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Glossary of Exploring Medical Language Final Study

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a, an
without, not, absence of
ad-
near, toward
ante-
before, forward
anti-
against
brady-
slow
dia -
through, complete
dys-
painful, difficult, laboured abnormal
ecto-
outside
endo-
within, inner
epi-
on, over, upon
eu-
normal, good
exo-
from, out from
hyper-
above, excessive
hypo-
below, incomplete, deficient
hemi-
half
inter-
between
intra-
within
infra-
below
macro-
large
mal-
bad
meta-
after, beyond, change
micro-
small
multi-
many
neo-
new
nulli-
none
pan-
all, total
para-
beside, beyond, around
per-
through
peri-
around
poly-
many, much
post-
after
pre-
before
pro-
before
sub-
under or below
supra-
above
syn- , sym-
together, united, joined
trachy-
fast
trans-
across
aden/o
gland
ankyl/o
crooked, stiff, bent
atel/o
imperfect, incomplete used in atelectasis
ather/o
yellowish, fatty plaque
aut/o
self
bi/o
life
cancer/o
cancer
carcin/o
cancer
crypt/o
hidden
cyr/o
cold
dips/o
thirst
ech/o
sound
electric/o
electricity, electrical activity
esthesi/o
sensation, sensitivity, feeling
eti/o
cause of disease
gno/o
knowledge
heter/o
other, different
hom/o
same
iatr/o
medicine, physician, treatment
isch/o
deficiency, blockage
kines/o
movement, motion
myc/o
fungus
necr/o
death or dead
noct/i
night
olig/o
scanty, few
onc/o
tumor
path/o
disease
phas/o
speech
phot/o
light
prim/i
first
pseudo/o
FALSE
py/o
pus
pyr/o
fire, high temp also fever
psych/o
mind
somn/o
sleep
son/o
sound
spir/o
breathe, breathing
therm/o
heat
tom/o
cut, section
ton/o
tension, pressure
anter/o
before, front
anteri/o
before, front
caud/o
tail, down
cephal/o
head, up
dextr/o
right
dors/o
away, furthest
eversion
turning outside in
extension
straighten
flexion
bend
infer/o
below
later/o
side
medi/o
middle
poster/o
back, behind
prone
face, palm down
proxim/o
near (the point of attachment)
rotation
turning
sinestr/o
left
super/o
above
supine
face, palm up
ventr/o
belly
dur/o
hard
eur/y
wide
kerat/o
horny tissue, hard
kyph/o
hump
mega, megal/o
large
lamin/o
thin flat plate or layer
lei/o
smooth
lord/o
bent forward (buttocks back, chest out)
orth/o
straight, correct, right
pachy/o
thick
rhabd/o
rod shaped, striated
ryytid/o
wrinkles
scoli/o
crooked, curved (laterally)
staphyl/o
grape-like cluster
sten/o
narrow
strept/o
curved, twisted chain
xer/o
dry
albumino/o
albumin (protien)
calc/i
calcium
fibr/o
fiber
glyc/o , glycos/o
sugar
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
hidr/o
sweat
hydr/o
water
kal/i
potassium
kerat/o, cerat/o
horny, tough
lact/o
milk
lip/o
fat
lith/o
stone
muc/o
mucous
ox/i, ox/o
oxygen
seb/o
oil
sial/o
saliva
thromb/o
clot
urin/o , ur/o
urine, urinary tract
leuk/o
white
melan/o
black
erythr/o
red
chlor/o
green
cyan/o
blue
cirrh
orange yellow
xantho
yellow
mono/o, uni
one, single
di, diplo, bi, bin
two, double (diplopia (double vision)
tri
three
tetr/a , quadr/i
four
dec/i
ten, tenth
centi
one hundredth, 0.01
kilo
one thousand, 1000
milli
one thousandth 0.001
poly, multi
many
hemi, semi
half (hemiplegia)
cyt/o
cell
epitheli/o
epithelium as in skin
hist/o
tissue
kary/o
nucleus
organ/o
organ
polyp/o
polyp, small growth
sarc/o
flesh, connective tissue
sept/o
septum (dividing plate or wall)
somat/o
body
system/o
system
algesia
excessive sensitivity to pain
algia
painful, difficult, laboured abnormal
aminos
amniotic fluid
apheresis
removal
asthenia
weakness
atresia
absence of body opening
capnia
carbon dioxide
cele
hernia, protrusion
clasia
clast, break
clasis
breaking up, dissolution
coccus
berry shaped (a form of bacterium)
crit
to seperate
cyesis
pregnancy
cyte
cell
desis
fusion, surgical fixiation
drome
running
ectasis
stretching out, dilatation
ectopia/ic
malposition or displacement
emia
blood condition
esthesia
sensation, feeling
gen
substance or agent that produces or causes
genesis
formation, development
genic
producing, originating, causing
itis
inflammation/ infection of
kinesia
movement
lepsy
seizure
logist
one who studies and treats, a specialist, physician
lysis
loosening, dissolution, separating
malacia
softening
megaly
enlargment
odvnia
pain
oid
resembles, resembling
oma
tumor
opsy
view of, viewing
osis
abnormal condition of, means increase when used with blood
oxia
oxygen
paresis
slight paralysis
penia
abnormal reduction of
pepsia
digestion
philia/(ic)
love, affinity for
phobia
morbid fear
phonia
sound
physis
growth
plasia
condition of formation, growth, development
plasm
growth, substance, formation
plegia
paralysis
pnea
breathing
poiesis
development, formation
ptosis
dropping, sagging, prolapse
rexia
appetite
rrhagia
hemorrhage
rrhea
flow, excessive discharge
rrhexis
rupture
sclerosis
hardening
sepsis
infection
spasm
sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
stasis
control, stop, standing
stenosis
abnormal condition of constriction or narrowing
tripsy
surgical crushing
uria
condition of urine
blast
embryonic cell
gnos(is)
knowledge
odynia
pain
opia
vision
phagia
eating, swallowing
trophy
development, nourishment
schisis
split, fissure
a
no meaning
ac
pertaining to
al
pertaining to
ar
pertaining to
ary
pertaining to
eal
pertaining to
esis
condition
ia
diseased or abnormal state, condition of
ial
condition
iasis
condition
ic
pertaining to
ior
no meaning
ism
state of
is
no meaning
ous
pertaining to
sis
state of
us
no meaning
ectomy
excision, surgical removal

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