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Glossary of Group Counseling

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Created by erikasalls

active listening
paying total attention to the speaker and being sensitive to what is being communicated at both the verbal and non verbal
clarifying
responding to confusing and unclear aspects by focusing on underlying issues
summarizing
pulling together the important elements of a group interaction or part of a session
questioning
open and closed
interpreting
offering possible explanation for a members thoughts, feelings or behaviors
confronting
powerful way of challenging members to take an honest look at themselves
reflecting feeling
responding to the essense of what a person has communicated
supporting
providing encouragement and support
empathizing
grasp the subjective world of member and retain separateness, care and respect
facilitating
enhancing group experience and enabling the members to reach their goals
initiating
get members to focus on meaningful work
evaluating
what is happening in the group as a whole and w/ in individuals members
suggesting
form of intervention to develop an alternative course of thinking or action
protecting
safegaurd members from unneccessary psychological or physical risk
linking
look for themes that emerge group and connect the work to those themes
blocking
counterproductive behaviors, requires sensitivity, directness, ability to stop the activity w/out attacking the person
Stages of a Group
Stage 1: pregroup issues-formation
stage 2: initial stage
stage 3: transition stage
stage 4: working stage
stage 5:consolidation and termination



Stage 4: Working Stages- cohesion and productivity
-more in depth exploration
-trust has been built
-feel more comfortable
-cohesion is formed when trust has developed






characteristics of a working group
strong cohesion
here and now focus
identify goals and concerns
willing to work and participate
feel included in the group
members listen
self disclosure
feedback






Stage 5: consolidation and termination
-remind group members of termination ahead of time
-want to help consolidate what they have learned and transfer to the real world
-deal with feelings about leaving the group
-receive and give feedback




Why Group Counseling:
time effective
feedback
level of comfort
support from teachers and peers


why group counseling useful for schools
-remedial and prevention
-reach more students
-career planning/academics
-3 domains
-needs assessment



psychoeducation
-provide education on a central theme or topic
- divorce
- anger management
- bully prevention
- stress management





psychotherapy
-severity of a group
-any type of personality disorder
- usually refer students

task work groups
-put together to handle a particular task or project
-not long term
-work toward a goal
-usually the same in task/work groups
-problem solving and decision making



Multicultural approach
-willing to leave biases at teh door
-non judgemental
-take other cultures in to perspective
-be sensitive
-open minded



psychological risks of being in a group
-may be singled out
-confrontation between members
-may disrupt their lives

socializing with group counseling
-may hinder or facilitate group process
-not encouraged you hang out with other group members outside of the counseling session
Opening a group session
-beginning of each group
- have a routine
- check in with group
- any unfinished business
- let them express any thoughts
- make observations from previous session




closing group
-summarizing whats been talked about
- homework
- ask each member what htey have learned
- questions/concerns
- offer feedback and encouragers



What makes a good leader
-good self awareness
BE AWARE OF:
-Biases
-opinions
-strengths and weaknesses
-self confidence
-limitations





Personality characteristics of a group leader
-presence
-power
-courage
-willingness
-sincerity
-sense of identity
-belief
-creativity








Informed consent
-CONFIDENTIALITY
-outline of what group is all about
-dicussion of group process
-clarification


Pregroup disclosures
-what group members have a right to expect
-ask questions
-right to join/leave the group
-voluntary
-involunatary
-take responsibility of their own choices
- face consequences
- respect their choices
- freedom to leave the group







Group size
8 for schools
- younger the group, smaller the size
frequency length
longer you run the more effective
short vs long term
schools usually short term
longest--- whole semester
pregroup meeting
interviews
initial meeting as interviewing
save time
talk about informed consent


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