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Glossary of Indonesian 2

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gaji
wage
aduk
aduk, mengaduk: stir, mix
agak
agak: rather
air
air: water; berair: juicy
ajak
ajak: invite, encourage
ajar
ajar, mengajar: teach; belajar: study; pelajari: study something; pelajar: student
akan
akan: will, intend to; about, relating to
akhir
akhir: last; terakhir: the last; akhirnya: finally
aksi
aksi: action
alam
alam: nature, natural; ilmu alam: natural science
alat
alat: tool, instrument
ambil
ambil, mengambil, ambilkan: take, pick up; ambil bagian: take part
anak
anak: child, son or daughter
antara
antara: between, among
antarkota
antarkota: intercity, between cities
apalagi
apalagi: what's more, especially, above all
api
api: fire; kereta api: railway train
arti
arti, berarti, artinya: meaning, mean
bagian
bagian: part, section; ambil bagian: take part
bahan
bahan: ingredient
bajaj
bajaj (pronounced "bajai"): three-wheeled motorised taxi
bakat
bakat: talent
baku
baku: official, standard, main, basic
bangun
bangun, membangun: build; dibangun: be built; also bangun: wake up
banyak
banyak: a lot, lots, a great deal; kebanyakan: majority
barangkali
barangkali: perhaps, maybe
batang
batang: trunk (of a tree); counter for cylindrical objects
bayangan
shadow
beberapa
beberapa: several
beda
beda: be different; perbedaan: difference
belajar
see "ajar"
belanja
belanja: go shopping, shop for something, buy
benar
benar: correct, right
benda
benda: thing; kata benda: noun
bentuk
bentuk: shape, form
berangkat
berangkat: depart, leave
berarti
see "arti"
berbagai
berbagai: various
berbeda
see "beda"
berbuah
see "buah"
berdikari
berdikari (=berdiri atas kakinya sendiri): stand on your own two feet, be self-sufficient
berguna
see "guna"
beri
beri, memberi, memberikan: give, provide
berikutnya
berijutnya: next, following, subsequent
berkaitan
berkaitan (dengan): be connected (with), be related (to)
berlaku
see "laku"
bersama
bersama: with, together
bertahap
bertahap: in order, in sequence, one by one
bertamu
see "tamu"
bertani
see "tani"
berterus
see "terus"
bertunangan
see "tunangan"
berubah
see "ubah"
berumur
see "umur"
biar
biar, membiarkan, biarlah: leave (something) alone, forget about (something)
biasanya
biasanya: usually, normally
bicara
bicara, berbicara: speak, talk; membicarakan: discuss, talk about
bilangan
bilangan: numerals, numbers
buat
buat, membuat: make, do, create; pembuatan: making, creating
budaya
budaya: cultural; kebudayaan: culture
buku harian
buku harian: diary
cakap
cakap, bercakap, mencakap, percakapan: talk, chat
campuraduk
campuraduk, mencampuraduk: jumble, mix up
candi
candi: temple
canting
canting: tool used to apply wax when making batik cloth
cara
cara: way
cegah
cegah, mencegah: confront, combat, address (a problem)
cerita
cerita, ceritera: story; menceritakan, bercerita: tell (a story)
corak
corak: design, pattern, motif
cukup
cukup: enough
cuma
cuma: only, just
dagang
dagang: buying and selling; pedagang: merchant
dalang
dalang: wayang puppet master
dasar
dasar: basic, fundamental; berdasarkan: based on
depan
depan: in front (of), before, next; masa depan: future
desa
desa: rural village
dewasa
dewasa: adult
diberi(kan)
see "beri"
dicampuraduk
see "campuraduk"
didik
didik, mendidik: educate, teach; pendidikan: education
diri
diri: self
dong
dong: exclamatory word -- "of course", or "you know".
dosen
dosen: university lecturer, professor
dua
dua: two
duduk
duduk: sit, sit down; penduduk: inhabitant
dulu
dulu: first, before that
gamelan
gamelan: traditional Indonesian music played with gongs
gedung
gedung: hall, building
gelap
gelap: dark
gemuk
gemuk: fat
gender
gender: traditional gamelan instrument
gesek
gesek: scratch, friction; alat musik gesek: stringed instrument
guna
guna, menggunakan: use; berguna: useful
hadir
hadir, menghadiri: be present at, attend, go to
hafal
hafal, menghafal(kan): learn, know by heart
hal
hal: thing
halaman
halaman: page
hampir
hampir: nearly, almost
hanya
hanya: only
hapus
hapus, menghapuskan: undo, erase, remove
harga
harga, berharga: price, cost
hari
hari: day
hasil
hasil: result, outcome
haus
haus: thirsty
helai
helai: counting word for thin sheets (e.g. paper or cloth); sehelai: one (sheet or cloth)
henti
henti, berhenti, menghentikan: stop
hidangan
hidangan: dish, kind of food; menghidangkan: serve, dish out
hidup
hidup: live; kehidupan: life; menghidupkan: switch on, start up
hijau
hijau: green
hitam
hitam: black
honda
honda: motorbike
hujan
hujan: rain
hukum
hukum: law
huruf
huruf: letter (of the alphabet)
ilmu
ilmu: knowledge, science, scientific field
indah
indah: beautiful
ingin
ingin: want to
istilah
istilah: term, word, piece of jargon
jagung
jagung: corn
jahat
jahat: bad, evil
jauh
jauh: far, distant; menjauhi:go far from, avoid; menjauhkan: keep away from; jauh lebih: far more
jawab
jawab, jawaban: answer, response
jelek
jelek: bad, unpleasant
jemur
jemur, menjemur: to dry
jenis
jenis: type, kind; jenis kelamin: gender, sex
jumlah
jumlah: total
kacau
kacau: confused; mengacau(kan): stir up, confuse, mess up
kadang-kadang
kadang-kadang: sometimes
kado
kado: present, gift
kak
kak: short form of "kakak", used before a name
kakak
kakak: elder sibling, elder sister
kakek
kakek: grandfather
kaki lima
kaki lima: sidwalk, sidewalk vendor
kaki
kaki: leg; jalan kaki: walk
kalau
kalau: if, how about
kali
kali: time, occasion
kalimat
kalimat: sentence
kampus
kampus: campus
kanan
kanan: right, right side
kapan
kapan: when
karena
karena: because, since
kasir
kasir: cashier
kaum
kaum: tribe, family, ethnic group, clan, group
kawan
kawan: friend
kawin
kawin, perkawinan: marry, be married, marriage
ke
ke: to, towards
kebanyakan
see "banyak"
kebudayaan
see "budaya"
kedai
kedai: small roadside stall for selling food etc.
kedutaan besar
kedutaan besar: embassy
kehidupan
see "hidup"
kehilangan
see "hilang"
kejururawatan
kejururawatan: nursing
kelihatannya
see "lihat"
kelir
kelir: screen
kelompok
kelompok: group
kemarin
kemarin: yesterday
kendaraan
kendaraan: vehicle
kereta api
kereta api: train
kering
kering, mengeringkan: dry
keris
keris, kris: traditional Javanese sword
keroncong
keroncong: a style of music popular in Indonesia
kertas
kertas: paper
kesabaran
see "sabar"
kesehatan
see "sehat"
kesempatan
see "sempat"
keterangan
keterangan: explanation, description; kata keterangan: adverb
ketik
ketik, mengetik: type (on a keyboard)
khawatir
khawatir: worry
khusus
khusus: special; mengkhususkan: specialize in
kira
kira: guess, estimate, think; kira-kira: about, approximately
kiri
kiri: left, left side; stop (on a bus -- i.e. "pull in to the left")
kosa kata
kosa kata: vocabulary
kosong
kosong: empty, blank; mengosongkan: to empty
kotak
kotak: box
kraton
kraton: palace
kris
see "keris"
kumpul
kumpul, berkumpul, mengumpulkan: collect, gather
kunjung
kunjung, mengunjungi, kunjungan, berkunjung: visit
kupu-kupu
kupu-kupu: butterfly
kurang
kurang: less than, before, below
kursi
kursi: chair, seat
kursus
kursus: course
kurus
kurus: thin, slim
ladang
ladang: field (dry, not a wet paddy field)
lain
lain: different
lakon
lakon: play (in wayang theatre)
laku
laku: popular, in demand; berlaku: valid, in effect; melakukan: do, make
lalu
lalu: passed; yang lalu: ago
lancar
lancar: fluent (e.g. in a language)
langit-langit
langit-langit: ceiling
langkah
langkah: step, stage
langsung
langsung: immediately; berlangsung: go on, take place, happen
lap
lap, melap: wipe with a cloth
lapangan
lapangan: field
lari
lari, melari: run; berlari-larian: run around
lat
lat: late
laut
laut: sea, ocean
lawan
lawan, lawan kata: opposite; berlawan: oppose, be opposite to; melawan: oppose
lemari
lemari: cupboard, bookcase, shelf; lemari es: refrigerator
lengkap
lengkap: complete, full, finished
letak
letak: place; terletak: be located
lho
lho: exclamatory word -- "you know", or something similar
lilit
lilit: bark, skin
lombok
lombok: chilli pepper
lowongan
lowongan: space, blank space, empty space, hole
luas
luas: wide, spacious; luasnya: area (of something)
lukis
lukis: paint; lukisan: painting; melukis: to paint; pelukis: painter
macam
macam, semacam: kind of, sort of, some kind of
mahasiswa
mahasiswa: university student
makan
makan, makanan: eat, food; makan waktu: take time
masa
masa: time, period, age, era; masa depan: future
masalah
masalah: problem, question, issue
matahari
matahari: sun
melakukan
melakukan: do, make
melengkapi
see "lengkap"
melewat
see "lewat"
melihat
see "lihat"
memberi(kan)
see "beri"
memberitahu
see "tahu"
memilih
see "pilih"
mempertunjukkan
see "tunjuk"
menari
see "tari"
menarik
menarik: interesting, attractive
menawar
see "tawar"
mendatar
mendatar: horizontal, across (for crossword clues)
mendengar
see "dengar"
menejer
menejer: manager
menerus
see "terus"
mengajak
see "ajak"
mengajar
see "ajar"
mengenai
mengenai: about, relating to
menghadiri
see "hadir"
menghidupkan
see "hidup"
mengirim
see "kirim"
mengisi
see "isi"
meninjau
see "tinjau"
menunjuk
see "tunjuk"
menurut
menurut: depending on, according to
menyusun
see "susun"
meroba
see "roba"
Mesir
Mesir: Egypt
mesjid
mesjid: mosque
mesti
mesti: have to, ought to
mewah
mewah: luxury
muda
muda: young
mulai
mulai, memulai: start, begin
mula-mula
mula-mula: at the beginning
murid
murid: student, pupil
ndak
ndak = tidak

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