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Glossary of HOSA Pharmacology test

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Created by Elismera14

Effect Of drug
physiological change, cellular changes
Systemic effect
reacts wide spread areas of the body. for example acetaminophin
local effect
limited to one area of the body, where it was admnistered.
Absorption
Drug into bloodstream; mucosa of stomach mouth small intestine or rectum; blood vessels in muscles, subcutaneous tissue or derma layers, incorrect admistration can destroy the drug b4 it reaches the area it needs to be
Distribution
circulatory system. moving drugs from BS to tissues. poor circulation can effect this
metaabolism
happens in liver, hepatits, cirroshis of liver dammaged liver can effect drug break down resulting in unmetablosied drug
excretion
kidneys, sweat glands, lungs or intestines.

renal damage or kidney failure may prevent passage of drug waste products thereby causeing an accumulation of the drug in the body

what are the variables that can affect the efficiency of drugs?
*age
*weight
*sex

synergism
drugs work together, one helps another for a certain effect that alone the drug can not complete
potentation
action of 2 drugs in which one prolongs the effect or multiples the effect the effect of the other
anatagonism
opposing action of 2 drugs in which one decreases or cancels out the effect of the other
oral drug forms?? @ least name 5
- tablet
- enteric coated tablet
- capsule
-lozenge (throat mouth relief)
-suspension
-emulsion
-syrup
-solution






2 rectal drug forms
-suppository
- enema solution


injectiable drug forms???
-soltion or powder

topical drug forms? name @ least 5
- cream or ointment
- lotion
- dermal patch
-eye nose ear drops
- eye ointment
vaginal creams
-rectal vaginal suppositories
- bucca sublingual tablets
- douche solution







inhalable drug froms?
-spray
-mist
-gas

cumulative effect of drugs in older adults????
-inadequte absorption
- impaired distirbution
-slower metabolism
-impaired excretion


poly pharmacy???
excessive use of drugs or prescriptions or many drug given at one time

increases risks of dangerous interactions

inadequate absorption in older adults.....??
cause by slowed GI motitliy?
impaired distribution
circulatory disfunction
slower metablosim
hepatic disfunction
impaired excretion
renal dysfunction constipation poor gas exchange
AC
before meals
ad lib
as desried
BID bid
2 x per day
H HR
HOUR
PC
AFTER MEALS
PRN
WHENEVER NEEDED
W
EVERY
Q2H
EVERY 2 HRS
Q4H
4 HRS
Q6H
6 HRS
Q8H
8 HRS
Q12H
12 HRS
OID oid
4 x per day
stat
immediatley
tid
3 times per day
ID
Intral dermal
IM
INTRAMUSCULAR
IV
INTRAVENOUS
IVP
INTRAVENOUS PUSH
IVPB
INTRAVENOUS PIGGYBAQ
PEG
PERCUTANEOUS ENDOSOPIC
PO
BY MOUTH
PR
BY RECTUM
SL
SUBLINGUAL
SUPP
SUPPOSITORY
SUBCUTANEOUS
INTO SUBCUTATIOUS TISSUE
INTRA CARDIAC
INTO CARIAC MUSCLE
TOPICAL
SKIN SURFACE ADMISTRATION
6 RIGHTS OF MEDICAL ADMINSTATION
RIGHT DRUG RIGHT DOES RIGHT ROUTE RIGHT TIME RIGHT PATIENT AND RIGHT DOCUMENTATION
T OR F?? ENTERIC COATED TABLET CANNOT BE CRUSHED OR CHEWED AND DISOLVE IN THE INTESTINE?
TRUE
XL
EXTENDED RELEASE
SR
SUSTAINED RELEASE
T OR F? SUBLINAL AND BUCCAL TABLETS CAN BE SWALLOWED
FALSE
T OR F? SUBLINGUAL DRUGS ENTER BLOOD STREAM DIRECTLY?
TRUE
THERAPEUTIC CLASSIFICATION VS PHARMACOLOGIC CLASSIFICATION
THERAPUETIC REFERS TO A DRUGS USE
WHO ADMISNTERS DRUGS?
NURSES
T OR F? PERSONEL MUST B FAMILIAR WITH LAWS POLICES PROCEDUREX AND REPORT MEDICAL ERRORS?
TRUE
Career opportunites in pharmacolgy??
private laboratories and admistration of drug regualtion for gov.
teaching opportunites?
universties
polytechinic
hospitals

what is the enternal route?
digestive system.
q
every
Career Opportunities in pharmacology
private laboratories and administration of drug regulation for gov

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