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Glossary of GRE Vocab List 2

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Word
Definition
a, an
NOT, WITHOUT (amoral, anarchy, anomalous, anonymous, aseptic, asexual, atheism, atrophy, averse)
ab
FROM, AWAY, APART (absent, abduct, abdicate, abject, abnormal, abrupt, abuse)
abandon
total lack of inhibition
abase
to humble, disgrace
abash
to embarrass
abate
to lessen in intensity or degree
abdicate
to give up a position, right or power
aberrant
deviating from the norm
abeyance
temporary suppression or suspension
abhor
to loathe, detest
abjure
to renounce or reject solemnly; to recant; to avoid
able, ible
CAPABLE OF, WORTHY OF (changeable, durable, laudable, inevitable, infallible, irreducibile)
abnegate
to deny, renounce
abrogate
to abolish or annul by authority; put down
abrupt
sudden, unexpected
abscission
act of cutting off or removing
abscond
to depart clandestinely; to steal away and hide
ac, acr
SHARP, SOUR (acerbic, acetate, acid, acrid, acumen, acute)
acclaim
praise
accolade
an expression of praise
accretion
growth, increase by successive addition, building up
acerbic
having a sour or bitter taste or character
acidulous
sour in taste or manner
acou
HEARING (acoustic)
acrimony
bitterness, animosity
acumen
quick; keen; or accurate knowledge or insight
ad, a
TO (adapt, adequate, adumbrate, advocate, accede, adduce, affiliate, allocate, annunciation)
admonish
to reprove; to express warning or disapproval
adroit
adept, dexterous
adulation
excessive praise; intense adoration
adulterate
to reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients
adumbrate
to foreshadow vaguely, intimate, suggest or outline sketchily
adventitious
accidental
aesthetic
dealing with; appreciative of; or responsive to art or the beautiful
aggrandize
to increase in intensity or power or prestige
alacrity
eager and enthusiastic willingness
alchemy
a medieval science aimed at the transmutation of metals esp. base metals into gold
alloy
to commingle; to debase by mixing with something inferior
am, im
love (amigo, amicable, enamored, inimical, paramour)
amalgamate
to combine several elements into a whole
ambi, amphi
BOTH, ON BOTH SIDES, AROUND (ambidextrous, ambient, ambiguous, ambition, ambivalent, amphibian, amphititheater)
ambl, ambul
WALK (amble, ambulance, ambulatory, perambulator, preamble)
ameliorate
to make better or more tolerable
amenable
agreeable; responsive to suggestion
anachronism
something or someone out of place in terms of its historical or chronological context
anathema
a solemn or ecclesiastical (religious) curse; accursed or thoroughly loathed person or thing
ancillary
accessory, subordinate, helping
anim
MIND, SPIRIT, BREATH (animadversion, animal, animate, animosity, equanimity, magnanimity)
anodyne
something that soothes or calms pain
anomaly
deviation from the normal order or form or rule; abnormality
ant, ante
BEFORE (antecedent, antechamber, antediluvian, anterior, anticipate, antiquity, ancient)
anti, ant
AGAINST, OPPOSITE (anticlimax, antidote, antipathy, antagonism, antipodes, antithesis)
antipathy
aversion, dislike
antithetical
diametrically opposed, as in antithesis
apace
done quickly
apocryphal
of dubious authenticity or origin, spurious
apogee
farthest or highest point; culmination; zenith
apollonian
harmonious, ordered, rational, calm (< Apollo god of sun, light & music; present sense from Nietzsche)
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions, a betrayer of a cause
apothegm
a short, instructive saying
apotheosis
deification, glorification to godliness, the perfect example
apposite
appropriate, pertinent, relevant, apropos
appraise
to evaluate the value of something
apprise
to give notice to, inform
approbation
an expression of approval or praise
appropriate
to take for one's own use, confiscate
aqua, aque
WATER (aquamarine, aquarium, aquatic, aquatint, aqueduct, subaqueous)
arabesque
complex, ornate design
arcana
deep secrets (pl); sg form is arcanum
arcane
mysterious, abstruse, esoteric, knowable only to initiates
archaic
outdated; associated with an earlier & perhaps more primitive time
ard
BURN (ardent, ardor, arson)
ardor
passionate, fervent, enthusiastic
arduous
strenuous or taxing or requiring significant effort
arrant
impudent; in every way, being completely such, barefaced, utter
arrest
to suspend, engage
artless
completely without guile; natural without artificiality
ascetic
one who practices rigid self-denial esp. as an act of religious devotion
askance
scornfully
asperity
severity, rigor; roughness, harshness; acrimony, irritability
aspersion
an act of defamation or maligning
assiduous
diligent, hard-working
assonance
resemblance in sound, especially in vowel sounds; partial rhyme
assuage
to ease or lessen; to appease or pacify
astringent
having a tightening effect on living tissue; harsh; severe
attenuate
to rarefy, weaken or make thinner, lessen
audacious
daring and fearless; recklessly bold
audacity
the quality of being daring and fearless (or audacious)
augury
omen, portent, the reading of omens
august
majestic, venerable
auspice
protection or support, patronage; OR sign, portent
auspicious
favorable, propitious, successful, prosperous
austere
without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic
auto, aut
SELF (autobiography, autocracy, autograph, automaton, autonomous, autopsy, autism)
avarice
greed esp. for wealth
aver
to state as a fact; to confirm or support
awry
crooked, askew, amiss
axiom
a universally recognized principle
axiomatic
taken as a given; possessing self-evident truth
bacchanalian
drunkenly festive, frenzied, orgiastic (< Bacchus god of wine, drama & ecstasy; present sense from Nietzsche)
baleful
sinister, pernicious, ominous
banal
trite and overly common
bane
cause of injury, source of harm; source of persistent frustration
barefaced
audacious, impudent, shameless (of persons, actions, etc.)
beatify
to bless, make happy, or ascribe a virtue to; to regard as saintly
bedizen
to adorn, especially in a cheap showy manner; festoon, caparison
bel, bell
BEAUTIFUL (belle, embellish)
belabor
to insist repeatedly or harp on
belie
to give a false impression of, to misrepresent
belittle
to represent as unimportant, make light of
bell, belli
WAR - Bellona the goddess of war was Mars' wife (antebellum, bellicose, belligerent, rebellion)
bellicose
belligerent, pugnacious, warlike
bemuse
to confuse, stupefy; plunge deep into thought
ben
WELL, GOOD (benediction, benefactor, benevolent, benign)
benison
blessing
bent
leaning, inclination, proclivity, tendency
bi, bin
TWO (bicameral, bicycle, bifocals, bifurcate, bilateral, binoculars, binomial, biped)
bilious
bad-natured
blandish
to coax with flattery, toady or fawn
blandishment
flattery intended to cajole or coax
blithe
carefree, merry
boisterous
loud, noisy, rough, lacking restraint
bolster
to provide support or reinforcement
bombast
self-evident or pompous writing or speech
bombastic
pompous; grandiloquent
bon, boun
GOOD, GENEROUS (bonus, bountiful, bounty, debonair)
boor
rude or insensitive person; lout; yokel
brandish
to shake or wave menacingly
brew, brid
SHORT, SMALL (abbreviate, abridge, brevet, breviary, breviloquent, brevity, brief)
broach
to bring up, announce, begin to talk about
bromide
a dull, commonplace person or idea
brook
to tolerate, endure, countenance
bucolic
rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
burgeon
to grow rapidly; to flourish
burnish
to polish, rub to a shine
burs
PURSE, MONEY (bursar, bursary, disburse, reimburse)
byzantine
labyrinthine, complex
cacophony
harsh or jarring or discordant sound; dissonance
cadge
to sponge, beg or mooch
cajole
to inveigle, coax, wheedle, sweet-talk
callow
immature, lacking sophistication
caluminante
to slander, make a false accusation
calumny
slander, aspersion
canard
a lie
candor
honesty of expression
canny
smart; founded on common sense
canon
an established set of principles or code of laws; often religious in nature
canonical
following or in agreement with orthodox requirements
capricious
inclined to change one's mind impulsively; erratic; unpredictable
cardinal
of basic importance or consequence; primary
careen
to lean to one's side
caret
an insertion mark (^) used by editors and proofreaders
carn
FLESH (carnage, carnal, carnival, carnivorous, charnel, incarnate)
carom
to strike and rebound
carpace
turtle's shell
castigate
to punish, chastise, criticize severely
castigation
severe criticism or punishment
catalyst
a substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing; a person or thing that causes change
caus, caut
BURN (caustic, cauterize, cautery, encaustic, holocaust)
caustic
burning or stinging; causing corrosion
cavil
to raise trivial objections
ced, cess
YIELD, GO (abscess, accede, access, cession, concede, exceed, excess, intercede, precede, proceed, recede, secede)
celer
SPEED (accelerate, celerity, decelerate)
censure
to criticize severely; to officially rebuke
cent
HUNDRED,-TH (cent, centennial, centigrade, century, centipede)
chary
wary; cautious
chasten
to chastise or correct; subdue
chauvinist
one blindly devoted to a group of which one is a member
chicanery
trickery or subterfuge
chimera
an illusion; originally an imaginary fire-breathing she-monster
chortle
to chuckle
chrom
COLOR (chromatic, chrome, chromosome, monochromatic)
chron
TIME (anachronism, chronic, chronicle, chronometer, synchronize)
churlish
boorish, vulgar, loutish; difficult and intractable
cicerone
a tourist guide who explains sites to tourist (< Cicero whose oratory was long-winded & elegant)
circuitous
roundabout
circum
AROUND (circumference, circumlocution, circumspect, circumstance)
circumlocution
roundabout, lengthy way of saying something
circumvent
to go around, avoid
clemency
mild leniency
cloying
indulging to excess
co, com, con
WITH, TOGETHER (coeducation, coincide, communicate, compare, concernt, concubine, conflict)
coalesce
to come together; to fuse or unite
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary piece, something that concludes or completes
cogent
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
cogn, conn
KNOW (cognition, cognizance, incognito, recognize, reconnaissance, reconnoiter)
color
to change as if by dying, influence, distort or gloss over
commensurate
matching, corresponding or proportionate in degree, size, amount or other property
compendious
summarizing completely and briefly
complacent
self-satisfied
complaisance
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
compunction
feeling of uneasiness caused by guilt or regret
connoisseur
an informed and astute judge in matters of taste; expert
consanguine
related by blood
consequential
pompous, self-important; usually means logical following; important
contemn
to scorn or despise; to express contempt
contentious
argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement
contiguous
sharing a border; touching; adjacent
contra, contro, counter
AGAINST (contradict, contrary, controversy, counterattact, encounter)
contrite
regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness
convention
a generally agreed-upon practice or attitude
convoluted
complex or complicated
cord, card
HEART (accord, cardiac, concord, cardiology, cordial, discord, record)
corp, cors
BODY (corporate, corps, corpse, corpulent, corpus, corpuscle, corset, incorporation)
corrigible
capable of being set right, correctable, reparable
corroborate
to confirm, verify
cosm
ORDER, UNIVERSE, WORLD (cosmetic, cosmic, cosmology, cosmopolitan, microcosm)
countenance
to approve of or tolerate; brook
cozen
to deceive, beguile, hoodwink
craven
contemptibly fainthearted, pusillanimous, lacking any courage
cred
TRUST, BELIEVE (accredit, credentials, credible, credit, credo, credulity, creed, incredible)
credulous
tending to believe too readily; gullible
crim
crime, fault, accusation (criminology, decriminalize, incriminate, recrimination)
crypt
HIDE (crypt, cryptic, cryptography, apocryphal)
culp
FAULT, BLAME (culpable, culprit, inculpate, exculpate)
culpable
deserving blame
cumb, cub
LIE DOWN (concubine, cubicle, incubate, incubus, incumbent, recumbent, succubus, succumb)
curmudgeon
cranky person
curt
abrupt, blunt
cygnet
young swan
cyn, can
DOG (canine, cynic)
cynicism
an attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by selfishness
daguerreotype
precursor to photograph
damp
to diminish the intensity or check something, such as a sound or feeling
daunt
to intimidate or dismay
daunting
dismaying, disheartening
dauntless
fearless, undaunted, intrepid
de
DOWN, OUT, AWAY FROM, APART (dehydrate, deject, depress, deport, descend, describe, devalue)
dearth
smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; a lack
debacle
rout, fiasco, complete failure
decamp
to leave suddenly
decorum
polite or appropriate conduct or behavior
decry
to belittle, openly condemn
dele
ERASE (delete, indelibile)
deleterious
harmful, destructive, detrimental
delphic
unclear, ambiguous or confusing (< oracle of Delphi whose epigrams were characterized this way)
demur
to question or oppose
denigrate
to blacken, belittle, sully, defame, disparage
denouement
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
deprecate
to disparage or belittle
depredate
to plunder, pillage, ravage or destroy; to exploit in a predatory manner
deride
to mock, ridicule, make fun of
derision
scorn; ridicule; contemptuous treatment
derisive
expressing ridicule or scorn
derivative
unoriginal, obtained from another source
descry
to discover or reveal
desiccate
to dry out; dehydrate; to make dry or dull
desuetude
disuse
desultory
random; thoughtless; marked by a lack of a plan or purpose

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