Glossary of Geo Midterm - Hector
Created by justinabyrne
- policy that involves reverting to the old free market liberalism in the 19th century, while at the same time adapting new global conditions.
- International capital flows
- Cross border, short term or long term flow of assets or loans.
- Foreign direct investment
- long term participation from country A into country B, including management, joint venture, and many other forms.
- Transnational corporations
- Enterprises that transcend national borders, which can be incorporated or unincorporated and include parent companies as well as their foreign affiliates.
- Global governance
- the political interaction of transnational corporations, organizations, or countries designed to solve problems that affect multiple states or regions in which there is no power to enforce it otherwise; response to globalization.
- Green Revolution Phase 1
- movement starting in 1945 hoping to help eradicate poverty and improve food security in developing countries; included high yielding varieties: shorter stems, sturdy straw and stronger roots, more fertilizer, earlier maturing, disease resistance, etc.
- Green Revolution Phase 2
- high yielding varieties were phased out in favor of genetic modification; resulted in genetic erosion and loss of species.
- When a technologically advanced country or organization develops naturally occurring biological materials commercially without compensating the people or nation where the materials naturally occur or originated.
- Soy boom
- period of soy expansion, fueled especially by the need to use soy as livestock feed and biofuels; has led to increases in CO2 emissions as well as deforestation in South America (esp Brazil).
- Actors of Amazonian deforestation
- landless migrants, colonists, ranchers, goldminers, laborers, drug traffickers, capitalized farmers, land grabbers, loggers.
- Political economy of the seed
- issues surrounding the formation of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault: genetic erosion, species loss, destruction of global varieties, patents on hybrids, and the advancement of agribusiness.
- Svalbard Global Seed Vault
- a secure seed bank in Norway designed to provide a safety net against accidental loss of seeds or diversity in other gene banks.
- Hamburger Connection
- the Brazilian threat of deforestation because of increased cattle farming, in order to meet market demands and for farmers to gain the subsidies provided.
- Multilateral governance institutions
- The players involved in global governance: security, environment, economy, welfare, etc.
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