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Glossary of GRE Vocab List 1-7

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abase
v. lower; degrade; humiliate
abash
v. embarrass
abate
v. subside or moderate
abbreviate
v. shorten
abdicate
v. renounce; give up
aberrant
adj. abnormal or deviant
aberration
n. abnormality; departure from the norm; mental irregularity or disorder
abet
v. assist
abeyance
n. suspended action
abhor
v. detest; hate
abject
adj. wretched; lacking pride
abjure
v. renounce upon oath; disavow
ablution
n. washing
abnegation
n renunciation; self-sacrifice
abolish
v. cancel; put an end to
abominable
adj. detestable; extremely unpleasant
abominate
v. loathe; hate
aboriginal
adj., n. being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native
abortive
adj. unsuccessful; fruitless
abrasive
adj. rubbing away; tending to grind down
abridge
v. condense or shorten
abrogate
v. abolish
abscission
n. removal by cutting off, as in surgery; separation
abscond
v. depart secretly and hide
absolute
adj. complete; totally unlimited; certain
absolve
v. pardon (an offense)
abstain
v. refrain; withhold from participation
abstemious
adj. sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
abstinence
n. restraint from eating or drinking
abstract
adj. theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
abstruse
adj. obscure; profound; difficult to understand.
abusive
adj. coarsely insulting; physically harmful
abut
v. border upon; adjoin
abyss
n. enormous chasm; vast, bottomless pit
academic
adj. related to a school; not practical or directly useful
accede
v. agree
accelerate
v. move faster
accessible
adj. easy to approach; obtainable
accessory
n. additional object
acclaim
v. applaud; announce with great approval
acclimate
v. adjust to climate or environment; adapt.
acclivity
n. sharp upslope of a hill
accolade
n. award of merit
accommodate
v. oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt
accomplice
n. partner in a crime
accord
n. agreement
accost
v. approach and speak first to a person
accoutre
v. equip
accretion
n. growth; increase
accrue
v. come about by addition
acerbic
adj. bitter or sour in nature; sharp and cutting
acerbity
n. bitterness of speech and temper
acetic
adj. vinegary
acidulous
adj. slightly sour; sharp; caustic
acknowledge
v. recognize; admit
acme
n. peak, pinnacle; highest point
acoustics
n. science of sound; quality of that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
acquiesce
v. assent; agree passively
acquittal
n. deliverance from a charge
acrid
adj. sharp; bitterly pungent
acrimonious
adj. bitter in words or manner
acrophobia
n. fear of heights
actuarial
adj. calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
actuate
v. motivate
acuity
n. sharpness
acumen
n. mental keenness
acute
adj. quickly perceptive; keen; brief and severe
adage
n. wise saying; proverb
adamant
adj. hard; inflexible
adapt
v. alter; modify
addendum
n. addition; appendix to book
addiction
n. compulsive, habitual need
addle
v. muddle, drive crazy; become rotten
address
v. direct a speech to; deal with or discuss
adept
adj. expert at
adhere
v. stick fast
adherent
n. supporter; follower
adjacent
adj. adjoining; neighboring; close by
adjunct
n something (generally nonessential or interior) added on or attached
adjuration
n. solemn urging
adjutant
n. staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
admonish
v. warn; reprove
adorn
v. decorate
adroit
adj. skillful
adulation
n. flattery; admiration.
adulterate
v. make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances.
advent
n. arrival.
adventitious
adj. accidental; casual.
adversary
n. opponent; enemy.
adverse
adj. unfavorable; hostile.
adversity
n. poverty; misfortune.
advert
v. refer (to).
advocacy
n. support; active pleading on behalf of someone or somethin.
advocate
v. urge; plead for
aegis
n. shield; defense.
aerie
n. nest of a large bird of prey (eagle, hawk).
aesthetic
adj. artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful.
affable
adj. easily approachable; warmly friendly.
affected
adj. artificial; pretended; assumed in order to impress.
affidavit
n. written statement made under oath.
affiliation
n. joining; associating with.
affinity
n. kinship
affirmation
n. positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath.
affix
v. attach or add on; fasten.
affliction
n. state of distress; cause of suffering
affluence
n. abundance; wealth
affront
n. insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect.
agape
adj. openmouthed.
agenda
n. items of business at a meeting.
agglomeration
n. collection; heap
aggrandize
v. increase or intensify; raise in power, wealth, rank or honor.
aggregate
v. gather; accumulate.
aggressor
n. attacker.
aghast
adj. horrified; dumbfounded
agility
n. nimbleness
agitate
v. stir up; disturb
agnostic
n. one who is skeptical of the existence of a god or any ultimate reality
agog
adj. highly excited; intensely curious
agrarian
adj. pertaining to land or its cultivation
alacrity
n. cheerful promptness; eagerness.
alchemy
n. medieval form of speculative thought that aimed to transform base metals (lead or copper) into silver or gold and to discover a means of prolonging life.
alcove
n. nook; recess.
alias
n. an assumed name.
alienate
v. make hostile; separate
alimentary
adj. supplying nourishment.
alimony
n payments made to an ex-spouse after divorce.
allay
v. calm; pacify
allege
v. state without proof.
allegiance
n. loyality
allegory
n. story in which characters are used as symbols; fable.
alleviate
v. relieve
alliteration
n. repetition of beginning sound in poetry.
allocate
v. assign.
alloy (noun usage)
n. a mixture as of metals.
alloy (verb usage)
v. mix; make less pure; lesson or moderate
allude
v. refer indirectly
allure
v. entice; attract
allusion
n. indirect reference.
alluvial
adj. pertaining to soil deposits left by running water.
aloof
adj. apart; reserved.
aloft
adv. upward
altercation
n. noisy quarrel; heated dispute.
altruistic
adj. unselfishly generous; concerned for others.
amalgamate
v. combine; unite in one body.
amass
v. collect
amazon
n. female warrior.
ambidextrous
adj. capble of using either hand with equal ease.
ambience
n. environment; atmosphere
ambiguous
adj. unclear or doubtful in meaning.
ambivalence
n. the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes.
amble
n. moving at an easy pace.
ambrosia
n. food of the gods.
ambulatory
adj. able to walk; not bedridden.
ameliorate
v. improve.
amenable
adj. readily managed or willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally.
amend
v. correct; change, generally for the better.
amenities
n. convenient features; courtesies
amiable
adj. agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly.
amicable
adj. politely friendly; not quarrelsome.
amiss
adj. wrong; faulty.
amity
n. friendship
amnesia
n. loss of memory.
amnesty
n. pardon
amoral
adj. nonmoral
amorous
adj. moved by sexual love; loving.
amorphous
adj. formless; lacking shape or definition
ample
adj. abundant
amplify
v. boraden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger.
amputate
v. cut off part of body; prune.
amok (also amuck)
adv. in a state of rage
amulet
n. charm; talisman
anachronism
n. something or someone misplaced in time.
analgesic
adj. causing insensitivity to pain
analogous
adj. comparable
analogy
n. similarity; parallelism
anarchist
n. person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anarchy
n. absence of governing body; state of disorder.
anathema
n. solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse.
ancestry
n. family descent
anchor
v. secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place.
ancillary
adj. serving as an aid or accessory; auxillary.
anecdote
n. short account of an amusing or interesting event
anemia
n. condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles.
anesthetic
n. substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness
anguish
n. acute pain; extreme suffering.
angular
adj. sharp-cornered; stiff in manner.
animadversion
n. critical remark.
animated
adj. lively; spirited.
animosity
n. active enmity.
animus
n. hostile feeling or intent
annals
n. records; history.
anneal
v. reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling.
annex
v. attach; take possesion of
annihilate
v. destroy
annotate
v. comment; make explanatory notes.
annuity
n. yearly allowance
annul
v. make void
anodyne
n. drug that relieves pain; opiate.
anoint
v. consecrate
anomalous
adj. abnormal; irregular.
anomaly
n. iregularity
anonymity
n. state of being nameless; anonymousness.
antagonism
n. hostility; active resistance
antecede
v. precede.
antecedents
n. preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later; ancestors of early background
antediluvian
adj. antiquated; extremely ancient.
anthem
n. song of praise or patriotism
anthology
n. book of literary selections by various authors.
anthropoid
adj. manlike.
anthropologist
n. student of the history and science of humankind
anthropomorphic
adj.. having human form or characterstics
antic
adj. extravagantly odd
anticlimax
n. letdown in thought or emotion
antidote
n. remedy to counteract a poison or disease
antipathy
n. aversion; dislike
antiquated
adj. obsolete; outdated
antispetic
n. substance that prevents infection
antithesis
n. contrast; direct opposite of or to.
anvil
n. iron block used in hammering out metals
apathy
n. lack of caring; indifference
ape
v. imitate or mimic
aperture.
n. opening; hole
apex
n. tip; summit; climax
aphasia
n. loss of speech due to injury or illness
aphorism
n. pithy maxim or saying.
apiary
n. a place where bees are kept
aplomb
n. poise; assurance
apocalyptic
adj. prophetic; pertaining to revelations.
apocryphal
adj. spurious; not authentic; invented rather than true.
apogee
n. highest point.
apolitical
adj. having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
apologist
n. one who writes in defense of a cause or institution.
apostate
n. one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
apothecary
n. durggist
apothegm
n. pithy, compact saying
apotheosis
n. elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
appall
v. dismay; shock
apparition
n. ghost; phantom
appease
v. pacify or soothe; relieve.
appellation
n. name; title
append
v. attach
application
n. diligent attention
apposite
adj. appropriate; fitting
appraise
v. estimate value of
appreciate
v. be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious
apprehend
v. arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive.
apprehensive
adj. fearful; discerning
apprise
v. inform.
approbation
n. approval

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