Glossary of History and Phil. of Ed Exam 1

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Knowledge and skill-based pay
rewards employees with salary increases as they acquire knowledge or skills, or as they demonstrate higher level competence at existing abilities.
also known as competency-based pay
Action research
a process in which educators identify a problem in their own classroom, school, or district and engage in a process of disciplined inquiry resulting in a plan for action.
summative evaluation
conducted at the end of an activity or time period is designed to assess terminal behaviors or overall performance.
alternative teacher certification
state provisions or regulations for awarding a teaching license to a person who has not followed the traditional teacher education program; exceptions typically are related to completion of a concentrated professional education sequence, teaching internships or prior experience, or credits for work experience.
Board certified
certification awarded by the assessment board of profession acknowledging the recipient's qualifications in specified areas.
career ladder
a career development plan that provides differential recognition and rewards for teachers at steps of the plan, which coincide with increased experience and expertise.
the authorization of an individual by the state to teach in an area where the state has determined that the individual has met established state standards.
clinical field experiences
opportunities provided to teacher education students to observe, assist, tutor, instruct, or conduct applied research in the classroom
clinical practice
student teaching and internships that provide candidates with experiences that allow for full immersion in the learning community so that candidates are able to demonstrate proficiencies in the professional roles for which they are preparing
code of ethics
a set of professional standards for behavior of members of a profession
emergency (temporary) certificate
a certificate issued to a person who does not meet the specified degree, course, or other requirements for regular certification; issued with the presumption that the recipient teacher will obtain the necessary credentials for regular certification
employee services
a benefit designed to help the employee to enjoy an improved lifestyle or meet certain obligations at a free or reduced cost (credit unions, employee assistance programs, child care)
formative evaluation
form of evaluation designed to provide feedback while an activity is under way to improve the manner in which the activity is conducted
indirect compensation
payments or fringe benefits that employees receive in addition to payments in the form of money; classified as either employee benefits or employee services, such as health and life insurance, long term disability protection, or leaves with pay.
interstate reciprocity
a mutual agreement between states that allows teachers who are certified in one state to be eligible for certification in another
master teacher
a teacher who is given special status, pay, and recognition but remains in the classroom as a role model for other teachers or is released from a portion of the regular classroom assignment to work with other teachers in a supportive, nonsupervisory role.
formal and informal relationships between a beginning teacher and experienced teacher(s) that are sources of information and support for the beginning teacher.
national board certification
national program through which a person is awarded a nationally recognized certificate that signifies successful completion of a series of activities designed to indicate excellence as a teacher. an individualized portfolio is a key component of the process. in some districts or states, these teachers receive a stipend upon successful completion of the program.
performance-based pay
compensation given to an employee or group of employees based on the attainment of certain prescribed standards or outcomes (increased student achievement/lower drop out rates).
series of national content and pedagogical tests used to determine whether a prospective or intern teacher demonstrates the level of knowledge expected of new teachers.
an occupation involving relatively long and specialized preparation on the level of higher education and governed by its own code of ethics
professional development
activities designed to build the personal strengths and creative talents of individuals, and thus crate human resources necessary for organizational productivity.
personal program of professional development designed to help a person improve teaching competencies by updating specified skill and their knowledge base.
single salary schedule
a salary schedule for teachers that provides equivalent salaries for equivalent preparation and experience
Teacher leader
teacher who assumes a leadership role in the school on specific activities or on a continuing basis but does not serve in a formal capacity
Reflective model for learning
Future Experience

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