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Glossary of Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi C

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哎喲<br>哎哟
āiyō<br>oh; ah<br>INTERJ
āi<br>alas<br>INTERJ
ái<br>suffer; endure<br>V
ái<br>cancer; carcinoma<br>N
ān<br>settle; stabilize; settled; stable<br>V ADJ
安定
āndìng<br>stable; stabilize<br>ADJ V
安裝<br>安装
ānzhuāng<br>install; erect<br>V
按期
ànqī<br>on schedule; on time<br>ADV
暗暗
àn'àn<br>secretly<br>ADV
áo<br>decoct; boil; endure; hold out<br>V
奧秘<br>奥秘
àomì<br>mystery; enigma<br>N
bā<br>push aside; hold on to; strip off; dig up<br>V
bǎ<br>hold; grasp; control<br>V
把握
bǎwò<br>grasp; hold; certainty; assurance<br>V N
壩<br>坝
bà<br>dam; dyke; embankment<br>N
罷<br>罢
bà<br>dismiss; cease; stop<br>V
罷工<br>罢工
bà gōng<br>strike; walk out<br>
白白
báibái<br>for nothing; in vain; to no purpose<br>ADV
百貨<br>百货
bǎihuò<br>general merchandise<br>N
柏樹<br>柏树
bǎishù<br>cypress<br>N
擺脫<br>摆脱
bǎituō<br>free oneself from; get rid of<br>V
拜訪<br>拜访
bàifǎng<br>pay a visit; call on<br>V
拜會<br>拜会
bàihuì<br>pay an official visit; call on<br>V
bān<br>kind; sort; way; -like<br>PART
bàn<br>valve; petal; segment; section<br>N
半島<br>半岛
bàndǎo<br>peninsula<br>N
辦理<br>办理
bànlǐ<br>handle; conduct; deal with<br>V
幫<br>帮
bāng<br>gang; band; group; secret society<br>N
綁<br>绑
bǎng<br>bind; tie up<br>V
bàng<br>good; strong<br>ADJ
鎊<br>镑
bàng<br>pound<br>M
包袱
bāofu<br>a bundle wrapped in cloth; burden<br>N
包含
bāohán<br>contain; embody; include<br>V
包圍<br>包围
bāowéi<br>surround; encircle<br>V
剝<br>剥
bāo<br>shell; peel; skin<br>V
保管
bǎoguǎn<br>keep; take care of; storekeeper<br>V N
保密
bǎo mì<br>keep secret; maintain secrecy<br>
保守
bǎoshǒu<br>guard; keep; conservative<br>V ADJ
保險<br>保险
bǎoxiǎn<br>safe; be sure; insurance<br>ADJ N
保障
bǎozhàng<br>ensure; guarantee; protection<br>V N
寶<br>宝
bǎo<br>precious things; treasure<br>N
寶石<br>宝石
bǎoshí<br>precious stone; gem<br>N
報<br>报
bào<br>report; announce; declare<br>V
報酬<br>报酬
bào chóu<br>revenge; avenge<br>
報仇<br>报仇
bàochóu<br>reward; pay<br>N
報復<br>报复
bàofù<br>retaliate; revenge; retaliation; reprisal<br>V N
報刊<br>报刊
bàokān<br>newspapers and periodicals; the press<br>N
報社<br>报社
bàoshè<br>newspaper office<br>N
暴露
bàolù<br>expose; lay bare; divulge; undress<br>V
暴雨
bàoyǔ<br>rainstorm; downpour<br>N
爆發<br>爆发
bàofā<br>erupt; burst out; break out<br>V
爆炸
bàozhà<br>explode; blow up<br>V
悲哀
bēi'āi<br>sad; sorrowful; grieved<br>ADJ
悲觀<br>悲观
bēiguān<br>pessimistic<br>ADJ
輩<br>辈
bèi<br>generation<br>N M
背包
bēibāo<br>knapsack; backpack; rucksack<br>N
背景
bèijǐng<br>background; backdrop<br>N
背誦<br>背诵
bèisòng<br>recite<br>V
背心
bèixīn<br>vest; jersey; tank<br>N
被動<br>被动
bèidòng<br>passive<br>ADJ
被迫
bèi pò<br>be compelled; be forced<br>
bèn<br>go straight towards; approach; go about doing sth.<br>V
奔跑
bēnpǎo<br>run; run about<br>V
本人
běnrén<br>I; me; myself; oneself<br>PRON
本身
běnshēn<br>itself; in itself<br>PRON
béng<br>don't; needn't<br>ADV
比方
bǐfang<br>instance; analogy<br>N
筆試<br>笔试
bǐshì<br>written examination<br>N
彼此
bǐcǐ<br>each other; one another<br>PRON
畢竟<br>毕竟
bìjìng<br>after all; when all is said and done; in the end<br>ADV
閉幕<br>闭幕
bìmù<br>close; conclude<br>V
bì<br>certainly; surely; definitely; necessarily<br>ADV
必定
bìdìng<br>undoubtedly; certainly; surely<br>ADV
必修
bìxiū<br>compulsory; required; obligatory<br>V
必需
bìxū<br>necessarily need; be essential<br>V
bì<br>wall<br>N
邊疆<br>边疆
biānjiāng<br>border area; borderland; frontier<br>N
邊界<br>边界
biānjiè<br>bound; boundary; border<br>N
邊緣<br>边缘
biānyuán<br>edge; fringe; brink<br>N
編輯<br>编辑
biānjí<br>edit; compile; editor; compiler<br>V N
編制<br>编制
biānzhì<br>weave; plait; braid; work out; draw up; size of staff<br>V N
便利
biànlì<br>convenient; easy; facilitate<br>ADJ V
便於<br>便于
biànyú<br>be easy; be convenient<br>V
變動<br>变动
biàndòng<br>alter; change; alteration<br>V N
變革<br>变革
biàngé<br>change; transform; transformation<br>V N
辯論<br>辩论
biànlùn<br>argue; debate; argument<br>V N
標語<br>标语
biāoyǔ<br>slogan; poster<br>N
標志<br>标志
biāozhì<br>indicate; mark; sign; symbol<br>V N
表情
biǎoqíng<br>expression<br>N
別<br>别
bié<br>stick in; fasten with a pin or clip; leave; part<br>V
別處<br>别处
biéchù<br>another place; elsewhere<br>N
別字<br>别字
biézì<br>wrongly written or mispronounced character<br>N
冰棍兒<br>冰棍儿
bīnggùnr<br>popsicle<br>N
bǐng<br>handle of sth.<br>N
bǐng<br>the third of the ten Heavenly Stems; third<br>N
餅<br>饼
bǐng<br>round flat cake<br>N
病床
bìngchuáng<br>hospital bed; sickbed<br>N
病情
bìngqíng<br>state of an illness; patient's condition<br>N
剝削<br>剥削
bōxuē<br>exploit; exploitation<br>V N
bō<br>sow; seed; broadcast; spread<br>V
播送
bōsòng<br>broadcast; beam<br>V
撥<br>拨
bō<br>move sth. with hand, foot, or stick; turn; dial; assign<br>V
波浪
bōlàng<br>water wave<br>N
菠菜
bōcài<br>spinach<br>N
博士
bóshì<br>one who holds the degree of doctor<br>N
博物館<br>博物馆
bówùguǎn<br>museum<br>N
薄弱
bóruò<br>weak; frail<br>ADJ
不安
bù'ān<br>uneasy; disturbed<br>ADJ
不比
bùbǐ<br>be unlike<br>V
不成
bùcéng<br>have never done sth.<br>ADV
不對<br>不对
bú duì<br>not right; wrong; incorrect<br>
不夠<br>不够
búgoòu<br>not enough; insufficient; inadequate<br>ADJ
不顧<br>不顾
búgù<br>have no consideration for; have no regard for<br>V
不見<br>不见
bújiàn<br>vanish; disappear; not see; not meet<br>V
不見得<br>不见得
bù jiàndé<br>not necessarily; not likely<br>
不禁
bùjīn<br>cannot help; cannot refrain from.<br>ADV
不覺<br>不觉
bújué<br>unknowingly; unawares<br>ADV
不可
bùkě<br>cannot; should not; must not<br>
不利
búlì<br>disadvantageous; unfavorable<br>ADJ
不料
búliào<br>unexpectedly; to one's surprise<br>ADV
不滿<br>不满
bùmǎn<br>be dissatisfied; be unsatisfied; unsatisfied<br>V ADJ
不免
bùmiǎn<br>inevitably; would naturally<br>ADV
不是
búshi<br>mistake; fault; blame<br>N
不是 而是
bùshì … érshì …<br>not … but …<br>
不是 就是
bùshì … jiùshì …<br>either … or …<br>
不停
bùtíng<br>ceaselessly; constantly; on and on<br>ADV
不象話<br>不象话
búxiànghuà<br>unreasonable; outrageous; shocking<br>
不由得
bùyóude<br>can't help; cannot but<br>ADV
不在乎
bù zàihu<br>not mind; not care<br>
不怎麼樣<br>不怎么样
bù zěnmeyàng<br>not so good; not particularly good; pretty bad<br>
不止
bùzhǐ<br>be not limited to; be more than; not stop<br>V
不只
bùzhǐ<br>not only; not merely<br>CONJ
不足
bùzú<br>not enough; insufficient; inadequate<br>ADJ
布告
bùgào<br>notice; bulletin; edict<br>N
步驟<br>步骤
bùzhòu<br>step; move; measure<br>N
部署
bùshǔ<br>dispose; deploy; deployment; plan<br>V N
猜想
cāixiǎng<br>suppose; speculate; guess; supposition<br>V N
裁縫<br>裁缝
cáifeng<br>dressmaker; tailor<br>N
裁判
cáipàn<br>judge; umpire; act as referee; referee<br>V N
cái<br>talent; ability<br>N
才能
cáinéng<br>talent; ability; capacity<br>N
財產<br>财产
cáichǎn<br>property; possessions<br>N
財富<br>财富
cáifù<br>riches; wealth<br>N
財政<br>财政
cáizhèng<br>government finance; public economy<br>N
餐車<br>餐车
cānchē<br>dinning car; restaurant car<br>N
參考<br>参考
cānkǎo<br>refer to; consult<br>V
參謀<br>参谋
cānmóu<br>give advice; brain man; advisor<br>V N
蠶<br>蚕
cán<br>silkworm<br>N
殘酷<br>残酷
cánkù<br>cruel; brutal<br>ADJ
慚愧<br>惭愧
cánkuì<br>ashamed<br>ADJ
慘<br>惨
cǎn<br>miserable; tragic; cruel; inhumane<br>ADJ
燦爛<br>灿烂
cànlàn<br>bright; splendid; brilliant; magnificent<br>ADJ
蒼白<br>苍白
cāngbái<br>pale; wan; pallid<br>ADJ
蒼蠅<br>苍蝇
cāngying<br>fly; housefly<br>N
艙<br>舱
cāng<br>cabin; hold<br>N
倉庫<br>仓库
cāngkù<br>storehouse; warehouse<br>N
操心
cāo xīn<br>bother; worry about; take pains<br>
操縱<br>操纵
cāozòng<br>handle; control; operate; manipulate; rig<br>V
操作
cāozuò<br>operate; manipulate<br>V
草案
cǎo'àn<br>protocol; draft (of a plan, decree, regulation, etc.)<br>N
側<br>侧
cè<br>side; turn sideways; incline to one side<br>N V
測<br>测
cè<br>measure; survey; fathom; test; exam<br>V
測量<br>测量
cèliáng<br>measure; survey; gauge<br>V
測試<br>测试
cèshì<br>test; examine; trial; testing<br>V N
插秧
chā yāng<br>transplant rice seedlings<br>
差別<br>差别
chābié<br>difference; disparity; distinction<br>N
茶館<br>茶馆
cháguǎn<br>teahouse<br>N
茶話會<br>茶话会
cháhuàhuì<br>tea party<br>N
茶葉<br>茶叶
cháyè<br>tea leaf; tea<br>N
鏟<br>铲
chǎn<br>spade; shovel<br>N V
產物<br>产物
chǎnwù<br>outcome; result; product<br>N
產值<br>产值
chǎnzhí<br>output value; value of output<br>N
顫動<br>颤动
chàndòng<br>vibrate; quiver; shake<br>V
顫抖<br>颤抖
chàndǒu<br>tremble; shiver; shake<br>V
常識<br>常识
chángshí<br>common sense; general knowledge<br>N
長度<br>长度
chángdù<br>length<br>N
長久<br>长久
chángjiǔ<br>long-lasting; long time; prolonged<br>ADJ
長遠<br>长远
chángyuǎn<br>long-distant; long-term; long-range<br>ADJ
腸<br>肠
cháng<br>intestine; sausage<br>N
廠長<br>厂长
chǎngzhǎng<br>director of a factory<br>N
場地<br>场地
chǎngdì<br>space; place; site; ground<br>N
場合<br>场合
chǎnghé<br>occasion; situation<br>N
場面<br>场面
chǎngmiàn<br>scene; spectacle; occasion; appearance<br>N
超額<br>超额
chāo'é<br>exceed the quota<br>V
鈔票<br>钞票
chāopiào<br>bill; note; paper currency<br>N
cháo<br>tide; tidewater; upheaval; current<br>N
潮濕<br>潮湿
cháoshī<br>wet; humid; damp; moist<br>ADJ
吵架
chǎo jià<br>quarrel; wrangle; bicker; squabble<br>
chǎo<br>stir-fry; fry; sauté; speculate illegally<br>V
車輛<br>车辆
chēliàng<br>vehicles; automobiles<br>N
車廂<br>车厢
chēxiāng<br>railway carriage; railroad car<br>N
chě<br>tear; pull; drag; chat; chitchat<br>V
chè<br>evacuate; withdraw; remove; dismiss<br>V
塵土<br>尘土
chéntǔ<br>dust<br>N
chén<br>sink; heavy<br>V ADJ
沉思
chénsī<br>muse; ponder; meditate; contemplate<br>V
沉重
chénzhòng<br>heavy<br>ADJ
陳列<br>陈列
chénliè<br>display; exhibit; show<br>V
撐<br>撑
chēng<br>support; prop up; pole; open; unfurl; endure<br>V
稱呼<br>称呼
chēnghu<br>call; address; name; term of address<br>V N
chéng<br>one tenth; one out of ten<br>M
成本
chéngběn<br>cost<br>N
成千上萬<br>成千上万
chéng qiān shàng wàn<br>thousands of; large quantity of<br>
成天
chéngtiān<br>all day long; all the time<br>ADV
成語<br>成语
chéngyǔ<br>idiom; concise and meaningful set phrase<br>N
成員<br>成员
chéngyuán<br>member<br>N
乘客
chéngkè<br>passenger<br>N
chéng<br>fill; ladle; hold; contain<br>V
程序
chéngxù<br>procedure; process; program<br>N
承包
chēngbāo<br>contract (with); assume full responsibility<br>V
承擔<br>承担
chéngdān<br>undertake; bear<br>V
吃苦
chī kǔ<br>bear hardships; suffer<br>
吃虧<br>吃亏
chī kuī<br>suffer losses; be in an unfavorable situation<br>
吃力
chīlì<br>strenuous; painstaking; tiring; wearing<br>ADJ
持久
chíjiǔ<br>enduring; lasting; persistent<br>ADJ
chí<br>pool; pond; moat<br>N
遲<br>迟
chí<br>late; slow; tardy<br>ADJ
尺寸
chǐcun<br>size; dimensions<br>N
尺子
chǐzi<br>ruler; rule<br>N
赤道
chìdào<br>equator<br>N
充實<br>充实
chōngshí<br>substantial; rich; substantiate; enrich; fill<br>ADJ V
衝擊<br>冲击
chōngjī<br>impact; shock; pound; attack; interfere<br>V
衝突<br>冲突
chōngtū<br>collide; conflict; clash; collision<br>V N
衝<br>冲
chòng<br>face; be towards; towards; to; because of<br>V PREP
chóu<br>hatred; enmity<br>N
仇恨
chóuhèn<br>hate; hatred; animosity; rancor<br>V N
醜<br>丑
chǒu<br>ugly; unsightly; bad-looking; detestable; shameful<br>ADJ
初期
chūqī<br>beginning period; early days; initial stage<br>N
初中
chūzhōng<br>junior middle school; junior high school<br>N
出路
chūlù<br>way out; outlet<br>N
出賣<br>出卖
chūmài<br>betray; sell out; sell<br>V
出門<br>出门
chū mén<br>go out; leave home for a long journey<br>
出難題<br>出难题
chū nántí<br>raise a tough question; present a difficult problem<br>
出身
chūshēn<br>be born into; origin; family background<br>V N
出事
chū shì<br>have an accident; meet with a mishap<br>
出息
chūxi<br>prospect; aspiration; promise<br>N
出洋相
chū yángxiàng<br>make a laughing stock of oneself<br>
出租
chūzū<br>hire out; rent out; let<br>V
chú<br>besides; in addition to; except<br>PREP
除非
chúfēi<br>unless; barring; only if<br>CONJ
處於<br>处于
chǔyú<br>be in (a certain situation, state, or condition)<br>V
處處<br>处处
chùchù<br>everywhere; in all respects<br>ADV
傳達<br>传达
chuándá<br>convey; transmit; communicate<br>V
傳染<br>传染
chuánrǎn<br>infect; be contagious<br>V
傳說<br>传说
chuánshuō<br>pass on (a story); people say; legend; folk tale<br>V N
chuǎn<br>pant; breathe heavily<br>V
chuàn<br>string together; mix up; bunch; cluster<br>V M
窗口
chuāngkǒu<br>window<br>N

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