundamentally
frigidus
cold
haurire, hausi, haustus
to draw out, take
humidus
wet
immutare
to change, to alter
inconvenienter
improperly
insttuere, institui, institutus
to institute, establish
magnitudo
size
medium
means, middle
passivus
passive
pauci
few
perfecte
perfectly
praenoscere, praenovi, praenotus
to know beforehand
primario
primarily
quinque
five
relate
in relation to
reponere, reposui, repositus
to set, to place
satis
enough
siccus
dry
summe
in the highest degree
tactus
touch
tum... tum
both... and
utpote
as being, inasmuch as
Ut clauses of purpose
ut + subjunctive
Ut clauses of result
take subjunctive
ut + indicative
as, when, while, as soon as, since
absque
without, except
amicus
friend
aurum
gold
coloratus
colored
commotio
stirring, movement, agitation
deficere, defeci, defectus
to fail, to forsake, to depart from
deviare
to deviate, to depart from
diametro/e diametro
diametrically
difformitas

lack of conformity, disagreement
discedere
to depart from, leave
elucere
to shine forth, be apparent
extrinsece
extrinsically, externally
intrinsece
intrinsically
mendacium
a lie
magnopere
greatly
pactum
agreement
pertingere
to reach, to extend
post
afterwards, later
praescriptus
prescribed, commanded
sapor
flavor
subdere, subdidi, subditus
to place under, to subject
tangere, tetigi, tactus
to touch
transmutatio
change, alteration
ut quum
as when
vendere
sell
virtuosus
virtuous, of virtue
dum, donec, quoad
as long as, until
dum can also mean 'provided that' or until
ita
thus
promptus (adjective)
public, open, visible
egeo
to be needy, to want, to need, to lack
quamquam
although
queo
to be able, can
constantaneus (adjective + dative or cum)
agreeing with; according to, in accord with; proper for
quoniam
since, seeing that, as, because, whereas, for
pridem
long ago
haurio
draw up, draw out, draw
abritrium
judgment, will
proficiscor
to set forward, set out, start, go, march, depart
quaestio
a questioning, examination, inquiry, investigation
-ne
suffix marking a question
num
now;
introduces question expecting negative answer;
conjunction meaning 'whether'

autem
but, however
tamen
nevertheless
reddo
To give back, return, restore
anquiro
to seek on all sides, look about, search after, examine
cado
turn upon, to fall, fall down, descend
praetereo
to go by, go past, pass by, pass
an
or
propositum
that which is proposed, a plan, intention, design, resolution, purpose
noceo
to do harm, inflict injury, hurt
paro
to prepare
pastus
food
latibula
shelter
conjunctio
agreement, affinity, sympathy
paulus
little, small
particeps
sharing in, taking part in
cerno
to separate, part, sift;
distinguish; see, understand
quasi
as if
dego
to spend, to pass
concilio
to bring together, unite, reconcile, make friendly, win over, conciliate
impello
To strike against, push, drive, smite, strike, reach

praecipuus
taken before others, particular, peculiar, especial
obeo
to go, go to meet, go in opposition
vello
veil, wrap; cover; cover up, hide
volo velle volui
wish, want; be willing
suppedito
to give in abundance, furnish bountifully, provide, supply freely
exsuscito
to rouse from sleep, awaken
etiam
now too, yet, as yet, even yet, still, even now
cura
trouble, care, attention, pains, industry, diligence, exertion
gero
to bear about, bear, carry, wear, have, hold, sustain
itaque
therefore
aveo
to wish for, long after, desire earnestly, crave

addisco
to learn in addition, gain knowledge of
pareo
to appear, be visible, be at hand
exsisto
to step out, come forth, emerge, appear

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