cueFlash

Glossary of HD1

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Created by icyred

What is the number one thing you need to do to your animal if you want them to function to their highest ability?

Feed- nutrition is number one priority
What is the key to controlling disease?
Prevention
Animals only fight when...
Cornered
Sick
Maternal

Least tolerant species?
Sheep
Most tolerant species?
Dairy/Horses
What does \"disease\" mean?
animal not at ease
Non infectious causes of disease?
Nutritional
Metabolic
Trauma
Toxic
Congenital





Infectious causes of disease
Bacteria
Fungal
Prions
Protozoan
Viruses



Common Symptoms
Fever
Inflammation of gland
Depression
Anorexia
Abnormal breathing



Four benefits of a moderate fever:
Interferon
WBC
Iron
Chemical reactions increase


Diurnal variation
Normal daily variation in body temp due to eating, resting, sleeping
Resistance
The capacity of an organism to withstand the effects of a harmful environemnt
The body\'s reaction to disease depends on its:
resistance
Resistance is primarily influenced by the animal\'s:
physical condition
The physical condition of the animal will determine the animal\'s ___________ to fight disease
inherent ability
Susceptibility
animal\'s inability to fight disease.

Young, old, compromised

Primary defenses:
Skin, Mucous membranes, antibodies, phagocytes.
Bacteria will flourish in what conditions?
Moist
Warm
Dark
Food




Virus is latin for...
Poison
Dermotrophic
cause damage to skin
Pneumotrophic
Damages respiratory cells
Neurotrophic
attacks nervous system
Exotoxin
released when cell dies and disintigrates
Endotoxin
Secreted out of living cell
Stages of Microbial Growth
1. Lag phase
2. Exponential growth
3. Stationary/Log phase
4. Death/decline phase


Active immunity is acquired in what two ways?
1. Natural immunity
2. Acquired immunity
Examples of Natural immunity
Natural exposure
Species resistant
Breed resistant
Individual resistance


Examples of acquired immunity
Passive
Active; vaccines
Antibodies
Proteins in the blood, produced by the body in response to specific antigens
Where are antibodies developed?
Thymus
Spleen
Lymph nodes

B cells
Bind to antigen and prevent from doing damage
T cells
Develop into two populations:
Memory cells
Effecter T cells (release toxic factors to prevent antigen from functioning)

Peritoneum
Lining of abdominal cavity
Symptoms common to digestive diseases
Anorexia
Inability to chew/swallow
Vomiting
Excessive salivation
Bloat
Abnormal milk production
Abnormal feces





Foot and Mouth Disease
FMD
Vesicles
106
Salivation
Anorexia
Stamping feet
No vaccine
Quarantine
Report
No treatment








Contagious Ovine Ecthyma
Sore Mouth
Viral
Direct contact with vectors
Vesicles
Die from not eating
Pathogenic for years
Live vaccine from scabs
Symptom treatment
Secondary infections
Zoonotic










Blue Tongue
Catarrhal fever
Inflammation of mucous membrane
Viral
Infectious
Non-contagious
Sheep
Resistant to dessication
Febrile
Anorexia
Nasal discharge
Swelling
Get rid of gnats/vectors
Treat symptoms











Ulcerative Dermatitis
Viral infection of sheep
Spreads by genitals/copulation
No vaccine
No treatment recommended unless needed to breed


Oral Necrobacillosis
Calf diphtheria
Bacteria in soil/manure
Coughing
Anorexia
Salivation
Open mouth breathing
Bad breath
Treat with sulfonamides
Prevent with vaccine and sanitation







Actinomycosis
Lumpy Jaw
Bacteria
Ostitis of bones
Long term
Little/no prevention
Iodine guaze packets and surgery to treat




Traumatic Reticulitis
Hardware disease
Ingestion of metals that penetrate abdominal wall
Depression
Anorexia
Arched back
Refusal to move
Prevent with magnets and Management





Acidosis in horses
Laminitis
Rapid shallow breathing
Poor appetite
Weakness
Lassitude
Coma
Death
Rotation of coffin bone
Prevent with management and salt in diet
Treat with fluids to counteract, NSAIDS










Displaced Abomasum

DA right or left
Post calving
Fills with gas and elevates/twists
A low fiber high carb ration
Drop in rumen pH
Rumen Atony
Unpredictable appetite
reduced fecal volume
Normal Vits
Prevent with management, more fiber
Treat with rolling,l surgery









Bovine Viral Diarrhea
BVDV
Viral
Contagious
In-utero
Calf never recognizes if early catch, PI/Carriers
Transmission through direct contact




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