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Glossary of Greek Words for Exam (CLAS 2233)

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Adenos (aden-)
gland
Aer (aer-)
air; gas
Agogos (agog-)
leading; promoting the flow, expelling
Agra (agr-)
a taking, catching; painful seizure
Aisthesis (aisthes-)
feeling, sensation, perception
Aitia (aiti-)
cause
Ake (ak-)
point, tip; highest point of
Akouein (akou-)
to hear
Akros (akr-)
at the end, summit; extremities
Aktis (akt-)
ray; light rays for chemical effects; raylike or radiating
Algos (alge-)
pain
Allos (all-)
other, different, external, foreign
Amblys (ambly-)
dulled, blunt
Amnion (amni-)
the innnermost membrane enclosing the fetus
Amoibe (amoib-)
change
Amygdale (amygdal-)
almond; tonsil
Amylon (amyl-)
starch
Aner (andr-)
a man, male; stamen of flower
Angeion (angei-)
vessel (for blood, lymph, bile etc.); a case
Anthein (anth-)
to blossom; to break out, errupt
Anthropos (anthrop-)
man, human being
Antron (antr-)
cave; cavity, sinus
Archaios (archai-)
ancient
Argyros (argyr-)
silver
Arteria (arteri-)
"windpipe"; vessel; artery
Arthron (arthr-)
joint, juncture of bones; sound in speech
Askos (ask-)
a leather bag; bladder; spore envelope
Aster (astr-)
star
Astragalos (astragal-)
anklebone, ball of the ankle joint
Atlas (atlant-)
a mythological demigod who supported the world on his shoulders; the first neck vertebra
Autos (aut-)
self, by itself
Auxein (aux-)
to increase
Ba- (be-)
to go, walk
Bakterion (bakteri-)
a little staff, rod; bacteria
Ballein (ball-)
to throw, toss, put
Baros (bare-)
weight, pressure
Bathys (bathy-)
deep, inner
Bios (bi-)
life
Blastos (blast-)
bud, shoot, sprout, embyonic cell
Blepein (blep-)
to see
Boule (boul-)
will, wish
Brachion (brachi-)
arm, upper arm; armlike process
Brachys (brachy-)
short
Bradys (brady-)
slow
Brachia (brachi-)
gills
Bronchos (bronch-)
windpipe, trachea
Bryein (bry-)
to be full, swell
Chaite (chait-)
hair
Chasma (chasmat-)
cleft, opening
Cheilos (cheil-)
lip
Cheir (cheir-)
hand
Chiasma (chiast-)
crossed, discussion
Chloros (chlor-)
green, yellowish green, yellow
Chole (chol-)
bile, gall; bitter anger
Chondros (chondr-)
granule; cartilage
Chorde (chord-)
gut-string, sinew, cord
Choreia (chorei-)
dancing; St. Vitus' dance
Chorion (chori-)
skin; the outmost membrane enveloping the fetus; tunic
Chroa (chro-)
surface of the body, skin; colour of the skin; colour
Chronos (chron-)
time
Chrysos (chrys-)
gold; yellow
Chy- (che-)
to pour
Dakryon (dakry-)
tear
Daktylos (daktyl-)
finger, toe
Deein (de-)
to tie
Delta (delt-)
a Greek letter, of triangular shape
Demos (dem-)
country, land; people of a country
Dendron (dendr-)
tree; branched structure
Derma (dermat-)
that stripped off; skin, hide
Diaita (diait-)
life, way of living
Didymos (didym-)
twofold, twin; one of two testes
Diploos (diplo-)
twofold, double
Dipsa (dips-)
thirst
Diskos (disk-)
disc
Dolichos (dolich-)
long
Dosis (dos-)
a giving; dose
Dynamia (dynam-)
power, active force
Echein (ech-, sch-, isch-)
to have, hold
Eidos (eide-)
that seen, form, shape
Elektron (elektr-)
amber, electricity
Elytron (elytr-)
cover, sheath; the vagina
Emeein (eme-)
to vomit
Enema (enema-)
a sending in
Enteron (enter-)
that within, the intestine
Ergon (erg-)
work, functioning
Eros (erot-)
love, lust
Erythros (erythr-)
red
Ethmos (ethm-)
sieve, strainer
Ethnos (ethne-)
race, nation
Eurys (eury-)
wide, broad
Gala (galakt-)
milk
Gamos (gam-)
marrige, wedlock
Ganglion (gangli-)
a mass of nerve cells; a small hard cyst of swelling
Gaster (gastr-)
belly, stomach
Ge (ge-)
earth
Gen-
to become, be produced, be born
Genys (geny-)
jaw, cheek
Geron (geront-)
old man, old person
Geusis (geus-)
taste
Glaukos (glauk-)
gleaming; sea-green, green-ish blue, gray
Glia (gli-)
glue
Glossa (gloss-, glott-)
tongue
Glykys (glyky-)
sweet, sugar
Gnathos (gnath-)
jaw
Gnoai (gno-)
to know, to judge
Gone (gon-)
generation, semen, seed; offspring
Gonia (goni-)
corner, angle
Gony (gon-, gonat-)
knee, joint
Graphein (graph-)
to draw, to write, inscribe
Gymnos (gymn-)
naked
Gyne (gynaik-)
woman, pistil of flower
Gyros (gyr-)
circle, ring, turn
Haima (haima-, haimat-)
blood
Hairein (hair-)
to take, grasp
Hals (hals-,hal-)
salt
Haploos (haplo-)
single, simple
Haptein (hapt-)
to fasten, fasten upon
Hed-; hid- (his-, hiz-)
to sit, to cause to sit, to place
Helios (heli-)
sun
Helix (helik-)
something spiral shaped
Helkos (helk-)
sore, ulcer
Helmins (helminth-)
worm
Hemera (hemer-)
day
Henai (he-)
to send going, send, let go
Hepar (hepat-)
liver
Herpes (herpet-)
a creeping; spreading blisters
Heteros (heter-)
other, different from
Hidros (hidrot-)
sweat, persperation
Histos (hist-)
tissue, web
Hodos (hod-)
road, way, path
Holos (hol-)
whole, entire, all
Homalos (homal-)
even, level, flat
Homos (hom-)
like, the same as
Hormon (hormon-)
setting in motion, arousing
Hyalos (hyal-)
glass
Hydor (hydat-)
water, fluid
Hydrops (hydrop-)
dropsy
Hygieia (hygiei-)
health, soundness of mind or body
Hygros (hygr-)
wet, moist, fluid
Hyle (hyl-)
wood, matter
Hymen (hymen-)
skin, membrane of vagina
Hyoeides (hyoeid-)
like the upsilon, U-shaped, bone at the base of the tongue
Hypnos (hypn-)
sleep
Hypsi (hypsi-)
on high, aloft
Hystera (hyster-)
womb, uterus
Iaesthai (ia-)
to heal
Ichthys (icthys-)
fish
Idea (ide-)
apperance; mental impression, thought
Idis (idi-)
one's own, peculiar
Ikteros (ikter-)
jaundice
Iris (iris-, irid-)
the rainbow, coloured membrance of the eye
Is (is-, in-)
strength; muscle, fiber, tissue
Ischion (ischi-)
hip joint, hip
Isos (is-)
equal
Isthmos (isthm-)
a narrow neck or passage
Kainos (kain-)
new
Kakos (kak-)
bad, disordered, abnormal
Kal(l)os (kal(l)-)
beautiful
Kalyx (kalyx-, kalyk-)
covering, shell
Kamptos (kampt-, kampylo-)
bent
Kardia (kardia-)
heart
Karkinos (karkin-)
crab, cancer
Karpos (karp-)
the wrist; fruit, seed
Karyon (kary-)
nut, kernel, nucleus
Katharthis (kathars-)
a cleansing, emptying
Kausos (kaus-, kaum-)
burning, heat
Kele (kel-)
tumor, hernia
Kenos (ken-)
empty
Kenteein (kente-)
to goad, prick
Kephale (kephal-)
head
Keras (keras-, kerat-)
horn, horny tissue; cornea
Kineein (kine-)
to move
Kirrhos (kirrh-)
tawny, orange, yellow
Klaein (kla-)
to break, destroy
Kleiein (klei-)
to sheath, close
Klinein (klin-)
to bend, turn, slope; make recline, lean
Klonos (klon-)
confused motion, turmoil; muscular spasm
Klyzein (klyz-, klyd-, klys-)
to wash, wash out
Koilia (koili-)
cavity
Koinos (koin-)
common
Kokkos (kokk-)
berry, grain, seed; berry shaped bacteria
Kokkyx (kokkyx-, kokkyg-)
cuckko; a bone at the end of the spinal column said to resemble a cuckoos bill
Koleos (kole-)
sheath; the vagina
Kolla (koll-)
glue
Kolon (kol-)
lower part of the bowels, the colon
Kolpos (kolp-)
swollen out; bosom, vagina
Kolyein (koly-)
to check, hinder
Koma (koma-, komat-)
deep sleep, coma
Kome (kom-)
hair
Konche (konch-)
mussel, shell
Kondylos (kondyl-)
knuckle, joint
Konis (koni-)
dust
Konos (kon-)
pine cone, cone
Kopros (kopr-)
dung
Kore (kor-)
maiden, doll; pupil of the eye
Kotyle (kotyl-)
something hollow; socket; cup; a first leaf of a sporophyte
Kranion (krani-)
cranium, skull
Krasis (kras-)
a mxing, mixture; temperament
Kreas (kreas-, kreat-)
flesh; muscle tissue
Krinein (krin-)
to seperate; distinguish, decide; emit, secrete
Krotos (krot-)
a striking, beat; pulse-beat
Kryos (kryos-, krym-)
ice-cold, frost
Kryptos (krypt-)
hidden
Kyanos (kyan-)
dark blue
Kyein (ky-)
to swell, to be pregnant
Kyklos (kykl-)
circle, ring, wheel
Kyma (kym-)
a swell, a wave
Kyste (kyst-)
sac
Kytos (kyt-)
a hollow receptacle; cell
Labein (lab-, lep-)
to take, grasp, seize
Labryinthos (labryinth-)
a maze or system of intercommunicating passages; the internal ear
Lalein (lal-)
to talk, chat, speak
Lampein (lamp-)
to shine forth, flash
Larynx (larynx-, laryng-)
the organ of voiceat the upper part fo the trachea
Leios (lei-)
smooth
Leipein (leip-, lip-)
to leave, abandon; fail, neglect
Lep-
to take, grasp
Lepis (lepis-, lepid-)
scale, rind, flake
Lepros (lepr-)
scaly
Leptynein (leptyn-)
to make thin
Lethe (leth-)
oblivion, forgetfulness
Leukos (leuk-)
white
Lexis (lex-, leg-)
speech, word, phrase
Lipos (lip-, lipar-)
fat
Lithos (lith-)
stone
Lobos (lob-)
a pod, lobe
Logos (log-)
qord, speech; thought; reason; discourse
Lophos (loph-)
ridge, crest
Lyein (ly-)
to loosen, break up
Lympha (lymph-)
a body containing white cells, lymph
Makros (makr-)
long, large
Malakos (malak-)
soft
Mania (mani-)
madness, frenzy, enthusiasm
Manos (man-)
thin, rare; tension, pressure, density
Massein (mass-)
to knead; massage
Mastix (mastix-, mastig-)
whip, flagellum
Mastos (mast-, maz-)
breast
Megas (megas-, megal-)
large
Meion (meion-)
less, smaller
Melas (melas-, melan-)
black, dark
Melos (melos-, mele-)
limb
Men (men-)
month
Meninx (meninx-, mening-)
membrane; one of three membranes enveloping the brain and spinal cord
Meros (meros-, mere-)
part, segment
Mesos (mes-)
middle, intermediate
Metra (metr-)
womb, uterus
Metron (metr-)
measure, measuring instrument
Mikros (mikr-)
small
Mimesis (mimes-, mimi-)
imitation
Mitos (mit-)
thread

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