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Glossary of Journalismscott

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Gatekeepers
A person or group who has control over what material eventually reaches the public. (Editor of newspaper, TV news director)
Authoritarian Theory
The prevailing belief that a ruling elite should guide the
intellectually inferior masses
Libertarian Theory
The assumption that all human beings are rational decision makers and governments exist to serve the individual
Social Responsibility Theory
The belief that the press has a responsibility to preserve
democracy by properly informing the public and by responding to society’s needs.
Johannes Gutenberg
Came up with the design for the printing press which was based off of a wine-making device.
John Peter Zenger
Published a paper openly critical of the British governor of New York.
The Stamp Act of 1765
A tax on ALL paper products in colonies of British America
Sedition Act
Act signed into law by Woodrow Wilson that forbade the use of abusive language about the US Government
Benjamin Day
Launched the New York Sun at 22 years old. PENNY PRESS
Horace Greeley
New York Tribune. Supported women’s rights.
Joseph Pulitzer
Bought New York World and circulation from 15,000 to 250,000. ACCURACY
E.W. Scripps
Concisely edited news, human-interest stories, editorial independence, frequent crusaders for working class. 18 newspapers.
William Randolph Hearst
San Francisco Examiner. Emotions. Fire, murder, love. #1 Spot
Richard Outcault
Comic strip writer/artist who created The Yellow Kid and Buster Brown. Considered inventor of the comic strip.
Adolph Ochs
Newspaper publisher and former owner of The New York Times and The Chattanooga Times. Focus of objective news.
Jazz Journalism
Journalism of the Roaring Twenties that was characterized by a lively style and a richly illustrated tabloid format.
Joseph Patterson
Founded New York’s Daily News and introduced the tabloid.
Founder of Chicago Tribune
Henry Luce
Time, Life, Fortune, Sports Illustrated
USA Today
Splashy graphics and color. Short, easy-to-read stories. Many graphs, charts, and tables. Factoids (list of facts).
Allen Neuharth
Founded USA Today
Marconi
Developed the radio telegraph system, which served as the foundation of radio’s.
Lee de Forest
Brought sound to motion pictures.
KDKA
Country’s oldest station – 1920. Clear Channel, CBS.
WEAF
Owned by ATT. Known for its advertising.
Edward R. Murrow
During World War II, he gained fame from reports from war-torn London.
Orson Welles
Directed, produced, and starred in Citizen Kane.
H.B. (Herbert George) Wells
Author, known for science fiction genre.
Bill Haley
“Rock Around the Clock” One of first American rock and roll musicians. Comets.
Edwin S. Porter
“Great Train Robbery” – NICKELodeons 5c.
D.W. Griffith
“Birth of a Nation”
Charlie Chaplin
Paid $1 Million to produce 8 films. Silent-films.
“The Jazz Singer”
First feature-length motion picture with synchronized dialogue. Al Jonson performed 6 songs. Within 2 years, silent movies were dead.
“Citizen Kane”
Greatest film of all time by Orson Welles.
“The $64,000 Question”
Game show cancelled cause of other scamming game shows.
Steven Spielberg
Film director, screenwriter, film producer and video game designer. Films exceed $8.5 Billion. Worth $3 Billion
George Lucas
Creator of Star Wars and Indiana Jones. $3.25 Billion.
Videocassette Recorders (time-shifting)
Recording of programming to a storage medium to be viewed or listened to at a time more convenient to the consumer.

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