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Glossary of GRE Vocab List 8 14

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canto
n. division of a long poem
canvass
v. determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.
capacious
adj. spacious
capacity
n. mental or physical ability
capillary
adj. having a very fine bore
capitulate
v. surrender
caprice
n. whim, sudden idea
capricious
adj. unpredictable; fickle
caption
n. title; chapter heading; text under illustration
captious
adj. faultfinding
carafe
n. glass water bottle; decanter
carapace
n. shell covering the back (of a turtle, crab, etc.).
carat
n. unit of weight for precious stones; measure of fineness of gold
carcinogenic
adj. causing cancer
cardinal
adj. chief
cardiologist
n. doctor specializing in ailments of the heart.
careen
v. lurch; sway from side to side.
caricature
n. distortion; burlesque.
carillon
n. a set of bells capable of being played
carnage
n. destruction of life
carnal
adj. fleshly
carinvorous
adj. meat-eating
carousal
n. drunken revel
carping
n. petty criticism
carrion
n. rotting flesh of a dead body
cartographer
n. map-maker
cascade
n. small waterfall
caste
n. one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
castigation
n. punishment; severe criticism.
casualty
n. serious or fatal accident
cataclysm
n. deluge; upheaval
catalyst
n. agent that influences the pace of a chemical reaction while it remains unaffected and unchanged; person or thing that causes action
catapult
n. slingshot; hurling machine
cataract
n. great waterful; eye abnormality
castastrophe
n. calamity; disaster
catcall
n. shout of disapproval; boo
catechism
n. book for religious instruction; instruction by question and answer
categorical
adj. without exceptions; unqualified; absolute.
catharsis
n. purging or cleansing of any passage of the body
cathartic
n. purgative
catholic
adj. universal; wide-ranging liberal
caucus
n. private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine policy
caulk
v. to make watertight (by plugging seams).
causal
adj. implying a cause-and-effect relationship
caustic
adj. burning; sarcastically biting
cauterize
v. burn with hot iron or caustic.
cavalcade
n. procession; parade
cavalier
adj. casual and offhand; arrogant
cavil
v. make frivolous objections
cede
v. yield (title, territory) to; surrender formally
celerity
n. speed; rapidity
celestial
adj. heavenly
celibate
adj. abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried
censor
n. overseer of morals; person who eliminates inappropriate matter
censorious
adj. critical
censure
v. blame; criticize
centaur
n. mythical figure, half man and half horse
centigrade
adj. denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius).
centrifugal
adj. radiating; departing from the center
centrifuge
n. machine that separates substances by whirling them.
centripetal
adj. tending toward the center
centurion
n. Roman army officer
cerebral
adj. pertaining to the brain or intellect
cerebration
n. thought
ceremonious
adj. marked by formality
certitude
n. certainty
cessation
n. stoppage
cession
n. yielding (something) to another; ceding
chafe
v. warm by rubbing; make sore (by rubbing)
chaff
n. worthless products of an endeavor
chaffing
adj. bantering; joking
chagrin
n. vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride); disappointment
chalice
n. goblet; consecrated cup
chameleon
n. lizard that changes color in different situations
champion
v. support militantly
chaotic
adj. in utter disorder
charisma
n. divine gift; great popular charm or appeal
charlatan
n. quack; pretender to konwledge
chary
adj. cautious; sparing or restrained about giving
chase
v. ornament a metal surface by indenting
chasm
n. abyss
chassis
n. framework and working parts of an automobile
chaste
adj. pure; virginal; modest
chasten
v. correct by punishment or scolding restrain
chastened
adj. humbled; subdued; rebuked
chastise
v. punish or scold; reprimand
chauvinist
n. blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group or cause
check
v. stop motion; curb or restrain
checkered
adj. marked by changes in fortune
cherubic
adj. angelic; innocent-looking
chicanery
n. trickery; deception
chide
v. scold
chimerical
adj. fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; imaginative
chisel
v. swindle or cheat; cut with a chisel
chivalrous
adj. courteous; faithful; brave
choleric
adj. hot-tempered
choreography
n. art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
chortle
v. chuckle with delight
chronic
adj. long established, as a disease
chronicle
v. report; record (in chronological order).
churlish
adj. boorish; rude
ciliated
adj. having minute hairs
cipher
n. secret code
circlet
n. small ring; band
circuitous
adj. roundabout
circumlocution
n. unnecessarily wordy and indirect speech; evasive language
circumscribe
v. limit narrowly; confine or restrict; define
circumspect
adj. prudent; cautious
circumvent
v. outwit; baffle
cistern
n. reservoir or water tank
citadel
n. fortress
cite
v. quote; commend
civil
adj. having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
clairvoyant
adj., n. having foresight; fortuneteller
clamber
v. climb by crawling
clamor
n. noise
clandestine
adj. secret
clangor
n. loud, resounding noise
clapper
n. striker (tongue) of a bell
clarion
adj. shrill, trumpetlike sound
claustrophobia
n. fear of being locked in
calvicle
n. collarbone
cleave
v. split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to
cleft
n. split, a narrow break
clemency
n. disposition to be lenient; mildness, as of the weather
cliche
n. phrase dulled in meaning by repetition
clientele
n. body of customers
climactic
adj. relating to the highest point
clime
n. region; climate
clique
n. small, exclusive group
cloister
n. monastery or convent
clout
n. great influence (especially political or social).
cloying
adj. distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental
coagulate
v. thicken; congeal; clot
coalesce
v. combine; fuse
coalition
n. partnership; league; union
coda
n. concluding section of a musical or literary composition; something that rounds out, summarizes, or concludes
coddle
v. treat gently; pamper
codicil
n. supplement to the body of a will
codify
v. arrange (laws, rules) as a code; classify
coercion
n. use of force to get someone to obey
coeval
adj. living at the same time as; contemporary.
cog
n. tooth projecting from a wheel
cogent
adj. convincing
cogitate
v. think over
cognate
adj. related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature
cognitive
adj. having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes.
cognizance
n. knowledge
cohabit
v. live together
cohere
v. stick together
cohesion
n. tendency to keep together
cohorts
n. armed band
coiffure
n. hairstyle
coin
v. make coins; invent or fabricate
coincidence
n. the chane occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events
colander
n. utensil with perforated bottom used for straining.
collaborate
v. work together
collage
n. work of art put together from fragments
collate
v. examine in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order
collateral
n. security given for a loan
collation
n. a light meal
colloquial
adj. pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal
colloquy
n. informal discussion
collusion
n. conspiring in a fraudulent scheme
colossal
adj. huge
colossus
n. gigantic statue
comatose
adj. in a coma; extremely sleepy
combustible
adj. esasily burned
comely
adj. attractive; agreeable
comestible
n. something fit to be eaten
comeuppance
n. rebuke; deserts
comity
n. courtesy; civility
commandeer
v. to draft for military purposes; to take for public use
commemorative
adj. remembering; honoring
commensurate
adj. corresponding in extent, degree, amount, etc; proportionate
commiserate
v. feel or express pity or sympathy for
commodious
adj. spacious and comfortable
communal
adj. held in common; a group of people
compact (noun usage)
n. agreement; contract
compact (adj usage)
adj. tightly packed; firm ; brief
compatible
adj. harmonious; in harmony with
compelling
adj. overpowering; irresistible in effect
compendium
v. brief, comprehensive summary
compensatory
adj. making up for; repaying
compilation
n. listing of statistical information in tabular or book form.
compile
v. assemble; gather; accumulate
complacency
n. self-satisfaction; smugness
complaisant
adj. trying to please; overly polite; obliging
complement
v. complete; consumate; make perfect
complementary
adj. serving to complete something
compliance
n. readiness to yield; conformity in fulfilling requirements.
compliant
adj. yielding; conforming to requirements
complicity
n. involvement in a crime; participation
component
n. element; ingredient
comport
v. bear one's self; behave
composure
n. mental calmness
compound
v. combine; constitute
comprehensive
adj. thorough; inclusive
compress
v. squeeze or press together; make more compact
comprise
v. include; consist of
compromise
v. adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of
compunction
n. remorse
compute
v. reckon; calculate
concatenate
v. link as in a chain
concave
adj. hollow
concede
v. admit; yield
conceit
n. vanity or self-love; whimsical idea; extravagant metaphor
concentric
adj. having a common center
conception
n. beginning; forming of an idea
concerted
adj. mutually agreed on; done together
concession
n. an act of yielding
concillatory
adj. reconciling; soothing
concise
adj. brief and compact
conclave
n. private meeting
conclusive
adj. decisive; ending all debate
concoct
v. prepare by combining; make up in concert
concomitant
n. that which accompanies
concord
n. harmony
concur
v. agree
concurrent
adj. happening at the same time
condescend
v. bestow courtesies with a superior air
condign
adj. appropriate; deserved (almost always, in the sense of deservedly severe, as in condign punishment).
condiment
n. food seasoning; spice
condole
v. express sympathetic sorrow
condone
v. overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
conducive
adj. helpful; contributive
conduit
n. aqueduct; passageway for fluids
confidant
n. trusted friend
confine
v. shut in; restrict
confiscate
v. seize; commandeer
conflagration
n. great fire
conflate
v. meld or fuse; confuse; combine into one
confluence
n. flowing together; crowd
conformity
n. harmony; agreement
confound
v. confuse; puzzle
congeal
v. freeze, coagulate
congenial
adj. pleasant; friendly
congenital
adj. existing at birth
conglomeration
n. mass of material sticking together
congruence
n. correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship
congruent
adj. in agreement; corresponding
conifer
n. pine tree; cone-bearing tree
conjecture
v. infer on the basis of insufficient data; surmise; guess
conjugal
adj. pertaining to marriage
conjure
v. summon a devil; practice magic; imagine or invent
connivance
n. pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend
connoisseur
n. person competent to act as a judge of art, etc.; a lover of an art
connotation
n. suggested or implied meaning of an expression

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