Glossary of History 103--1800 to Present

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The author of a Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen was
Olympe de Gouges.
The revolution of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries helped to spread Enlightenment ideals and
encouraged the consolidation of national states.
Which of the following was not one of the basic ideals of the Enlightenment thinkers?
equality for women.
The leaders of the French Revolution
called for a complete reorganizing of French political, social and cultural structures.
In August 1789 the National Assembly expressed the guiding principles of the French Revolution by issuing the
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.
The turning point in Napoleon's career was his disatrous 1812 of
The leading eighteenth proponent of conservatism was
Edmund Burke.
What nineteenth century English thinker promoted individual freedom, universal sufferage, taxation of high personal income and an extension of the rights of freedom and equality to women
John Stuart Mill.
The author of A Vindication of the Rights of Women was
Mary Wollstonecraft.
The German leader Otto von Bismarck believed that the great issues of his day would be determined by
"blood and iron."
Crucial to industrialization was
the replacement of human and animal power with inanimate sources of energy such as steam.
Beginning in the nineteenth century industrializing lands experienced a social change known as the demographic transition, when
the rural population increased dramatically.
often tore working class families apart.
Marx and Engels proposed that capitalism divided people into two classes. The classes were
the capitalist and the proletariat.
Marx suggested that music, art and literature
served the purpose of the capitalists because they diverted the workers from their misery.
Marx referred to_____________ as the "opiate of the masses."
According to Marx all of human history had been a history of
class struggle.
Over the long haul trade unions
reduced the likelihood of a revolution by improving the lives of working people.
In Japan industrialization took place
with the active support of imperial authorities.
Most of Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa
did not industrialize and depended upon exporting primary products.
Which of the following states was the least multiethnic and multicultural in the 19th century?
A defeat in the Crimean War stopped ______________ expansion.
The centerpiece of Sergei Witte's Russian industrial policy was
a massive program of railway construction.
After the assassination of Alexander II his successor Nicholas II
championed oppression and police control.
The Self-Strengthening Movement was an attempt to blend indigenous cultural traditions with western technology in
By the end of the nineteenth century the only thing keeping China from being completely divided up into spheres of influence by foreigners was
distrust among the foreign powers.
In 1900 foreign embassises in China were besieged by
the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists.
Japan was forcibly opened to foreign trade in 1853 by the
The Meiji reformers actively copied the western Europeans and Americans because
they understood the danger of those two groups and wanted to find a way to survive.
Which of the following was not one of the foundations of the Meiji Restoration?
turning Japan into a constitutional republic.
Who said, "We are the finest race in the world and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race?"
Cecil Rhodes.
Rudyard Kipling's poem "The White Man's Burden" was actually meant to inspire the Americans to colonize
the Philippines.
Between 1859 and 1893 Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos all fell under the control of
The chief victim of late 19th century European imperialistic expansion was
After the overthrow of Queen Lili'uokalani in 1893 the U.S. took over
Panama was supported in its uprising against Colombia by U.S. President
Theodore Roosevelt.
In 1876 Korea was forced to accept an unequal trading treaty by
Between 1800 and 1914 ________ Europeans migrated overseas.
fifty million.
The Social Darwinists believed that
powerful nations were meant to dominate weaker societies.
In regards to imperialism, the Japanese and Americans
proved to be just as racists as the Europeans.
The first total war in world history was
World War I.
The nationalistic aspirations of subject minorities was most threatening to a state such as
The members of the Triple Alliance were
Germany, Austria and Italy.
Central to the Schlieffen Plan was an lightning invasion through
"To make the world safe for democracy" was the motto of
The western front in WWI was
a bloody stalemate.
The WWI poet who considered Horace's line that "It is sweet and proper to die for one's country" to be an "old Lie" was
Wilfred Owen.
The Twenty-One Demands were issued
by Japan to China.
The battle of Gallipoli was
a British-directed debacle that cost the lives of Canadian, Australian and New Zealand troops.
The main reason for the failure of the provisional in Russia in 1917 was
its inability to satisfy popular demands for an end to the war.
The key factor in the U.S. decision to enter WWI was
Germany's resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare.
Woodrow Wilson agreed to many harsh stipulations to the Treaty of Versailles
in return for the creation of the League of Nations.
The Treaty of Brest Litovsk
ended Russia's involvement in WWI.
What was the impact of industrialization on families?
-Urbanized them
-Interfered with family time
-Health problems
-Unsafe & unsanitary working conditions.
What ideals of the enlightenment challenged Longhill’s assumptions about government?
-Rights to life and liberties were the rights of all men
-Representative government of the people
-(Relate person to issue)
Name 4 basic components of Marx’s theory?
-Civilization is based on class system?
-Class struggle
-Overthrowing the elite in revolution
-A dictatorship controlled by the working class.
-Corporate monopoly.
-Abolish of class struggle.
Name one main difference between socialism and
-Communism believes in revolution
-Socialism believes in evolution.
What was 19th century liberalism?
-Opposed to slavery
-Limited government
-Use of government for
protection of rights.
What are some of the characteristics of industrial capitalism?
-Ownership of means of production
-Find the cheapest labor
-Maximize productions
What are the four societies in the 19th century?
-Ottoman Empire
What happens when change comes too quickly?
Too rapid of a change in society is often too
-Counter productive.

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