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Glossary of ITMW - A&P - Chapter 3 Medical Terminology - Prefixes, Roots, Suffixes, &

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A-, an-
Without or not
Ab-
Away from
Acr(o)-
Extremity, tip
Ad-
Toward
Alba-
White
Ambi-
Both, on sides
Ana-
Upward, backward, excessive, through
Andr(o)-
Male
Ankyl(o)-
Crooked, fused, stiff
Ante-
Before, forward
Anti-
Against, opposed
Audi-
Hear
Auto-
Self
Bi-
Double, two
Bio-
Life, living matter
Brach-
Short
Brady(o)-
Slow, short, dull
Carcin(o)-
Cancer, malignant
Cata-
Down, negative, under, against, lower
Caud-
Tail, inferior
Cent(i)-
Hundred
Chron(i, o, us)-
Time, long time
Circum-
Around
Contra-
Against, opposite
Counter-
Against, opposite
Cry(mo, o)-
Cold
De-
Down, from, away from, not
Dext-
Right
Di-
Two, double, twice
Dia-
Across, through, apart
Dis-
Separation, away from
Febr(i, o)-
Fever, boil
Fract-
Break, broken
Fund-
Base, bottom
Gen-
Beginning, origin, produce
Gluc-
Sweet, sugar, glucose
Gyn(a, e, eco, o)-
Female
Hemi-
Half
Heter-
Other, different
Hol-
Whole, all
Hom(eo, o)-
Unchanged, alike, same
Hyg(ei, ie)-
Health
Hyper-
Excessive, too much, high
Hypo-
Under, decreased, less than normal
Iatr(o)-
Physician
Idio-
Distinct, peculiar to the individual
Immuno-
Protection
In-
In, into, within, not
Infra-
Within
Intro-
Into, within
Iso-
Equal, like, identical
Juxta-
Adjoining, near to
Kyph(o)-
Bend, hump
Lact(o)-
Milk
Later(al, o)-
Side
Leuk-
White
Levo-
Left
Macro-
Large
Mal-
Bad, illness, disease
Mega-
Large
Onc(o)-
Tumor, mass
Orth(o)-
Straight, normal, correct
Osm(o)-
Smell, odor
Oxy-
Sharp, acute, acid
Palp-
Touch, feel
Pan-
All
Para-
Abnormal, near
Path(o)-
Disease, suffering
Pept(o)-
Digestion
Per-
By, through
Peri-
Around
Phag(o)-
Eat, consume
Pharmaco-
Drugs, poison, medication
Physio-
Natural, physical agents
Poly-
Many, much
Post-
After, behind
Pre-
Before, in front of, prior to
Pro-
Before, in front
Pseudo-
False
Quadr(a, i)-
Four
Re-
Again
Retro-
Backward
Schist(o)-
Split, divided
Scler(o)-
Hard
Semi-
Half
Sepsi-
Putrid, rotten
Son(o)-
Sound
Steno-
Contracted, narrow
Strat(i)-
Layer
Sub-
Under
Super-
Above, over, excess
Supra-
Above, over
Therm-
Warm
Tort(i, o)-
Twisted
Tract-
Pull down
Trans-
Across
Ultr(a, o)-
Escessive, extreme, beyond
Uni-
One
Zyg(o, us)-
Yoke, join, together
Dys-
Bad, difficult, abnormal
Ecto-
Outer, outside
En-
In, into, within
Endo-
Inner, inside
Epi-
Over, on, upon
Eryth-
Red
Esthesi-
Sensation
Etio-
Cause
Ex-
Out, out of, from, away from
Micro-
Small
Mono-
One, single
Morph(o)-
Form, shape
Multi-
Many
Necr(o)-
Death, destruction, corpse
Neo-
New
Noct(i, o)-
Night
Non-
Not
Olig-
Small, scanty
Abdomin(o)-
Abdomen
Aden(o)-
Gland
Adren(o)-
Adrenal gland
Angi(o)-
Vessel
Arteri(o)-
Artery
Bronch(o)-
Bronchus, bronchi
Card-, cardi(o)-
Heart
Cephal(o)-
Head
Chondr(o)-
Cartilage
Col(o)-
Colon
Cost(o)-
Rib
Crani(o)-
Skull
Cyan(o)-
Blue
Cyst(o)-
Bladder, cyst
Derma-
Skin
Duodend(o)-
Duodenum
Encephal(o)-
Brain
Enter(o)-
Intestines
Fibr(o)-
Fiber, fibrous
Gastr(o)-
Stomach
Gloss(o)
Tongue
Gyn-, gyne-, gynec(o)-
Woman
Hem-, hema-, hem(o)-, hemat(o)-
Blood
Hepat(o)-
Liver
Hydr(o)-
Water
Hyster(o)-
Uterus
Ile(o)-, ili(o)-
Ileum
Laryng(o)-
Larynx
Mamm(o)-
Breast, mammary gland
Mast(o)-
Mammary gland, breast
Men(o)-
Menstruation
My(o)-
Muscle
Myel(o)-
Spinal cord, bone marrow
Nephr(o)-
Kidney
Neur(o)-
Nerve
Ocul(o)-
Eye
Ophthalm(o)-
Eye
Oste(o)-
Bone
Ot(o)-
Ear
Ped(o)-
Child, foor
Pharyng(o)-
Pharynx
Phleb(o)-
Vein
Pnea-
Breathing, respiration
Pneum(o)-
Lung, air, gas
Proct(o)-
Rectum
Psych(o)-
Mind
Pulm(o)-
Lung
Py(o)-
Pus
Rect(o)-
Rectum
Rhin(o)-
Nose
Salping(o)-
Eustachian tube, uterine tube
Splen(o)-
Spleen
Sten(o)-
Narrow, constriction
Stern(o)-
Sternum
Stomat(o)-
Mouth
Therm(o)-
Heat
Thorac(o)-
Chest
Thromb(o)-
Clot, thrombus
Thyr(o)-
Thyroid
Tox(o)-
Poison
Toxic(o)-
Poison, poisonous
Trache(o)-
Trachea
Ur(o)-
Urine, urinary tract, urination
Urethr(o)-
Urethra
Urin(o)-
Urine
Uter(o)-
Uterus
Vas(o)-
Blood vessel, vas deferens
Ven(o)-
Vein
Vertebr(o)-
Spine, vertebrae
-able
Capable of, suitable for
-ago
Disease
-algesia
Pain
-algia
Pain
-ase
Enzyme
-asis
State or condition of, usually abnormal
-cele
Hernia, herniation, pouching
-cide
Kill, causing death
-cule
Very small
-cyte
Cell
-dom
State of being
-duct
Tube, channel
-eal
Pertaining to
-ease
Condition
-ectasis
Dilation, streching
-ectomy
Excision, removal of
-ema
Swelling, distention
-emesis
Vomiting
-emia
Blood condition
-ferent
Bear, carry
-feron
To strike
-form
Shape, structure
-genesis
Development, production, creation
-globin
Protein
-gram
Record
-graph
Diagram, recording instrument
-graphy
Making a recording
-hood
State, quality of, condition
-iasis
Condition of
-ician
One skilled in, one who practices
-ism
Condition
-itis
Inflammation
-ity
Quality of, state of
-ive
Having power to, that which performs
-ize
To treat by a special method
-kenesis
Motion
-lemma
Sheath, covering
-logy
The study of
-lysis
Destruction of, decomposition
-malacia
Softening
-megaly
Enlargement
-oid
Form, like, resemble
-oma
Tumor
-opsy
View of
-osis
Condition
-otomy
Cutting into
-paresis
Paralysis
-pathy
Disease
-penia
Lack, deficiency
-phobia
An exaggerated fear
-phylaxis
Protection
-plasty
Surgical repair or reshaping
-plegia
Paralysis
-pnea
To breathe
-porosis
Passage
-ptosis
Falling, sagging, dropping, down
-rrhage, -rrhagia
Excessive flow
-rrhea
Profuse flow, discharge
-sclerosis
Dryness, hardness
-scoliosis
Curvature, crooked
-scope
Examination instrument
-scopy
Examination using a scope
-sepsis
Putrefaction

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