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Glossary of JOHN SCIENCE QUIZ SECTION 3

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WHAT CAUSES WINDS?
DIFFERENCES IN AIR PRESSURE
WHAT IS WIND?
HORIZONTAL MOVEMENT OF AIR FROM AN AREA OF HIGH PRESSURE TO AN AREA OFLOWER PRESSURE
WHAT IS AN ANEMOMETER?
MEASURES WIND
WHAT IS WIND-CHILL?
THE INCREASED COOLING THE WIND CAN CAUSE
SOUTH WIND BLOWS WHERE?
FROM SOUTH TO NORTH
WHAT ARE LOCAL WINDS?
WINDS THAT BLOW OVER SHORT DISTANCES
WHAT CAUSES LOCAL WINDS?
THE UNEQUAL HEATING OF THE EARTHS SURFACE WITHIN A SMALL AREA
WHAT IS A SEA BREEZE?
(LAKE BREEZE) IS A LOCAL WIND THAT BLOWS FROM AN OCEAN OR LAKE
WHAT ARE GLOBAL WINDS?
WINDS THAT BLOW STEADILY FROM A SPECIFIC DIRECTION FOR LONG DISTANCES
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LOCAL AND GLOBAL WINDS?
BOTH ARE CREATED BY THE UNEQUAL HEATING OF THE EARTHS SURFACE, BUT GLOBAL WINDS OCCUR OVER A LARGE AREA
WHAT IS THE CORIOLIS EFFECT?
THE WAY THE EARTH'S ROTATION MAKES THE WINDS CURVE
GLOBAL WINDS IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE TURN WHERE?
TO THE RIGHT
GLOBAL WINDS IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE TURN WHERE?
TO THE LEFT
WHAT TYPE OF BREEZE OCCURS AT NIGHT?
COOLER AIR MOVES FROM THE LAND TO THE SEA--LAND BREEZE
WHAT TYPE OF BREEZE OCCURS DURING THE DAY?
COOL AIR MOVES FROM THE SEA TO THE LAND- SEA BREEZE
WHAT ARE TRADE WINDS?
STEADY EASTERLY WINDS
PREVAILING WESTERLIES?
BLOW AWAY FROM THE HORSE LATITUDES
TRADE WINDS BLOW WHERE?
BLOW FROM THE HORSE LATITUDES TOWARDS THE EQUATOR
WHAT ARE HORSE LATITUDES?
CALM AREAS OF FALLING AIR
WHAT ARE DOLDRUMS?
CALM AREA WHERE WARM AIR RISES
WHAT ARE POLAR EASTERLIES?
BOW COLD AIR AWAY FROM THE POLES
WHAT ARE JET STREAMS?
HIGH SPEED WINDS THAT ARE ABOUT 10 KILOMETERS ABOVE THE EARTHS SURFACE
WHAT ARE THE 3 MAJOR GLOBAL WIND BELTS?
TRADE WINDS, POLAR EASTERLIES AND PREVAILING WESTERLIES
WHAT IS LATITUDE?
THE DISTANCE FROM THE EQUATOR MEASURED IN DEGREES

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