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Glossary of Human Anatomy Lab 2

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Regional Anatomy
The study of particular ares of the body.
Systemic Anatomy
The study of organ systems
Name a few organ systems
The skeletal system and the nervous system.
What is the phrase that helps you remember all 11 organ systems?
"Run Mrs. Lidec"
What does "Run Mrs. Lidec" stand for?
Respiratory, Urinary, Nervous, Muscular, Reproductive, Skeletal, Lymphatic, Integumentary, Digestive, Endocrine, and Cardiovascular.
What organs make up the reproductive system?
Testes, ovaries, penis, vagina, uterus, and seminal vesicles.
What organs make up the urinary system?
Kidneys, bladder.
What organs make up the Nervous system?
Brain, spinal cord, nerves.
What organs make up the muscular system?
Individual muscles.
What organs make up the respiratory system?
Nose, larynx, trachea, and lungs.
What organs make up the skeletal system?
Bones
What organs make up the lymphatic system?
Lymph nodes, spleen, and tonsils.
What organs make up the integumentary system?
Skin, hair, hair follicles, nails, and glands of the skin.
What organs make up the digestive system?
Mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, and liver.
What organs make up the endocrine system?
Thyroid and adrenal glands, as well as the pancreas and gonads.
What organs make up the cardiovascular system?
Heart and blood vessels.
Anatomical position
Body is upright, facing forward, arms and legs straight, palms facing forward, feet flat on the ground, eyes open.
Parietal
This is inreference to the body wall when compared to visceral.
Visceral
Refers to areas closer to the organs when compared to parietal.
Ipsilateral
Being on the same side of the body.
Contralateral
Being on the other half of the body.
Superior
Above
Inferior
Below
Medial
Toward the midline
Lateral
Toward the side
Superficial
Toward the surface
Deep
Toward the core
Ventral (or anterior)
To the front
Dorsal (or posterior)
To the back
Proximal
For extremeties meaning near the trunk.
Distal
For extremeties meaning away from the trunk.
Horizontal (or transverse) Plane
Cuts the body into superior and inferior parts.
Frontal (coronal) Plane
Cuts the body into anterior and posterior parts.
Sagittal Plane
Cuts the body into left and right portions.
Midsagittal Plane
Cuts the body into equal left and right halves.
Parasagittal Plane
Cuts the body into unequal left and right parts.
Dorsal Cavity
Composed of the cranial cavity and the vertebral canal
Ventral Cavity
Composed of the thoracic cavity, diaphragm, abdominal cavity, and pelvic cavity.

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