Glossary of Journalismscott
Created by scottocs
- A person or group who has control over what material eventually reaches the public. (Editor of newspaper, TV news director)
- Authoritarian Theory
- The prevailing belief that a ruling elite should guide the
intellectually inferior masses
- Libertarian Theory
- The assumption that all human beings are rational decision makers and governments exist to serve the individual
- Social Responsibility Theory
- The belief that the press has a responsibility to preserve
democracy by properly informing the public and by responding to society’s needs.
- Johannes Gutenberg
- Came up with the design for the printing press which was based off of a wine-making device.
- John Peter Zenger
- Published a paper openly critical of the British governor of New York.
- The Stamp Act of 1765
- A tax on ALL paper products in colonies of British America
- Sedition Act
- Act signed into law by Woodrow Wilson that forbade the use of abusive language about the US Government
- Benjamin Day
- Launched the New York Sun at 22 years old. PENNY PRESS
- Horace Greeley
- New York Tribune. Supported women’s rights.
- Joseph Pulitzer
- Bought New York World and circulation from 15,000 to 250,000. ACCURACY
- E.W. Scripps
- Concisely edited news, human-interest stories, editorial independence, frequent crusaders for working class. 18 newspapers.
- William Randolph Hearst
- San Francisco Examiner. Emotions. Fire, murder, love. #1 Spot
- Richard Outcault
- Comic strip writer/artist who created The Yellow Kid and Buster Brown. Considered inventor of the comic strip.
- Adolph Ochs
- Newspaper publisher and former owner of The New York Times and The Chattanooga Times. Focus of objective news.
- Jazz Journalism
- Journalism of the Roaring Twenties that was characterized by a lively style and a richly illustrated tabloid format.
- Joseph Patterson
- Founded New York’s Daily News and introduced the tabloid.
Founder of Chicago Tribune
- Henry Luce
- Time, Life, Fortune, Sports Illustrated
- USA Today
- Splashy graphics and color. Short, easy-to-read stories. Many graphs, charts, and tables. Factoids (list of facts).
- Allen Neuharth
- Founded USA Today
- Developed the radio telegraph system, which served as the foundation of radio’s.
- Lee de Forest
- Brought sound to motion pictures.
- Country’s oldest station – 1920. Clear Channel, CBS.
- Owned by ATT. Known for its advertising.
- Edward R. Murrow
- During World War II, he gained fame from reports from war-torn London.
- Orson Welles
- Directed, produced, and starred in Citizen Kane.
- H.B. (Herbert George) Wells
- Author, known for science fiction genre.
- Bill Haley
- “Rock Around the Clock” One of first American rock and roll musicians. Comets.
- Edwin S. Porter
- “Great Train Robbery” – NICKELodeons 5c.
- D.W. Griffith
- “Birth of a Nation”
- Charlie Chaplin
- Paid $1 Million to produce 8 films. Silent-films.
- “The Jazz Singer”
- First feature-length motion picture with synchronized dialogue. Al Jonson performed 6 songs. Within 2 years, silent movies were dead.
- “Citizen Kane”
- Greatest film of all time by Orson Welles.
- “The $64,000 Question”
- Game show cancelled cause of other scamming game shows.
- Steven Spielberg
- Film director, screenwriter, film producer and video game designer. Films exceed $8.5 Billion. Worth $3 Billion
- George Lucas
- Creator of Star Wars and Indiana Jones. $3.25 Billion.
- Videocassette Recorders (time-shifting)
- Recording of programming to a storage medium to be viewed or listened to at a time more convenient to the consumer.
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