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Glossary of Indonesian Stage 1 2

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body
tubuh/ badan
human/ humanity
manusia
head
kepala
eye
mata
hair
rambut
cheek
pipi
mouth
mulut
tongue
lidah
tooth
gigi
lip
bibir
ear
telinga
nose
hidung
shoulder
bahu

('h' is pronounced, to distinguish from 'bau')
stomach/ belly
perut
leg/ foot
kaki
thigh
paha
knee
lutut
arm/ hand
tangan
arm (specifically)
lengan
elbow
sikut (also siku)
fingers
jari tangan
toes
jari kaki
thumb/ big toe
ibu jari
sick/ ill/ sore/ painful
sakit
what's wrong with...?/ what's .... got?
... sakit apa?
tooth ache
sakit gigi
sore throat
sakit tenggorakan
pain in the waist (back ache)
sakit pinggang
sore eye
sakit mata
catch a cold
masuk angin
to cough
batuk
congestion (of the nose)
pilek
blood
darah
to bleed
berdarah
dengue fever
demam berdarah
influenza
flu
naked
bugil
bored/ sick of
bosan
private parts
kemaluan
breast
susu/ buah dada (refined)/ payu dara (most refined)
headache
saya sakit kepala
headache/ head injury
kepala saya sakit
little finger
jari kelingking
ring finger
jari manis
middle finger
jari tengah
pointer finger
jari telunjuk
to get ready
bersiap-siap
point out/ indicate/ show
menunjukkan [tunjuk]
ouch! oh!

(expression of pain, etc)
Aduh!
feeling off colour/ unwell
tidak enak badan
to touch/ to feel (physically)
meraba [raba]
it feels like (emotion)
rasanya [rasa]
it seems/ apparently
meraba [raba]
struck/ hit/ affected by (s.t unplesant);
come in contact with/ get (a disease)
terkena
fever
demam
had better
sebaiknya
more/ increasingly
tambah
to feel nauseous
mual
to vomit
muntah
medicine
obat
appetite/ desire
nafsu
sexual desire
nafsu birahi
(to have) a headache
sakit kepala
to decrease/ to lessen
bekurang
to increase
bertambah
to decide
memutuskan [putus]
receptionist
resepsionis
practice (professional, eg. doctor's/ lawyer's)
praktek
patient (medical)
pasien
a patient person
orang sabar
important/ significant
penting
worry
khawatir
an appointment (with doctor, etc)
perjanjian
early/ before time/ beginning of
awal
to be fortunate/ lucky
beruntung
for (followed by noun)
bagi
village
desa
get (medical) treatment/ go for treatment
berobat
Community Health Centre
Puskesmas = Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat
society/ community/ the public
masyarakat
a nurse
juru rawat
to treat (medically)
mengobati [obat]
to suffer
menderita [derita]
a disease
penyakit
serious (of illness, attitude, etc)
serius
thus/ so (consequence or result of previous statement)
maka
to care for/ to nurse/ to maintain (equipment)
merawat [rawat]
equipment
peralatan
medical/ medicine (as a branch of study)
kedokteran
simple
sederhana
consultation
konsultasi
pharmacy
apotek
prescription
resep dokter
food recipe
resep makanan
pharmacist
apoteker
to count
menghitung [hitung]
pill
pil
used up/ all gone/ consumed
habis
especially/ particualarly
terutama
main
utama
complete
lengkap
after

(= sesudah)
setelah
closest
terdekat
sentence
kalimat
suddenly
tiba-tiba
audible/ can be heard
terdengar
to scream/ to shout/ to yell
berteriak [teriak]
to experience
mengalami [alam]
accident/ bad luck
kecelakaan
to approach
mendekati [dekat]
to give (s.t)
memberikan
help/ aid
pertolongan
to move (s.t)
menggerakkan [gerak]
calm/ quiet
tenang
I'm afraid that...
jangan-jangan
please...

(speakers benefit)
tolong
to call s.o (for s.o. else)
memanggilkan [panggil)
a stretcher
usungan
fall suddenly or unexpectedly
terjatuh
first aid
pertolongan pertama
to be/ to be present/ to be in a particular location
berada
wheel
roda
wheel chair
kursi roda
to look into/ to investigate/ to check/ to examine
memeriksa [periksa]
to relate/ to tell (a story)
menceritakan [cerita]
x-ray
Rontgen

(pron: Ronsen)
to x-ray
meRontgen
broken (bone, stick, branch, etc)
patah
whether
apakah
to bandage/ to bind up
membalut [balut]
result
hasil
sprained
keseleo/ kesleo
to recover/ to heal
sembuh
takes (a certain period of time)
makan waktu
to make (for s.o else)
membuatkan
to pick (s.o) up/ to fetch (s.o)
menjemput [jemput]
to catch a cold (or otherwise feel unwell)
masuk angin
collision/ (vehicle) accident
tabrakan
driver/ (motor bike) rider
pengendara
to faint/ unconscious
pingsan
ambulance
ambulans
emergency
darurat
advice
nasihat/ nasehat
intention/ meaning
maksud
as far as... know/ to... knowledge
setahu...
injection
suntikan
tetanus
tetanus
typhoid
tipus
to inject/ inoculate
menyuntik [suntik]
should/ ought to
seharusnya
immune
kebal
to be careful
berhati-hati
bottled
botolan
bottled water
air aqua
tap
keran/kran
to wipe
melap [lap]
dust
debu
to accustom
menyesuaikan [sesuai]
tropics/ tropical
tropis
tired/ weary
cape
with the result that/ so... that
sehingga
attacked/ invaded
terserang
information
keterangan
first/ first of all
pertama-tama
to throw away/ throw out
membuang [buang]
to defecate
buang air besar
to urinate
buang air kecil
wrong/ mistaken
salah
symptom
gejala
to cry/ to weep
menangis [tangis]
gastric upset/ with vomiting and diarrhoea
muntaber [muntah-berak]
faeces
berak
quickly
cepat-cepat/ depat cepat
injury/ wound
luka
injured/ wounded
terluka
Sister

(form of address to nurse)
Suster
deep
dalam
to sew
menjahit [jahit]
danger
bahaya
to be dangerous
berbahaya
to worry (s.o)/ worrying
mengkhawatirkan
antibiotics
antibiotika
infection
infeksi
to cover
menutupi [tutup]
bandage
pembalut (noun)/ membalut (verb)
early in the morning
pagi-pagi
lazy/ can't be bothered to...
malas
party
pesta
fresh/ refreshed
segar
fortunately
untunglah
significant
penting
adults
orang dewasa
to guard/ maintain/ preserve
menjaga
descendent
keturunan
senior secondary school
SMA
medicinal herbs
jamu
concoction
ramuan
plants
tumbuh-tumbuhan
special qualities
khasiat
honey
madu
all at once
sekaligus
strengthener
penguat [kuat]

(peng = strengthener, like -er in English)
endure
tahan
practical
praktis
ancient
kuno
type of jamu which has slimming and toning effect on body
Galian singset
a group of people, usually on the basis of their occupation, religion, etc
kaum
slim/ slender
langsing
solid/ compact
padat
sachet/ parcel/ package
bungkusan
shape
bentuk
tradition
tradisi
to look after/ protect/ cultivate/ preserve
memelihara [pelihara]
farmer (grower of crops)
petani
uncle
paman
secretary (office position)
juru tulis
boyfriend/ girlfriend
pacar
furniture
perabot (rumah)
grandchild
cucu
pay/ wages/ salary
gaji
classifier (of things)
buah
compared (to)
dibandingkan (dengan)
send greetings or regards
kirim
sad
sedih
situation/ condition
keadaan
characteristic/ quality
sifat
object/ thing
benda
dictionary
kamus
thick
tebal
thin
tipis
to lift
mengangkat [angkat]
to transport
mengangkut
heavy
berat
light
ringan
soft
halus
coarse/ rough/ unrefined
kasar
hard/ unyielding
keras
soft/ tender
empuk/ lunak
Burma
Birma
bad/ unpleasant
buruk
mankind/ human
manusia
short (of person's stature)
pendek
tall (of person's stature)
tinggi
fat/ chubby
gemuk
thin/ skinny
kurus
strong
kuat
weak
lemah

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