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Glossary of Hemolytic Anemias: Extracorpuscular Defects and Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinu

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Describe the important characteristics of Macrophage

-Long lived cells

-Capable of presenting antigens to T-Cells 

-The first cells to attack microbial invaders

-Activated by IFN-g 

-Secrete a variety of cytokines

Study of location, places, human environmental
interaction, movement and reason

Geography

Ancient Greek polis that had the greatest sculptors, architects and fleets of rams.    

Athens

Apostles like Peter and Paul spread the message of mercy and hope based on his death and resurrection.

Jesus Christ

Appeals to the Senate for help were ignored by everyone except Jedi Knights

Padma Amindala (Starwars)

Churchmen and nobles tied to each other by oaths of  loyalty and duties of service and protection

Lords and Vassals

Classical philosophy of Renaissance thinkers that emphasizes that “man is the measure of all things”

Humanism

Collections of conquered foreign states or countries ruled by a single person.

Empire

Comic and tragic entertainments began as festivals in honor of Dionysus

Stage Plays

Dictator whom Senators murdered to keep him from making himself King and Cleopatra Queen

Julius Caesar

Document that nobles forced King John to sign to limit his powers and safeguard their liberties

Magna Carta

English Renaissance poet and playwright who created characters like Macbeth and Hamlet

Shakespeare

German monk whose published criticisms of church practices like indulgence sparked a revolution 

Luther

His Frankish empire was the most civilized society in Western Europe during this time

Charlemagne

Holy wars that created new tastes in Europe for Asian luxuries and the trade to supply them

Crusades

Italian artist, scientist, engineer and inventor who painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper

Leonardo da Vinci

People who dig up and unlock the mysteries of the past

Archaeologists

People’s practical and applied arts and sciences by which they make the things they need and want.     

Technology

Sculptor of the Pieta and painted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

Michelangelo

The rugged landscape of Greece contributed to the development of these small separate countries

City-State

This Greek word for dictators today means rules who abuse the rights and liberties of their people

Tyrants

Voyages from Spain unexpectedly led to the European discovery  and colonization of the Americas

Christopher Columbus

Where Norman French knights won the crown of England for William the Conqueror from Harold Godwinson

Hastings

Ancient Greek polis that trained the toughest and most fanatical soldiers 

Sparta

Ancient Italian civilization that greatly influenced the early development of Roman ways   

Etruscans

Beautifully proportioned temple on Acropolis which is considered one of history’s most nearly perfect buildings

Parthenon

His soldiers spread Greek ways as far as Egypt and India During the Hellenistic times            &n

Alexander

Site of shrine and hometown of the Prophet, where Muslims make pilgrimage to each year.

Mecca (Makkah)

The Arab merchant turned Prophet known as the messenger of Allah

Muhammad

These sailors, shipbuilders, purple dyers and founders of Carthage were the greatest traders in the Ancient Mediterranean Sea

Phoenicians

Values, traditions, habits and skills a group of people share

Culture

あいだ
While
あける
open
あしあがる
honorific form of eating
あるく
歩く
いちわ
one bird (wa is bird counter)
うる
To sell
うれる
To be sold
おく
put, let someone stay in one's house
おくる
送る
おわる
end
おんがえし
repayment
かえす
返す
かかる
Be caught in
からだ
くるしむ
Suffer
こえ
voice
こまる
be in trouble
さびしい
Lonely
しばらく
for a while
すこし
少し
すごす

spend time

(sabashikusugosu=live a lonely life) 

すっかり
completely
そと
そら
たのむ
ask, request
つくる
作る
つる
crane
でる
出る
door
なく
cry, sing
にがす
set free
ぬの
Cloth
のぞく
Peek
はた
loom
びっくりする
be surprised
ふゆ
まえ
みち
みつける
find
むかし
old days, once upon a time
むこう
other side
むすめ
young woman, daughter
やせる
To lose weight
よる
よろこぶ
be glad/delighted
わたし
わな
trap
心のやさしい
kind hearted
(2) verb forms

transitive - needs a object - She Bought_____ (what?)

intransitive - doesn't need an object - she ate. 

2 possible part of a sentence

clause  - has subject and finite verb - can stand alone

phrases - doesnt have a subject or finite verb

    prepositional phrases - before, after, with 

2 types of clauses

independent - could be a sentence of their own - joined with coordinating conjunctions

    coordinating conjunctions - and, or, but, so, yet 

 

dependent - paired with sentence - joined with subordinating conj

2 types of verbs

finite

nonfinite 

2 ways to approach  

instrumental - usinglangauge symbols to convience someone of your ideas

 

constitutive - different sterotypes - alters definition langauge and symbols - shaping world views 

3 Greek Philosophers
  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Aristotle
  • 3 parts of rhetorical siltation

    1. exegence

    2. audience

    3. constraints

        3.1 - rhetoric has control over

        3.2 - audience mood and attitude 

    3 types of nonfinite verbs

    1. infinint -to_____ EX. to ski, to run

     2. participlus - adding ing becomes adj

    3. gerunds - adding ing becomes noun 

    6 x 10
    60
    6 x 11
    66
    6 x 12
    72
    6 x 1
    6
    6 x 2
    12
    6 x 3
    18
    6 x 4
    24
    6 x 5
    30
    6 x 6
    36
    6 x 7
    42
    6 x 8
    48
    6 x 9
    54
    7 charastics of rhetoric

    1. public

    2. purposeful

    3. pragmatic

    4. propositional

    5. problem solving

    6. poetic

    7. powerful 

    7 x 10
    70
    7 x 11
    77
    7 x 12
    84
    7 x 1
    7
    7 x 2
    14
    7 x 3
    21
    7 x 4
    28
    7 x 5
    35
    7 x 6
    42
    7 x 7
    49
    7 x 8
    56
    7 x 9
    63

    Who wrote the Gargantua and Pantagruel
    French Monk - Rabelais
    Bio-Sensor
    • Osaka University and Toyo Links
    • technical demonstration of the development of met
    Don't Touch Me
    • Kleiser/Walczak
    • One of the first pieces to use motion capture
    Growth Series
    • Algorithmic Art
    • Yoichiro Kawaguchi
    Mutations
    • William Latham
    • interest in Darwinian theory
    Stanley and Stella; Breaking the Ice
    • by Symbolics Graphics andWhitney Demo Productions
    • illustrates one of the first us
    The Little Death
    • by Matt Elson of Symbolics
    • a visual poem created for HDTV that uses behavioral an
    vol Libre 
    • Loren Carpenter
    • computer-animated flight over a completely synthetic landscape
    Turner Whitted
    • senior researcher in Microsoft Research's hardware devices and graphics groups
    Sony Pictures Animation

    preproduction phase of the film produced by Imageworks

    first two films, Open Seasonand “Surfs Up!

    Kleiser Walczack

    Jeff Kleiser and Diana Walczak founded Kleiser-Walczak in 1987 in the garage of their
    A-frame home underneath the Hollywood sign. After producing 12 minutes of high-end
    computer-generated animation for the acclaimed PBS series The A

    1994 Lion King - Disney
    CGI team generated 3-Dimensional representations of the wildebeest on the computer.  Once the digitized computer version existed, the camera could be placed anywhere - making it possible for different camera angles during the s

     

     

      

        é

    1993

    Originally Jurassic Park was going to be made with animatronics

    52 shots that incorporated CG dinosaurs. Dinosaurs were often animated using stop-motion armatures rigged with roll, pitch, and yaw sensors for e

    1995 Homer 3D - PDI/Dreamworks

    series of mouth shapes were modeled to correspond to Homer's basic expressions as they appeared on the "model sheet" a

        お

    はたを織る

    weave 


    泊める

    put someone up

    とぶ 

    飛ぶ

    Rhythm and Hues

    made the first Coca-Cola Polar Bears commercials, and such films and Babe and Cats and Dogs.

    1995, the studio won an Academy Award for Best Vis

    During the counter-formation, a place in Italy where the Pope's Council of Bishops met to clarify doctrine and reform church practice.

    Trent

    Which Immunoglobulins can activate the Complement System?

    What complement activation pathway is this? 

    • IgM Pentamers
    • IgG


    This is the classical activation pathway. Duh. 
    Klasky/Csupo

    With the 1999's The Rugrats Movie, Klasky-Csupo, Inc became the first non-Disney studio to break the $100 million domestic box-office mark with an animated feature film. This was followed by the 2000 successful Rugrats in Paris, a

    Pixar

    May 1991, Pixar entered into the Feature Film Agreement with Walt Disney Pictures for the development and production of up to three computer animated feature films to be marketed and distributed by Disney. It was pursuant to the Feature Film Agreement

    1970's - 1980's

    basic rendering techniques are developed microcomputertechnology is introduced
    standard microcomputer configuration - 8 bit CPU, nographic co-processors,

    Ancient Iranian empire that once ruled the entire Middle East
    Persia
    Took over the powers of the senate and made himself the first emperor
    Octavian
    A Jewish prophet Moses and Kings David & Solomon are among the most ancient heroes of this country.
    Israel
    Absolute rules of ancient Egypt who were worshipped as Gods 

    Pharaohs

    Ancient Egyptian pictographic writing
    Hieroglyphics
    Anybody for buys and sells goods for a living

    Merchant

    Archimedes, Pythagoras, and Ptolemy contributed to these fields
    Mathematics & Astronomy 
    Athletic tournaments that began as festivals in honor of Zeus
    Olympics
    Became capital of the Eastern Roman Empire
    Constantinople
    Belief in many Gods     
    Polytheism
    Belief in only one God
    Monotheism
    Caste system of clergy, nobles, commons and peasants that gave order to life during this time. 
    Feudalism
    Code of rules of behavior medieval knights were expected to follow

    Chivalry

    Craftsman’s unions
    Guilds 
    Dominated life in Western Europe during the Medieval Period
    Roman Catholic
    Earliest sea-faring Greeks of Crete

    Minoans

    Epidemic that killed one out of every three Europeans
    Bubonic Plague
    French teenager during he Hundred Year’s War who was buried by the English for witchcraft
    Joan of Arc
    German pioneer in letterpress printing
    Gutenberg
    Great lawgiver of old Babylonian empire
    Hammurabi
    Group of people who live and work together

    Society

    Harassment, injury and even murder of hated minorities
    Persecution
    High taxes, inflation, corrupt emperors

    Decline of Roman Empire

    Includes all groups whose protests of Catholic teaching and practice led to their break with Rome

    Protestant

    Latin word for representative democracy

    Republic

    Makes life in Egypt possible
    Nile River
    Massive monuments that were raised to honor and protect early Egyptian rulers forever

    Pyramids

    Massive stepped brick temples of ancient Mesopotamia
    Ziggurants
    Material the Romans invented and used in their buildings

    Concrete

    Mesopotamian wedge-shaped writing
    Cuneiform
    Old Testament of the bible talks about the story of this culture.
    Hebrews
    Poorer working class Romans

    Plebeians

    Process that dried and preserved the bodies of the dead in preparation for the after life 
    Mummification
    Religion that exploded out of Arabia and quickly spread elsewhere
    Islam
    Romans who kept classical ways alive in East for nearly 1,000 years after the fall of the West 
    Byzantines
    Self-sufficient farming communities which grew-up around castles
    Manors
    Skilled craftsman

    Artisan

    Socrates, Plato and Aristotle contributed to this field
    Philosophy
    Study of how people earn a living

    Economics

    Study of power and government

    Politics

    The adoption of one people of the ways of another

    Cultural borrowing

    The first organized written body or code of Roman Law
    Twelve Tables
    The world’s earliest civilization
    Sumer
    This is the Euphrates River are where Mesopotamian civilizations began.
    Tigris & Euphrates River
    Time when Rome’s legions kept peace throughout the providences
    Pax Romana
    Tribes like Vandals and Goths, who invaded and sacked Rome

    Germans

    Type of government by a few aristocrats
    Oligarchy
    Type of government by Kings and Queens
    Monarchy
    Type of government by the people
    Democracy
    Wealthy, upper class Romans

    Patricians

    Where the Assyrian and Babylonian empires were located

    Fertile Crescent

       faire
        fait
      devoir
         dû
      pouvoir
         pu
      vouloir
       voulu
       ê
        eté
       avoir
        eu
       boire
         bu
        lire
         tu
        voir
         vu
    Andre and Wally B
    • Lucasfilms  and  John Lasseter
    • piece demos motion blur and is the first recognized CG character animation

    Genesis Effect for Star Trek II
    • Lucasfilm
    • computations by Loren Carpenter (Vol Libre (fractals flight simulation))
    • first commercial application for ILM
    • First on-screen use of particle rendering to achieve the fiery effects
    Money for Nothing by Dire Straits
    • First music video to use 3D animation. A line from this song "I want my MTV", set the stage for a an advertising campaign that would last for years
    The Abyss
    • James Cameron, ILM
    • utilizations of the developing computer "morph" technique, which seamlessly blends or meld one image into another
    • first 3d morph
    • First movie to require photo-realistic imagery
    The Last Starfighter
    • Digital Productions
    • first film to employ computer-generated spaceships with over 30 minutes of CGI
    • almost caused the demise of the budding CGI industry
    • starships looked like cartoons - too new and shiny
    Your Face - Bill Plympton
    • first animator to draw every frame for an animated feature film entirely by himself

    Locomotion
    • by PDI
    • First example of squash and stretch in 3D.
    Brilliance
    • Abel and Associates
    • In-house software,raytracing, texture mapping, refractions, r
    Jim Blinn
    • created voyager 2 space probe for NASA
    John Whitney
    • Arabesque
    • linked musical composition with experimental film and computer imaging
    •  
    The "TEAPOT"
    • Rendering algorithm developed by Martin Newell at the University of Utah
    • test texture mapping algo
    1991 Terminator II - ILM - director James Cameron

    A technique called morphing was used to blend from the computer model to actor Robert Patrick.

     cueFlash.com/ 90\'s animation

    Animation in the 1990's

    era of Followers used the technology and advanced the medium

     

    Blue Sky

    to pioneer creatively superior photo-realistic, high-resolution, computer generated characters animation for feature film, television and entertainment industries.

    Boss Studios (1984 - 1998)

    combined a variety of special effects techniques - traditional and digital - into a sequence instead of just using the latest in technology. The goal of the studio was to use w

    Digital Domain (1993 - )

    "While our plan is to build the business by beginning with high-resolution special effects for films, TV commercials, and theme park simulation rides, we're ready to branch into digitally-based content as networks and markets develop"

    ILM - Industrial Light and Magic
    include the main T-1000 in Terminator, Death Becomes Her, and of course, in 1994, Jurassic Park. This was followed by Forest Gump (compositing), Mission Impossible, Twister, Mighty Joe Young (hair), Dragon Heart, Men in Black and ending the 1990s with The
    PDI/Dreamworks

    DreamWorks Animation SKG is devoted to producing high-quality family entertainment through the use of computer-generated (CG) animation. With world-class creative talent and technological capabilities, our goal is to release two CG anim

    1993 MOXY the Real-time Actor - Cartoon Network

    Moxy was television's first full body and fully expressive CGI motion capture performance character. Moxy was 3D animated dog that hosted the Cartoon Network in 1992

    using motion-capture technology. 

    Agora
    Open air market of the Greeks
    Amen Re
    Egyptian sun god
    Aqueducts
    Used to bring fresh water to Rome from the mountains.
    Aristocracy
    Government ruled by a small group of upper class nobles.
    Aristophanes
    Wrote comedies
    Cuneiform
    Sumerian writing system
    Dictator
    Has complete control over the government, army and citizens.
    Dynasty
    Series of rulers from the same family
    El Greco
    Famous Spanish painter during the Renaissance
    Et tu Brute

    You too Brutus

    Caesar's quote during his assination 

    Fertile Crescent
    Area from the Nile River Valley to the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley.
    Feudal System
    Based on control of the land.
    Feudalism
    Political system in the Middle Ages
    Hannibal
    General from Carthage who crossed the Alps with elephants and an army.
    Hieroglyphics
    Ancient Egyptian writing system
    Immortals
    Best fighters in the Persian army because their numbers never fell below 10,000.
    Islam's founder
    Muhammad
    Joan of Arc
    Helped France defeat England in the 100 Year War.
    Johann Gutenbert
    Invented the printing press.
    Legions
    Divisions of the Roman army.
    Magna Carta

    Took away some power of the English king and gave more power to the nobles.

     

    Signed by King John of Runnymede 

    Manors
    Middle age farming communities
    Michelangelo Buonarroti  
    Painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted the Pieta
    Michelangelo
    Painted the Sistine Chapel ceiling
    Miguel de Cervantes
    Wrote Don Quixote
    Monarchy
    Type of government ruled by a king or queen.
    Monotheism
    Belief in one god
    Monotheistic religions
    Islam, Judaism and Christianity
    Nomads
    people who move from place to place in search of food.
    Octavian (Caesar Augustus)
    First Roman emperor
    Odysseus
    Greek hero of the Trojan war.
    Orator
    A public speaker
    Page
    Knights in Training
    Patricians
    Upper class Roman citizens
    Pax Romana
    The "Peace of Rome" that lasted 200 years
    Polis
    City-State
    Polytheism
    Belief in many gods
    Punic Wars

    Three wars of Carthage vs Rome
    Romanesque
    Style of architecture that uses the rounded arch developed by the Romans
    Romulus and Remus
    Twin brothers who fought to rule Rome
    Shadoof
    Used for irrigation in ancient Egypt
    Squire
    Knights in Training
    Sumerian contributions to modern society
  • The wheel
  • The plow
  • The sailboat
  • 12 month calendar
  • Number system based on 60
  • Water clock
  • Technology
    is the tools and skills to use them
    The Gift of the Nile
    Egypt
    The poet Virgil
    Wrote The Aeneid
    The Twelve Tables
    Rome's first laws
    Tithe
    10% donation to the church
    Who Framed Roger Rabbit
    • directed by Robert Zemeckis
    • Last hurrah's of optical effects
    • revolutionary in the world of compositing and an interesting case study of contract negotiations to
    Willow
    • directed by Ron Howard, Effects, ILM
    • first film to use 2D digital morphing and it helped spark the industry's interested in digital filmmaking. Each of the shots in the morphing sequence were shot separately using pupp
    Young Sherlock Holmes
    • ILM
    • first film to feature a computer-generated character
    • first to use a laser recorder instead of CRT output. Laser-disks looked like big shiny old LP records. Very expensive
    Ziggurat
    Sumerian temple and center of each city-state.
    A government where people vote for the leaders
    Republic or Democracy
    a man whose wife has died
    widower
    a person who holds an important position in the community
    pillar
    a person's beliefs about life and the world
    philosophy
    Aburrida
    Boring
    Activa
    Active
    Adjectives
    describes nouns
    adverb
    describes a verb or an adjective
    agarran
    they grab
    ahora
    now
    Algeria
    Algiers
    alli
    there
    Allow force someone to do something

    食べる=>食べさる

    書く=>書かせる 

    alto
    tall
    Animal
    Ziggy
    Anti-communists
    Those strongly opposed to communist ideas.
    Anti-socialists

    Those strongly opposed to socialist ideas.

     

     

    Antipatica
    unfriendly
    applying to all members of a group
    universal

    aqui en la escuela
    here in the school
    Arbitration System 
    Courts or tribunals for settlements of industrial disputes.
    Arbol
    Tree
    Architecture that represens a pointed arch
    Gothic
    Arena used for gladiator fights
    The Colosseum
    articles
    the , a, an, this, his, her
    assuage
    To make (something burdensome or painful) less intense or severe.
    Synonyms: appease, alleviate, relieve, palliate, pacify
    Usage: Food, however, became scarce, and I often spent the whole day searching in vain for a few acorns to assuage the pangs of hu

    bajo
    short
    Basquitbol
    Basketball
    Bebe
    Baby
    Beisbol
    Baseball
    besmirch
    Charge falsely or with malicious intent; attack the good name and reputation of someone; smear so as to make dirty or stained.
    Synonyms: asperse, calumniate, defame, slander, denigrate, sully, smear
    Usage: He denied everything the tabloids wrote about

    bucolic
    DEFINITION: (adjective) Of or characteristic of the countryside or its people; rustic. SYNONYMS: rustic, arcadian, pastoral. USAGE: The illustrations in the book depicted pleasant, bucolic scenes with farmers happily toiling in the fields.



    busca
    he/she looks for
    cabeza
    head
    calle
    street
    cama
    bed

    Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire
    Constantinople
    carrefour -
    A junction where one street or road crosses another.
    Synonyms: crossroad, crossway, intersection, crossing
    Usage: When his jalopy broke down right in the middle of a busy carrefour, he swore he would invest in a more reliable car.
    aegis - Protection.


    Carros
    Cars
    Castles were built for
  • Protection
  • Safety
  • Strength of the Nobles
  • Causes of the Fall of Rome
  • Inflation
  • Military corruption
  • Lack of interest in politics
  • Invasion by Germanic tribes and Huns
  • Causing fear or dread; having qualities that discourage an attack
    Melancholy
    Changed the religion of Egypt with his wife Nefertiti
    Amenhotep IV
    Christopher Columbus discovered ? in 1492?
    Bahamas for Spain
    Ciclismo
    Bike
    class of verbs

    linking - forms of to be

    sensory - she felt, she seems 

    clergyman
    parson
    coat
    abrigo
    comer future
    yo comeré
    tú comerás
    él/usted comerá
    nosotros comeremos
    vosotros comeréis
    ellos/ustedes comerán
    comer imperfect
    yo comía
    tú comías
    él/usted comía
    nosotros comíamos
    vosotros comíais
    ellos/ustedes comían
    comer preterite
    yo comí
    tú comiste
    él/usted comió
    nosotros comimos
    vosotros comisteis
    ellos/ustedes comieron
    Communism
    An economic system in which, in theory, wealth is shared equally and the means of production, distribution and exchange are "commonly owned".
    Complex sentences
    one independent caluse but 2 or more dependent clauses
    compound complex sentence
    2 or more dependent clauses and at least one independent clauses
    compound sentences
    2 of more clauses ALL INDEPENDENT
    con su
    with his/her/their
    Conmigo
    With me
    Conquered territory as far east as India
    Alexander the Great
    Contigo
    With you
    Contributions of the Greeks to modern society
  • Olympics
  • Tragedy writing
  • Theater
  • Scientific method
  • Medicine
  • convolution -
    The shape of something rotating rapidly
    Synonyms: swirl, vortex, whirl
    Usage: It seemed as though her entire world was moving in a large convolution until she steadied herself and overcame her dizziness.



    cosas
    things
    Country Party
    A conservative party which emerged in the early 1920's based on support from rural voters.
    Created the world's first constitution and democracy
    The Greeks
    Created the world's first empire in Mesopotamia
    Sargon I
    Crusades contributions
  • Increase in trade
  • End of feudalism
  • Increased learning
  • Increased trade routes
  • Culture  
    • Values
    • Traditions
    • Habits
    • Skills

       Of a people
    da una vuelta
    he/she turns around
    dabajo
    underneath
    Defeated the Muslims in the Battle of the Tours
    Charles the Hammer
    Define: Lectin
    Lectins are a class of proteins that bind to sugas and induce agglutination.
    Define: Wu-Kabat Plot
    A quantitative measure for the variability of aligned sequence data. Allows identification of constant and variable gene sequences
    Deportes
    sports
    Describe important characteristics of Natural Killer Cells
    • Kill a variety of targets including tumor cells, virus infected cells, bacteria, and fungi
    • Two difference approaches to killing
      • Perforin
      • FasL-Fas system
    • Produce IFN-g which activates macrop
    Describe important characteristics of the T-Cell Receptors

    The T-Cell receptor is usually a alpha-beta heterodimer.

    Alpha and beta chains have variable and constant regions

    TCR variable regions are assembled from multiple segments

     

    Describe MHC Class II Antigen Presentation

    Exogenous proteins are consumed as a phagosome and attached to the MHC-II protein and dsiplayed on the cell surface

    When APC's are activated they express the co-stimulatory  B7 protein. T-cells need to see both peptide/M

    Describe the general pathway involved in activation of the Complement System.
    The convertase C3 will be generated and converted to its active C3b form through proteolysis. C3b is required to activation C5, which in turn recruits C6-C9 to form a membrane attack complex; which can punch a whole in a cell membrane res
    Describe the important characteristics of MHC Class II proteins 

    Humans have three polymorphic molecules: HLA-DP, -DQ, and -DR.

    MHC Class II expression is only found on professional antigen presenting cells

    All MHC II proteins have same 3D structure 

    Binds to CD4

    Describe the important characteristics of Neutrophils

    - Short lived cells

    -Unlike macrophages cannot present antigens

    -Receptors that bind bacteria stimulate phagocytosis

    -70% of White Blood Cells are neutrophils 

    Describe the important characteristics of the T-Cell subset  TH2 cells
    The cytokines produced by TH2 cells are more inluential on the adaptive immune response and is better at helping B-cells. 
    Describe the important characteristics of the T-Cell subset TH1 cells

    Produce cytokines that make it ideal for defense against viral or bacterial attak.

     Produces  IFNg which activates macrophages

    Describe the major characteristics of MHC I proteins

    There are three classes of MHC I proteins (HLA-A, B, & C)

    Everybody expresses 6 proteins (3 from each parent)

    MHC I proteins are polymorphic so there are many different forms of each with unique aa sequences.

    All MHC I proteins ha

    Describe the order Immunoglobulin gene rearrangement takes place in

    First D-J arrangement occurs and then V to D-J rearrangement takes place. Once a viable Heavy chain protein is produce, heavy rearrangement stops. As a result only 1 heavy chain allele is es expressed on any B-cell. The heavy chain protein is

    Describe the proces of T-Cell Activation
    Following recognition of MHC bound antigen, a naive T-Cell will begin to release IL-2. T-Cell's contain IL-2 receptors so they are able to recognize their own signal, this causes the T-Cell to proliferate in the activ
    Describe the process of Antibody Dependent Cell Mediated Cytotoxicity
    IgG mediates ADCC by binding to antigens on the surface of target cells. Monocytes, neutrophils, and NK cells all have Fc receptors that IgG can interact with to activate the effector cell to lyse the target cell. 
    Describe the process of Immediate Hypersensitivity
    IgE binds to antigens or allergens; and then binds to the Fc-epsilon-R receptor on Mast Cells causing them to release their basophil granules filled with histamin
    Describe the process of Mucosal Immunity
    IgM and to a lesser extent IgA are able to gain access to mucosal secretions by binding to poly Ig receptor on the epithelial surface that binds only to multimeric Ig isotypes. The multimers are pulled th
    Describe the process of Opsonization
    Macrophages have Fc-gamma-R receptors for the Fc portion of IgG. IgG's Fab portion can bind and coat an invader, and the Fc portion of IgG will inter
    Describe the process of Antigen presentation by MHC Class I proteins
    Proteaseomes cut damaged proteins into peptides, some of which are picked up by the TAP1 and TAP2 transporters that carry the peptides into the endoplasmic reticulum where they get chosen to be put MHC I groove. Once an M
    despacio
    slowly
    Developed a process called smelting to make iron weapons.
    Hittites
    Developed the first written Code of Laws
    Hammurabi
    Developed the new fighting formation called a phlanx
    Phillip of Macedonia
    dice que
    he/she/it says that
    Different parts of an Ig protein can be distinguished following enzymatic digestion. What are they?

    Fab (the upper V) these fragments bind to antigens

    Fc (the bottom stem)

    dificil
    difficult
    Dinosaurio
    Dinosaur
    Dire Strait’s music video, Money for Nothin was important for 2 reasons. Name them.
    First music video to use 3D animation. A line from this song "I want my MTV", set the stage for a an advertising campaign that would last for years.
    djinni
    In Muslim legend, a spirit often capable of assuming human or animal form and exercising supernatural influence over people.
    Synonyms: genie, jinnee, jinni
    Usage: The djinni offered to grant Aladdin three wishes.

    Do   Verb   for someone
    「て-form」あげる
    Done to preserve bodies
    Embalming
    duermen
    they sleep
    Early settlers of Italy
  • Etruscans
  • Latins
  • Greeks
  • Egypt
    Cairo
    Egyptian contributions to modern societ
  • Papyrus
  • Number system based on 10
  • Fractions
  • Geometry
  • Medical specialists
  • Sewing cuts
  • Setting broken bones
  • Treating diseases with natural remedies
  • Egyptian River God
    Hopi
    El aleman
    German
    El almuerzo
    Lunch
    El espanol
    Spanish
    El Ingles
    English
    El Pelo
    Hair
    Elefante
    Elephant
    enfrente da la ventana
    in front of the window
    entre
    between
    entre la revista y el lapiz
    between the magazine and the pencil
    escuchan
    they listen
    esta encima de
    it is on top of
    exacerbate
    Make worse.
    Synonyms: aggravate, worsen, exasperate
    Usage: This drug aggravates the pain



    Exposure to danger, loss, or injury
    Ominous
    extrovertida
    outgoing
    Famous Greek mathematicians
  • Pythagoras
  • Archimedes
  • Euclid
  • Famous Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
    Homer
    Famous Persian religious leader
    Zoroaster
    Famous Persian War Battles
  • Marathon
  • Salamis
  • Thermopylae
  • Platea
  • Famous writers of tragedies
  • Sophocles
  • Euripides
  • Aeschylus
  • farrago -
    An assortment or a medley; a conglomeration.
    Synonyms: hodgepodge, omnium-gatherum, melange, mingle-mangle, mishmash, oddments, odds and ends, ragbag
    Usage: She eyed the farrago of newspaper clippings, stale coffee mugs, and chewed-on pencils strewn ar

    Father of History
    Herodotus
    Father of Medicine
    Hippocrates
    Feminist
    A supporter of the view that women should have the same rights as men.
    ff
    ffd
    finite verbs
    must be in a sentence - congicated - doing something
    First Bronze age civilization
    Minoans
    First European to sail southern Africa?
    Bartholomew
    First female ruler of Egypt
    Hatshepsut
    First group to develop a civilization in Mesopotamia
    Sumerians
    First King of France
    Clovis
    First monotheistic culture
    Jews
    First-Past-the-Post Voting
    A voting system in which no preferences are given or counted.
    Flores
    Flowers
    Food and other necessary supplies
    Jeopardy
    Foreshadowing evil or disaster
    Audacity
    Formed guilds to ensure fair treatent
  • Merchants
  • Artisans
  • Workers
  • Four Types of Ancient Architecture
  • Doric
  • Ionic
  • Gothic
  • Corinthian
  • four types of sentences

    simple

    compund

    complex

    compound complex 

    front1  
    asdf
    Futbol
    Soccer
    Futbol Americano
    Football
    Germanic tribes overran the Roman Empire and ...
    caused its fall.
    getting something by being nice or gentle
    coaxing
    God of the Underworld in Ancient Egypt
    Osiris
    Great Mesopotamian traders.
    Phoenicians
    Greatest thinker of the Renaissance
    Leonardo Da Vinci
    Greek city-states never united because...?
    Mountainous country
    hablan
    they talk
    hacia
    toward
    How is immunoglobulin diversity achieve?
    Immunoglobulin genes are rearranged in the B cells. Diversity comes from the existence of multiple variable segment genes, different combinations of gene segments and different combinations of Heavy and Light chains.
    Humanist scholars belieed in
    The potential of man to achieve.
    Ig Domains are formed by what?
    Beta-sheets
    Iguana
    Iguana
    impede
    Be a hindrance or obstacle to.
    Synonyms: hinder
    Usage: She is impeding the progress of our project



    imperative form
    「Verb stem form」なさい
    Inevitable occurence
    と-conditional
    Inteligente
    Intelligent
    Invaded and took over Egypt
    Hyksos
    ir future
    yo iré
    tú irás
    él/usted irá
    nosotros iremos
    vosotros iréis
    ellos/ustedes irán
    ir imperfect
    yo tendré
    tú tendrás
    él/usted tendrá
    ir preterite
    yo fui
    tú fuiste
    él/usted fue
    nosotros fuimos
    John Lasseter made Andre and Wally B in 1983. When he did this people asked him what software he was using to get characters that appeared so “real”.  What was he using?
    12 principles of animation
    jointer
    DEFINITION: (noun) A long carpenter's plane used to shape the edges of boards so they will fit together. SYNONYMS: long plane, jointer plane, jointing plane. USAGE: Eschewing electrical tools, the carpenter used a manual jointer to fit the two boards toge
    Joven
    Young
    Kenya
    Nairobi
    Key to translating hieroglyphics
    Rosetta Stone
    King who helped to create a Reformed Church to free England from control of the Pope
    Henry VIII
    Knight's title
    Sir
    La Biologia
    Biology
    la boca
    the mouth
    la cara
    the face
    la hora de clase
    the time(period) for class
    la manana
    the morning
    La quimica
    Chemistry
    lachrymator - -

    - A gas that makes the eyes fill with tears but does not damage them; used in dispersing crowds.

    Synonyms: teargas
    Usage: When the demonstration turned violent, the police used a potent lachrymator to disperse the mob.




    Largo
    long
    Las Ciencias
    Science
    Las Matematicas
    Mathematics
    le pregunta
    he/she asks him/her
    le responde
    he/she answers him/her
    les gusta mucho
    they like it alot
    libelous







    DEFINITION: (adj.) Harmful and often untrue; tending to discredit or malign. SYNONYMS: calumnious, defamatory, denigrating, libellous, slanderous. USAGE: The article, being libelous, had to be returned as impossible; and I had to renounce my dream of drag
    libros aburridos
    boring books
    like so, e.g. jump happily etc.
    そうに。。。
    Liking to be with other people; friendly
    Provisions
    Lived in Modern day France
    The Franks
    looks    Adj  
    「Adj. Stem Form]そう
    los sabados
    on Saturdays
    Lower class Roman citizens
    Plebians
    Lowest class of people that were tied to the land
    Serfs
    Lunes
    Monday
    magnanimity
    - The quality of being magnanimous.
    Synonyms: munificence, openhandedness, largess, largesse
    Usage: Never was there such a state for magnanimity as Rom



    manana
    tomorrow
    Martes
    Tuesday
    Mayor
    older
    Medieval Popes ordered Christian knights to make pilgrimages to this place to free the Holy Land from Muslim Turks
    Israel
    Menor
    Younger
    mesa
    table

    mirar
    to look at
    miscellanea
    Miscellaneous items or written works collected together.
    Synonyms: assortment, miscellany, mixed bag, motley, potpourri, salmagundi, smorgasbord, variety, mixture
    Usage: The office was littered with papers, files, and assorted miscellanea.



    mnemonic -
    A device, such as a formula or rhyme, used as an aid in remembering.
    Synonyms: aide-memoire
    Usage: The students came up with a mnemonic to help themselves remember the colors of the rainbow.



    mollify
    To calm in temper or feeling; to lessen in intensity.
    Synonyms: appease, conciliate, pacify, placate, soothe, temper
    Usage: She was so outraged that nothing her friends said could mollify her anger.

    Most famous English playwright
    William Shakespeare
    Most important person in Egyptian society
    Pharaoh
    motionless in amazement
    transfixed
    Name the 3 professional antigen presenting cells
  • Macrophages
  • Dendritic Cells
  • Activated B Cells
  • Name the two major functions of the Complement system?
  • Destruction of invaders
  • Signaling of immune cells
  • Name the two major types of Phagocytic Cells
  • Macrophages
  • Neutrophils
  • Name two important ways that B-Cell Receptors differ from T-Cell receptors

    Each TRC chain has only a single C-region, whereas the BCR's have multiple C-regions

    BCR's recognize intact antigens, while TCR's recognize process antigens presented in the MHC of other cells 

    Nationalist Party
    A conservative party formed when W.M. Hughes and his supporters left the ALP and merged with the Liberal Party.
    Negro
    Black
    no les da
    he/she does not give them
    no lo encuentra
    he/she does not find it
    no longer alive
    deceased
    no sabe donde esta
    he/she does not know where it is
    nonfinite verbs
    not doing something
    Noun Style passages
    dominated by  - supresses action - uses prepositional phrases - not clear
    Nouns and 4 types

    nouns - person place thing, idea

    1. proper - he she they

    2. proper - name cities bands

    3. common - flowers, rock, bed

    4. abstract - love, shame, independence, equality 

    nuestras camas
    our beds
    of very small size; tiny
    diminutive
    one to whom secrets are told
    confidant
    Order of training of workers in the Renaissance
    • Master Craftsman

    • Apprentices

    • Journemen
    orejas
    ears
    Osiris's wife
    Isis
    Oso
    Bear
    Other ancient civilizations that developed
    Indus and Huang He River Valley
    otro(a)s
    other
    Painted the Mona Lisa, Last Supper
    Leonardo Da Vinci
    Pandemic
    A large scale outbreak of a contagious disease.
    panorama -
    An unbroken view of an entire surrounding area; a comprehensive presentation.
    Synonyms: vista, prospect, survey
    Usage: Although the book was advertised as a panorama of American literature, it only includes descriptions of a few major authors.

    Parataxis

    aberviated - keeps everything on the same level uses independent clauses

    EX i came. i saw. i concored 

    parry -
    To deflect or ward off a thrust or blow.
    Synonyms: deflect, block, dodge
    Usage: To parry his move, I inched my knight closer to his king.

    Pass through something
    perdido
    lost
    Perro
    Dog
    Persona
    Person
    phyotaxis

    fills in blanks and then some - makes on ranking system using grammer. usescomplex and compound complex sentences and uses dependent clauses

    EX. When i came, i saw them and then i counqued. 

    pillowcase
    funda
    pirogue
    - A canoe made from a hollowed tree trunk.
    Synonyms: dugout canoe, dugout
    Usage: Then I'll take you some night in the pirogue when the moon shines.



    Pixar
    • Loren became Chief Scientist
    • Tin Toy won an Academy Award for best animated short in 1989
    Polite, Well Mannered
    Educado
    por fin
    at last
    Preferential Voting
    A voting system in which the votes for an unsuccessful candidate or party can be used to help another candidate or party.
    Primary and secondary verbs

    「Verb stem form」 ながら

    Protected the rights of plebieans in the Roman Senate
    Tribunes
    Receiving pleasure from hurting others
    Precocious
    recoge
    he/she picks up
    redolence
    - A pleasingly sweet olfactory property.
    Synonyms: bouquet, fragrance, sweetness
    Usage: The moonlight and the redolence of flowers made the garden a romantic spot.





    Renaissance last in Europe through what years?
    1300-1600
    Repatriation
    The process of returning of soldiers to their country and re-establishing them in civilian life. 
    Replaced bronze as the most important metal.
    Iron
    Revolution
    The violent overthrow of an existing government, or any radical change.
    Rhetoric 
    the art of using speach to presuade people
    rhetorical situation means (7 things)

    1. rhetorical discourse is a response to a situation

    2. a rhetorical situation is given rhetorical sigfinificance by a situation

    3. rhetorical situation must exist as a nessessary condition to discourse

    4. many questions go un answere

    rhythmic flow
    cadence
    rico(a)s
    rich
    rincon
    corner
    Rome was founded on what river?
    Tiber River
    RSSILA
    Returned Soldiers and Sailors Imperial League of Australia (this was later changed to RSL).
    Rude

    Mal Educado, Sin Educacíon, De Poca Educacíon

    Rude boldness
    Formidable
    Rules Sumerian city-states
    Priest-kings
    Sad or gloomy
    Sadistic
    sale
    he/she leaves
    Sectarianism / Sectarian Bitterness
    A violent dislike and intolerance of people with different religious beliefs.
    sheepcote
    - A pen for sheep.
    Synonyms: fold, sheep pen, sheepfold
    Usage: It was the second time in a month that a predator had managed to tear through the sheepcote's wire.



    Showing ability or skill at an earlier age than is normal
    Eclectic
    silla
    chair
    Simpatica
    Friendly
    simple sentences
    one subject or finite verb
    sin
    without
    Socialism

    A communal or public ownership or control of enterprises to bring about greater equality.

     

     

    Soldier-Settler
    A returned soldier who was given land and loans to assist him to become a small farmer.
    Somalia
    Mogadishu
    someone who writes funny material
    humorist
    son
    the are(descrption)
    Sony Pictures Imageworks
    The ChubbChubbs!,†as well as nominations for “The Chronicles of Narnia; The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobeâ€, “Spider-Man,†“Hollow Man,†&acir
    Sordo
    Deaf
    speaking parts of a play or story
    dialogue
    Stages of rhetorical criticism

    1. describe what do i see? what is this thing made of? what are its part?

    2. Interpret what does it do? how does it work? 

    3. evaluate how well does it do it? is it good or bad, beautiful or ugly, likeable or objectionabl

    state the opposite of
    contradict
    Strike-Breakers
    Non-union labour used to do the work of striking unionists.
    Strongest army in Greece
    Sparta
    Strongest Persian king
    Darius
    success, especially in money matters
    prosperity
    Sudan
    Khartoum
    Take It Easy
    Cuídate
    Talkies
    The first movies with soundtracks.
    tambien
    also
    tarboosh -
    A brimless, usually red felt cap with a silk tassel, worn by some Middle Eastern Muslim men, either by itself or as the base of a turban.
    Synonyms: fez
    Usage: He purchased a tarboosh at a charming shop in Turkey, thinking it the perfect souvenir from

    Tener
    to have
    tener future
    yo tendré
    tú tendrás
    él/usted tendrá
    tener imperfect
    yo tenía
    tú tenías
    él/usted tenía
    nosotros teníamos
    vosotros teníais
    ellos/ustedes tenían
    tener preterite  
    yo tuve
    tú tuviste
    él/usted tuvo
    nosotros tuvimos
    Tenis
    Tennis
    The Apostle Paul
    Did the most to spread the message of Jesus
    The language of Rome
    Latin
    The Last Starfighter. Who made it? Why was it technically significant? What was wrong with the look of the spaceships?

    Digital Productions, first film to employ computer-generated spaceships with over 30 minutes of CGI. lacking motion blur. The movement was too crisp and unnatural.
    the mallet used by a judge
    gavel
    The most popular event in a tournament?
    Joust
    The year the Roman Empire ended
    476 AD
    There are lots of students at St. Paul's
    には
    tied to a post or fence
    tethered
    To Behave
    Portarse
    To Carry, To Bear, To Wear
    Portar
    to print material to be sold to the public
    publish
    todas partes
    everywhere
    todos los estudiantes
    all the students
    Tomb for a pharaoh
    Pyramid
    Tonta
    Silly, Foolish
    Tortuga
    Turtle
    Trabajador
    Hard-working
    trying to win love or affection
    courting
    Tunisia
    Tunis
    Two well known order of Monks in the Middle Ages
    Franciscans and Dominicans
    Uvas
    Grapes
    va a hablar con
    he/she goes to talk with
    ve
    he/she sees
    Venir
    To come
    Verb Style Passages
    dominated by dynamic verbs - hilights the action - very clear
    verb tense
    past present and future
    Verde
    Green
    viven
    they live
    Volibol
    Volleyball
    What are the differences between the Innate Immune System and the Adaptive Immune System

    The innate immune system responds rapidly to invaders, it's recognition mechanism is invariant with a limited number of specificities and its response is constant.

    The adaptive immune system's response can take days or weeks, but its recogni
    What are the three activation pathways for the Complement System?
  • The Classical Pathway (activated by antibody/antigen interaction)
  • The Lectin Pathway (mannose binding protein binds to pathogen surface)
  • The Alternative Pathway
  • What are the three major members of the innate immune system?
  • The Complement System
  • Phagocytic Cells
  • Natural Killer Cells
  • What are the two stages B-cell development and wheredo they occur?
  • Antigen independent development: occurs in the bone marrow
  • Antigen dependent development occurs in the lymphoid tissue
  • What are three major differences between MHC I and MHC II proteins?  

    MHC-I and MHC-II acquire peptides at different sites and from different sources.

    MHC-I is expressed by virtually every cell whereas MHC-II is only expressed by professional antigen presenting cells

    MHC-I binds to CD8; MHC-II binds to CD4&nb

    What body of water did the Greek civilization start?
    Aegean Sea
    What computer was introduced at the 1984 superbowl?
    13.    What was new and special about this computer?
    14.    Who directed the commercial?
    first combining of these key innovations into a beautifully crafted package that an ordinary consumer could pick up and use in daily life.Ridley Scott.
    What did Charlemagne stress in his empire?
    Education
    What did the Mycenaeans trade in the Mediterranean area?
    Olive oil
    What distinguishes different antibody isotypes from each other?
    The different heavy chains which determine an antibodies isotype. 
    What enzymes are necessary for immunoglobulin gene segments to join?
    The RAG1 and RAG2 exonuclease ligases
    What gene segments are Heavy Chains and Light Chains comprised of, respectively. 

    Heavy Genes: Variable + Diversity + Joining

     

    Light Chains: Variable + Diversity (Kappa or Lambda)

    What gods did the Romans adopt as their own, but with different names?
    The Greek gods
    What is responsible for signal transduction on the surface of T-Cells?
    The CD3 complex
    What is the 12-23 Rule?
    Between Variable, Diversity, and Joinin, gene segments are highly conserved sequences that seperate these genes by either 12 or 23 bps. A variable gene won't join to another variable gene because they are both preceded by 23 bp spaces. To join one seg
    What is unique about the heavy chains of IgM and IgA?
    They have tail pieces which allows IgM to form Pentamers and IgA to form dimers.
    What killed 1/3 of the population in Europe?
    Black Plague
    What myth explained the fall of the Minoan culture?
    Theseus and Minotaur
    What two major forms can Immunoglobulin molecules occur in?

    Membrane forms are found on the surface of B cells

    Secreted forms are found in plasma, interstitial fluid of tissues, etc.

    What was Luther's doctrine based on ?
    Belief in the Bible alone
    When was the Christian church reformed?
    during the Reformation
    Where are the Pyramids and Sphinx located
    Giza
    Where did knights train/
    Tournaments
    Where did the Renaissance start?
    Northern Italy
    Who completd one of the first trips to Asia by means for the oldd
    Vasco da Gama
    Who crowned Charlemagne the Holy Roman Emperor?
    The Pope
    Who defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588?
    England
    Who discovered concrete?
    The Romans
    Who formed the Lutheran church?
    Martin Luther
    Who fought in the Trojan War?
    The Greeks and the Trojans
    Who founded the Church of England
    Henry VIII
    Who Framed Roger Rabbit was a masterpiece of ______________. It uses multiple references from older cartoons. One that we looked at in class was specifically_______________.
    optical effects, Tex Avery's Red Hot Riding Hood
    Who gave a vassal his land?

    The lord
    Who led England to victory over Spain?
    Queen Elizabeth I.
    Who lived on the island of Crete?
    Minoans
    Who participated in the sport of bull leaping?
    Minoans
    Who questioned the Catholic doctrine in Germany
    Martin Luther
    Who ruled the strongest empire in 800 AD?
    Charlemagne
    Who ruled with Octavian?
    Marc Antony
    Who spread Hellenistic Culture throughout the world?
    Alexander the Great
    Who started a church in Geneva, Swiz.
    John Calvin
    Who united Lower and Upper Egypt in 3100 B.C.?
    Menes
    Who was involved politically and romantically with Cleopatra?
    Marc Antony
    Who was the most powerful family in Florence during the Renaissance?
    Medici
    Who was the most powerful person in Europe during the Middle Ages
    The Pope
    Who was the strongest force in the Middle Ages?
    The Catholic Church
    Why were the Crusades fought?
    To win the Holy Land from the Muslims
    Won control of England in the Battle of Hastings
    William of Normandy
    wouldn't it be great if...
    「Verb tara」どんないいだろう

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