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Glossary of GRE cards

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lithe
Effortlessly graceful, supple and resilient (and often thin).
Baleful
Menacing, portending evil; having a harmful or malignant influence.
curator
Custodian, especially one in charge of a museum or zoo.
NICHE
A cavity, hollow, or recess in a wall; position ideally suited for an organism or person.
ASPERITY
Harshness, roughness of temper
IRKSOME
Bothersome, irritating
SEDITIOUS:
Disposed to arouse, or take part in, violent opposition to lawful authority.
REPUDIATE
To cast off, to refuse to have anything to do with.
ABIDE
Endure, bear; dwell, remain.
SCURRY:
Hasten away, move along rapidly
PERIGEE:
The lowest or closest point; the point of a satellite's orbit that is nearest to the earth.
DABBLE
To work in slight or superficial manner; to do in a small way.
BUNGLE:
To act or work in a clumsy, awkward manner
FRACTIOUS
Irritable; apt to scold. [easily annoyed]
FELON:
A person guilty or capable of crime.
TENDENTIOUS
Favoring a certain (often unpopular) point of view.
ROTUND
Plump, chubby [having a full rounded shape]
CARP
To find fault; to criticize words or actions without reason or ill-naturedly.
PRIME
To prepare; to get something ready to function.
TACITURN:
Habitually silent; not given to converse; not apt to talk or speak.
UNKEMPT
Not combed, dishevelled [untidy, neglected]
CURSORY
Performed rapidly without attention to details; hasty.
MINATORY
Threatening or menacing
SALACIOUS:
Having a propensity to be lustful or lecherous.
EMACIATE:
To become or to cause to become very thin, as when starving.
AUGUST
Solemn; inspiring respect and reverence; dignified.
HARBINGER:
A portent; sign of the future.
UNFEIGNED
Genuine, without deception, without hypocrisy.
EXTIRPATE
To eradicate; root out; destroy; exterminate
ADVOCATE
advocate (Verb):

To plead the cause of another, to urge.

In contrast to the more strident opponents of the measure, some senators advocate a more conciliatory approach.
JOCUND:
Merry; cheerful; gay; airy; lively; sportive.
CATATONIC
The definition of catatonic (adj) is In a stupor; experiencing either rigidity or extreme flexibility of the limbs.. Here is an example of it in use:


The professor was frustrated with her 8 a.m. course; every morning she looked out on a classroom full of catatonic students who seemed to be hearing nothing she said.
COAGULATE
To cause to change into a semisolid state.
ESPOUSE:
To take up as a supporter.
COZEN
cozen (verb)
To deceive; to cheat; to act deceitfully..
CORRODE
To consume; to wear away; to gradually wear away; to impair; rust.
BRANDISH
To move or wave, as a weapon; to flourish
LIMN:
Paint or draw (e.g. a sign); describe; delineate
DETAIN:
To hold back.
QUIVER
Tremble [shake: trembling movement]
ARBITER
A person appointed, or chosen, by parties to determine a controversy between them
PREMONITION
Previous warning, notice, or information; forewarning.
AFFABLE
Friendly; courteous; gracious; mild.
VIABLE
Viable (adj.)
capable of living
GUILELESS
Without cunning or duplicity; simple and honest.
SEDENTARY
Seated; not given to travelling or moving; stationary.
STEADFAST:
Firmly fixed or established; unwavering
SODDEN
Soaking wet; heavy with moisture
TENACITY
Tenacity (noun).
The quality of being persistent, singular in purpose
GAMELY
In a plucky manner; spiritedly

[plucky: bravely]
APPREHENSIVE
Apprehensive (adj.)
Cautious and fearful, anxious towards the future.
VAPID
adj.
Insipid; flat; dull; unanimated

Not wanting to sound vapid, Dierdre tried not to say "Like" and "You know" during her job interview.
RAMPANT
Uncontrolled; lacking restraint
BALMY
balmy (adj.)
Soothing; refreshing; mild..

Temperatures on the beach were record-high, but the balmy breeze coming off the ocean took the edge off the heat.
VERBOSE
Using or containing more words than are necessary.
PREPOSTEROUS
Preposterous (adj.)
Outrageous, unbelievable; contrary to nature or reason..
The queen found the commoner's suggestion that she give him her crown nothing short of preposterous.
ANIMUS
Aggression or hostility.
ENMITY:
Strong hatred.
MANACLE
Manacle (noun.)
A shackle or restraint usually attached to wrists or ankles.
APPROBATION
Approval; sanction; commendation
PANEGYRIC
Eulogy, speech or writing in praise of someone..
PREPONDERANCE
Preponderance (noun.)
A great amount (of something. Could refer to weight, quantity, power, influence, etc.).
KNOTTY
Something difficult or intricate
VORACIOUS:
Greedy in eating, eager to devour and swallow.
DECREPIT
Decrepit (adj.)
Broken down with age.
Fearing that it might fall in a storm, the farmers hired men to tear down the decrepit old barn.
FERRET
Search out and bring to light; to drive out from a hiding place.
GLEAN
To pick up or gather anything by degrees
COMELY
Pleasing or agreeable to the sight
LACONIC
laconic (adj.)
quiet, using few words, terse
IMBIBE
Imbibe (verb)
To drink in, absorb
VINDICATE
Vindicate (verb)
to support or maintain as true or correct; to release from fault
FRANCHISE:
special license or privilege granted to an individual or a group.
PAUCITY
Paucity (noun)

A lack of something

The town's single women bemoaned the paucity of eligible men.
SOLACE
noun.
comfort; alleviation of grief or sadness.
INCUMBENT
Person currently occupying a political office.
MERCENARY
Mercenary (noun)

A soldier for hire who fights purely for money (not from patriotism or coercion)
INANE
Silly, without meaning, foolish.
MOROSE
Morose (adj.)

Sullen, annoyed, unhappy
CACKLE
To make a sharp, broken noise or cry, as a hen or goose does; to laugh in a broken manner
REND
Rend (verb)
To tear one's clothes.
CONGENIAL
Allied by natural characteristics; kindred; sympathetic.
PULMONARY
Pulmonary (adj.)
having to do with the lungs.
INFLUX
(noun)
A streaming together, or continual incoming; a place where two rivers join.
JIBE
verb.
To be in accord, to agree, to fit together conceptually

The president's description of the terms of employment did not jibe with the new employee's understanding of the salary and benefits she would be receiving.
DWINDLE
(verb)
to diminish; to become less; to shrink
FULMINATE
verb.
To make a loud, sudden noise; to send forth decrees with force or authority..
QUIBBLE
(verb)
To raise an insignificant point; to trifle in argument or discourse.

The other students felt their class time was being wasted when Mary would quibble with every point the professor made.
REFRACTORY
Obstinate, stubborn, unmanageable
SALUBRIOUS
(adj.)
favorable to health
INSINUATE
verb.
Imply in a subtle or devious way; introduce gradually or indirectly and artfully..
DISCOMFIT
Upset, frustrate, make uncomfortable
IMPUGN
verb

to contradict; to assail; to call into question
GALVANIZE
To plate or coat with metal by means of electricity; to stimulate, rouse, stir.
TARNISH
(verb)
To diminish; to cause to lose luster; to dull
HIRSUTE:
Hairy
SKIRMISH
noun.
a small battle
INDIGNANT
(adj.)
Feeling wrath, as when a person is exasperated by unworthy or unjust treatment, by a mean action, or by a degrading accusation..

Indignant about the press coverage concerning her personal life, the pop star vowed she would never speak to reporters again.
CAJOLE
(verb)
to flatter; coax; deceive with flattery; entrap
SHEATHE
verb
to put in a case; to inclose or cover with
HEAVE
(verb)
To cause to move; to throw off; to lift; to raise
GENTEEL
adj.
Graceful; refined; of high birth..
USURP
To seize, and hold in possession, by force, or without right.
ENTRANCE
verb.

To put into an ecstasy; to ravish with delight or wonder; to enrapture
DECOROUS:
Satisfying the demands of polite society; proper, correct, seemly.
ARDENTLY
adj.
energetically, sincerely
EXPATIATE
To enlarge or elaborate upon something; to go on in great detail.
GENUFLECT
verb.
To bend the knee in prayer..
EXPIATION:
Atonement, the making of amends.
SAVANT
noun
A man of learning; one versed in literature or science..
RETICENT
Quiet; disposed to be silent; reserved.
GIDDY
Silly; lightheaded; dizzy.
HOODWINK:
To deceive by false appearance.
INFURIATE
verb.
anger intensely
WELTER:
To rise and fall, as waves; to tumble over
DAUNT
Discourage by reason of difficulty, intimidate, overwhelm, instill fear or lessen courage
SKIMP
verb
to save; to be parsiminous [ stingy, very sparing] or niggardly
VOGUE:
The way or fashion of people at any particular time.
MENDICANT:
A beggar.
BIGOTRY
noun.
intolerant devotion to a group or cause, usually associated with a devaluation of those outside the group.

The judge declared that the elite society's bigotry would no longer be tolerated, and that it would be forced by law to accept the minorities it had historically excluded.
PLUMMET
To fall steeply.
LURK:
To lie in wait; to keep out of sight
CLANDESTINE
adj.
Done in secret
The lovers arranged a clandestine meeting at the outskirts of town where they were sure not to be seen by anyone they knew.
GAWK
To stare stupidly at something.
PANDER
verb.
to assist in the vice of another
REBUKE
noun.
A direct and pointed reproof; a reprimand.

When Janice spilled paint on the carpet after repeated warnings to be careful, she received a sharp rebuke from her mother.
INVIDIOUS
adj.
Worthy of envy; desirable; likely to produce ill will..
BAFFLE
To elude; to foil; to perplex
GINGERLY
Cautiously; timidly; fastidiously [1. choosing only what is good. 2. easily disgusted]; daintily.
EXPEDIENT
adj.
Designed to efficiently achieve a particular end; concerned only with what is advantageous, often in self-interest..
COPIOUS:
Large in quantity or amount; plentiful; abundant; fruitful.
DERISIVE:
Mocking, laughing; dismissive
REPUGNANT
Hostile; disposed to war; offensive.
SEDULOUS
adj.
Carefully organized, diligent, painstaking
OPINE:
To have an opinion; to judge; to think.
LOQUACIOUS
Given to continual talking.
COLLATERAL
NOUN
Money or resources offered in exchange for a loan

ADJ
Acting indirectly; having lesser importance.
INFLAMMATORY
Causing anger, hostility or passion.
PERIPATETIC
Mobile, itinerant.
CHAMELEON:
A lizard that changes color to match its surroundings.
RAIMENT
noun.
an article of dress, clothing in general
NOMENCLATURE:
A system of naming, especially one used in a technical discussion.
Eulogy, speech or writing in praise
WRIT
That which is written; writing; scripture
AMEND
To change or modify in any way for the better.
PALLIATE
To treat so as to ease symptoms..
AILMENT
Indisposition; minor disorder of the body
QUAY
A bank or wharf jutting into water from which boats may be loaded and unloaded..
INSTIGATE
To provoke; to incite.
RETRENCH
verb.
To cut off; to pare away..
UNCTION
The act of anointing or rubbing with an oil, or ointment, especially for medical purposes or as a symbol of consecration.
THESPIAN
noun.
an actor, or dramitist
JUGGERNAUT:
An overwhelming force or movement that overcomes all resistance.
BANTER
noun.
A joke or jest; a good-humored exchange
REMONSTRANCE
A pointing out; manifestation; proof; demonstration.
VAGARY
noun.
a whim [sudden fancy [1. inclination 2. unfounded idea]], wandering of the thoughts
SCUFFLE
verb.
To strive or struggle with a close grapple; to wrestle in a rough fashion

After he scuffled in the bar with two other patrons, the actor was arrested for drunken and disorderly conduct.
DILATORY
Marked by procrastination or delay; tardy

oxford dictionary: delaying, not prompt
REDOLENT
adj.
fragrant; spreading sweet scent
OBTRUDE
thrust impertinently; to present without warrant or solicitation.
FLUSTER
verb.
upset and confuse
NUBILE
adj.
marriable; sexually mature
IMPUDENT
adj.
Bold and sassy; marked by disregard for others..
RIGMAROLE:
A complicated and ritualistic procedure; meaningless, confused locution
GAFFE
noun.
a social blunder [noun: bad mistake; verb: 1. move clumsily and uncertainly 2. make a bad mistake] or faux pas.
RECANT
verb.
Take back, admit an error.
FOMENT
verb.
To nurse to life or activity; to encourage
ANEMIA
Lack of vigor or vitality
FETID
adj.]
stinking; especially from decay
EXPURGATE
To purify; to clear from anything noxious, offensive, or erroneous.
ULTERIOR
Farther away, not central; hidden, going beyond what is said openly.
TEMPESTUOUS
adj.
stormy
ITINERANT
Travelling, unsettled, wandering about the country.
GRUESOME
Ugly; frightful
AMICABLE
adj.
friendly and peaceful.

Despite their divorce, the couple remained on amicable terms, meeting for dinner and a movie once a month.
SAGACITY
noun.
wisdom
CAUSTIC
Burning; corrosive; destructive
INDOLENT
Lazy, given to inactivity.
LABILE
adj.
Adaptable, open to change.
Shawn was more emotionally labile than the other children who seemed always to be content and happy. Shawn's moods would often change depending on the situation, and it was difficult to predict if he would be happy or sad.
NONCHALANT
Casual, giving the impression that one is unconcerned or indifferent.
SUPPLIANT
adj.
asking earnestly and submissively; entreating [entrain: request earnestly or emotionally]
GUTTURAL
adj.
Harsh or raspy; emanating from the throat..
INVETERATE
adj.
Deep-seated or firmly established

He was an inveterate liar, always trying to con people.
ENCUMBERED
Burdened; weighed down.
COGNATE
adj.
Of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root..
CLEAVE
adhere closely; to stick; to hold fast; to cling
ARROGATE
adj.
To assume, or claim as one's own; to take over without due cause..
COUNTERVAIL:
Act in opposition, counteract (often against a harmful force); compensate, offset, counterbalance
FLEECE
To swindle; defraud [cheat by fraud]; steal from through deceit
FLAG:
tire, lose vigor; to mark as significant.
OBVIATE
verb.
anticipate and render unnecessary
DESTITUTE
Not possessing the necessaries of life; in a condition of want; needy.
RIBALD
adj.
base; filthy; obscene

Alice thought her friend's ribald jokes distasteful, and so was nervous about introducing him to her mother.
MISOGYNIST
noun.
a woman hater
DIFFIDENT
Hesitant and timid; unassertive.
MORIBUND
Almost dead.
LISSOME
adj.
Thin and flexible; moving with grace..
SIMIAN
Apelike.
PROFLIGATE
adj.
Wasteful, extravagant, dissipative, without concern for planning or moderation..
DISTEND
verb.
To extend in one direction; to lengthen out
PALL
noun.
An overspreading of darkness or gloom

The recent death of their old coach cast a pall over the team's celebration of their victory in the championship game.
ICONOCLAST
One who challenges and criticizes established beliefs.
DURESS
noun.
compulsion by threat
DORMANT
Sleeping, in an inactive state, but with the potential to awaken.
GARBLED
Confused; mixed up; unintelligible
MALADROIT
adj.
clumsy, awkward
RECTITUDE
Rightness of principle or practice
TROTH
noun.
belief, faith, fidelity, truth
TACT
careful concern for other's feelings, the quality of being polite, diplomatic, and thoughtful
DERELICTION
noun.
neglect or abandonment; failure to perform a duty
PROFUSE
Abundant and given freely. Extravagently generous.
CHARY
adj.
Cautious, wary, hesitant. Slow to accept or allow
DILATE
verb.
to expand; to distend; to enlarge or extgend in all directions; to swell.
HARANGUE
noun.
a loud or pompous speech addressed to a large public assembly
URSINE
adj.
bear-like
WHORL
Anything with a spiraled or coiled [coil: wind into rings or spirals] appearance.
SLUICE
adj.
An opening or channel through which anything flows..
EFFACE
verb.
to rub out; to erase
BARRAGE
intense volley [1. simultaneous discharge of missiles etc. 2. outburst of questions or other words. 3. return of the ball in tennis/ before it touches the ground.] of many things at once (as in, perhaps, artillery shelling [tufek sacmasinin firlamasi gibi; artillery askeri boluk gibi]).
PORTENT
noun.
An omen, a harbinger, a sign of something that is yet to happen.

When the water mysteriously drained out of her aquarium one afternoon, the young woman took it as a portent warning her not to go on the fishing expedition she had been planning.
ENJOIN
verb.
To give an injunction to; to direct with authority; to order
FRUITION
Coming to fulfilment; enjoyment
INGRATIATE
verb.
To elicit affection or gain favor through deliberate effort; the person who does this is often (but not always) insincere.

Knowing that he had offended her parents, he tried to ingratiate himself by mowing their lawn and pruning their hedges.
PROSAIC
adj.
commonplace; unimaginative
GALAXY:
A system of stars; an assemby of brilliant or famous people.
QUISLING
noun.
A traitor
EPHEMERAL
adj.
Short-lived; existing or continuing for a short time only
ZANY
Comical in a foolish or slapstick way.
BIZARRE
adj.
Especially strange; odd in appearance; fantastic..
PYRE
A funeral pile on which the dead are burned; any pile to be burnt.
PUGILIST
noun.
a boxer; a fighter
PURVEY
Supply, generally in a business context
SQUANDER
Spend lavishly; let slip away
SAUNTER
verb.
to walk in a leisurely or relaxed fashion.
IMPUDENT:
Bold and sassy; marked by disregard for others.
VOLUBLE
adj.
fluent and smooth in speech; garrulous
QUANDARY
noun.
state of uncertainty or perplexity
ENCOMIUM
A statement of high, glowing, enthusiastic praise.

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