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Glossary of Gross Anatomy exam 1

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Draw table of how the body's cavities are divided up
see notes
What are the (2)major division of the body cavites?
(1)ventral body cavity
(2)dorsal body cavity
NAME
this has two cavties: ventral body and dorsal body cavity
body cavities
What separates the thoraic cavity and the abdominopelivic cavity?
the diaphragm
the diaphragm separates these two cavities (2)
(1)thoracic cavity (2)abdominopelvic cavity
What are the (2)different divisions of the ventral body cavity?
(1)thoracic (2)abdominopelvic cavity
NAME
this has two divisions: the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity
ventral body cavity
What are the different subdivisions of the thoracic cavity? (3)
(1)right pleural cavity (2)mediastinum (3)left plerual cavity
NAME
this has three subdivisions: right pleural cavity, mediastinum, and left plerual cavity
thoarcic cavity
NAME
this also contains the pericardial cavity
mediastinum
The mediastinum also contains the (1)
pericardial cavity
The (1)also contains the pericardial cavity
mediastinum
The (1) is also called the coelom
ventral body cavity
The ventral body cavity is also called the (1)
coelom
What are the functions of the ventral body cavity? (3)
it provides protection (2) allows organ movement (3) it's lining prevents friction
NAME
this provides protection, allows for organ movement, and its lining prevents friction
ventral body cavity
What is the thoracic cavity?
it is surrounded by the chest wall and the diaphragm
NAME
this is surrounded by the chest wall and the diaphragm
thoracic cavity
What is the abdominopelvic cavity?
contains the peritioneal cavity
NAME
this contains the peritioneal cavity
abdominopelivic cavity
What is the differ btwn the thoracic and the abdominopelvic cavity?
(1)thoracic cavity surrounds the chest wall and diaphragm (2)contains the pertioneal cavity
What are the (2) divisions of the dorsal body cavity?
(1)cranial (2)spinal cavity
NAME
this has two divisions: the cranial and the spinal cavity
dorsal body cavity
What are the two divisions of the abdominopelvic cavity? (2)
(1)abdominal cavity (2)pelivic cavity
NAME
this has two divisions: the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity
abdominopelvic cavity
What is the right pleural cavity?
surrounds the right lung
NAME
this surrounds the right lung
right pleural cavity
What is the mediastinum?
contains the trachea, esophagus, and major vessels
NAME
this contains the trachea, esophagus and major vessels
mediastinum
What is the left pleural cavity?
surrounds the left lung
NAME
this surrounds the left lung
pleural cavity
What is the differ btwn the right pleural cavity and the left pleural cavity?
(1)the right pleural cavity surrounds the right lung
(2)the left pleural cavity surrounds the left lung
What is the pericardial cavity?
surrounds the heart
NAME
this surrounds the heart
pericardial cavity
What is the dorsal body cavity?
cushions and protects the CNS
NAME
this cushions and protects the CNS
dorsal body cavity
NAME
this contains the brain, cerebellum and brain stem
cranial cavity
The dorsal is usally (1)
posterior
The (1)is usall posterior
dorsal
The ventral is usally (1)
anterior
The (1)is usally anterior
ventral
T or F
This applies for all parts of the body, dorsal is posterior and ventral is anterior
false
What is the only exception for the saying that dorsal is posterior and ventral is anterior?
from the head up
From the (1)down, dorsal is posterior and ventral is anterior
head
What is the cranial cavity?
contains the brain, cerebellum and brain stem
Work on the packet of pictures
see back for answers
What is the spinal cavity?
contains the spinal cord
NAME
this contains the spinal cord
spinal cavity
What is the abdominal cavity?
contains many digestive glands and organs
NAME
this contains many digestive glands and organs
abdominal cavity
NAME
this contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and the last portion of digestive tract
pelvic cavity
What is the differ btwn the pelvic cavity and the abdominal cavity?
(1)abdominal cavity-contains the digestive glands and organs
(2)pelvic cavity-contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and last portion of digestive tract
What is regional anatomy?
study of the body by parts or regions
NAME
this is the study of the body by different parts or regions
regional anatomy
What is systemtic anatomy?
is the study of the body by systems
NAME
this is the study of the body by systems
systemtic anatomy
T orF
None of the organ systems functions in isolation
true
what is the inteugmentary system?
consists of the skin and appendages such as the hair, and nails
NAME
this consists of the skin, and appendages such as the hair and nails
integumentary system
What kind of organ is the integumentray system?
an extensive sensory organ
NAME
this is a extensive sensory organ that forms a protective covering for the body
integumentary system
What is the skeletal system?
consists of bone and cartilage
NAME
this consists of bone and cartilage
skeletal system
The skeletal system provides (1) for the body and (2)
support (2)protects vital organs
NAME
this system provides support and protects vital organs
skeletal system
The musclular system acts on the (1) to produce movemnt
skeletal system
How does the muscular system act on the skeletal system?
by it produces movment
What is the articular system?
it connects the bony parts of the skeletal system and provides sites at which movement occurs
NAME
this connects the bony parts of the skeletal system and provides sites at which movement occurs
articular system
What does the articular system consist of?
joints and thier associated ligaments
NAME
this consists of joints and thier associated ligaments
articular system
What is the musclular system?
is composed of muscles that contract to move or postion parts of the body
NAME
this is composed of muscles that contract to move or postion parts of the body
muscular system
What is the nervous system?
consists of the CNS and the peripheral nervous system
NAME
this consists of the CNS and the peripheral nervous system
nervous system
What is the CNS?
the brain and the spinal cord
NAME
this is the brain and the spinal cord
CNS
What is the peripheral nervous system?
the nerves and ganglia together with thier motor endings
NAME
this is the nerves and ganglia together with thier motor endings
peripheral nervous system
What is dermatology?
the study of the integumentary system
NAME
this is the study of the integumentary system
dermatology
What is osteology?
is the study of the skeletal system
NAME
this is the study of the skeletal system
osteology
What is the arthrology?
is the study of the articular system
NAME
this is the study of the articular system
arthrology
What is myology?
is the study of the muscular system
NAME
this is the study of the muscular system
myology
What is neurology?
is the study of the nervous system
NAME
this is the study of the nervous system
neurology
What is angiology ?
is the study of the ciculatory system
NAME
this is the study of the ciculatory system
angiology
What is the circulatory system?
consists of the cardiovascular and lympathtic systems which function in parell to distrubute fluids through the body
NAME
this consists of the cardiovascular and lympathic systems which function in parell to distrubute fluids though the body
circulatory system
What are (2) systems is the circulatory system divided up into?
(1)cardiovascular system (2)lympathic system
NAME
this is divided up into the cardiovasuclar system and the lympathic system
circulatory system
What is cardiology?
the study of the cardiovascular system
NAME
this is the study of the cardiovascular system
cardiology
What is the cardiovascular system?
consists of the haert and blood vessels that propel and conduct the blood through the body
NAME
this consists of the heart and blood vessels that propel and conduct the blood through the body
cardiovascular system
What is the lympathic system?
is a network of lympathic vessels that withdraws excess tissue fluid (lymph)from the body's interstitial fluid compartment, filters it through the lymphh nodes, and returns it to the blood stream
NAME
this is a network of lympathic vessels that withdrwas excess tissue fluid from the body's intersitial fluid compartment, filters it through the lymph nodes and returns it to the blood stream
lympathic system
The digestive system is als ocalled the (1)
alimentary system
The (1) is also called the alimentary system
digestive
What is gastroenterology?
is the study of the digestive system
NAME
this is the study of the digestive system
gastroenterology
What is the digestive system?
consists of organs and glands associatedw the ingestion, mastication, deglution, digestion, and absorption of foods, and the elimination of wastes after the nutrients have been absorbed
NAME
this consists of organs and glands associatedw the ingestion, mastication, deglution, digestion, and absorption of foods, and the elimination of wastes after the nutrients have been absorbed
digestive system
What is pulmonology?
is the study of the respiratory sysem
NAME
this is the study of the respiratory system
pulmonology
What is the respiratory system?
consists of the air passages and lungs that supply oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide
NAME
this consists of air passages and lungs that supply oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide
respiratory system
What is urinary system?
filters the blood and subsequently produce, transport, store and excrete liquid waste
NAME
this filters the blood and subsequently produce, transport, store and excrete liquid waste
urinary system
What does the urinary system consist of? (4)
(1)kidneys (2)ureters, (3)urinary bladder (4)urethra
NAME
this consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and the urethra
urinary system
What is the endocrine system?
consists of discrete ductless glands that sercrete hromones
NAME
this consists of discrete ductless glands that sercrete hormones
endocrine system
Hormone are distrubed by the (1)
cardiovascular system
What is clinical anatomy?
empahzies aspects of structure and function of the body imporatnt in the practice of medicine, dentistry and the allied health sciences
NAME
this empahzies aspects of structure and function of the body imporatnt in the practice of medicine, dentistry and the allied health sciences
clinical anatomy
Clinical anatomy can also be called (1)anatomy
applied
(1)can also be called applied anatomy
clinical
What is the anatomical postion? (4)
(1)head, eyes, and toes directed anteriorly (2)upper limbs by sides w palms facing anteriorly (3)lower limbs close together w feet parallel and the toes directed anteriorly
NAME
this includes head, eyes, and toes directed anteriorly, upper limbs by sides w palm facing anteriorly, lower limbs close together w fee parallel
anatomical postion
the median plane is also called the (1)
median sagittal plane
The (1)is also called the median sagittal plane
median plane
the frontal plane is also called the (1)
coronal planes
the (1)is also called the coronal plane
frontal plane
the saggital plane is also called the (1)
vertical plane
the (1)is also called the vertical plane
saggital
the horizontal plane is also called the (1)and (2)
tranverse and axial plane
The horizontal plane is also called the (1) and axial plane
tranverse
the horizontal plane is also called the tranverse and (1)plane
axial
The (1)plane is also called the tranverse and axial plane
horizontal
What is the median plane?
divdes the body into left and right vertical halves from the middle of the body
NAME
this divudes the body into left and right vertical halves from the middle of the body
median plane
What is the sagital plane?
divides the body into left and right vertical halves but does not use the middle of the body as the center
NAME
this divides the body into the left and right vertical halves but does not use the middle of the body as the center
sagittal plane
What is the differ btwn the median and the sagittal plane?
(1)Sagittal plane divides the body into left and right halves but does not use hte middle of the body as the center (2)median plane divides the body into left and right vertical halves from the middle of the body
What is the frontal plane?
divdes the body into anterior and posteior halves
NAME
this divides the body into anterior and posterior halves
frontal planes
What is the tranverse plane?
divides the body into 2 horizontal halves
NAME
this plane divides the body up into 2 horizontal halves
tranverse plane
What is the oblique plane?
is any plane that is diagonal
NAME
this is any plane that is diagnoal
oblique plane
What does bilateral mean?
means that 2 of the same structures are present on both sides of the body
NAME
this means that 2 of the same structures are present on both sides othe body
bilateral
What does unilateral mean?
it means that the 2 same structure are present on one side of the body
NAME
this means that 2 of the same structures are present on one side of the body
unilateral
What is the differ btwn unilateral and bilateral? (2)
(1)bilateral means taht 2 of the same structures are present on both sides of the body (2)unilateral means that 2 of the same structures are present on one side of the body
What does ipsilateral mean?
it means that there are 2 different structures present on both sides of the body
NAME
this means that there are 2 different structures present on both sides of the body
ipsilateral
What does contralateral mean?
it means that there are 2 different structures present on one side of the body
NAME
this means that there are 2 different structures present on one side of the body
contralateral
What is the differ btwn contralateral and ipsilateral?
(1)contralateral-means taht there are 2 different structures present on one side of the body
(2)ipsilateral means that there are 2 different structures present on both sides of the body
What is a example of contralateral
the liver and the spleen
NAME
a example of this is the liver and the spleen
contralateral
Give a example of bilateral?
the hands and knee caps
NAME
a example of this is the hands and the kneecaps
bilateral
Give a example of ipsilateral?
the liver and gallbladder
nAME
a example of this is the liver and the gallbladder
ipsilateral
What does inferomedial mean?
it means nearer to the feet and closer to the median plane
NAME
this means nearer to the feet and closer to the median plane
inferomedial
What is superolateral?
mean nearer to the head and farther from the median plane
NAME
this means nearer to the head and farther from the median plane
superlateral
NAME
this is the largest organ of the body
skin
the skin is the (1)of the body
largest
What are some functions of the skin? (5)
(1)protection for the body from environmental effects such as abrasions and harmful substances (2)containment of of tissues, organs, and vital substances of the body preventing dehydration (3)heat regulation through sweat glands, blood vessels, and fat deposists (4)sensation by way of superficial nerves and thier sensory endings (5)synthesis and storage of vitamin D
NAME
some of its functions include protection for the body from evironmental effects such as abrasions and harmful substances, containment of tissues, organs, and vital subsances of the body preventing dehydration, heat regulation through sweat glan
inegumentary system
Superior is also called (1)
cranial
(1)is also called cranial
superior
Inferior is also called (1)
caudal
(1)is also called caudal
inferior
anterior is also called (1)
ventral
(1)is also called ventral
anterior
posterior is also called (1)
dorsal
(1)is also called dorsal
posterioe
What is superior?
means that the structure is nearer to the head
NAME
this means that the structure is nearer to the head
superior
What does inferior mean?
it means that the structure is nearer to the feer
NAME
this means that the structure is nearer to the feet
inferior
What is the differ btwn inferior and superior?
(1)inferior means that the structure is nearer to the head (2)superior means that the structure is near to the feet
What does anterior mean?
the structure is near to the front
nAME
this means that the structure is near to the front
anterior
What does posterior mean?
that the structure is nearer to the back
NAME
this means that the structure is near to the back
posterior
What is the differ btwn anterior and posterior?
(1)anterior means that the structure is nearer to the front (2)posterior means that the structure is nearer to the back
What is medial?
means that the structure is nearer to the median plane
NAME
this means that the structure is nearer to the median plane
medial
What does lateral mean?
it means that the structure is farther from the median plane
NAME
this means that the structure is frather from the median plane
lateral
What is the differ btwn lateral and medial?
(1)lateral means that the structure is farther from the median plane (2)medial mean that the structure is nearer to the median plane
What does proximal mean?
means that the structure is nearer to the trunk or point of orgin
NAME
this means that the structure is nearer to the trunk or point of orgin
proximal
What does distal mean?
it means that the structure is farther away from the point of orgin
NAME
this means that the structure is farther away from the point of the orgin
distal
WHat is the differ btwn the proximal and distal? (2)
(1)proximal the structure is nearer to the trunk or point of origin (2)distal the structure is farther to the trunk or point of orgin
What does superficial mean?
that the structure is nearer to the surface
NAME
this means that the structure is nearer to the surface
superficial
What does deep mean?
it means that the structure is farther from the surface
nAME
this means that hte structure is farther from the surface
deep
What is the differ btwn deep and superfical?
(1)superficial-means that the structure is nearer to the surface (2)deep means that the structure is farther away from the surface
the heart is (1) to the stomach
superior
The stomach is (1)to the heart
inferior
the sternum is (1)to the heart
anterior
the kidneys are (1)to the intestine
posterior
the fifth digit(little finger) is on the (1)side of the hand
medial
first digit (thumb)is on the (1)side of the hand
lateral
the elbow is (1)to the wrist
proximal
the wrist is (1)to the elbow
distal
the (1)part of the lower limb is the foot
distal
Muscles of the arm are (1)to its bone
superficial
the humerus is (1)to arm muscles
deep
viens are visisble in the (1)of the hand
dorsum
What is the dorsum?
refers to the dorsal or posterior surface of the hand or foot
NAME
this refers to the dorsal or posterior surface of the hand or foot
dorsum
What is the palm?
refers to the palmar surface of the hand
NAME
this refers to th palamer surface of the hand
palm
What does the sole mean?
refers to the plantar surface of the foot
NAME
this is the plantar surface of the foot
sole
the skin creases are visible on the (1)
palm
the skin is thick on the (1)of the foot
sole
What is the epidermis?
is the outer layer of skin
NAME
this is the outer layer of skin
epidermis
What kind of tissue makes of the epidermis?
keratinzed strafied epithelium
NAME
this skin layer is made up of keratinzed strafied epithelium
epidermis
What kind of cells can be found in the epidermis?
(1)meloncytes (2)keratin
NAME
in this cell layer meloncytes and kertain can be found here
epidermis
What is the dermis?
the middle layer of skin
NAME
this is the middle layer of skin
dermis
What can be found in the dermis? (5)
(1)skin glands (2)hair follicles (3)papillae ridges (4)elastic fibers (5)collagen
NAME
this layer of skin contains skin glands, hair follicles, papillae ridges, elastic fibers, and collagen
dermis
How is the epidermis nourished?
it is avasuclar and nourished by vessels in the dermis
NAME
this layer of skin is nourished by the dermis and is avascular
epidermis
The epdermis is nourished by underlying vessels in the (1)
dermis
Is the epidermis vascular or avascular?
avascular
What does avascular mean?
it means that there are no blood vessels or lympatics present
NAME
this means that there are no blood vessels or lymapthics present
avascular
NAMe the layer of skin in order (3)
(1)epidermis (2)dermis (3)hypodermis
NAME
this has three layers: epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis
skin
What do elastic fiber account for in the dermis?
they provide the skin tone and the strenght and toughness assocaited w the skin
NAME
this can be found in the dermis and provide the skin with it skin tone and the strenght and toughness associated w the skin
elastic fibers
What does hypodermis mean?
it means underskin and bottom most layer of the skin
NAME
this means underskin and is the bottom most layer of the skin
hypodermis
What determine tension lines and wrinkles in the skin?
the pattern of collagen fibers in a particular region
the pattern of collagen fibers in a particular region determines the (1)and (2)in the skin
tension line and wrinkles
What causes goose bumps?
contraction of arrector muscles
NAME
this results when the arrector muscles contract
good bumps
What happens when the arrector muscles contract?
they erect hair thereby compresing the sebaecous glands and helping them secrete thier oily product onto thier skin

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