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Glossary of GRE 333

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abate
subside or moderate
aberrant
Deviating from the proper or expected course.
Deviating from what is normal; untrue to type.
abeyance
suspended action
abscond
depart secretly and hide
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking, temperate
admonish
warn, reprove
adulterate
make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
aesthetic
artistic
aggregate
gather, accumulate
alacrity
cheerful promptness, eagerness
alleviate
relieve
amalgamate
combine, unite in one body
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
ameliorate
improve
anachronism
something or someone misplaced in time
analogous
comparable
anarchy
absence of governing body, state of disorder
anomalous
abnormal, irregular
antipathy
Deep-seated hatred, as between longtime opponents or rivals

Extreme hostility and dislike
apathy
lack or caring, indifference
appease
pacify or soother, relieve
apprise
inform
approbation
An expression of warm approval; praise.

Official approval.
appropriate
acquire, take possession of for one's own use
arduous
hard, stenuous
artless
1.without guile, open and honest

2.Free of artificiality; natural

3.Of a plain and unsophisticated nature
ascetic
practicing self-denial, austere
assiduous
diligent
assuage
ease or lessen (pain), satisty (hunger), soother (anger)
attenuate
make thinner, weaken or lessen ( in density, force, degree)
audacious
daring, bold
austere
Severe or stern in disposition or appearance; somber and grave
autonomous
self-governing
aver
assert confidently or declare
banal
hackneyed, commonplate, trite, lacking originality
belie
contradict, give a false impression
beneficent
kindly, doing good
bolster
support, reinforce
bombastic
pompous, using inflated language
boorish
rude, insensitive
burgeon
grow forth, send out buds
burnish
make shiny by rubbing, polish
buttress
support, prop up
cacophonous
discordant, inharmonious
capricious
1. Determined or marked by whim or caprice rather than reason; arbitrary

2. Following no predictable pattern
castigation
punishment, severe criticism
catalyst
agent that influences the pace of a chemical reaction while it remains unaffected and unchanged, person or thing that causes action
caustic
burning, sarcastically biting
chicanery
trickery, deception
coagulate
thicken, congeal, clot
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition, something that summarizes or concludes
cogent
convincing

Based on good judgment, reasoning, or evidence
commensurate
corresponding in extent or degree or amount, proportionate
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary
complaisant
trying to please, overly polite, obliging
compliant
yielding, conforming to requirements
conciliatory
reconciling, soothing
condone
overlook, forgive, give tacit approval, excuse
confound
confuse, puzzle
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of something, a lover of an art
contention
claim, thesis
contentious
Given to arguing

Having or showing an eagerness to fight

Inclined to act in a hostile way
contrite
Feeling regret and sorrow for one's sins or offenses; penitent.
conundrum
riddle, difficult problem
converge
approach, tend to meet, come together
convoluted
coiled around, involved, intricate
craven
cowardly
daunt
To abate the courage of; discourage
decorum
propriety, orderliness and good taste in manners, proper manners
default
failure to act
deference
courteous regard for another's wish
delineate
To draw or trace the outline of; sketch out.
To represent pictorially; depict.
To depict in words or gestures; describe
denigrate
To attack the character or reputation of; speak ill of; defame
deride
ridicule, make fun of
derivative
unoriginal, obtained from another source
desiccate
To dry out thoroughly.
To preserve (foods) by removing the moisture. See synonyms at dry.
To make dry, dull, or lifeless.
desultory
aimless, haphazard, disgressing at random
deterrent
something that discourages, hindrance
diatribe
bitter scolding, invective

A long, violent, or blustering speech, usually of censure or denunciation
dichotomy
split, branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
diffidence
shyness
diffuse
wordy, rambling, spread out (like a gas)
digression
wandering away from the subject
dirge
lament with music
disabuse
correct a false impression, undeceive
discerning
mentally quick and observant, having insight
discordant
not harmonious, conflicting
discredit
defame, destroy confidence in, disbelieve
discrepancy
lack of consistency, difference
discrete
separate, unconnected, consisting of distinct parts
disingenuous
lacking genuine candor, insincere
disinterested
unprejudiced
disjointed
lacking coherence, separated at the joints
dismiss
eliminate from consideration, reject
disparage
belittle
disparate
basically different, unrelated
dissemble
To disguise or conceal behind a false appearance
disseminate
distribute, spread, scatter (like seeds)
dissolution
disintegration, looseness in morals
dissonance
discord, opposite of harmony
distend
expand, swell out
distill
purify, refine, concentrate
diverge
vary, go in different directions from the same point
divest
strip, deprive
document
provide written evidence
dogmatic
Characterized by an authoritative, arrogant assertion of unproved or unprovable principles
dormant
sleeping, lethargic, latent
dupe
someone easily fooled
ebullient
showing excitement, overflowing with enthusiasm

Boiling or seeming to boil; bubbling.
eclectic
selective, composed of elements drawn from disparate sources
efficacy
power to produce desired effect
effrontery
impudence, shameless boldness, sheer nerve, presumptuousness
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation
elicit
draw out by discussion
embellish
adorn, ornament, enhance (as a story)
empirical
based on experience
emulate
imitate, rival
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country
enervate
weaken
engender
To bring into existence
enhance
increase, improve
ephemeral
short-lived, fleeting
equanimity
calmness of temperament, composure
equivocate
To use evasive or deliberately vague language

To stray from truthfulness or sincerity
erudite
learned, scholarly
esoteric
hard to understand, known only to the chosen few
eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one
exacerbate
worsen, embitter
exculpate
clear from blame
exigency
urgent situation, pressing needs or demands, state of requiring immediate attention
extrapolation
(mathematics) calculation of the value of a function outside the range of known values

an inference about the future (or about some hypothetical situation) based on known facts and observations
facetious
joking (often inappropriately), humorous
facilitate
help bring about, make less difficult
fallacious
false, misleading
fatuous
Foolish or silly, especially in a smug or self-satisfied way
fawning
trying to please by behaving flattering or cringing
felicitous
apt, suitably expressed, well chosen
fervor
glowing ardor, intensity of feeling
flag
To hang limply; droop

To signal with or as if with a flag
fledgling
inexperienced
flout
reject, mock, show contempt for
foment
stir up, instigate
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
frugality
thrift, economy
futile
useless, hopeless, ineffectual
gainsay
deny
garrulous
Given to excessive and often trivial or rambling talk; tiresomely talkative.
Wordy and rambling: a garrulous speech.
goad
urge on
gouge
overcharge
grandiloquent
pompous, bombastic, using high-sounding language
gregarious
sociable
guileless
without deceit
gullible
easily deceived
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech
homogeneous
of the same kind
hyperbole
A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, as in I could sleep for a year or This book weighs a ton
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions
idolatry
worship of idols, excessive admiration
immutable
unchangeable
impair
injure, hurt
impassive
without feeling, imperturbable, stoical
impede
hinder, block
impermeable
impervious, not permitting passage through its substance
imperturbable
calm, placid
impervious
impenetrable, incapable of being damaged or distressed
implacable
incapable of being pacified
implicit
Implied or understood though not directly expressed

Having no doubts or reservations
implode
burst inward
inadvertently
unintentionaly, by oversight or carelessly
inchoate
recently begun, rudimentary, elementary
incongruity
lack of harmony, absurdity
inconsequential
insignificant, unimportant
incorporate
introduce something into a larger whole, combine, unite
indeterminate
uncertain, not clearly fixed, indefinite
indigence
poverty
indolent
lazy
inert
inactive, lacking power to move
ingenuous
Lacking in cunning, guile, or worldliness; artless

Openly straightforward or frank; candid
inherent
firmly established by nature or habit
innocuous
harmless
insensible
unconscious, unresponsive
insinuate
hint, imply, creep in
insipid
lacking in flavor, dull
insularity
narrow-mindedness, isolation
intractable
unruly, stubborn, unyielding
intransigence
refusal of any compromise, stubborness
inundate
overwhelm, flood, submerge
inured
To habituate to something undesirable, especially by prolonged subjection; accustom: “Though the food became no more palatable, he soon became sufficiently inured to it” (John Barth).
invective
Harsh, often insulting language, verbal abuse
irascible
irritable, easily angered
irresolute
uncertain how to act, weak
itinerary
plan of a trip
laconic
brief and to the point

Using or marked by the use of few words; terse or concise
lassitude
languor, weariness
latent
potential but undeveloped, dormant, hidden
laud
praise
lethargic
drowsy, dull
levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding
levity
Lightness of manner or speech, especially when inappropriate; frivolity.

Inconstancy; changeableness.

The state or quality of being light; buoyancy
log
record of a voyage or flight, record of day-to-day activities
loquacious
talkative
lucid
easily understood, clear, intelligible
luminous
shining, issuing light
magnanimity
generosity
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty
malleable
capable of being shaped by pounding, impressionable
maverick
rebel, nonconformist
mendacious
lying, habitually dishonest
metamorphosis
change in form
meticulous
excessively careful, painstaking, scrupulous
misanthrope
one who hates mankind
mitigate
appease, moderate
mollify
soothe
morose
ill-humored, sullen, melancholy
mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual, every-day
negate
cancel out, nullify, deny
neophyte
recent convert, beginner
obdurate
stubborn
obsequious
slavishly attentive, servile, sycophantic
obviate
make unnecessary, get rid of
occlude
shut, close

prevent the passage of
officious
meddlesome, excessively pushy in offering one's services
onerous
burdensome
opprobrium
infamy, vilification
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike, waver
ostentatious
showy, pretentious, trying to attract attention
paragon
model of perfection
partisan
one-sided, prejudiced, committed to a party
pathological
pertaining to disease

Of, relating to, or manifesting behavior that is habitual, maladaptive, and compulsive
paucity
scarcity
pedantic
Characterized by a narrow, often ostentatious concern for book learning and formal rules
penchant
strong inclination, liking
penury
severe poverty, stinginess
perennial
something long-lasting
perfidious
treacherous, disloyal
perfunctory
superficial, not thorough, lacking interest or care or enthusiasm
permeable
penetrable, porous, alowing liquids or gas to pass through
pervasive
spread throughout
phlegmatic
calm, not easily disturbed

unemotional
piety
devoutness, reverence for God
placate
pacify, conciliate
plasticity
ability to be molded
platitude
trite remark, commonplace statement
plethora
excess, overadundance
plummet
fall sharply
porous
full of pores, like a sieve
pragmatic
practical (as opposed to idealistic), concerned with the practical worth or impact of something

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