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Glossary of Greek word list

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aden
III noun - adenos

gland
aer
III noun

air, gas
agogos
leading
promoting flow, expelling
agra
a taking, catching
painful seizure
aisthesis
III noun

feeling, sensation, perception
aisthetos
perceptible (adverb)
asthenesai
to perceive (forms aisthesis)
aitia
cause
ake, akme
point, tip
highest point of
akouein
to hear
aor: acous-, sometimes acus-
akros
at the end, summit (adj)
extremities
aktis
III noun - aktinos

ray
light ray, ray-like or radiating structure
algos
III noun - algeos

pain
algesis
III noun

sense of pain
allos
other, different, external, foreign
allelon
of each other (gen. plural)
allotrios
strange
amblys
III adj

dulled, blunt
amnion
innermost membrane enclosing the fetus
amoibe
change
amygdale
almond, tonsil
amylon
starch
anemos
wind
aner
III noun - andros

a man, male
stamen of flower
angeion
vessel (blood, lymph, bile)
case
anthein
to blossom, break out, erupt
anthos
III noun - antheos

flower
rash
anthropos
man (human being)
antron
cave, cavity, sinus
archaios
ancient
arche
beginning, origin, primitive

(see arche- in prefixes)
argyros
silver
arteria
windpipe, vessel
arthron
joint, juncture of bones, sound in speech
aster, astron
star
-aster
pertaining to structure or origin
astragalos
anklebone, ball of the ankle joint
autos
self, by itself (fem: aiate)
auxein
to increase
auxanein
to grow
ba- or be-

bainein, benai
to go, walk
basis
a walking, a step, a foundation
bakterion
a little staff or rod
ballein
to throw, toss, put
bole or bolos
a throw
metabole
throwing after, change
baros
III noun - bareos

weight, pressure
barys
III adj

heavy
bathys
III adj

deep, inner
bathos
III noun - batheos

depth
bios
life
biosis
a living, way of living
blastos
a bud, shoot, sprout, embroynic cell
blepein
to see
blepharon
eyelid
boule
will, wish
brachion
III noun

arm, upper arm
brachys
III adj

short
bradys
III adj

slow
bronchos
windpipe, trachea
chasma
III noun - chasmatos

cleft, opening
chasis
III noun

separation, division
cheilos
III noun

lip
cheir
III noun - cheiros

hand
chloros
green, yellowish green, yellow
chole
bile, gall
bitter anger
chondros
granule
cartilage
chorde
gut-string, sinew, cord
choreia
dancing
St. Vitus' dance
chorion
skin
outermost membrane enveloping the fetus
tunic of the eyeball
chroa, chroma
chroma - III noun - chromatos

surface of body, skin
colour of the skin
colour
chronos
time
chrysos
gold
yellow
chy-

cheein
to pour
chymos, chylos
something poured, juice, fluid
choane
funnel
dakryon
tear
daktylos
finger, toe
deein
to tie
desmos
band, bond, ligament
delta
triangle-shaped, like the letter
demos
country, land
people of a country
dendron
tree
branched structure
derma
III noun - dermatos

that stripped off
skin, hide
diaita
way of life
didymos
twofold, twin (adj)
one of two testes
-didymus or -dymus
twin fetal monster
dipsa
thirst
diskos
disc
dolichos
long
dosis
III noun

a givin, a dose
doteos
to be given (adj)
dromos
a running, a course
dynamis
III noun

power, active force
ech-

echein
to have, hold
sch-

echein
to get
isch-

echein
to keep back, suppress
id-

eidos
III noun - eideos

that seen, form, shape
-(o)id

(o is combining vowel)
eidos
III noun -eideos

like, in shape of
elektron
amber
electricity
emeein
to vomit
emetos
vomiting (adj)
enteron
that within (adj)
intestine
ergon
work (of art)
ergasia
work (as in labour)
eros
III noun - erotos

love, lust
erythros
red
erythema
III noun - erythematos

a redness (of the skin)
ethnos
III noun - ethneos

race, nation
eurys
III adj

wide, broad
gala
III noun - galaktos

milk
gamos
marriage, wedlock
gametes
groom or germ cell
gamete
bride or germ cell
ganglion
a mass of nerve cells
a small hard cyst or swelling
gaster
III noun - gastros

belly, stomach
the bulging fleshy part of amuscle
ge
earth
gen-

gignesthai (pres infin)
genesthai
to become, produced, born
genesis
being produced, coming into being, origination (adj)
genos
III noun - geneos

breed, race, kind
genea
stock, descent
geron
III noun - gerontos

old man, old person
geras
III noun - geraos

old age
geusis
III noun

taste
glaukos
gray
gleaming, sea-green, greenish-blue
glossa, glotta
tongue
glykys, glykeros
sweet, sugar
gnathos
jaw (lower)
gnonai (aor infin)

gignoskein (pres infin)
to know, judge
gnosis
a knowing, knowledge
gnomon
one who knows, judge
index
gone
generation, semen, seed
offspring
gonia
corner, angle
gony
III noun - gonatos
knee, joint
graphein (pres infin)
to draw, write, inscribe
gramma
III noun - grammatos

something written or drawn, mark, record
gymnos
naked, unclothed or lightly clothed
gyne
III noun - gynaikos

woman, pistil of flower
gyros
circle, ring, turn
haima
III noun - haimatos

blood
hairein
to take, grasp
kathairesis
III noun

destruction
hals
III noun - halos

salt
haptein
to fasten, fasten upon, attach
to grasp, seize, touch
(h)apsis
joining, juncture
haphe
sense of touch
hed-, hid-, his-, hiz-

hezesthai (pres infin)
to sit, to cause to sit, to place
hedra
sitting place, anus, base or side
helios
sun
helix
III noun - helikos

something spiral-shaped, coil
snail
helkos
sore, ulcer
hemera
day
henai

hienai (pres infin)
heinai (aor)
to send going, send, let go
enema
III noun - enematos

a sending in
paresis

(from henai - just the e left)
a letting go
paralysis
katheter
that sent or let down
a tube for passage of fluids

(down-send-agent)
hepar
III noun - hepatos

liver
herpes
III noun - herpetos

a creeping
spreading blisters
herpeton
a creeping animal, esp snake or reptile
heteros
other, different from
hidros
III noun - hidrotos

sweat, perspiration
histos, histion
tissue, web

(hist- is the root for "stand")
hodos
road, way, path
holos
whole, entire, all
homalos
even, level, flat
regular
homos, homoios
like, the same as, equal
hormon
III adj - hormonos

setting in motion, arousing, exciting
hyalos
glass
hydor
III noun - hydatos (no r!)

water, fluid
hygieia
health, soundness of mind or body
hygros
wet, moist, fluid
hyle
wood, matter
hymen
III noun - hymenos

skin, membrane of vagina
hypnos
sleep
agrypnos
agre- (to hunt for)+ hypnos

sleepless, wakeful
hypsi
III adj

on high, aloft
hypsos
III noun - hypseos

height
hystera
womb, uterus
iaesthai
to heal
iatros
one who heals, physician
iatreia
healing, treatment
ichthys
III noun

fish
idios
one's own, peculiar
iris
III noun - iridos

the rainbow, coloured membrane of the eye
is
III noun - inos

strength
muscle, fibre, tissue
ischion
hip-joint, hip
isos
equal
isthmos
a narrow neck or passage
kainos
new
kainotes
newness, novelty
kakos
bad, disordered, abnormal
kallos
III noun

beauty
kalos
beautiful
kalyx
III noun - kalykos

covering, shell
circle of sepals around flower
kamptos, kampylos
bent
kardia
heart
karkinos
crab
cancer
karpos
the wrist OR fruit, seed
karyon
nut, kernel, nucleus
katharsis
III noun

a cleansing, emptying
kausos
burning heat
kauma
III noun

perception of burning heat
kaustos, kautos
burnt
kauterion
searing-iron (instrument that heats)
kele
tumor, hernia
kenos
empty
kenosis
III noun

an emptying
kenteein
to goad, prick
kentron
sharp point, center
-centesis
perforation, surgical puncturing
kephale
head
enkephalon
that within the head, the brain
keras
III noun - keratos

horn, horny tissue
cornea
kineein
to move
kirrhos
tawny, orange, yellow
klaein
to break, to destroy
klados, klasma
klasma - III noun - klasmatos

a break
klon
III noun - klonos

the piece that is broken off
branch or twig or sprout
klinein
to bend, turn, slope
make recline, lean, lie down
klinesthai
to make lie or recline
klisis
inclination
klinikos
pertaining to bed, pertaining to lying down
clinic
klonos
confused motion, turmoil
muscular spasm
koilia
coel- or cel- through Latin

cavity
koilos
hollow
koiloma
III noun - koilomatos

hollow cavity, body cavity
koinos
coen- or cen- through Latin

common
kokkos
berry, grain, seed
berry-shaped bacteria
kolla
glue
kolon
lower part of bowels, the colon
kolpos
swollen out
bosom, vagina
koma
III noun - komatos

deep sleep, coma
kome
hair
konche
mussel, shell
kondylos
knuckle, joint
konis
III noun - konios

dust
konos
pine cone, cone
kopros
dung
kore
maiden, doll
pupil (of the eye)
kotyle
something hollow, socket, cup
first leaf of a sporophyte
kranion
skull
krasis
a mixing, mixture
temperament
kreas
III noun - kreatos

flesh
muscle tissue
krinein
to separate, to judge
to distinguish, decide
to emit, secrete
krisis
point of decision or judgment
krotos
a striking, a beat
pulse-beat
krotesis
a knocking, clapping
kryos, krymos
ice-cold, frost
krystallos
clear ice
crystal
kryptos
hidden

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