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Glossary of FINAL STUDYING 2

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Abstract
Not easy to understand; theoretical
Acclaim
Loud approval; applause
Acquiesce
To agree to an opinion
Adamant
Not yielding; firm
Adversary
Enemy; foe
Advocate
To plead in favor of; supporter; defender
Aesthetic
Showing good taste; artistic
Alleviate
To lessen or make easier
Aloof
Distant in interest; reserved; cool
Altercation
Controversy; dispute
Altruistic
Unselfish
Amass
To collect together; to accumulate
Ambiguous
Not clear; uncertain; vague
Ambivalent
Undecided
Ameliorate
To make better; to improve
Amiable
Friendly
Amorphous
Having no determinate form
Anarchist
Believes formal government is unnecessary
Antagonism
Hostility; opposition
Apathy
Lack of emotion or interest
Appease
To make quiet; to calm
Apprehensive
Fearful; aware; conscious
Arbitrary
Based on one’s preference or whim
Arrogant
Acting superior to others; conceited
Articulate
To speak distinctly; to hinge; to connect; to convey; to express effectively; eloquent; fluent; capable of speech
Assess
To estimate the value of
Astute
Cunning; sly; crafty
Atrophy
To waste away from lack of nutrition
Audacious
Fearless; bold
Augment
To increase or add to; to make larger
Austere
Harsh; severe; strict
Authentic
Real, genuine, trustworthy
Authoritarian
Acting as a dictator; demanding obedience
Banal
Common; petty; ordinary
Belittle
To make small; to think lightly of
Benefactor
One who helps others; a donor
Benevolent
Kind; generous
Benign
Mild; harmless
Biased
Prejudiced; influenced; not neutral
Blasphemous
Irreligious; profane; impious; unacceptable
Blithe
Happy; cheery; merry
Brevity
Briefness; shortness
Candid
Honest; truthful; sincere
Capricious
Changeable; fickle
Caustic
Burning; sarcastic; harsh
Censor
To examine and delete objectionable material
Censure
To criticize or disapprove
Charlatan
An imposter; a fake
Coalesce
To combine or come together
Collaborate
To work together; to cooperate
Compatible
In agreement; harmonious
Complacent
Content; self-satisfied; smug
Compliant
Yielding; obedient
Comprehensive
All-inclusive; complete; thorough
Compromise
To settle by mutual adjustment
Concede
To acknowledge; to admit; to surrender; to abandon one’s position
Concise
In few words; brief; condensed
Condescend
To consciously come down from one’s position or rank
Condone
To overlook; to forgive
Conspicuous
Easy to see; noticeable
Consternation
Amazement or terror that causes confusion
Consummation
The completion; finish
Contemporary
Living or happening at the same time; modern
Contempt
Scorn; disrespect
Contrite
Regretful; sorrowful
Conventional
Traditional; common; routine
Cower
To crouch down in fear or shame
Defamation
Any harm to a name or reputation; slander
Deference
Yielding to another’s opinion
Deliberate
To consider carefully; to weigh in the mind; intentional
Denounce
To speak out against; to condemn
Depict
To portray in words; to present a visual image
Deplete
To reduce; to empty
Depravity
Moral corruption; badness
Deride
To ridicule; to laugh at with scorn
Desecrate
To violate a holy place or sanctuary
Detached
Separated; not interested; standing alone
Deter
To prevent; to discourage; to hinder
Didactic
Instructive; dogmatic; preachy
Digress
To stray from the subject; to wander from topic
Diligence
Hard work
Discerning
Distinguishing one thing from another
Discord
Disagreement; lack of harmony
Discriminate
To distinguish one thing from another; to demonstrate bias; able to distinguish
Distain
Intense dislike; to look down at; to scorn
Disparage
To belittle; to undervalue
Disparity
Difference in form, character, or degree
Dispassionate
Lack of feeling; impartial
Disperse
To scatter; to separate
Disseminate
To circulate; to scatter
Dissent
To disagree; to differ in opinion
Dissonance
Harsh contradiction
Diverse
Different; dissimilar
Document
Official paper containing information; to support; to substantiate or verify
Dogmatic
Stubborn; biased; opinionated
Dubious
Doubtful; uncertain skeptical; suspicious
Eccentric
Odd; peculiar; strange
Efface
To wipe out; to erase
Effervescence
Liveliness; spirit; enthusiasm; bubbly
Egocentric
Self-centered
Elaboration
Act of clarifying; adding details
Eloquence
The ability to speak well
Elusive
Hard to catch; difficult to understand
Emulate
To imitate; to copy
Endorse
To support; to approve of; to recommend
Engender
To create; to bring about
Enhance
To improve; to complement; to make more attractive
Enigma
Mystery; secret; perplexity
Ephemeral
Temporary; brief; short-lived
Equivocal
Doubtful; uncertain
Erratic
Unpredictable; strange
Erroneous
Untrue; inaccurate; incorrect
Esoteric
Incomprehensible; obscure
Euphony
Pleasant sound
Execute
To put to death; to kill; to carry out or fulfill
Exemplary
Serving as an example; outstanding
Exhaustive
Thorough; complete
Expedient
Helpful; practical; worthwhile
Expedite
To speed up
Explicit
Specific; definite
Extol
To praise; to commend
Extraneous
Irrelevant; not related; not essential
Facilitate
To make easier; to simplify
Fallacious
Misleading
Fanatic
Enthusiast; extremist
Fastidious
Fussy; hard to please
Fervor
Passion; intensity
Fickle
Changeable; unpredictable
Fortuitous
Accidental; happening by chance; lucky
Frivolity
Giddiness; lack of seriousness
Fundamental
Basic; necessary
Furtive
Secretive; sly
Futile
Worthless; unprofitable
Glutton
Overeater
Grandiose
Extravagant; flamboyant
Gravity
Seriousness
Guile
Slyness; deceit
Gullible
Easily fooled
Hackneyed
Commonplace; trite
Hamper
To interfere with; to hinder
Haphazard
Disorganized; random
Hedonistic
Pleasure seeking
Heed
To obey; to yield to
Heresy
Opinion contrary to popular belief
Hindrance
Blockage; obstacle
Humility
Lack of pride; modesty
Hypocritical
Two-faced; deceptive
Hypothetical
Assumed; uncertain
Illuminate
To make understandable
Illusory
Unreal; false; deceptive
Immune
Protected; unthreatened by
Immutable
Unchangeable; permanent
Impartial
Unbiased; fair
Impetuous
Rash; impulsive; forcible; violent
Implication
Suggestion; inference
Inadvertent
Not on purpose; unintentional
Incessant
Constant; continual
Incidental
Extraneous; unexpected
Inclined
Apt to; likely to; angled
Incoherent
Illogical; rambling
Incompatible
Disagreeing; disharmonious
Incredulous
Unwilling to believe; skeptical
Indifferent
Unconcerned
Indolent
Lazy; inactive
Indulgent
Lenient; patient
Inevitable
Sure to happen; unavoidable
Infamous
Having a bad reputation; notorious
Infer
To form an opinion; to conclude
Initiate
To begin; to admit into a group; a person who is in the process of being admitted into a group
Innate
Natural; inborn
Innocuous
Harmless; innocent
Innovate
To introduce a change; to depart from the old
Insipid
Uninteresting; bland
Instigate
To start; to provoke
Intangible
Incapable of being touched; immaterial
Ironic
Contradictory; inconsistent; sarcastic
Irrational
Not logical
Jeopardy
Danger
Kindle
To ignite; to arouse
Languid
Weak; fatigued
Laud
To praise
Lax
Careless; irresponsible
Lethargic
Lazy; passive
Levity
Silliness; lack of seriousness
Lucid
Shining; easily understood
Magnanimous
Forgiving; unselfish
Malicious
Spiteful; vindictive
Marred
Damaged
Meander
To wind on a course; to travel or wander aimlessly
Melancholy
Depression; gloom
Meticulous
Exacting; precise
Minute
Extremely small; tiny
Miser
Penny-pincher; stingy person
Mitigate
To alleviate; to lessen; to soothe
Morose
Moody; despondent
Negligence
Carelessness
Neutral
Impartial; unbiased
Nostalgic
Longing for the past; filled with bittersweet memories
Novel
New and different
Nullify
To cancel; to invalidate
Objective
Open-minded; impartial; a goal
Obscure
Not easily understood; dark
Obsolete
Out of date; passé
Ominous
Threatening
Optimist
Person hoping for the best; sees the good side
Orthodox
Traditional; accepted
Pagan
Polytheist; believes in many gods
Partisan
Supporter; follower; biased; one-sided
Perceptive
Full of insight; aware
Peripheral
Marginal; outer
Pernicious
Dangerous; harmful
Pessimism
Seeing only the gloomy side; hopelessness
Phenomenon
Miracle; occurrence
Philanthropy
Charity; unselfishness
Pious
Religious; devout; dedicated
Placate
To pacify; to calm
Plausible
Probable; feasible
Pragmatic
Matter-of-fact; practical
Preclude
To inhibit; to make impossible
Predecessor
One who occupied an office before another
Prodigal
Wasteful; lavish
Prodigious
Exceptional; tremendous
Profound
Deep; knowledgeable; thorough
Profusion
Great amount; abundance
Prosaic
Tiresome; ordinary
Provincial
Regional; unsophisticated
Provocative
Tempting; irritating
Prudent
Wise; careful; prepared
Qualified
Experienced; indefinite
Rectify
To correct
Redundant
Repetitious; unnecessary
Refute
To challenge; to disprove
Relegate
To banish; to put to a lower position
Relevant
Of concern; significant
Remorse
Guilt; sorrow
Reprehensible
Wicked; disgraceful
Repudiate
To reject; to cancel
Rescind
To retract; to discard
Resignation
Quitting; submission
Resolution
Proposal; promise; determination
Respite
Recess; rest period
Reticent
Silent; reserved; shy
Reverent
Respectful
Rhetorical
Having to do with verbal communication; concerned with style and effect
Rigor
Severity
Sagacious
Wise; cunning
Sanguine
Optimistic; cheerful; red
Saturate
To soak thoroughly; to drench
Scanty
Inadequate; sparse
Scrupulous
Honorable; exact

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