Glossary of French Revolution and Napoleon
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- Describe the "Old Regime"...
- Was an Absolute Monarchy that dominated the French government befor the Revolution and it had a 3 estate system
- What was the Bourgeoise?
- French middle Class before the Revolution made up of merchants bankers and business owners
- Describe the Estates General...
- Was the 3 estates of the "Old Regime" conisted of the 1st estate which was the chruch the 2nd estate which was the Nobles and the 3rd estate which was everyone else
- 3 reasons why the "Old Regime got into trouble... AND THE MAJOR REASON
- 1 Louis XIV used alot of money to glorify the monarchy
2 Louis XIV fought 2 major wars
3 Louis spent money helping us win the Revolution
MAJOR They were in debt
- When the 3rd estate became fed up with the way they were being treated what did they form? Give examples...
- The Nation Assemebly
-issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man
-Was for the Equality of Man
-Confiscated Chruch property to pay off debt
-Created a new constitution and new government which became the Legislative Assembly
- What was the Legisative Assembly?
- -Constitutional Monarchy
-Created by NA
-Began war with Austria and Prussia
-Went tinto Debt again
- Put into order..
Reign of Terror
- National Assembly
Reign of Terror
- What happened when the National Convention was insituted?
- Louis XIV was executed!
Jacobins come into power
In War with 5 other nations
- Who became a dictator, sentr 40,000 people to their deaths and ruled during the reign of terror?
- What replaced the National Convention and describe it.
- The Directory
-Oligarchy(rule of 5 diff. men)
-was very conservative because people where tired of all the bloodshed
- What 3 events made Napoleon famous?
- 1795 - defeated rebel army
1796 - went to Northern Italy and beat the Austria army who was in the Alps
1799 - Loses to Britian but finds the Rosetta stone!
- What is a coup?
- Military overthrow of the government
- Name 5 of Napoleons Domestic Reforms...
- Created a National Bank
Made Lycees which were public schools
Created New class of nobles
- Name the battles of the War of the 3rd Coalition that France won...
- Battle of Jenna
Battle of Ulm
Battle of Austerlity
Battle of Friedland
Battle of Wagram
- What were Napoleon's 3 major mistakes?
- The Continental System - tried to hurt Britain economy but only hurt Frances
Peninsular War - Attempted to invaded Spain but lost badly
Invasion of Russia - Napoleon is forced to retreated due to freezing cold climate loses a lot of his men
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