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Glossary of Geo Midterm - Gwen

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Created by justinabyrne

Agnatology
induced ignorance about environmental degradation, globalization, social injustice, and exploitation through misleading scientific knowledge/findings.
Epistemology
Using knowledge to make decisions.
Paradigm
framework through which to understand arguments and facts.
COP 15
15th UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen (Conference of the Parties); not legally enforceable; countries submit an emissions reduction target.
Thomas Malthus/Malthusian thought
linear growth of food and resources + exponential population growth of humans= doom. Untrue because land can produce higher quantities with modern industrial agriculture, plus rates of fertility decrease as development, education for women, and family planning increase.
IPCC
International Panel on Climate Change: scientific, intergovernmental body that assesses climate change and its consequences on a global scale.
Secular catastrophism
understanding and explaining disasters in the contexts of secular factors. (Haiti earthquake because of deal with the devil?)
Discourse
framework through which to understand a contestable issue; particular way of representing the "West", the rest, and relations between them.
Hurricane Katrina
example of poor local, national, and federal disaster planning; death from exhaustion, thirst, violence; people are still waiting for promised government money; environment: affected coastline habitats, caused erosion, sent toxic sewage into living spaces and ocean.
9th ward
area flooded by levee and floodwall failure; infrastructure damage due to mold, canal water, sewage; received most damage.
Global south
characterized by a lack of development; previously colonized countries; in need of international aid.
1st vs 3rd world
3rd world created by 1st world colonization in 1800s (British in India); global capitalism allows for exploitation of resources in developing nations.
Environmental discourse
how we speak about and understand the environment.
Ideology
our beliefs shaping the way we think and evaluate ideas and concepts.
Limits to growth
population growth is limited by availability of food, standard of living, space.
Carbon emissions
greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change; come from vehicles, burning fossil fuels and organic materials, and industrial activity.
Political economy of debt
relationships between developed and developing countries are complex.
Private property
privatization of natural resources allows entrance to the market and control over distribution; still subject to government regulation, but more free to act on individual motives.
Global environmental commons
no ownership of oceans or atmosphere; pollution into atmosphere and oceans is unregulated; do we have a right to exploit resources?
GHGs
Greenhouse gases; NOx, SOx, CFCs; emitted from industry

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